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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 195 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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Religious Law

Hungary, English

(3) The State and religious communities shall operate separately. Religious communities shall be autonomous.
(4) The State and religious communities may cooperate to achieve community goals. At the request of a religious community, the National Assembly shall decide on such cooperation. The religious communities participating in such cooperation shall operate as established churches. The State shall provide specific privileges to established churches with regard to their participation in the fulfilment of tasks that serve to achieve community goals.
(5) The common rules relating to religious communities, as well as the conditions of cooperation, the established churches and the detailed rules relating to established churches shall be laid down in a cardinal Act. (Freedom and Responsibility, Art. VII)

Protection from Violence

Iceland, English

No one may be subjected to torture or any other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
No one shall be required to perform compulsory labour. (Art. 68)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Iceland, English

The right of private ownership shall be inviolate. ... (Art. 72)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Estonia, English

Everyone is entitled to protection by the government and of the law. ... (Sec. 13)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Estonia, English

The rights, freedoms and duties of each and every person, as set out in the Constitution, shall be equal for Estonian citizens and for citizens of foreign states and stateless persons in Estonia. … (Sec. 9)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Estonia, English

Everyone is equal before the law. No one may be discriminated against on the basis of nationality, race, colour, sex, language, origin, religion, political or other views, property or social status, or on other grounds.
Incitement to ethnic, racial, religious or political hatred, violence or discrimination is prohibited and punishable by law. Incitement to hatred and violence between social classes or to discrimination against a social class is also prohibited and punishable by law. (Sec. 12)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Hungary, English

(3) The rules for fundamental rights and obligations shall be laid down in an Act. A fundamental right may only be restricted to allow the effective use of another fundamental right or to protect a constitutional value, to the extent absolutely necessary, proportionate to the objective pursued and with full respect for the essential content of such fundamental right.
... (Freedom and Responsibility. Art. I)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Hungary, English

(1) Under a special legal order, the exercise of fundamental rights – with the exception of the fundamental rights provided for in Articles II and III, and Article XXVIII(2) to (6) – may be suspended or may be restricted beyond the extent specified in Article I(3).
(2) Under a special legal order, the application of the Fundamental Law may not be suspended, and the operation of the Constitutional Court may not be restricted.
… (The State, Art. 54)

Status of International Law

Hungary, English

(2) In order to comply with its obligations under international law, Hungary shall ensure that Hungarian law be in conformity with international law.
(3) Hungary shall accept the generally recognised rules of international law. Other sources of international law shall become part of the Hungarian legal system by promulgation in legal regulations. (Foundation, Art. Q)

Status of International Law

Hungary, English

(2) With a view to participating in the European Union as a Member State and on the basis of an international treaty, Hungary may, to the extent necessary to exercise the rights and fulfil the obligations deriving from the Founding Treaties, exercise some of its competences set out in the Fundamental Law jointly with other Member States, through the institutions of the European Union.
(3) The law of the European Union may, within the framework set out in Paragraph (2), lay down generally binding rules of conduct.
… (Foundation, Art. E)