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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 195 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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Political Rights and Association

Spain, English

(2) It is the responsibility of the public authorities to promote conditions ensuring that freedom and equality of individuals and of the groups to which they belong are real and effective, to remove the obstacles preventing or hindering their full enjoyment, and to facilitate the participation of all citizens in political, economic, cultural and social life.
… (Sec. 9)

Spain, Spanish

2. Corresponde a los poderes públicos promover las condiciones para que la libertad y la igualdad del individuo y de los grupos en que se integra sean reales y efectivas; remover los obstáculos que impidan o dificulten su plenitud y facilitar la participación de todos los ciudadanos en la vida política, económica, cultural y social.
… (Art. 9)

Education

Cambodia, English

The State shall ensure for all citizens free primary and secondary education at public schools.
Citizens shall receive schooling for at least nine years. … (Art. 68)

Cambodia, Khmer

រដ្ឋផ្តល់កិច្ចការអប់រំផ្នែកបឋម និង មធ្យមសិក្សា នៅ សាលារៀនសាធារណៈ សម្រាប់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋគ្រប់រូបដោយ ឥតបង់ថ្លៃ។
ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ ត្រូវបានទទួលការអប់រំយ៉ាងតិច ប្រាំបួនឆ្នាំ។ ... (មាត្រា ៦៨)

Legislature

Spain, English

(1) The Cortes Generales represent the Spanish people and shall consist of the Congress and the Senate.
(2) The Cortes Generales exercise the legislative power of the State and adopt its Budget, control the action of the Government and have the other competences assigned by the Constitution.
... (Sec. 66)

Spain, Spanish

1. Las Cortes Generales representan al pueblo español y están formadas por el Congreso de los Diputados y el Senado.
2. Las Cortes Generales ejercen la potestad legislativa del Estado, aprueban sus Presupuestos, controlan la acción del Gobierno y tienen las demás competencias que les atribuya la Constitución.
… (Art. 66)

Political Rights and Association

Spain, English

(1) Citizens have the right to participate in public affairs, directly or through representatives freely elected in periodic elections by universal suffrage.
(2) They also have the right to accede under conditions of equality to public functions and positions, in accordance with the requirements laid down by the law. (Sec. 23)

Spain, Spanish

1. Los ciudadanos tienen el derecho a participar en los asuntos públicos, directamente o por medio de representantes, libremente elegidos en elecciones periódicas por sufragio universal.
2. Asimismo, tienen derecho a acceder en condiciones de igualdad a las funciones y cargos públicos, con los requisitos que señalen las leyes. (Art. 23)

Head of State

Spain, English

(1) The Crown of Spain shall be inherited by the successors of H. M. Juan Carlos I de Borbón, the legitimate heir of the historic dynasty. Succession to the throne shall follow the regular order of primogeniture and representation, the first line always having preference over subsequent lines; within the same line, the closer grade over the more remote; within the same grade, the male over the female, and in the same sex, the elder over the younger.
...
(3) Should all the lines designated by law become extinct, the Cortes Generales shall provide for succession to the Crown in the manner most suitable to the interests of Spain.
(4) Those persons with a right of succession to the throne who marry against the express prohibition of the King and the Cortes Generales, shall be excluded from succession to the Crown, as shall their descendants.
… (Sec. 57)

Spain, Spanish

1. La Corona de España es hereditaria en los sucesores de S. M. Don Juan Carlos I de Borbón, legítimo heredero de la dinastía histórica. La sucesión en el trono seguirá el orden regular de primogenitura y representación, siendo preferida siempre la línea anterior a las posteriores; en la misma línea, el grado más próximo al más remoto; en el mismo grado, el varón a la mujer, y en el mismo sexo, la persona de más edad a la de menos.

3. Extinguidas todas las líneas llamadas en Derecho, las Cortes Generales proveerán a la sucesión en la Corona en la forma que más convenga a los intereses de España.
4. Aquellas personas que teniendo derecho a la sucesión en el trono contrajeran matrimonio contra la expresa prohibición del Rey y de las Cortes Generales, quedarán excluidas en la sucesión a la Corona por sí y sus descendientes.
… (Art. 57)

Government

Spain, English

The Government shall conduct domestic and foreign policy, civil and military administration and the defence of the State. It exercises executive authority and the power of statutory regulations in accordance with the Constitution and the laws. (Sec. 97)

Spain, Spanish

El Gobierno dirige la política interior y exterior, la Administración civil y militar y la defensa del Estado. Ejerce la función ejecutiva y la potestad reglamentaria de acuerdo con la Constitución y las leyes. (Art. 97)

Government

Spain, English

The other members of the Government shall be appointed and dismissed by the King at the President's proposal. (Sec. 100)

Spain, Spanish

Los demás miembros del Gobierno serán nombrados y separados por el Rey, a propuesta de su Presidente. (Art. 100)

Government

Spain, English

(1) The Government shall consist of the President, Vice-Presidents, when appropiate, Ministers and other members as may be created by law.
... (Sec. 98)

Spain, Spanish

1. El Gobierno se compone del Presidente, de los Vicepresidentes, en su caso, de los Ministros y de los demás miembros que establezca la ley.
… (Art. 98)

Political Rights and Association

Spain, English

(2) Only Spaniards shall have the rights recognized in section 23, except in cases which may be established by treaty or by law concerning the right to vote and the right to be elected in municipal elections, and subject to the principle of reciprocity.
... (Sec. 13)

Spain, Spanish

2. Solamente los españoles serán titulares de los derechos reconocidos en el artículo 23, salvo lo que, atendiendo a criterios de reciprocidad, pueda establecerse por tratado o ley para el derecho de sufragio activo y pasivo en las elecciones municipales.
… (Art. 13)

Head of State

Spain, English

(1) The King is the Head of State, the symbol of its unity and permanence.
… (Sec. 56)

Spain, Spanish

1. El Rey es el Jefe del Estado, símbolo de su unidad y permanencia,
… (Art. 56)