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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 195 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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Status of the Constitution

Spain, English

This Constitution shall come into force on the day of publication of its official text in the Official State Gazette (Boletín Oficial del Estado). It shall also be published in the other languages of Spain.
WHEREFORE, WE ORDER ALL SPANIARDS, WHETHER INDIVIDUALS OR AUTHORITIES, TO ABIDE BY THIS CONSTITUTION AND ENSURE THAT IT IS OBSERVED AS A FUNDAMENTAL LAW OF THE STATE. (Final Provision)

Spain, Spanish

Esta Constitución entrará en vigor el mismo día de la publicación de su texto oficial en el "Boletín Oficial del Estado". Se publicará también en las demás lenguas de España.
POR TANTO,
MANDO A TODOS LOS ESPAÑOLES, PARTICULARES Y AUTORIDADES, QUE GUARDEN Y HAGAN GUARDAR ESTA CONSTITUCIÓN COMO NORMA FUNDAMENTAL DEL ESTADO. (Disposición Final)

Judicial Protection

Cambodia, English

… The Judicial power is the guarantor of impartiality and the protector of the citizens’ rights and liberties. … (Art. 128 new)

Cambodia, Khmer

… អំណាចតុលាការ ធានារក្សាអនាគតិ និង ការពារសិទ្ធិ សេរីភាពរបស់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ។ ... (មាត្រា ១២៨ ថ្មី)

Status of the Constitution

Spain, English

(1) The conclusion of an international treaty containing stipulations contrary to the Constitution shall require prior constitutional amendment.
… (Sec. 95)

Spain, Spanish

1. La celebración de un tratado internacional que contenga estipulaciones contrarias a la Constitución exigirá la previa revisión constitucional.
… (Art. 95)

Obligations of Private Parties

Cambodia, English

… The exercise of personal rights and liberties by any individual shall not adversely affect the rights and freedom of others. The exercise of such rights and liberties shall be in accordance with the law. (Art. 31)

Cambodia, Khmer

... ការប្រើសិទ្ធិសេរីភាពផ្ទាល់ខ្លួនរបស់បុគ្គលម្នាក់ៗ មិនត្រូវ ឱ្យប៉ះពាល់ដល់សិទ្ធិ សេរីភាពអ្នកដទៃឡើយ។ ការប្រើសិទ្ធិ សេរីភាពនេះ ត្រូវប្រព្រឹត្តតាមល័ក្ខខ័ណ្ឌកំណត់ក្នុងច្បាប់។ (មាត្រា ៣១)

Obligations of the State

Cambodia, English

… to guarantee human rights, to ensure the respect of law, to be highly responsible for the destiny of the nation forever evolving toward progress, development and prosperity. …
(Preamble)

Cambodia, Khmer

... ធានាសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស គោរពច្បាប់ ទទួលខុសត្រូវខ្ពស់ ចំពោះវាសនាអនាគតជាតិ ឱ្យបានឈានឡើងរីកចម្រើន លូតលាស់ សម្បូររុងរឿងជានិច្ចនិរន្តរ៍។ ...
(បុព្វកថា)

Status of the Constitution

Spain, English

(1) The King, on being proclaimed before the Cortes Generales, will swear to faithfully carry out his duties, to obey the Constitution and the laws and ensure that they are obeyed, and to respect the rights of citizens and the Autonomous Communities.
… (Sec. 61)

Spain, Spanish

1. El Rey, al ser proclamado ante las Cortes Generales, prestará juramento de desempeñar fielmente sus funciones, guardar y hacer guardar la Constitución y las leyes y respetar los derechos de los ciudadanos y de las Comunidades Autónomas.
… (Art. 61)

Obligations of the State

Cambodia, English

… The King shall be the guarantor of the national independence, the sovereignty and the territorial integrity of the Kingdom of Cambodia, and the guarantor for the respect of citizens’ rights and freedom, and of international treaties. (Art. 8)

Cambodia, Khmer

... ព្រះមហាក្សត្រ ទ្រង់ជាអ្នកធានាឯករាជ្យជាតិ អធិបតេយ្យ និង បូរណភាពទឹកដីនៃព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា ទ្រង់ជាអ្នកធានាការគោរពសិទ្ធិ និង សេរីភាពរបស់ប្រជា ពលរដ្ឋ និង ការគោរពសន្ធិសញ្ញាអន្តរជាតិ។ (មាត្រា ៨)

Status of the Constitution

Spain, English

(1) Citizens and public authorities are bound by the Constitution and all other legal previsions.
… (Sec. 9)

Spain, Spanish

1. Los ciudadanos y los poderes públicos están sujetos a la Constitución y al resto del ordenamiento jurídico.
… (Art. 9)

Obligations of the State

Cambodia, English

The Kingdom of Cambodia recognizes and respects human rights as enshrined in the United Nations Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human rights and all the treaties and conventions related to human rights, women’s rights and children’s rights. … (Art. 31)

Cambodia, Khmer

ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជាទទួលស្គាល់ និង គោរពសិទ្ធិ មនុស្សដូចមានចែងក្នុងធម្មនុញ្ញនៃអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ សេចក្តីប្រកាសជាសកលស្តីពីសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស និង កតិកាសញ្ញា ព្រមទាំងអនុសញ្ញាទាំងឡាយទាក់ទងទៅនឹង សិទ្ធិមនុស្ស សិទ្ធិនារី និង សិទ្ធិកុមារ។ ... (មាត្រា ៣១)

Participation in Public Life and Institutions

Spain, English

1. The State shall have exclusive competence over the following matters:
...
18) Basic rules of the legal system of Public Administrations and the status of their officials which shall, in any case, guarantee that all persons under said administrations will receive equal treatment; … (Sec. 149)

Spain, Spanish

1. El Estado tiene competencia exclusiva sobre las siguientes materias:

18. Las bases del régimen jurídico de las Administraciones públicas y del régimen estatutario de sus funcionarios que, en todo caso, garantizarán a los administrados un tratamiento común ante ellas; ... (Art. 149)