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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 195 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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Composition and Appointment

Ecuador, English

The members of the Constitutional Court shall be designated by a qualification commission comprised of two persons appointed by each one of the following branches of government: the legislative, the executive, and transparency and social monitoring. Members shall be elected from among the candidates submitted by the above-mentioned branches of government, through a public examination process, with citizen oversight and option for challenging the process. In the membership of the Court, efforts shall be made to ensure parity between men and women. (Art. 434)

Ecuador, Spanish

Los miembros de la Corte Constitucional se designarán por una comisión calificadora que estará integrada por dos personas nombradas por cada una de las funciones, Legislativa, Ejecutiva y de Transparencia y Control Social. La selección de los miembros se realizará de entre las candidaturas presentadas por las funciones anteriores, a través de un proceso de concurso público, con veeduría y posibilidad de impugnación ciudadana. En la integración de la Corte se procurará la paridad entre hombres y mujeres. El procedimiento, plazos y demás elementos de selección y calificación serán determinados por la ley. (Art. 434)

Composition and Appointment

Zimbabwe, English

Appointments to the judiciary must reflect broadly the diversity and gender composition of Zimbabwe. (Sec. 184)

Composition and Appointment

Zimbabwe, English

(1) A person is qualified for appointment as a judge of the Constitutional Court if he or she is a Zimbabwean citizen, is at least forty years old and has a sound knowledge of constitutional law and, in addition, possesses one of the following qualifications—
(a) he or she has been a judge of a court with unlimited jurisdiction in civil or criminal matters in a country in which the common law is Roman-Dutch or English, and English is an officially recognised language; or
(b) for at least twelve years, whether continuously or not, he or she has been qualified to practise as a legal practitioner—
(i) in Zimbabwe; or
(ii) in a country in which the common law is Roman-Dutch or English and English is an officially recognised language; and is currently so qualified to practise.
(2) To be appointed as a judge of the Constitutional Court a person must be a fit and proper person to hold office as a judge.
(Sec. 177)

Composition and Appointment

Uganda, English

(1) A person shall be qualified for appointment as-

(d) a justice of Appeal, if he or she has served as a judge of the High Court or a court having similar or higher jurisdiction or has practised as an advocate for a period not less than ten years before a court having unlimited jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters or is a distinguished jurist and an advocate of not less than ten years' standing;
… (Art. 143)

Composition and Appointment

Gambia, English

(1) A person shall be qualified for appointment as Chief Justice if he or she is qualified to be appointed Judge of the Supreme Court or has been a Judge of a superior court of a common law country for not less than ten years.
(2) A person shall be qualified to be appointed a judge of the Supreme Court if he or she holds or has held office as a judge of the Court of appeal, or as a judge of a court having similar Jurisdiction in a common law country, in each case for not less than five years, or if he or she has practices as a legal practitioner before a court having unlimited jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters in a common law country for not less than twelve years.
… (Sec. 139)

Composition and Appointment

Central African Republic, English

The Constitutional Court of the Transition is composed of nine (9) members of which at least four (4) are women, who will hold the title of Constitutional Judges. ...
Constitutional Judges are appointed from among people with integrity and having at least ten (10) years of professional experience as follows:
- Two (2) magistrates of which one is a woman, elected by their peers.
- Two (2) lawyers of which one is a woman, elected by their peers.
- Two (2) research professors in Law of which one is a woman, elected by their peers.
- One (1) member appointed by the Head of State of the Transition.
- One (1) member appointed by the President of the National Council of the Transition.
- One (1) member appointed by the Prime Minister. … (Art. 80)

Central African Republic, French

La Cour constitutionnelle de transition comprend neuf membres dont au moins quatre femmes, qui portent le titre de juge constitutionnel. ...
Les juges constitutionnels sont désignés parmi les personnalités intègres et ayant au moins dix ans d'expérience professionnelle comme suit :
- deux magistrats dont une femme élus par leurs pairs ;
- deux avocats dont une femme, élus par leurs pairs ;
- deux enseignants-chercheurs de droit dont une femme élus par leurs pairs ;
- un membre nommé par le Chef de l'État de la transition ;
− un membre nommé par le président du Conseil national de transition.
− un membre nommé par le Premier Ministre.… (Art. 80)

Composition and Appointment

South Africa, English

(1) Any appropriately qualified woman or man who is a fit and proper person may be appointed as a judicial officer. Any person to be appointed to the Constitutional Court must also be a South African citizen.
(2) The need for the judiciary to reflect broadly the racial and gender composition of South Africa must be considered when judicial officers are appointed.
… (Sec. 174)

Composition and Appointment

South Africa, English

(1) The President may appoint a woman or man to serve as an acting Deputy Chief Justice or judge of the Constitutional Court if there is a vacancy in any of those offices, or if the person holding such an office is absent. The appointment must be made on the recommendation of the Cabinet member responsible for the administration of justice acting with the concurrence of the Chief Justice, and an appointment as acting Deputy Chief Justice must be made from the ranks of the judges who had been appointed to the Constitutional Court in terms of section 174(4). … (Sec. 175)