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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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Citizenship and Nationality

Uzbekistan, English

In the Republic of Uzbekistan, a uniform citizenship shall be established on the entire territory of the Republic.
Citizenship in the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be equal for all regardless of the grounds of its acquisition.
A citizen of the Republic of Karakalpakstan shall be a citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The grounds and procedure for acquiring and forfeiting citizenship shall be defined by law. (Art. 21)

Uzbekistan, Uzbek

O‘zbekiston Respublikasining butun hududida yagona fuqarolik o‘rnatiladi.
O‘zbekiston Respublikasining fuqaroligi, unga qanday asoslarda ega bo‘lganlikdan qat’i nazar, hamma uchun tengdir.
Qoraqalpog‘iston Respublikasining fuqarosi ayni vaqtda O‘zbekiston Respublikasining fuqarosi hisoblanadi.
Fuqarolikka ega bo‘lish va uni yo‘qotish asoslari hamda tartibi qonun bilan belgilanadi. (21-modda)

Citizenship and Nationality

Turkey, English

Everyone bound to the Turkish State through the bond of citizenship is a Turk.
The child of a Turkish father or a Turkish mother is a Turk.
Citizenship can be acquired under the conditions stipulated by law, and shall be forfeited only in cases determined by law.
No Turk shall be deprived of citizenship, unless he/she commits an act incompatible with loyalty to the motherland.
Recourse to the courts in appeal against the decisions and proceedings related to the deprivation of citizenship shall not be denied. (Art. 66)

Turkey, Turkish

Türk Devletine vatandaşlık bağı ile bağlı olan herkes Türktür.
Türk babanın veya Türk ananın çocuğu Türktür.
Vatandaşlık, kanunun gösterdiği şartlarla kazanılır ve ancak kanunda belirtilen hallerde kaybedilir.
Hiçbir Türk, vatana bağlılıkla bağdaşmayan bir eylemde bulunmadıkça vatandaşlıktan çıkarılamaz.
Vatandaşlıktan çıkarma ile ilgili karar ve işlemlere karşı yargı yolu kapatılamaz. (Madde 66)

Citizenship and Nationality

Lebanon, Arabic

إنّ الجنسيّة اللبنانية و طريقة اكتسابها و حفظها و فقدانها تحدّد بمقتضى القانون. (المادّة 6)

Lebanon, English

The Lebanese nationality and the manner in which it is acquired, retained and lost, shall be determined according to the law. (Art. 6)

Citizenship and Nationality

Indonesia, English

(1) Citizens shall consist of indigenous Indonesian peoples and persons of foreign origin who have been legalised as citizens in accordance with law.
(2) Residents shall consist of Indonesian citizens and foreign nationals living in Indonesia.
(3) Matters concerning citizens and residents shall be regulated by law. (Art. 26)

Indonesia, Indonesian

(1) Yang menjadi warga negara ialah orang-orang bangsa Indonesia asli dan orang-orang bangsa lain yang disahkan dengan undang-undang sebagai warga negara.
(2) Penduduk ialah warga negara Indonesia dan orang asing yang bertempat tinggal di Indonesia.
(3) Hal-hal mengenai warga negara dan penduduk diatur dengan undang- undang. (Pasal 26)

Citizenship and Nationality

Indonesia, English

(4) Every person shall have the right to citizenship status. (Art. 28D)

Indonesia, Indonesian

(4) Setiap orang berhak atas status kewarganegaraan. (Pasal 28D)

Citizenship and Nationality

Nepal, English

20. Citizenship … (Schedule 5, List of Federal Powers/Jurisdiction)

Nepal, Nepali

/fli6«o oftfoft gLlt, === -cg';"rL–%, ;+3sf] clwsf/sf] ;"rL_

Citizenship and Nationality

Nepal, English

(1) The persons who have acquired citizenship of Nepal at the commencement of this Constitution and the persons who are eligible to acquire citizenship of Nepal under this Part shall be deemed to be the citizens of Nepal.
(2) The following persons who have their permanent domicile in Nepal shall be deemed to be citizens of Nepal by descent: -
(a) A person who has acquired the citizenship of Nepal by descent before the commencement of this constitution.
(b) Any person whose father or mother was a citizen of Nepal at the birth of such a person.
(3) A child of a citizen who has acquired citizenship of Nepal by birth before the commencement of this Constitution shall, if his/her father and mother both are the citizens of Nepal, shall be entitled to Nepali citizenship by descent upon his/her attaining the age of majority.
(4) Every child found in Nepal whereabouts of whose paternity and maternity is not known shall, until the mother or father is traced, be deemed a citizen of Nepal by descent.
(5) A person born to a Nepali citizen mother and having his/her domicile in Nepal but whose father is not traced, shall be conferred the Nepali citizenship by descent. Provided that in case his/her father is found to be a foreigner, the citizenship of such a person shall be converted to naturalized citizenship according to the Federal law.
(6) If a foreign woman married to a Nepali citizen so wishes, she may acquire naturalized citizenship of Nepal as provided for in a Federal law.
(7) Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this Article, in case of a person born to Nepali woman citizen married to a foreign citizen, he/she may acquire naturalized citizenship of Nepal as provided for by a Federal law if he/she is having the permanent domicile in Nepal and he/she has not acquired citizenship of the foreign country.
Provided that if his/her father and mother both are the citizen of Nepal at the time of acquisition of the citizenship, he/she, if born in Nepal, may acquire citizenship by descent.
(8) Except provided for in this Article, Government of Nepal may confer naturalized citizenship of Nepal according to Federal law.
(9) Government of Nepal may confer honorary citizenship according to Federal law.
(10) In case any area is annexed into Nepal by merger, the persons having domicile in such area shall be citizens of Nepal subject to a Federal law. (Art. 11)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ of] ;+ljwfg k|f/De x'Fbfsf avt g]kfnsf] gful/stf k|fKt u/]sf / o; efu adf]lhd gful/stf k|fKt ug{ of]Uo JolQmx¿ g]kfnsf] gful/s x'g]5g\ .
-@_ of] ;+ljwfg k|f/De x'Fbfsf avt g]kfndf :yfoL a;f]jf; ePsf] b]xfosf] JolQm j+zhsf] cfwf/df g]kfnsf] gful/s 7xg]{5M–
-s_ of] ;+ljwfg k|f/De x'g'eGbf cl3 j+zhsf] cfwf/df g]kfnsf] gful/stf k|fKt u/]sf] JolQm . 
-v_ s'g} JolQmsf] hGd x'Fbfsf avt lghsf] afa' jf cfdf g]kfnsf] gful/s /x]5 eg] To:tf] JolQm .
-#_ of] ;+ljwfg k|f/De x'g'eGbf cl3 hGdsf] cfwf/df g]kfnsf] gful/stf k|fKt u/]sf] gful/ssf] ;Gtfgn] afa' / cfdf b'j} g]kfnsf] gful/s /x]5g\ eg] lgh aflnu ePkl5 j+zhsf] cfwf/df g]kfnsf] gful/stf k|fKt ug]{5 .
-$_ g]kfnleq k]mnf k/]sf] lkt[Tj / dft[Tjsf] 7]ufg gePsf] k|To]s gfafns lghsf] afa' jf cfdf k]mnf gk/];Dd j+zhsf] cfwf/df g]kfnsf] gful/s 7xg]{5 .
-%_ g]kfnsf] gful/s cfdfaf6 g]kfndf hGd eO{ g]kfndf g} a;f]af; u/]sf] / afa'sf] klxrfg x'g g;s]sf] JolQmnfO{ j+zhsf] cfwf/df g]kfnsf] gful/stf k|bfg ul/g]5 . t/ afa' ljb]zL gful/s ePsf] 7x/]df To:tf] JolQmsf] gful/stf ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd c+uLs[t gful/stfdf kl/0ft x'g]5 .
-^_ g]kfnL gful/s;Fu j}jflxs ;DaGw sfod u/]sL ljb]zL dlxnfn] rfx]df ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd g]kfnsf] c+uLs[t gful/stf lng;Sg]5 .
-&_ o; wf/fdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg ljb]zL gful/s;Fu ljjfx u/]sL g]kfnL dlxnf gful/saf6 hlGdPsf] JolQmsf] xsdf lgh g]kfndf g} :yfoL a;f]af; u/]sf] / lghn] ljb]zL d'n'ssf gful/stf k|fKt u/]sf] /x]g5 eg] lghn] ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd g]kfnsf] c+uLs[t gful/stf k|fKt ug{ ;Sg]5 . t/ gful/stf k|fKt ubf{sf avt lghsf cfdf / afa' b'j} g]kfnL gful/s /x]5g\ eg] g]kfndf hGd]sf] To:tf] JolQmn] j+zhsf] cfwf/df g]kfnsf] gful/stf k|fKt ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-*_ o; wf/fdf n]lvPb]lv afx]s g]kfn ;/sf/n] ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd g]kfnsf] c+uLs[t gful/stf k|bfg ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-(_ g]kfn ;/sf/n] ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd g]kfnsf] ;Ddfgfy{ gful/stf k|bfg ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-!)_ g]kfnleq ufleg] u/L s'g} If]q k|fKt ePdf To:tf] If]qleq a;f]af; ePsf] JolQm ;+3Lo sfg"gsf] cwLgdf /xL g]kfnsf] gful/s x'g]5 . -wf/f !!_

Citizenship and Nationality

Nepal, English

(1) No Nepali citizen shall be denied the right to acquire citizenship.
(2) There shall be a provision of single federal citizenship with provincial identity in Nepal. (Art. 10)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ s'g} klg g]kfnL gful/snfO{ gful/stf k|fKt ug]{ xsaf6 jl~rt ul/g] 5}g .
-@_ g]kfndf k|fb]lzs klxrfg ;lxtsf] Psn ;+3Lo gful/stfsf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . -wf/f !)_

Citizenship and Nationality

Nepal, English

The person who has acquired citizenship of a foreign country and residing in a country other than the country which is a member of the South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and who or whose father or mother, grandfather or grandmother was a citizen of Nepal by descent or birth and later on has acquired citizenship of the foreign country, may be conferred with the nonresidential citizenship of Nepal entitling him/her to the economic, social and cultural rights as provided for in a Federal law. (Art. 14)

Nepal, Nepali

ljb]zL d'n'ssf] gful/stf k|fKt u/]sf] blIf0f PlzofnL If]qLo ;xof]u ;+u7gsf] ;b:o/fi6« afx]ssf b]zdf a;f]af; u/]sf] ;flasdf j+zhsf] jf hGdsf] cfwf/df lgh jf lghsf] afa' jf cfdf, afh] jf aHo} g]kfnsf] gful/s /xL kl5 ljb]zL d'n'ssf] gful/stf k|fKt u/]sf] JolQmnfO{ ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd cfly{s, ;fdflhs / ;f+:s[lts clwsf/ pkef]u ug{ kfpg] u/L g]kfnsf] u}/cfjf;Lo gful/stf k|bfg ug{ ;lsg]5 . -wf/f !$_

Citizenship and Nationality

Nepal, English

Other provisions as to acquisition, requisition and termination of citizenship shall be as provided for in a Federal law. (Art. 13)

Nepal, Nepali

gful/stfsf] k|flKt, k'gMk|flKt / ;dflKt ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd x'g]5 . -wf/f !#_