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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 195 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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Citizenship and Nationality

Spain, English

1. The State shall have exclusive competence over the following matters:

2) Nationality, … (Sec. 149)

Spain, Spanish

1. El Estado tiene competencia exclusiva sobre las siguientes materias:

2ª. Nacionalidad, … (Art. 149)

Citizenship and Nationality

Spain, English

(1) Spanish nationality shall be acquired, retained and lost in accordance with the provisions of the law.
(2) No person of Spanish birth may be deprived of his or her nationality.
(3) The State may negotiate dual nationality treaties with Latin-American countries or with those which have had or which have special links with Spain. In these countries Spaniards may become naturalized without losing their nationality of origin, even if those countries do not grant a reciprocal right to their own citizens. (Sec. 11)

Spain, Spanish

1. La nacionalidad española se adquiere, se conserva y se pierde de acuerdo con lo establecido por la ley.
2. Ningún español de origen podrá ser privado de su nacionalidad.
3. El Estado podrá concertar tratados de doble nacionalidad con los países iberoamericanos o con aquellos que hayan tenido o tengan una particular vinculación con España. En estos mismos países, aun cuando no reconozcan a sus ciudadanos un derecho recíproco, podrán naturalizarse los españoles sin perder su nacionalidad de origen. (Art. 11)

Citizenship and Nationality

Kyrgyzstan, English

2. No one may be deprived of his/her citizenship and denied the right to change his/her citizen¬ship. Persons who are citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic shall enjoy recognition of affiliation to the citi¬zenship of another state in accordance with the law and international treaties to which the Kyrgyz Re¬public is a party.
3. The Kyrgyz people residing outside the Kyrgyz Republic shall have the right, regardless of their citizenship of another State, to acquire citizenship of the Kyrgyz Republic under a simplified procedure.
The procedure and conditions for granting citizenship of the Kyrgyz Republic shall be defined by law.
… (Art. 50)

Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyz

2. Бир дагы жаран өзүнүн жарандыгынан жана өзүнүн жарандыгын өзгөртүү укугунан ажыратылышы мүмкүн эмес. Кыргыз Республикасынын жарандары болуп эсептелген адамдардын мыйзамдарга жана Кыргыз Республикасы катышуучу болуп саналган эл аралык келишимдерге ылайык башка мамлекеттин жарандыгына тийиштүүлүгү да таанылат.
3. Кыргыз Республикасынын чегинен тышкары жашаган кыргыздар башка мамлекеттин жараны болгондугуна карабастан жөнөкөйлөштүрүлгөн тартипте Кыргыз Республикасынын жарандыгын алууга укуктуу.
Кыргыз Республикасынын жарандыгын берүүнүн тартиби жана шарты мыйзам менен аныкталат.
… (50-берене)

Kyrgyzstan, Russian

2. Ни один гражданин не может быть лишен своего гражданства и права изменить свое гражданство. За лицами, являющимися гражданами Кыргызской Республики, признается принадлежность к гражданству другого государства в соответствии с законами и международными договорами, участницей которых является Кыргызская Республика.
3. Кыргызы, проживающие за пределами Кыргызской Республики, вне зависимости от наличия гражданства другого государства, вправе получить гражданство Кыргызской Республики в упрощенном порядке.
Порядок и условия предоставления гражданства Кыргызской Республики определяются законом.
... (Статья 50)

Citizenship and Nationality

Greece, English

3. All persons possessing the qualifications for citizenship as specified by law are Greek citizens. Withdrawal of Greek citizenship shall be permitted only in case of voluntary acquisition of another citizenship or of undertaking service contrary to national interests in a foreign country, under the conditions and procedures more specifically provided by law.
… (Art. 4)

Greece, Greek

3. Έλληνες πολίτες είναι όσοι έχουν τα προσόντα που ορίζει ο νόμος. Eπιτρέπεται να αφαιρεθεί η ελληνική ιθαγένεια μόνο σε περίπτωση που κάποιος απέκτησε εκούσια άλλη ιθαγένεια ή που ανέλαβε σε ξένη χώρα υπηρεσία αντίθετη προς τα εθνικά συμφέροντα, με τις προϋποθέσεις και τη διαδικασία που προβλέπει ειδικότερα ο νόμος.
… ('Αρθρο4)

Citizenship and Nationality

Greece, English

5. Greeks deprived in any manner whatsoever of their citizenship prior to the coming into force of this Constitution shall re-acquire it upon a decision by special committees of magistrates as specified by law.
… (Art. 111)

Greece, Greek

5. Έλληνες που στερήθηκαν με οποιονδήποτε τρόπο την ιθαγένειά τους έως την έναρξη της ισχύος του Συντάγματος, την αποκτούν πάλι ύστερα από κρίση ειδικών επιτροπών από δικαστικούς λειτουργούς, όπως νόμος ορίζει.
… ('Αρθρο 111)

Citizenship and Nationality

Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of, English

The requirements for becoming a citizen of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea are defined by the Law on Nationality. … (Art. 62)

Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of, Korean

조선민주주의인민공화국 공민이 되는 조건은 국적에 관한 법으로 규정한다. … (제 62 조)

Citizenship and Nationality

Romania, English

(1) Romanian citizenship may be acquired, preserved, or lost under the terms established by an organic law.
(2) Romanian citizenship cannot be withdrawn if acquired by birth. (Art. 5)

Romania, Romanian

(1) Cetăţenia română se dobândeşte, se păstrează sau se pierde în condiţiile prevăzute de legea organică.
(2) Cetăţenia română nu poate fi retrasă aceluia care a dobândit-o prin naştere. (Art. 5)

Citizenship and Nationality

Montenegro, English

With majority vote of all its Members, the Parliament shall adopt laws regulating the following: …
Montenegrin citizenship, … (Art. 91)3

Montenegro, Montenegrin

Većinom glasova svih poslanika Skupština donosi zakone kojima se uređuju: …
crnogorsko državljanstvo, … (Član 91)

Citizenship and Nationality

Bahrain, Arabic

أ - الجنسية البحرينية يحددها القانون، ولا يجوز إسقاطها عمّن يتمتّع بها إلا في حالة الخيانة العظمى، والأحوال الأخرى التي يحددها القانون.
... (المادّة 17)

Bahrain, English

a. Bahraini nationality shall be determined by law. A person inherently enjoying his Bahraini nationality cannot be stripped of his nationality except in case of treason, and such other cases as prescribed by law.
... (Art. 17)

Citizenship and Nationality

Denmark, Danish

Stk. 1. Ingen udlænding kan få indfødsret uden ved lov.
… (§ 44)

Denmark, English

(1) No alien shall be naturalized except by statute.
… (Sec. 44)