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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 195 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

REFINE RESULTS
About 42 results

National level

Belgium, Dutch

§ 3. Niet meer dan twee derden van de senatoren zijn van hetzelfde geslacht.
… (Art. 67)

Belgium, English

§ 3. The Senate is composed of no more than two-thirds of senators of the same gender.
… (Art. 67)

Belgium, French

§ 3. Le Sénat ne compte pas plus de deux tiers de sénateurs du même genre.
… (Art. 67)

Belgium, German

§ 3 – Nicht mehr als zwei Drittel der Senatoren sind desselben Geschlechts.
… (Art. 67)

National level

Iraq, Arabic

اولاً :ـ يتكون مجلس النواب من عدد من الاعضاء بنسبة مقعد واحد لكل مائة ألف نسمة من نفوس العراق يمثلون الشعب العراقي بأكمله، يتم انتخابهم بطريق الاقتراع العام السري المباشر، ويراعى تمثيل سائر مكونات الشعب فيه.
ثانياً :ـ يشترط في المرشح لعضوية مجلس النواب ان يكون عراقياً كامل الاهلية.
ثالثاً :ـ تنظم بقانونٍ، شروط المرشح والناخب وكل ما يتعلق بالانتخاب.
رابعاً :ـ يستهدف قانون الانتخابات تحقيق نسبة تمثيل للنساء لا تقل عن الربع من عدد اعضاء مجلس النواب.
... (المادة 49)

Iraq, English

First: The Council of Representatives shall consist of a number of members, at a ratio of one seat per 100,000 Iraqi persons representing the entire Iraqi people.
They shall be elected through a direct secret general ballot. The representation of all components of the people shall be upheld in it.
Second: A candidate to the Council of Representatives must be a fully qualified Iraqi.
Third: A law shall regulate the requirements for the candidate, the voter, and all that is related to the elections.
Fourth: The elections law shall aim to achieve a percentage of representation for women of not less than one-quarter of the members of the Council of Representatives.
… (Art. 49)

National level

Bangladesh, Bengali

(৩) সংবিধান (চতুর্দশ সংশোধন) আইন, ২০০৪ প্রবর্তনকালে বিদ্যমান সংসদের অব্যবহিত পরবর্তী সংসদের প্রথম বৈঠকের তারিখ হইতে শুরু করিয়া দশ বৎসর কাল অতিবাহিত হইবার অব্যবহিত পরবর্তীকালে সংসদ ভাংগিয়া না যাওয়া পর্যন্ত ২[পঞ্চাশটি আসন] কেবল মহিলা-সদস্যদের জন্য সংরক্ষিত থাকিবে এবং তাঁহারা আইনানুযায়ী পূর্বোক্ত সদস্যদের দ্বারা সংসদে আনুপাতিক প্রতিনিধিত্ব পদ্ধতির ভিত্তিতে একক হস্তান্তরযোগ্য ভোটের মাধ্যমে নির্বাচিত হইবেন:
তবে শর্ত থাকে যে, এই দফার কোন কিছুই এই অনুচ্ছেদের (২) দফার অধীন কোন আসনে কোন মহিলার নির্বাচন নিবৃত্ত করিবে না
(৩ক) সংবিধান (পঞ্চদশ সংশোধন) আইন, ২০১১ প্রবর্তনকালে বিদ্যমান সংসদের অবশিষ্ট মেয়াদে এই অনুচ্ছেদের (২) দফায় বর্ণিত প্রত্যক্ষ নির্বাচনের মাধ্যমে নির্বাচিত তিন শত সদস্য এবং (৩) দফায় বর্ণিত পঞ্চাশ মহিলা-সদস্য লইয়া সংসদ গঠিত হইবে। ... (অনুচ্ছেদ ৬৫)

Bangladesh, English

(3) Until the dissolution of Parliament occurring next after the expiration of the period of ten years beginning from the date of the first meeting of the Parliament next after the Parliament in existence at the time of the commencement of the Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Act, 2004, there shall be reserved fifty seats exclusively for women members and they will be elected by the aforesaid members in accordance with law on the basis of procedure of proportional representation in the Parliament through single transferable vote: Provided that nothing in this clause shall be deemed to prevent a woman from being elected to any of the seats provided for in clause (2) of this article.
(3A) For the remaining period of the Parliament in existence at the time of the commencement of the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011, Parliament shall consist of three hundred members elected by direct election provided for in clause (2) and fifty women members provided for in clause (3). … (Art. 65)

National level

Nicaragua, English

... In the case of officials elected by popular vote on the basis of closed lists proposed by political parties in accordance with the principle of proportional representation, deputies in the National Assembly, deputies in the Central-American Parliament, Municipal Councilors, and Regional Councilors, the list of candidates must contain fifty percent of male and fifty percent of female candidates, presented in a fair and alternating order; the same relation between the sexes must be maintained between the mandate holders and their alternates, where applicable. ... (Art. 131)

Nicaragua, Spanish

... Para el caso de los funcionarios electos mediante el voto popular por listas cerradas propuestas por los partidos políticos bajo el principio de la proporcionalidad, Diputados ante la Asamblea Nacional, Diputados al Parlamento Centroamericano, Concejales Municipales, Conséjales Regionales, las listas de candidatos deberán estar integrados por un cincuenta por ciento de hombres y un cincuenta por ciento de mujeres, ordenados de forma equitativa y presentados de forma alterna; igual relación de género deberán mantener entre propietarios y suplentes donde los hubiere. … (Art. 131)

National level

Afghanistan, Dari

اعضای مشرانو جرگه به ترتیب ذیل انتخاب و تعیین می شوند:
١- از جمله اعضای شورای هر ولایت، یك نفر به انتخاب شورای مربوط برای مدت چهار سال؛
٢- از جملۀ اعضای شورا های ولسوالیهای هر ولایت، یك نفر به انتخاب شوراهای مربوط برای مدت سه سال؛
٣- یك ثلث باقی مانده از جملۀ شخصیت های خبیر و با تجربه به شمول دو نفر از نمایندگان معلولین و معیوبین و دو نفر نمایندگان كوچی ها به تعیین رئیس جمهور برای مدت پنج سال.
رئیس جمهور تعداد پنجاه فیصد از این اشخاص را از بین زنان تعیین می نماید. شخصی كه به حیث عضو مشرانو جرگه انتخاب می شود، عضویت خود را در شورای مربوطه از دست داده، به عوض او شخص دیگری مطابق به احكام قانون تعیین میگردد. (مادۀ ۸۴)

Afghanistan, English

Members of the House of Elders shall be elected and appointed as follows:
1. From amongst each provincial council members, one individual shall be elected by the respective council for a four year term;
2. From amongst district councils of each province, one individual, elected by the respective councils, for a three year term;
3. The remaining one third of the members shall be appointed by the President, for a five year term, from amongst experts and experienced personalities, including two members from amongst the impaired and handicapped, as well as two from nomads.
The President shall appoint 50 percent of these individuals from amongst women. The individual selected as a member of the House of Elders shall lose membership to the related Council, and, another individual shall be appointed in accordance with the provisions of the law. (Art. 84)

Afghanistan, Pashto

د مشرانو جرگې غړي په لاندې ډول انتخاب او ټاكل كېږي:
١- د هرې ولايتي جرگې له غړ يو څخه يوتن د مربوطې جرگې په انتخاب، د څلورو كلونو لپاره ؛
٢- د هر ولايت د ولسواليو د جرگو له غړيو څخه يو تن، د مربوطو جرگو په انتخاب، د دريو كلونو لپاره؛
٣- پاتې دريمه برخه غړي دمعلولينو او معيوبينو د دوو تنو او كوچيانو د دوو تنو استازيو په گډون د هېواد له خبيرو او تجربه لرونكو كسانو څخه د پنځو كلونو لپاره د جمهور رئيس له خوا ټاكل كېږي.
جمهور رئيس له دې اشخاصو څخه په سلو كي پنځوس ښځې ټاكي. هغه شخص چې د مشرانو جرگې د غړي په توگه انتخابېږي په مربوطه جرگه كې خپل غړيتوب له لاسه وركوي او د ده پر ځاى د قانون له حكمونو سره سم بل شخص ټاكل كېږي. (۸۴ ماده)

National level

Afghanistan, Dari

اعضای ولسی جرگه توسط مردم از طریق انتخابات آزاد، عمومی، سری و مستقیم انتخاب می گردند. ...
در قانون انتخابات باید تدابیری اتخاذ گردد كه نظام انتخاباتی، نمایندگی عمومی و عادلانه را برای تمام مردم كشور تأمین
نماید و به تناسب نفوس از هر ولایت طور اوسط حداقل دو وكیل زن در ولسی جرگه عضویت یابد. (مادۀ ۸۳)

Afghanistan, English

Members of the House of People shall be elected by the people through free, general, secret, and direct balloting. ...
The elections law shall adopt measures to attain, through the electorate system, general and fair representation for all the people of the country, and proportionate to the population of every province, on average, at least two females shall be the elected members of the House of People from each province. (Art. 83)

Afghanistan, Pashto

د ولسي جرگې غړي د خلكو د آزادو، عمومي، پټو او مستقيمو انتخاباتو له لارې
انتخابېږي. ...
د انتخاباتو په قانون كې بايد داسې تدبيرونه ونيول شي چې انتخاباتي نظام د افغانستان د ټولو خلكو لپاره عمومي او عادلانه استازيتوب تأمين كړي او د نفوسو په تناسب د ې له هر
ولايت څخه په اوسط ډول لږ تر لږه دوه ښځينه وكيلې په ولسي جرگه كې
غړيتوب ترلاسه كړي. (۸۳ ماده)

National level

Philippines, English

(1) The House of Representatives shall be composed of not more than two hundred and fifty members, unless otherwise fixed by law, who shall be elected from legislative districts apportioned among the provinces, cities, and the Metropolitan Manila area in accordance with the number of their respective inhabitants, and on the basis of a uniform and progressive ratio, and those who, as provided by law, shall be elected through a party-list system of registered national, regional, and sectoral parties or organizations.
(2) The party-list representatives shall constitute twenty per centum of the total number of representatives including those under the party list. For three consecutive terms after the ratification of this Constitution, one-half of the seats allocated to party-list representatives shall be filled, as provided by law, by selection or election from the labor, peasant, urban poor, indigenous cultural communities, women, youth, and such other sectors as may be provided by law, except the religious sector.
... (Art. VI, Sec. 5)

Philippines, Filipino

(1) Ang Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ay dapat buuin ng hindi hihigit sa dalawang daan at limampung kagawad matangi kung magtakda ang batas ng naiiba, na dapat ihalal mula sa mga purok pangkapulungan na pinaghati-hati sa mga lalawigan, mga lungsod at Metropolitan Manila Area ayon sa rami ng kinauukulang mga naninirahan, at batay sa magkakatulad at paunlad na pagdami, at yaong ayon sa itinatadhana ng batas ay dapat ihalal sa pamamagitan ng sistemang party-list ng rehistradong partido o organisasyong pambansa, panrehiyon, at pansektor.
(2) Ang kinatawang party-list ay dapat na binubuo ng dalawampung porsyento ng lahat ng mga kagawad ng Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan. Sa loob ng tatlong magkakasunod na taning ng panunungkulan pagkaraang maratipikahan ang Konstitusyong ito, ang kalahati sa mga pwestong nakalaan sa mga kinatawang party-list ay dapat punan, ayon sa itinatadhana ng batas, sa pamamagitan ng pagpili o paghahalal mula sa sektor ng mga manggagawa, magsasaka, mahirap na tagalungsod, mga katutubong pamayanang pangkalinangan, mga kababaihan, kabataan at sa iba pang mga sektor na maaaring itadhana ng batas, maliban sa sektor na panrelihiyon.
... (Art. VI, Seksyon 5)

National level

Haiti, English

The principle of the quota of at least thirty percent (30%) of women is recognized at all levels of national life, notably in the public services. (Art. 17-1)

Haiti, French

Le principe du quota d’au moins trente pour cent (30%) de femmes est reconnu à tous les niveaux de la vie nationale, notamment dans les services publics. (Art. 17.1)

National level

Haiti, English

Any law concerning the Political Parties must reserve in its structures and in its mechanisms of functioning a treatment in conformity with the principle of the quota of at least thirty percent (30%) of women [as] expressed in Article 17.1. (Art. 31-1-1)

Haiti, French

Toute loi relative aux Partis politiques doit réserver dans ses structures et dans ses mécanismes de fonctionnement un traitement en conformité avec le principe du quota d’au moins trente pour cent (30%) de femmes exprimé à l’aritcle 17.1. (Art. 31.1.1)

National level

Zimbabwe, English

(1) The Senate consists of eighty Senators, of whom—
(a) six are elected from each of the provinces into which Zimbabwe is divided, by a system of proportional representation conforming with subsection (2);
(b) sixteen are Chiefs, of whom two are elected by the provincial assembly of Chiefs from each of the provinces, other than the metropolitan provinces, into which Zimbabwe is divided;
(c) the President and Deputy President of the National Council of Chiefs;
and
(d) two are elected in the manner prescribed in the Electoral Law to represent persons with disabilities.
(2) Elections of Senators must be conducted in accordance with the Electoral Law, which must ensure that he Senators referred to in subsection (1)(a) are elected under a party-list system of proportional representation—
(a) which is based on the votes cast for candidates representing political parties in each of the provinces in the general election for Members of the National Assembly; and
(b) in which male and female candidates are listed alternately, every list being headed by a female candidate. (Sec. 120)