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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 195 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 151 results

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Lesotho, English

(1) Lesotho shall adopt policies aimed at promoting a society based on equality and justice for all its citizens regardless of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
(2) In particular, the State shall take appropriate measures in order to promote equality of opportunity for the disadvantaged groups in the society to enable them to participate fully in all spheres of public life. (Sec. 26)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Lesotho, English

(1) Subject to the provisions of subsections (4) and (5) no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.
...
(3) In this section, the expression “discriminatory” means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
(4) Subsection (1) shall not apply to any law to the extent that that law makes provision—

(e) whereby persons of any such description as is mentioned in subsection (3) may be made subject to any disability or restriction or may be accorded any privilege or advantage which, having regard to its nature and to special circumstances pertaining to those persons or to persons of any other such description, is reasonably justifiable in a democratic society.
Nothing in this subsection shall prevent the making of laws in pursuance of the principle of State Policy of promoting a society based on equality and justice for all the citizens of Lesotho and thereby removing any discriminatory law.
... (Sec. 18)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Tanzania, United Republic of, English

(1) All persons are equal before the law and are entitled, without any discrimination, to protection and equality before the law.
(2) No law enacted by any authority in the United Republic shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.

(4) No person shall be discriminated against by any person or any authority acting under any law or in the discharge of the functions or business of any state office.
(5) For the purposes of this Article the expression “discriminate” means to satisfy the needs, rights or other requirements of different persons on the basis of their nationality, tribe, place of origin, political opinion, colour, religion, sex or station in life such that certain categories of people are regarded as weak or inferior and are subjected to restrictions or conditions whereas persons of other categories are treated differently or are accorded opportunities or advantage outside the specified conditions or the prescribed necessary qualifications except that the word “discrimination” shall not be construed in a manner that will prohibit the Government from taking purposeful steps aimed at rectifying disabilities in the society.
… (Art. 13)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Pakistan, English

The State shall encourage local Government institutions composed of elected representatives of the areas concerned and in such institutions special representation will be given to peasants, workers and women. (Art. 32)

Pakistan, Urdu

مملکت متعلقہ علاقوں کے منتخب نمائندوں پر مشتمل بلدیاتی اداروں کی حوصلہ افزائی کرے گی اور ایسے اداروں میں کسانوں، مزدوروں اور عورتوں کو خصوصی نمائندگی دی جائے گی۔ (آرٹیکل 32)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, English

(1) Subject to the provisions of subsections (4),(5) and (7) of this section, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.

(3) In this section, the expression “discriminatory” means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by sex, race, place of origin, political opinions, color or creed whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such descriptions are not made subject or are recorded privileges of advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
(4) Subsection (1) of this section shall not apply to any law do far as that law makes provision-

d. whereby persons of any such description as is mentioned in subsection (3) of this section may be subjected to any disability or restriction or may be accorded any privilege or advantage that, having regard to its nature and to special circumstances pertaining to those persons or to persons of any other such description, is reasonably justifiable in a democratic society.
… (Sec. 13)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Malawi, English

The State shall actively promote the welfare and development of the people of Malawi by progressively adopting and implementing policies and legislation aimed at achieving the following goals—
(a) Gender Equality
To obtain gender equality through—
(i) full participation of women in all spheres of Malawian society on the basis of equal opportunities with men;
(ii) the implementation of the principles of nondiscrimination and such other measures as may be required;
… (Sec. 13)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Cuba, English

Women and men enjoy equal economic, political, cultural, social, and familial rights.
The State guarantees that women will be offered the same opportunities and possibilities as men to achieve their full participation in the development of the country. …
The State strives to create all the conditions that will lead to the implementation of the principle of equality. (Art. 44)

Cuba, Spanish

La mujer y el hombre gozan de iguales derechos en lo económico, político, cultural, social y familiar.
El Estado garantiza que se ofrezcan a la mujer las mismas oportunidades y posibilidades que al hombre, a fin de lograr su plena participación en el desarrollo del país. ...
El Estado se esfuerza por crear todas las condiciones que propicien la realización del principio de igualdad. (Art. 44)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Sudan, English

The National Civil Service, notably at the senior and middle levels, shall be representative of the people of the Sudan; to ensure this, the following principles and guidelines shall be recognized and observed:-

(c) no level of government shall discriminate against any qualified Sudanese citizen on the basis of religion, ethnicity, region or gender,

(e) application of affirmative action and job training to achieve targets for equitable representation within a specified time frame,
… (Art. 136)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Sudan, English

(2) The State shall promote woman rights through affirmative action.
… (Art. 32)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Sudan, English

The National Government, the Government of Southern Sudan and state governments, shall have legislative and executive competencies on any of the matters listed below:-

21. Women's empowerment;
22. Gender policy;
… (Schedule (D) Concurrent Powers)