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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 195 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 27 results

Subnational levels

Nicaragua, English

The Mayor, the Vice Mayor, and the Councilors shall be elected by the people by means of a universal, equal, direct, free, and secret vote in accordance with the law. Those candidates who have obtained the relative majority of the votes shall be elected Mayor and Vice Mayor. The Councilors shall be elected on the basis of proportional representation, in accordance with the electoral quotient. The term of the municipal authorities shall be five years, starting with their inauguration before the Supreme Electoral Council.
The nomination for the posts of Mayor and Vice Mayor must be based on the principle of the equal and fair treatment of the sexes in the exercise of local power, as one of them must be a woman and the other a man, respecting the proportionality between the two sexes. The political parties and electoral alliances must present in their list of candidates for Mayor, Vice Mayor and Councilors fifty percent of men and fifty percent of women. ... (Art. 178)

Nicaragua, Spanish

El Alcalde, el Vicealcalde y los Concejales serán elegidos por el pueblo mediante el sufragio universal, igual, directo, libre y secreto, de conformidad con la ley. Serán electos Alcalde y Vicealcalde los candidatos que tengan la mayoría relative de los votos, los Concejales serán electos por representación proporcional, de acuerdo con el cociente electoral. El período de las autoridades municipales será de cinco años, contados a partir de la toma de posesión del cargo ante el Consejo Supremo Electoral.
El binomio de Alcalde y Vicealcalde debe formularse bajo el principio de igualdad y equidad de género en el ejercicio del Poder Local, siendo que uno de ellos debe ser mujer y el otro, hombre, guardando la proporcionalidad entre ambos géneros. Los partidos políticos y alianzas electorales deberán presentar en su lista de candidatos a Alcalde, Vicealcalde y Concejales, un cincuenta por ciento de hombres y un cincuenta por ciento de mujeres. … (Art. 178)

Subnational levels

Nicaragua, English

... In the case of officials elected by popular vote on the basis of closed lists proposed by political parties in accordance with the principle of proportional representation, deputies in the National Assembly, deputies in the Central-American Parliament, Municipal Councilors, and Regional Councilors, the list of candidates must contain fifty percent of male and fifty percent of female candidates, presented in a fair and alternating order; the same relation between the sexes must be maintained between the mandate holders and their alternates, where applicable. ... (Art. 131)

Nicaragua, Spanish

... Para el caso de los funcionarios electos mediante el voto popular por listas cerradas propuestas por los partidos políticos bajo el principio de la proporcionalidad, Diputados ante la Asamblea Nacional, Diputados al Parlamento Centroamericano, Concejales Municipales, Conséjales Regionales, las listas de candidatos deberán estar integrados por un cincuenta por ciento de hombres y un cincuenta por ciento de mujeres, ordenados de forma equitativa y presentados de forma alterna; igual relación de género deberán mantener entre propietarios y suplentes donde los hubiere. … (Art. 131)

Subnational levels

Zimbabwe, English

(1) There is a provincial council for each province, except the metropolitan provinces, consisting of—
(a) a chairperson of the council, elected in terms of section 272;
(b) the senators elected from the province concerned;
(c) the two Senator Chiefs elected from the province concerned in terms of section 120(1)(b);
(d) the president and deputy president of the National Council of Chiefs, where their areas fall within the province concerned;
(e) all the Members of the National Assembly whose constituencies fall within the province concerned;
(f) the women Members of the National Assembly who are elected in terms of section 124( 1 )(b) from the province concerned;
(g) the mayors and chairpersons, by whatever title they are called, of all urban and rural local authorities in the province concerned; and
(h) ten persons elected by a system of proportional representation referred to in subsection (3).
(2) A person is qualified to be elected to a provincial council in terms of subsection (1)(h) if he or she is qualified for election as a Member of the National Assembly.
(3) Elections to provincial councils must be conducted in accordance with the Electoral Law, which must ensure that the persons referred to in subsection (1)(h) are elected under a party-list system of proportional representation—
(a) which is based on the votes cast for candidates representing political parties in the province concerned in the general election for Members of the National Assembly; and
(b) in which male and female candidates are listed alternately, every list being headed by a female candidate.
… (Sec. 268)

Subnational levels

Zimbabwe, English

(1) The State must promote full gender balance in Zimbabwean society, and in particular—

(b) the State must take all measures, including legislative measures, needed to ensure that—
(i) both genders are equally represented in all institutions and agencies of government at every level; and
(ii) women constitute at least half the membership of all Commissions and other elective and appointed governmental bodies established by or under this Constitution or any Act of Parliament;
… (Sec. 17)

Subnational levels

Zimbabwe, English

(1) For each of the metropolitan provinces there is a metropolitan council consisting of—
(a) in the case of Bulawayo, the mayor of the City of Bulawayo, who is the chairperson of the Bulawayo Metropolitan Council;
(b) in the case of Harare—
(i) the mayor of the City of Harare, who is the chairperson of the Harare Metropolitan Council; and
(ii) the mayor or chairperson of the second-largest urban local authority within the province, who is the deputy chairperson of the Harare Metropolitan Council;
(c) all the Members of the National Assembly whose constituencies fall within the metropolitan province concerned;
(d) the women Members of the National Assembly who are elected in terms of section 124(1)(b) from the metropolitan province concerned;
(e) the Senators elected from the metropolitan province concerned; and
(f) the mayors and deputy mayors and the chairpersons and deputy chairpersons, by whatever title they are called, of all local authorities in the metropolitan province concerned.
… (Sec. 269)

Subnational levels

Zimbabwe, English

(2) The Electoral Law must make provision, consistent with this Chapter, for the filling of vacancies in the seats of the members of provincial councils referred to in section 268(1)(f) and in the offices of chairpersons of provincial councils, which vacancies must be filled—
(a) by persons belonging to the same political parties as those who previously held the seats or offices; and
(b) except in the case of chairpersons, by a person of the same gender as the persons who previously held the seats. (Sec. 273)

Subnational levels

Uganda, English

(1) A local government shall be based on a council which shall be the highest political authority within its area of jurisdiction and which shall have legislative and executive powers to be exercised in accordance with this Constitution.
(2) Parliament shall by law prescribe the composition, qualifications, functions and electoral procedures in respect of local government councils, except that-
(a) the person elected as district chairperson of local government shall be a member of the council;
(b) one-third of the membership of each local government council shall be reserved for women;
(c) any law enacted by virtue of this article shall provide for affirmative action for all marginalised groups referred to in article 32 of this Constitution; and
(d) Parliament shall exercise similar powers of review as stipulated in article 78(2) of this Constitution, in relation to paragraphs (b) and (c) of this clause.
(3) A person shall not be a member of a local government council unless that person is a citizen of Uganda. (Art. 180)

Subnational levels

Uganda, English

(1) The composition of regional assembly shall be prescribed by Act of Parliament and shall consist of-
(a) directly elected representatives elected on the basis of universal adult suffrage at elections conducted by the Electoral Commission;
(b) representatives of women, who shall not be less than one-third of the membership;
(c) representatives of the youth and persons with disabilities;
(d) representatives of indigenous cultural interests in areas where there is a traditional or cultural leader, nominated by the traditional or cultural leader but not exceeding fifteen percent of the members of the regional assembly; and
(e) district chairpersons in the region who shall be ex-officio members with no right to vote.
… (Fifth Schedule: Regional governments, Art. 2)

Subnational levels

Egypt, Arabic

تنتخب كل وحدة محليّة مجلساً بالاقتراع العام السرّى المباشر، لمدة أربع(4) سنوات، ويشترط في المترشّح ألّا يقلّ سنه عن إحدى وعشرين (21)سنة ميلادية. ينظّم القانون شروط الترشّح الأخرى، وإجراءات الانتخاب، على أن يُخصّص ربع عدد المقاعد للشّباب دون سن خمس وثلاثين(35) سنة، وربع العدد للمرأة، علي ألا تقل نسبة تمثيل العمّال والفلّاحين عن خمسين بالمائة من إجمالي عدد المقاعد، وأن تتضمّن تلك النّسبة تمثيلا مناسباً للمسيحيين وذوي الاعاقة. ... (المادّة 180)

Egypt, English

Every local unit shall elect a local council by direct and secret ballot for a term of four years. A candidate shall be at least twenty one (21) Gregorian years of age. The law shall regulate the other conditions for candidacy and procedures of election, provided that one quarter of the seats shall be allocated to youth under thirty five (35) years of age and one quarter shall be allocated for women, and that workers and farmers shall be represented by no less than 50 percent of the total number of seats, and these percentages shall include an appropriate representation of Christians and people with disability. … (Art. 180)

Subnational levels

South Sudan, English

(7) In fulfillment of the principle of affirmative action, women shall be allocated at least twenty-five per cent of the seats and positions in each legislative and each executive organ of each state, without prejudice to their right to compete for the remaining seats and positions in such organs. (Art. 163)