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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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Employment Rights and Protection

New Zealand, English

(1) Where an applicant for employment or an employee is qualified for work of any description, it shall be unlawful for an employer, or any person acting or purporting to act on behalf of an employer,—
(a) to refuse or omit to employ the applicant on work of that description which is available; or
(b) to offer or afford the applicant or the employee less favourable terms of employment, conditions of work, superannuation or other fringe benefits, and opportunities for training, promotion, and transfer than are made available to applicants or employees of the same or substantially similar capabilities employed in the same or substantially similar circumstances on work of that description; or
(c) to terminate the employment of the employee, or subject the employee to any detriment, in circumstances in which the employment of other employees employed on work of that description would not be terminated, or in which other employees employed on work of that description would not be subjected to such detriment; or
(d) to retire the employee, or to require or cause the employee to retire or resign, —
by reason of any of the prohibited grounds of discrimination.
(2) It shall be unlawful for any person concerned with procuring employment for other persons or procuring employees for any employer to treat any person seeking employment differently from other persons in the same or substantially similar circumstances by reason of any of the prohibited grounds of discrimination. (Human Rights Act 1993, Sec. 22)

Employment Rights and Protection

New Zealand, English

(1) Nothing in section 22 shall prevent different treatment based on sex or age where, for reasons of authenticity, being of a particular sex or age is a genuine occupational qualification for the position or employment.
(2) Nothing in section 22 shall prevent different treatment based on sex, religious or ethical belief, disability, age, political opinion, or sexual orientation where the position is one of domestic employment in a private household.
(3) Nothing in section 22 shall prevent different treatment based on sex where—
(a) the position needs to be held by one sex to preserve reasonable standards of privacy; or
(b) the nature or location of the employment makes it impracticable for the employee to live elsewhere than in premises provided by the employer, and—
(i) the only premises available (being premises in which more than 1 employee is required to sleep) are not equipped with separate sleeping accommodation for each sex; and
(ii) it is not reasonable to expect the employer to equip those premises with separate accommodation, or to provide separate premises, for each sex.
(4) Nothing in section 22 shall prevent different treatment based on sex, race, ethnic or national origins, or sexual orientation where the position is that of a counsellor on highly personal matters such as sexual matters or the prevention of violence.
(5) Where, as a term or condition of employment, a position ordinarily obliges or qualifies the holder of that position to live in premises provided by the employer, the employer does not commit a breach of section 22 by omitting to apply that term or condition in respect of employees of a particular sex or marital status if in all the circumstances it is not reasonably practicable for the employer to do so. (Human Rights Act 1993, Sec. 27)

Employment Rights and Protection

New Zealand, English

Nothing in section 22 shall prevent restrictions imposed by an employer—
(a) on the employment of any person who is married to, or in a civil union or in a de facto relationship with, or who is a relative of, another employee if—
(i) there would be a reporting relationship between them; or
(ii) there is a risk of collusion between them to the detriment of the employer; or
(b) on the employment of any person who is married to, or in a civil union or in a de facto relationship with, or who is a relative of, an employee of another employer if there is a risk of collusion between them to the detriment of that person’s employer. (Human Rights Act 1993, Sec. 32)

Employment Rights and Protection

New Zealand, English

For the avoidance of doubt it is hereby declared that preferential treatment granted by reason of—
(a) a woman’s pregnancy or childbirth; or
(b) a person’s responsibility for part-time care or full-time care of children or other dependants—
shall not constitute a breach of this Part. (Human Rights Act 1993, Sec. 74)

Employment Rights and Protection

New Zealand, English

(1) It shall be unlawful for any person (in the course of that person’s involvement in any of the areas to which this subsection is applied by subsection (3)) to make a request of any other person for sexual intercourse, sexual contact, or other form of sexual activity which contains an implied or overt promise of preferential treatment or an implied or overt threat of detrimental treatment.
(2) It shall be unlawful for any person (in the course of that person’s involvement in any of the areas to which this subsection is applied by subsection (3)) by the use of language (whether written or spoken) of a sexual nature, or of visual material of a sexual nature, or by physical behaviour of a sexual nature, to subject any other person to behaviour that—
(a) is unwelcome or offensive to that person (whether or not that is conveyed to the first-mentioned person); and
(b) is either repeated, or of such a significant nature, that it has a detrimental effect on that person in respect of any of the areas to which this subsection is applied by subsection (3).
(3) The areas to which subsections (1) and (2) apply are—
(a) the making of an application for employment:
(b) employment, which term includes unpaid work:
(c) participation in, or the making of an application for participation in a partnership:
(d) membership, or the making of an application for membership, of an industrial union or professional or trade association:
(e) access to any approval, authorisation, or qualification:
(f) vocational training, or the making of an application for vocational training:

(4) Where a person complains of sexual harassment, no account shall be taken of any evidence of the person’s sexual experience or reputation. (Human Rights Act 1993, Sec. 62)

Employment Rights and Protection

New Zealand, English

(1) Anything done or omitted which would otherwise constitute a breach of any of the provisions of this Part4 shall not constitute such a breach if—
(a) it is done or omitted in good faith for the purpose of assisting or advancing persons or groups of persons, being in each case persons against whom discrimination is unlawful by virtue of this Part; and
(b) those persons or groups need or may reasonably be supposed to need assistance or advancement in order to achieve an equal place with other members of the community.
(2) Nothing in this Part—
(a) limits the power of the Crown to establish or arrange work or training schemes or employment assistance measures, eligibility for which may, in whole or in part, be determined by a person’s age, employment status, or family status; or
(b) makes it unlawful for any person to recruit or refer any other person who is of a particular age or of a particular employment status or of a particular family status for any work or training scheme or employment assistance measure that is established or arranged by the Crown, the eligibility for which may, in whole or in part, be determined by a person’s age, employment status, or family status. (Human Rights Act 1993, Sec. 73)

Employment Rights and Protection

New Zealand, English

(1) Where—
(a) a request of the kind described in section 62(1) is made to an employee; or
(b) an employee is subjected to behaviour of the kind described in section 62(2) or section 63—
by a person who is a customer or a client of the employee's employer, the employee may make a complaint in writing about that request or behaviour to the employee's employer.
(2) The employer, on receiving a complaint under subsection (1),—
(a) shall inquire into the facts; and
(b) if satisfied that such a request was made or that such behaviour took place,—
shall take whatever steps are practicable to prevent any repetition of such a request or of such behaviour.
(3) Where any person, being a person in relation to whom an employee has made a complaint under subsection (1),—
(a) either—
(i) makes to that employee after the complaint a request of the kind described in section 62(1); or
(ii) subjects that employee after the complaint to behaviour of the kind described in section 62(2) or section 63; and
(b) the employer of that employee has not taken whatever steps are practicable to prevent the repetition of such a request or such behaviour,—
that employer shall be deemed to have committed a breach of this Act and the provisions of this Act shall apply accordingly. (Human Rights Act 1993, Sec. 69)3

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

New Zealand, English

(2) Nothing in section 22 shall prevent different treatment based on sex, religious or ethical belief, disability, age, political opinion, or sexual orientation where the position is one of domestic employment in a private household.
… (Human Rights Act 1993, Sec. 27)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

New Zealand, English

(1) Where an applicant for employment or an employee is qualified for work of any description, it shall be unlawful for an employer, or any person acting or purporting to act on behalf of an employer,—
(a) to refuse or omit to employ the applicant on work of that description which is available; or
(b) to offer or afford the applicant or the employee less favourable terms of employment, conditions of work, superannuation or other fringe benefits, and opportunities for training, promotion, and transfer than are made available to applicants or employees of the same or substantially similar capabilities employed in the same or substantially similar circumstances on work of that description; or
(c) to terminate the employment of the employee, or subject the employee to any detriment, in circumstances in which the employment of other employees employed on
work of that description would not be terminated, or in which other employees employed on work of that description would not be subjected to such detriment; or
(d) to retire the employee, or to require or cause the employee to retire or resign, —
by reason of any of the prohibited grounds of discrimination.
(2) It shall be unlawful for any person concerned with procuring employment for other persons or procuring employees for any employer to treat any person seeking employment differently from other persons in the same or substantially similar circumstances by reason of any of the prohibited grounds of discrimination. (Human Rights Act 1993, Sec. 22)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

New Zealand, English

Nothing in section 57 shall prevent the holding or provision, at any educational establishment, of courses or counselling restricted to persons of a particular sex, race, ethnic or national origin, or sexual orientation, where highly personal matters, such as sexual matters or the prevention of violence, are involved. (Human Rights Act 1993, Sec. 59)