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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 13155 results

Limitations and/or Derogations

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English


Any constitutional revision having for its object or for [its] effect the reduction of the rights and freedoms of the person or the reduction [of] the prerogatives of the Provinces and the decentralized territorial entities is formally prohibited. (Art. 220)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French


Est formellement interdite toute révision constitutionnelle ayant pour objet ou pour effet de réduire les droits et libertés de la personne, ou de réduire les prérogatives des provinces et des entités territoriales décentralisées. (Art. 220)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English


The rights and duties of citizens, during war or in case of invasion or attack of the national territory by foreign forces, are made the subject of a law. (Art. 143)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French


Les droits et devoirs des citoyens, pendant la guerre ou en cas d’invasion ou d’attaque du territoire national par des forces de l’extérieur, font l’objet d’une loi. (Art. 143)

Employment Rights and Protection

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Work is a sacred right and duty for each Congolese.
The State guarantees the right to work, protection against unemployment and an equitable and satisfactory remuneration, assuring the worker as well as his family of an existence in accordance with human dignity, together with all the other means of social protection, notably retirement pension[s] and life annuities.
No one may discriminated against [leser] in their work because of their origin, their sex, their opinions, their beliefs or their socio-economic condition.
… (Art. 36)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Le travail est un droit et un devoir sacrés pour chaque Congolais.
L’Etat garantit le droit au travail, la protection contre le chômage et une rémunération équitable et satisfaisante assurant au travailleur ainsi qu’à sa famille une existence conforme à la dignité humaine, complétée par tous les autres moyens de protection sociale, notamment, la pension de retraite et la rente viagère.
Nul ne peut être lésé dans son travail en raison de ses origines, de son sexe, de ses opinions, de ses croyances ou de ses conditions socio-économiques.
… (Art. 36)

Employment Rights and Protection

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

The State guarantees the right to private initiative to both nationals and to foreigners.
… (Art. 35)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

L’Etat garantit le droit à l’initiative privée tant aux nationaux qu’aux étrangers.
… (Art. 35)

Employment Rights and Protection

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Constitution, the following matters are of the exclusive competence of the Central Power:

36. legislation concerning[,] notably;

d. legislation on the liberal professions;
e. labor legislation including notably the laws governing the relations between employers and workers, the security of workers, the rules concerning social security and, in particular, the rules concerning social insurance and involuntary unemployment;
… (Art. 202)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Sans préjudice des autres dispositions de la présente Constitution, les matières suivantes sont de la compétence exclusive du pouvoir central:

36. la législation notamment concernant:

d) la législation pour les professions libérales;
e) la législation du travail comprenant notamment les lois régissant les relations entre employeurs et travailleurs, la sécurité des travailleurs, les règles relatives à la sécurité sociale et, en particulier, les règles relatives aux assurances sociales et au chômage involontaire;
… (Art. 202)

Employment Rights and Protection

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Constitution, the law establishes the rules concerning:

14. the right to work and of social security;
… (Art. 122)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Sans préjudice des autres dispositions de la présente Constitution, la loi fixe les règles concernant:

14. le droit du travail et de la sécurité sociale;
… (Art. 122)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Private property is sacred.
The State guarantees the right to individual or collective property, acquired in conformity to the law or to custom.
… (Art. 34)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

La propriété privée est sacrée.
L’Etat garantit le droit à la propriété individuelle ou collective acquis conformément à la loi ou à la coutume.
… (Art. 34)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Constitution, the law establishes the rules concerning:

5. … the status and capacity of persons, the matrimonial regimes, inheritance and donations;

8. commerce, the regime of property rights, and of civil and commercial obligations;
… (Art. 122)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Sans préjudice des autres dispositions de la présente Constitution, la loi fixe les règles concernant:

5. … l’état et la capacité des personnes, les régimes matrimoniaux, les successions et les libéralités;

8. le commerce, le régime de la propriété des droits et des obligations civiles et commerciales;
… (Art. 122)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Constitution, the following matters are of the concurrent competence of the Central Power and the Provinces:

16. land and mining rights, … (Art. 203)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Sans préjudice des autres dispositions de la présente Constitution, les matières suivantes sont de la compétence concurrente du Pouvoir central et des provinces:

16. les droits fonciers et miniers, … (Art. 203)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Constitution, the law determines the fundamental principles concerning:

3. The regime of land, mining, forestry and real property;
… (Art. 123)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Sans préjudice des autres dispositions de la présente Constitution, la loi détermine les principes fondamentaux concernant:

3. le régime foncier, minier, forestier et immobilier;
… (Art. 123)