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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 12 results

Composition and Appointment

South Africa, English

(1) Any appropriately qualified woman or man who is a fit and proper person may be appointed as a judicial officer. Any person to be appointed to the Constitutional Court must also be a South African citizen.
(2) The need for the judiciary to reflect broadly the racial and gender composition of South Africa must be considered when judicial officers are appointed.
… (Sec. 174)

Composition and Appointment

South Africa, English

(1) The President may appoint a woman or man to serve as an acting Deputy Chief Justice or judge of the Constitutional Court if there is a vacancy in any of those offices, or if the person holding such an office is absent. The appointment must be made on the recommendation of the Cabinet member responsible for the administration of justice acting with the concurrence of the Chief Justice, and an appointment as acting Deputy Chief Justice must be made from the ranks of the judges who had been appointed to the Constitutional Court in terms of section 174(4).
… (Sec. 175)

Composition and Appointment

Gambia, English

(1) A person shall be qualified for appointment as Chief Justice if he or she is qualified to be appointed a judge of the Supreme Court and has been a judge of a superior court in a common law country for not less than ten years.
(2) A person shall be qualified to be appointed a judge of the Supreme Court if he or she holds or has held office as a judge of the Court of Appeal, or as a judge of a court having similar jurisdiction in a common law country, in each case for not less than five years, or if he or she has practised as a legal practitioner before a court having unlimited jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters in a common law country for not less than twelve years.
… (Sec. 139)

Composition and Appointment

Central African Republic, English

The Constitutional Court consists of nine (9) members including at least four (4) women, who hold the title of Constitutional Judge.
The duration of the mandate of the Constitutional Judges is of seven (7) years, non-renewable.
The members of the Constitutional Court are designated as follows:
– two (2) Magistrates including one women, elected by their peers;
– two (2) Attorney including one woman, elected by their peers;
– two (2) [members] of a Faculty of Law [enseignants-chercheurs de Droit] including one woman, elected by their peers;
– one (1) member appointed by the President of the Republic;
– one (1) member appointed by the President of the National Assembly;
– one (1) member appointed by the President of the Senate.
... (Art. 99)

Central African Republic, French

La Cour Constitutionnelle comprend neuf (09) membres dont au moins quatre (4) femmes, qui portent Ie titre de Juge Constitutionnel.
La durée du mandat des Juges Constitutionnels est de sept (07) ans non renouvelable.
Les membres de la Cour Constitutionnelle sont désignés comme suit:
- deux (2) magistrats dont une femme, élus par leurs pairs;
- deux (2) avocats dont une femme, élus par leurs pairs;
- deux (2) enseignants-chercheurs de Droit dont une femme, élus par leurs pairs;
- un (1) membre nommé par Ie Président de la République;
- un (1) membre nommé par Ie Président de l'Assemblée Nationale;
- un (1) membre nommé par Ie Président du Sénat.
... (Art. 99)

Composition and Appointment

Burundi, English

The judicial power is structured [de façon à] to reflect in its composition the whole of the population.
The procedures of recruitment and appointment in the judicial corps submit [obéissant] imperatively to the concern [souci] to promote regional [and] ethnic equilibrium and the equilibrium of genders.
The Magistrature includes at most 60% of Hutu and at most 40% of Tutsi. A minimum of 30% of women is assured. (Sec. 213)

Burundi, French

Le pouvoir judiciaire est structuré de façon à refléter dans sa composition l’ensemble de la population.
Les procédures de recrutement et nomination dans le corps judiciaire obéissent impérativement au souci de promouvoir l’équilibre régional, ethnique et l’équilibre entre genres.
La magistrature comprend au plus 60% de Hutu et au plus 40% de Tutsi. Il est assuré un minimum de 30% de femmes. (Art. 213)

Burundi, Kirundi

Ubutegetsi bw’ubutungane buringanizwa ku buryo abanyagihugu bose baruserukirwamwo bikwiye.
Mu gutanga akazi no mu kugena abayobozi mu rwego rw’abacamanza, hategerezwa gucungerwa ko hitwararitswe kunganisha intara, ubwoko, n’ibitsina.
Urwego rw'abacamanza rugizwe n'ibice bitarenga 60% vy'Abahutu n'ibice bitarenga 40% vy'Abatutsi Hategerezwa kubamwo n'imiburiburi ibice 30% vy'abagore. (Ingingo ya 213)

Composition and Appointment

Algeria, Arabic

تتشكل المحكمة الدستورية من اثني عشر (12) عضوا:
– أربعة (4) أعضاء يعيّنهم رئيس الجمهوريّة من بينهم رئيس المحكمة،
– عضو واحد (1) تنتخبه المحكمة العليا من بين أعضائها، وعضو واحد (1) ينتخبه مجلس الدّولة من بين أعضائه،
– ستة (6) أعضاء ينتخبون بالاقتـــراع من أساتذة القانون الدستوري. يـحدد رئيس الجمهوريـة شروط وكيفيات انتخاب هؤلاء الأعضاء.
...
(المــادة 186)

Algeria, English

The Constitutional Court is composed of twelve (12) members:
– four (4) designated by the President of the Republic including the President of the Court;
– one (1) elected by the Supreme Court from among its members, and one (1) elected by the Council of State from among its members;
– six (6) elected by suffrage from among the professors of constitutional law. The President of the Republic determines the conditions and modalities of election of these members.
...
(Art. 186)

Algeria, French

La Cour constitutionnelle est composée de douze (12) membres:
— quatre (4) désignés par le Président de la République dont le Président de la Cour;
— un (1) élu par la Cour suprême parmi ses membres, et un (1) élu par le Conseil d’Etat parmi ses membres;
— six (6) élus au suffrage parmi les professeurs de droit constitutionnel. Le Président de la République détermine les conditions et les modalités d’élection de ces membres.
...
(Art. 186)

Composition and Appointment

Algeria, Arabic

يُشترط في عضو المحكمة الدستورية المنتخب أو المعيّن :
– بلوغ خمسين (50) سنة كاملة يوم انتخابه أو تعيينه،
– التمتع بخبرة في القانون لا تقل عن عشرين (20) سنة، واستفاد من تكوين في القانون الدستوري،
– التمتع بالحقوق المدنية والسياسية، وألاّ يكون محكوما عليه بعقوبة سالبة للحرية،
– عدم الانتماء الحزبي.
بمجرّد انتخاب أعضاء المحكمة الدّستوريّة أو تعيينهم، يتوقّفون عن ممارسة أيّ عضويّة أو أيّ وظيفة أو تكليف أو مهمّة أخرى، أو أي نشاط آخر أو مهنة حرة.
(المــادة 187)

Algeria, English

The elected or designated members of the Constitutional Court must:
– be already [révolus] 50 years of age on the day of their designation or of their election;
– enjoy a professional experience of at least twenty (20) years in law [droit] and have followed a training in constitutional right;
– enjoy their civic and political rights and have not been made the object of any conviction to a penalty involving deprivation of liberty;
– not adhere to a political party.
As soon as they are elected or designated, the members of the Constitutional Court cease any other mandate, function, responsibility, mission, as well as all other liberal activities or professions.
(Art. 187)

Algeria, French

Les membres de la Cour constitutionnelle élus ou désignés doivent:
— être âgés de cinquante (50) ans révolus au jour de leur désignation ou de leur élection;
— jouir d’une expérience d’au moins, vingt (20) ans en droit et avoir suivi une formation en droit constitutionnel;
— jouir de leurs droits civiques et politiques et n’ayant fait l’objet d’aucune condamnation à une peine privative de liberté;
— la non appartenance à un parti politique.
Aussitôt élus ou désignés, les membres de la Cour constitutionnelle cessent tout autre mandat, fonction, charge, mission, ainsi que toute autre activité ou profession libérale.
(Art. 187)

Composition and Appointment

Zimbabwe, English

(1) A person is qualified for appointment as a judge of the Constitutional Court if he or she is a Zimbabwean citizen, is at least forty years old and has a sound knowledge of constitutional law and, in addition, possesses one of the following qualifications—
(a) he or she has been a judge of a court with unlimited jurisdiction in civil or criminal matters in a country in which the common law is Roman-Dutch or English, and English is an officially recognised language; or
(b) for at least twelve years, whether continuously or not, he or she has been qualified to practise as a legal practitioner—
(i) in Zimbabwe; or
(ii) in a country in which the common law is Roman-Dutch or English and English is an officially recognised language;
and is currently so qualified to practise.

Judicial appointments to reflect society
Appointments to the judiciary must reflect broadly the diversity and gender composition of Zimbabwe.
(2) To be appointed as a judge of the Constitutional Court a person must be a fit and proper person to hold office as a judge. (Sec. 177)

Composition and Appointment

Uganda, English

1. A person shall be qualified for appointment as-

d. a justice of Appeal, if he or she has served as a judge of the High Court or a court having similar or higher jurisdiction or has practised as an advocate for a period not less than ten years before a court having unlimited jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters or is a distinguished jurist and an advocate of not less than ten years' standing;
… (Art. 143)2

Composition and Appointment

South Sudan, English

1. There shall be established by the President of the Republic a Commission to be known as National Constitutional Review Commission within six months from coming into force of this constitution.
2. The President of the Republic shall, after consultation with the Political Parties, Civil Society and other stakeholders appoint the Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson and members of the Commission.
....
5. The Commission shall be established with due regard for gender, political, social and regional diversity of South Sudan in recognition of the need for inclusiveness, transparency and equitable participation. Each member of the Commission shall have the requisite competence and technical expertise and experience to contribute to fulfilling the mandate of the Commission.
6. The Commission shall review the Transitional Constitution and collect views and suggestions from all the stakeholders including any changes that may need to be introduced to the current system of governance.
...
8. The Commission shall conduct a nation-wide public information programme and civic education on constitutional issues.
...
(Art 202)