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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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Legislature

Lao People’s Democratic Republic, English

… The election of members of the National Assembly and the Local People's Assemblies shall be carried out through the principles of universal equal direct suffrage and secret balloting.
… (Art. 4)

Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lao

ການເລືອກຕັ້ງສະມາຊິກສະພາແຫ່ງຊາດ ແລະ ສະພາປະຊາຊົນທ້ອງຖິ່ນແມ່ນປະຕິບັດຕາມຫຼັກການທົ່ວໄປ, ສະເໝີພາບ, ໂດຍກົງ ແລະ ລົງຄະແນນສຽງປິດລັບ. ... (ມາດຕາ 4) (ປັບປຸງ)

Legislature

Lao People’s Democratic Republic, English

… Members of the National Assembly are elected by the Lao citizens in accordance with the laws.
... (Art. 54)

Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lao

… ສະມາຊິກສະພາແຫ່ງຊາດ ແມ່ນ ພົນລະເມືອງລາວເປັນ ຜູ້ເລືອກຕັ້ງ ຕາມທີ່ໄດ້ກຳນົດໄວ້ ໃນກົດໝາຍ.
... (Art. 54)

Legislature

Lao People’s Democratic Republic, English

The National Assembly is the representative of the rights and interests of the Lao multi-ethnic people. The National Assembly is the supreme authority of the state. The National Assembly is the legislative body to perform the role to adopt the Constitution and laws, make decisions on fundamental issues of the country and to monitor the implementation of the Constitution and laws by the State organizations. (Art. 52)

Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lao

ສະພາແຫ່ງຊາດ ແມ່ນ ອົງການຕົວແທນແຫ່ງສິດ ແລະ ຜົນປະໂຫຍດຂອງປະຊາຊົນລາວ ບັນດາເຜົ່າ, ເປັນອົງການສູງສຸດແຫ່ງອຳນາດລັດ, ເປັນອົງການນິຕິບັນຍັດ ປະຕິບັດພາລະບົດບາດ ຮັບຮອງເອົາ ລັດຖະທຳມະນູນ ແລະ ກົດໝາຍ, ຕົກລົງບັນຫາສຳຄັນພື້ນຖານ ຂອງປະເທດຊາດ ແລະ ຕິດຕາມກວດກາ ການເຄົາລົບ ແລະ ປະຕິບັດລັດຖະທຳມະນູນ ແລະ ກົດໝາຍ ຂອງບັນດາອົງການລັດ. (ມາດຕາ. 52) (ປັບປຸງ)

Legislature

Slovenia, English

The National Assembly is composed of deputies of the citizens of Slovenia and comprises ninety deputies.
Deputies are elected by universal, equal, direct, and secret voting.
One deputy of the Italian and one deputy of the Hungarian national communities shall always be elected to the National Assembly. …
Deputies, except for the deputies of the national communities, are elected according to the principle of proportional representation with a four-percent threshold required for election to the National Assembly, with due consideration that voters have a decisive influence on the allocation of seats to the candidates.
(Art. 80)

Slovenia, Slovene

Državni zbor sestavljajo poslanci državljanov Slovenije in šteje 90 poslancev.
Poslanci se volijo s splošnim, enakim, neposrednim in tajnim glasovanjem.
V državni zbor se vedno izvoli po en poslanec italijanske in madžarske narodne skupnosti. …
Poslanci, razen poslancev narodnih skupnosti, se volijo po načelu sorazmernega predstavništva ob štiriodstotnem volilnem pragu za vstop v Državni zbor, pri čemer imajo volivci odločilen vpliv na dodelitev mandatov kandidatom.
(80. Člen)

Legislature

Slovenia, English

The National Council is the representative body for social, economic, professional, and local interests. The National Council has forty members. It is composed of:
• four representatives of employers;
• four representatives of employees;
• four representatives of farmers, crafts and trades, and independent professions;
• six representatives of non-commercial fields;
• twenty-two representatives of local interests.
The organisation of the National Council is regulated by law. (Art. 96)

Slovenia, Slovene

Državni svet je zastopstvo nosilcev socialnih, gospodarskih, poklicnih in lokalnih interesov. Državni svet ima 40 članov. Sestavljajo ga:
- štirje predstavniki delodajalcev;
- štirje predstavniki delojemalcev;
- štirje predstavniki kmetov, obrtnikov in samostojnih poklicev;
- šest predstavnikov negospodarskih dejavnosti;
- dvaindvajset predstavnikov lokalnih interesov.
Organizacijo državnega sveta ureja zakon. (96. Člen)

Legislature

Brunei Darussalam, English

There shall be established a Legislative Council (to be known in Malay as Majlis Mesyuarat Negara), constituted in accordance with the provisions of this Part. (Sec. 23)

Brunei Darussalam, Malay

Hendaklah diadakan Majlis Mesyuarat Negara yang ditubuhkan menurut peruntukan-peruntukan Bahagian ini. (Sec. 23)

Legislature

Brunei Darussalam, English

Subject to Article 30, any person (other than a Regent) who is a citizen of Brunei Darussalam and who has attained the age of 21 years shall be qualified to be a Member of the Legislative Council. (Sec. 29)

Brunei Darussalam, Malay

Tertakluk kepada Perkara 30, mana-mana orang (selain daripada Pemangku Raja) yang menjadi warganegara Negara Brunei Darussalam dan telah mencapai umur 21 tahun adalah layak untuk menjadi seorang Ahli Majlis Mesyuarat Negara. (Sec. 29)

Legislature

Brunei Darussalam, English

His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan shall have the power to make laws for the peace, order, security and good government of Brunei Darussalam. (Sec. 39)

Brunei Darussalam, Malay

Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan dan Yang Di-Pertuan hendaklah mempunyai kuasa untuk membuat undang-undang bagi keamanan, ketenteraman, keselamatan dan pemerintahan yang baik Negara Brunei Darussalam. (Sec. 39)

Legislature

Brunei Darussalam, English

The Legislative Council shall consist of not more than 45 Members as follows —
(a) up to 30 persons who shall be appointed by His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan from the following categories —
(i) ex-officio Members who comprise the Prime Minister and all the Ministers appointed under Article 4(3) of this Constitution;
(ii) titled persons;
(iii) persons who, in His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan’s opinion, have rendered distinguished public service or who are not within sub-paragraph (a)(iv) but who, in his opinion, will be capable of contributing to the deliberations of the Legislative Council;
(iv) persons who, in His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan’s opinion, have achieved distinction in the field of religion, management, any profession, business, trade, agriculture, cultural arts or community activities, or who are representatives of particular communities; and
(b) up to 15 representatives, the exact number of which shall be determined by His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan, from Brunei and Muara District, Belait District, Tutong District and Temburong District who shall be elected in accordance with the laws relating to elections in force in Brunei Darussalam. (Second Schedule, Provisions Relating to Legislative Council, Sec. 1)

Brunei Darussalam, Malay

Majlis Mesyuarat Negara hendaklah mengandungi tidak lebih daripada 45 orang Ahli seperti berikut —
(a) sehingga 30 orang yang akan dilantik oleh Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan dan Yang Di-Pertuan dari kategori-kategori yang berikut —
(i) Ahli-Ahli Rasmi Kerana Jawatan yang terdiri daripada Perdana Menteri dan semua Menteri yang dilantik di bawah Perkara 4(3) dari Perlembagaan ini;
(ii) orang-orang bergelar;
(iii) orang-orang yang, pada pendapat Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan dan Yang Di-Pertuan, telah menyumbangkan perkhidmatan awam yang cemerlang atau mereka yang tidak termasuk dalam perenggan kecil (a)(iv) tetapi boleh, pada pendapat Baginda, menyumbang kepada perbahasan dalam Majlis Mesyuarat Negara;
(iv) orang-orang yang, pada pendapat Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan dan Yang Di-Pertuan, telah mencapai tahap kecemerlangan dalam bidang keugamaan, pengurusan, sebarang profesion, perniagaan, perdagangan, pertanian, aktiviti-aktiviti kebudayaan, kesenian atau kemasyarakatan, atau yang mewakili masyarakat-masyarakat tertentu; dan
(b) sehingga 15 orang wakil, bilangan sebenarnya hendaklah ditentukan oleh Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan dan Yang Di-Pertuan, dari Daerah Brunei Muara, Daerah Belait, Daerah Tutong dan Daerah Temburong yang akan dipilih menurut undang-undang berkenaan dengan pilihan raya yang berkuatkuasa di dalam Negara Brunei Darussalam. (Jadual Kedua, Peruntukan-Peruntukan Berkenaan Dengan Majlis Mesyuarat Negara, Sec. 1)

Legislature

Spain, English

(1) The Senate is the House of territorial representation.
(2) In each province, four Senators shall be elected by the voters thereof by universal, free, equal, direct and secret suffrage, under the terms to be laid down by an organic act.
... (Sec. 69)

Spain, Spanish

1. El Senado es la Cámara de representación territorial.
2. En cada provincia se elegirán cuatro Senadores por sufragio universal, libre, igual, directo y secreto por los votantes de cada una de ellas, en los términos que señale una ley orgánica.
… (Art. 69)