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Jurisdiction and Access

Yemen, Arabic

المحكمة العليا للجمهورية هي أعلى هيئة قضائية ، ويحدد القانون كيفية تشكيلها ويبين اختصاصاتها والإجراءات التي تتبع أمامها ، وتمارس على وجه الخصوص في مجال القضاء ما يلي:
أ.الفصل في الدعاوى والدفوع المتعلقة بعدم دستورية القوانين واللوائح والأنظمة والقرارات.
ب.الفصل في تنازع الاختصاص بين جهات القضاء.
ج.التحقيق وإبداء الرأي في صحة الطعون المحالة إليها من مجلس النواب المتعلقة بصحة عضوية أي من أعضائه.
د.الفصل في الطعون في الاحكام النهائية وذلك في القضايا المدنية والتجارية والجنائية والأحوال الشخصية والمنازعات الإدارية والدعاوى التأديبية وفقاً للقانون.
ه.محاكمة رئيس الجمهورية ونائب الرئيس ورئيس الوزراء ونوابه والوزراء ونوابهم وفقاً للقانون. (المادّة ١٥٣)

Yemen, English

The Supreme Court of the Republic is the highest judicial authority. The law shall specify how it can be formed, clarify its functions and the procedures to be followed before it. It shall undertake to do the following:
a. Judge on cases and pleas that laws, regulations, by-laws and decisions are not constitutional.
b. Judge disputes over conflict of jurisdiction.
c. Investigate and give opinions regarding appeals referred by the House of Representatives which relate to its membership.
d. Rule on appeals of final judgments in civilian, commercial, criminal, personal and administrative disputes and disciplinary cases according to the law.
e. To try the President of the Republic, the Vice President, the Prime Minister, his deputies, the ministers and their deputies according to the law. (Art. 153)

Jurisdiction and Access

Chile, English

Attributions of the Constitutional Tribunal are:
1. To exercise the control of constitutionality of the laws that interpret any precept of the Constitution, of the constitutional organic laws and of the norms of a treaty which concern matters belonging to the latter, prior to their promulgation;
2. To resolve concerning the questions of constitutionality of the original decisions adopted by the Supreme Court, the Courts of Appeal and the Qualifying Tribunal of Elections;
3. To resolve the questions concerning constitutionality which arise during the processing of the Bills of law or of constitutional reform and of the treaties submitted to the approval of the Congress;
4. To resolve the questions which arise concerning the constitutionality of a decree with the force of law;
5. To resolve the questions which arise concerning the constitutionality [of] the convocation to a plebiscite, without prejudice to the attributions which correspond to the Qualifying Tribunal of Elections;
6. To resolve, by the majority of its members in office, [on] the inapplicability of a legal precept having application in any measure that is taken before an ordinary or special tribunal, [having a] result contrary to the Constitution;
7. To resolve, by the majority of four-fifths of its members in office, [on] the unconstitutionality of a legal precept declared inapplicable in conformity with that provided in the previous Numeral;
8. To resolve the complaints in case the President of the Republic does not promulgate a law when he should do so or [when] he promulgates a text different from that which constitutionally corresponds;
9. To resolve [the questions] concerning the constitutionality of a decree or resolution of the President of the Republic which the Office of the Comptroller General has objected to [representar] as[,] in its opinion [estimar][,] unconstitutional, when it is required by the President in conformity with Article 99;
10. To declare the unconstitutionality of the organizations and of the movements or political parties, as well as the responsibility of the persons who have participated in the acts which motivated the declaration of unconstitutionality, in conformity with that provided in the sixth, seventh and eighth paragraphs of Numeral 15 of Article 19 of this Constitution. However, if the affected person is the President of the Republic or the President-elect, the declaration referred to will require, also, the agreement of the Senate adopted by the majority of its members in office;
11. To report to the Senate in the cases to which Article 53, Numeral 7, of this Constitution, refers;
12. To resolve the conflicts of competence which arise between the political or administrative authorities and the tribunals of justice, which do not correspond to the Senate [to resolve];
13. To resolve concerning the constitutional or legal ineligibilities [inhabilidades] which affect a person [from] being appointed Minister of State, [from] remaining in that post, or [from] performing other functions simultaneously;
14. To decide concerning the ineligibilities, incompatibilities and grounds for cessation [of] the responsibilities of the parliamentarians;
15. To qualify the ineligibility invoked by a parliamentarian in the terms of the final paragraph of Article 60 and decide concerning the renunciation of the responsibilities, and
16. To resolve concerning the constitutionality of the supreme decrees, whatever the alleged defect may be, including those that may be issued in the exercise of the independent regulatory power of the President of the Republic, when they concern matters that may be reserved to the law by mandate of Article 63.
In the case of Numeral 1, the Chamber of origin will forward to the Constitutional Tribunal the respective Bill within the five days following the [day] on which it is totally processed by the Congress. … (Art. 93)3

Chile, Spanish

Son atribuciones del Tribunal Constitucional:
1º.- Ejercer el control de constitucionalidad de las leyes que interpreten algún precepto de la Constitución, de las leyes orgánicas constitucionales y de las normas de un tratado que versen sobre materias propias de estas últimas, antes de su promulgación;
2º.- Resolver sobre las cuestiones de constitucionalidad de los autos acordados dictados por la Corte Suprema, las Cortes de Apelaciones y el Tribunal Calificador de Elecciones;
3º.- Resolver las cuestiones sobre constitucionalidad que se susciten durante la tramitación de los proyectos de ley o de reforma constitucional y de los tratados sometidos a la aprobación del Congreso;
4º.- Resolver las cuestiones que se susciten sobre la constitucionalidad de un decreto con fuerza de ley;
5º.- Resolver las cuestiones que se susciten sobre constitucionalidad con relación a la convocatoria a un plebiscito, sin perjuicio de las atribuciones que correspondan al Tribunal Calificador de Elecciones;
6°.- Resolver, por la mayoría de sus miembros en ejercicio, la inaplicabilidad de un precepto legal cuya aplicación en cualquier gestión que se siga ante un tribunal ordinario o especial, resulte contraria a la Constitución;
7º.- Resolver por la mayoría de los cuatro quintos de sus integrantes en ejercicio, la inconstitucionalidad de un precepto legal declarado inaplicable en conformidad a lo dispuesto en el numeral anterior;
8º.- Resolver los reclamos en caso de que el Presidente de la República no promulgue una ley cuando deba hacerlo o promulgue un texto diverso del que constitucionalmente corresponda;
9º.- Resolver sobre la constitucionalidad de un decreto o resolución del Presidente de la República que la Contraloría General de la República haya representado por estimarlo inconstitucional, cuando sea requerido por el Presidente en conformidad al artículo 99;
10°.- Declarar la inconstitucionalidad de las organizaciones y de los movimientos o partidos políticos, como asimismo la responsabilidad de las personas que hubieran tenido participación en los hechos que motivaron la declaración de inconstitucionalidad, en conformidad a lo dispuesto en los párrafos sexto, séptimo y octavo del Nº 15º del artículo 19 de esta Constitución. Sin embargo, si la persona afectada fuera el Presidente de la República o el Presidente electo, la referida declaración requerirá, además, el acuerdo del Senado adoptado por la mayoría de sus miembros en ejercicio;
11º.- Informar al Senado en los casos a que se refiere el artículo 53 número 7) de esta Constitución;
12º.- Resolver las contiendas de competencia que se susciten entre las autoridades políticas o administrativas y los tribunales de justicia, que no correspondan al Senado;
13º.- Resolver sobre las inhabilidades constitucionales o legales que afecten a una persona para ser designada Ministro de Estado, permanecer en dicho cargo o desempeñar simultáneamente otras funciones;
14º.- Pronunciarse sobre las inhabilidades, incompatibilidades y causales de cesación en el cargo de los parlamentarios;
15º.- Calificar la inhabilidad invocada por un parlamentario en los términos del inciso final del artículo 60 y pronunciarse sobre su renuncia al cargo, y
16°.- Resolver sobre la constitucionalidad de los decretos supremos, cualquiera sea el vicio invocado, incluyendo aquellos que fueren dictados en el ejercicio de la potestad reglamentaria autónoma del Presidente de la República cuando se refieran a materias que pudieran estar reservadas a la ley por mandato del artículo 63.
En el caso del número 1º, la Cámara de origen enviará al Tribunal Constitucional el proyecto respectivo dentro de los cinco días siguientes a aquél en que quede totalmente tramitado por el Congreso. ... (Art. 93)

Jurisdiction and Access

Singapore, English

(1) The President may refer to a tribunal consisting of not less than 3 Judges of the Supreme Court for its opinion any question as to the effect of any provision of this Constitution which has arisen or appears to him likely to arise.
… (Art. 100)

Jurisdiction and Access

Palestine, State of, Arabic

تتولى المحكمة العليا مؤقتاً كل المهام المسندة للمحاكم الإدارية والمحكمة الدستورية العليا ما لم تكن داخله في اختصاص جهة قضائية أخرى وفقاً للقوانين النافذة. (المادّة 104)

Palestine, State of, English

The High Court shall temporarily assume all duties assigned to administrative courts and to the High Constitutional Court, unless they fall within the jurisdiction of other judicial entities, in accordance with applicable laws. (Art. 104)

Jurisdiction and Access

Palestine, State of, Arabic

1- تشكل محكمة دستورية عليا بقانون، وتتولى النظر في:
أ- دستورية القوانين واللوائح أو النظم وغيرها. ب- تفسير نصوص القانون الأساسي والتّشريعات. ج- الفصل في تنازع الاختصاص بين الجهات القضائية وبين الجهات الإدارية ذات الاختصاص القضائي.
... (المادّة 103)

Palestine, State of, English

1. A High Constitutional Court shall be established by law to consider: (a) The constitutionality of laws, regulations, and other enacted rules. (b) The interpretation of the Basic Law and legislation. (c) Settlement of jurisdictional disputes which might arise between judicial entities and administrative entities having judicial jurisdiction.
... (Art. 103)

Jurisdiction and Access

Egypt, Arabic

تتولى المحكمة الدّستورية العليا دون غيرها الرّقابة القضائيّة على دستوريّة القوانين، واللّوائح، وتفسير النّصوص التّشريعية، والفصل فى المنازعات المتعلّقة بشؤون أعضائها، وفى تنازع الاختصاص بين جهات القضاء والهيئات ذات الاختصاص القضائى، والفصل فى النزاع الذي يقوم بشأن تنفيذ حكمين نهائيين متناقضين صادر أحدهما من أى جهة من جهات القضاء، أو هيئة ذات اختصاص قضائيّ، والآخر من جهة أخرى ، والمنازعات المتعلّقة بتنفيذ أحكامها، والقرارات الصّادرة منها.
يضبط القانون الاختصاصات الأخرى للمحكمة، وينظّم الإجراءات التى تتّبع أمامها. ( المادّة 192)

Egypt, English

The Supreme Constitutional Court shall be solely competent to decide on the constitutionality of laws and regulations, to interpret legislative provisions, and to adjudicate on disputes pertaining to the affairs of its members, on jurisdictional disputes between judicial bodies and entities that have judicial jurisdiction, on disputes pertaining to the implementation of two final contradictory judgments, one of which is rendered by a judicial body or an authority with judicial jurisdiction and the other is rendered by another , and on disputes pertaining to the execution of its judgments and decisions.
The law shall determine the Court’s other competences and regulate the procedures that are to be followed before the Court. (Art. 192)

Jurisdiction and Access

Kuwait, Arabic

 يعين القانون الجهة القضائية التي تختص بالفصل في المنازعات المتعلقة بدستورية القوانين واللوائح، ويبين صلاحياتها والإجراءات التي تتبعها.
 ويكفل القانون حق كل من الحكومة وذوي الشأن في الطعن لدى تلك الجهة في دستورية القوانين واللوائح.
... (المادّة 173)

Kuwait, English

(1) The law specifies the judicial body competent to deciding disputes relating to the constitutionality of laws and regulations and determines its jurisdiction and procedure.
(2) The law ensures the right of both the Government and the interested parties to challenge the constitutionality of laws and regulations before the said body.
… (Art. 173)

Jurisdiction and Access

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

The Action for Constitutional Protection (Accion de Amparo Constitucional) shall take place against the illegal or unjustified acts or omissions of public servants or of individuals or collectives, who restrict, suppress or threaten to restrict or suppress rights recognized by the Constitution and the law. (Art. 128)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

La Acción de Amparo Constitucional tendrá lugar contra actos u omisiones ilegales o indebidos de los servidores públicos, o de persona individual o colectiva, que restrinjan, supriman o amenacen restringir o suprimir los derechos reconocidos por la Constitución y la ley. (Art. 128)

Jurisdiction and Access

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

I. The Pluri-National Constitutional Court (Tribunal Constitucional Plurinacional) assures the supremacy of the Constitution, exercises constitutional control, and safeguards respect for and enforcement of constitutional rights and guarantees.
II. As criteria to be applied in its interpretive role, the Pluri-National Constitutional Court shall give preference to the intent of the constituent assembly as demonstrated in its documents, acts and resolutions, as well as the literal tenor of the text. (Art. 196)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

I. El Tribunal Constitucional Plurinacional vela por la supremacía de la Constitución, ejerce el control de constitucionalidad, y precautela el respeto y la vigencia de los derechos y las garantías constitucionales.
II. En su función interpretativa, el Tribunal Constitucional Plurinacional aplicará como criterio de interpretación, con preferencia, la voluntad del constituyente, de acuerdo con sus documentos, actas y resoluciones, así como el tenor literal del texto. (Art. 196)

Jurisdiction and Access

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

III. Constitutional justice is imparted by the Pluri-National Constitutional Court (Tribunal Constitucional Plurinacional).
… (Art. 179)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

III. La justicia constitucional se ejerce por el Tribunal Constitucional Plurinacional.
… (Art. 179)