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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

About 219 results

Indigenous Peoples

Ukraine, English

The following are determined exclusively by the laws of Ukraine:

3) the rights of indigenous peoples and national minorities;
… (Art. 92)

Ukraine, Ukrainian

Виключно законами України визначаються:

3) права корінних народів і національних меншин;
… (Стаття 92)

Indigenous Peoples

Ukraine, English

The State promotes the consolidation and development of the Ukrainian nation, of its historical consciousness, traditions and culture, and also the development of the ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identity of all indigenous peoples and national minorities of Ukraine. (Art. 11)

Ukraine, Ukrainian

Держава сприяє консолідації та розвиткові української нації, її історичної свідомості, традицій і культури, а також розвиткові етнічної, культурної, мовної та релігійної самобутності всіх корінних народів і національних меншин України. (Стаття 11)

Indigenous Peoples

Switzerland, English

...
2 The Cantons shall decide on their official languages. In order to preserve harmony between linguistic communities, the Cantons shall respect the traditional territorial distribution of languages and take account of indigenous linguistic minorities.
… (Art. 70)

Switzerland, French

...
2 Les cantons déterminent leurs langues officielles. Afin de préserver l’harmonie entre les communautés linguistiques, ils veillent à la répartition territoriale traditionnelle des langues et prennent en considération les minorités linguistiques autochtones.
… (Art. 70)

Switzerland, German

...
2 Die Kantone bestimmen ihre Amtssprachen. Um das Einvernehmen zwischen den Sprachgemeinschaften zu wahren, achten sie auf die herkömmliche sprachliche Zusammensetzung der Gebiete und nehmen Rücksicht auf die angestammten sprachlichen Minderheiten.
… (Art. 70)

Switzerland, Italian


2 I Cantoni designano le loro lingue ufficiali. Per garantire la pace linguistica rispettano la composizione linguistica tradizionale delle regioni e considerano le minoranze linguistiche autoctone.
… (Art. 70)

Indigenous Peoples

Norway, English

The authorities of the state shall create conditions enabling the Sami people to preserve and develop its language, culture and way of life. (Art. 108)

Norway, Norwegian

Det påligger statens myndigheter å legge forholdene til rette for at den samiske folkegruppe kan sikre og utvikle sitt språk, sin kultur og sitt samfunnsliv. (§ 108)

Indigenous Peoples

Russian Federation, English

1.The Russian Federation shall guarantee the rights of indigenous small peoples in accordance with the universally recognized principles and norms of international law and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
2. The state protects cultural identity of all the nations and ethnic communities of the Russian Federation, guarantees preservation of ethnic-cultural and language variety.
3. The Russian Federation provides support to compatriots living abroad in exercising their rights, ensuring protection of their interests and preserving all-Russian cultural identity. (Art. 69)

Russian Federation, Russian

1.Российская Федерация гарантирует права коренных малочисленных народов в соответствии с общепризнанными принципами и нормами международного права и международными договорами Российской Федерации.
2. Государство защищает культурную самобытность всех народов и этнических общностей Российской Федерации, гарантирует сохранение этнокультурного и языкового многообразия.
3. Российская Федерация оказывает поддержку соотечественникам, проживающим за рубежом, в осуществлении их прав, обеспечении защиты их интересов и сохранении общероссийской культурной идентичности. (Статья 69)

Indigenous Peoples

Slovenia, English

In its own territory, the state shall protect human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall protect and guarantee the rights of the autochthonous Italian and Hungarian national communities.
… (Art. 5)

Slovenia, Slovene

Država na svojem ozemlju varuje človekove pravice in temeljne svoboščine. Varuje in zagotavlja pravice avtohtone italijanske in madžarske narodne skupnosti.
… (5. Člen)

Indigenous Peoples

Slovenia, English

The autochthonous Italian and Hungarian national communities and their members shall be guaranteed the right to use their national symbols freely and, in order to preserve their national identity, the right to establish organisations and develop economic, cultural, scientific, and research activities, as well as activities in the field of public media and publishing. In accordance with laws, these two national communities and their members have the right to education and schooling in their own languages, as well as the right to establish and develop such education and schooling. The geographic areas in which bilingual schools are compulsory shall be established by law. These national communities and their members shall be guaranteed the right to foster relations with their nations of origin and their respective countries. The state shall provide material and moral support for the exercise of these rights.
In order to exercise their rights, the members of these communities shall establish their own self-governing communities in the geographic areas where they live. On the proposal of these self-governing national communities, the state may authorise them to perform certain functions under national jurisdiction, and shall provide funds for the performing of such functions.
The two national communities shall be directly represented in representative bodies of local self-government and in the National Assembly.
The position of the Italian and Hungarian national communities and the manner in which their rights are exercised in the geographic areas where they live, the obligations of the self-governing local communities for the exercise of these rights, and those rights which the members of these national communities exercise also outside these areas, shall all be regulated by law. The rights of both national communities and their members shall be guaranteed irrespective of the number of members of these communities.
Laws, regulations, and other general acts that concern the exercise of the constitutionally provided rights and the position of the national communities exclusively, may not be adopted without the consent of representatives of these national communities. (Art. 64)

Slovenia, Slovene

Avtohtoni italijanski in madžarski narodni skupnosti ter njunim pripadnikom je zagotovljena pravica, da svobodno uporabljajo svoje narodne simbole in da za ohranjanje svoje narodne identitete ustanavljajo organizacije, razvijajo gospodarske, kulturne in znanstvenoraziskovalne dejavnosti ter dejavnosti na področju javnega obveščanja in založništva. V skladu z zakonom imata ti narodni skupnosti in njuni pripadniki pravico do vzgoje in izobraževanja v svojem jeziku ter do oblikovanja in razvijanja te vzgoje in izobraževanja. Zakon določa območja, na katerih je dvojezično šolstvo obvezno. Narodnima skupnostima in njunim pripadnikom je zagotovljena pravica, da gojijo odnose s svojima matičnima narodoma in njunima državama. Država gmotno in moralno podpira uveljavljanje teh pravic.
Na območjih, kjer ti skupnosti živita, ustanovijo njuni pripadniki za uresničevanje svojih pravic svoje samoupravne skupnosti. Na njihov predlog lahko država pooblasti samoupravne narodne skupnosti za opravljanje določenih nalog iz državne pristojnosti ter zagotavlja sredstva za njihovo uresničevanje.
Narodni skupnosti sta neposredno zastopani v predstavniških organih lokalne samouprave in v državnem zboru.
Zakon ureja položaj in način uresničevanja pravic italijanske oziroma madžarske narodne skupnosti na območjih, kjer živita, obveznosti samoupravnih lokalnih skupnosti za uresničevanje teh pravic, ter tiste pravice, ki jih pripadniki teh narodnih skupnosti uresničujejo tudi zunaj teh območij. Pravice obeh narodnih skupnosti ter njunih pripadnikov so zagotovljene ne glede na število pripadnikov teh skupnosti.
Zakoni, drugi predpisi in splošni akti, ki zadevajo uresničevanje v ustavi določenih pravic in položaja zgolj narodnih skupnosti, ne morejo biti sprejeti brez soglasja predstavnikov narodnih skupnosti. (64. Člen)

Indigenous Peoples

Sweden, English


The opportunities of the Sami people and ethnic, linguistic and religious minorities to preserve and develop a cultural and social life of their own shall be promoted. (Instrument of Government, Chapter 1, Art. 2)

Sweden, Swedish


Samiska folkets och etniska, språkliga och religiösa minoriteters möjligheter att behålla och utveckla ett eget kultur- och samfundsliv ska främjas. (Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform, 1 kap, 2§)

Indigenous Peoples

Finland, English


The Sami, as an indigenous people, as well as the Roma and other groups, have the right to maintain and develop their own language and culture. Provisions on the right of the Sami to use the Sami language before the authorities are laid down by an Act.
… (Sec. 17)

Finland, Finnish


Saamelaisilla alkuperäiskansana sekä romaneilla ja muilla ryhmillä on oikeus ylläpitää ja kehittää omaa kieltään ja kulttuuriaan. Saamelaisten oikeudesta käyttää saamen kieltä viranomaisessa säädetään lailla.
… (17 §)

Finland, Swedish


Samerna såsom urfolk samt romerna och andra grupper har rätt att bevara och utveckla sitt språk och sin kultur. Bestämmelser om samernas rätt att använda samiska hos myndigheterna utfärdas genom lag.
… (17 §)

Indigenous Peoples

Afghanistan, Dari

ما مردم افغانستان:
...
با درك این كه افغانستان واحد و یكپارچه به همه اقوام و مردم این سرزمین تعلق دارد؛
... (مقدمه)

Afghanistan, English

We the people of Afghanistan:

Comprehending that a united, indivisible Afghanistan belongs to all its tribes and peoples;
… (Preamble)

Afghanistan, Pashto

موږ د افغانستان خلكو:

په دې درك سره چې واحد او يو مو ټى افغانستان ددې خاورې په ټولو قومونو او خلكو اړه لري؛
... (سريزه)