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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 156 results

Obligations of Private Parties

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

The respect of the rights of man and of the fundamental freedoms consecrated in the Constitution is imposed on the public powers and on every person. (Art. 60)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Le respect des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales consacrés dans la Constitution s’impose aux pouvoirs publics et à toute personne. (Art. 60)

Obligations of Private Parties

Eritrea, English


5. This Constitution shall serve as a basis for instilling constitutional culture and for enlightening citizens to respect fundamental human rights and duties. (Art. 2)

Obligations of Private Parties

Eritrea, English

All citizens shall have the duty to:

6. respect the rights of others;
… (Art. 25)

Obligations of Private Parties

South Africa, English

...
(2) A provision of the Bill of Rights binds a natural or a juristic person if, and to the extent that, it is applicable, taking into account the nature of the right and the nature of any duty imposed by the right.
(3) When applying a provision of the Bill of Rights to a natural or juristic person in terms of subsection (2), a court-
(a) in order to give effect to a right in the Bill, must apply, or if necessary develop, the common law to the extent that legislation does not give effect to that right; and
(b) may develop rules of the common law to limit the right, provided that the limitation is in accordance with section 36 (1).
… (Sec. 8)

Obligations of Private Parties

Malawi, English

1. The human rights and freedoms enshrined in this Chapter4 shall be respected and upheld by the executive, legislature, judiciary and all organs of the Government and its agencies and, where applicable to them, by all natural and legal persons in Malawi and shall be enforceable in the manner prescribed in this Chapter.
… (Sec. 15)

Obligations of Private Parties

Malawi, English

1. This Constitution is founded upon the following underlying principles—

d. the inherent dignity and worth of each human being requires that the State and all persons shall recognize and protect human rights and afford the fullest protection to the rights and views of all individuals, groups and minorities whether or not they are entitled to vote;

2. Every individual shall have duties towards other individuals, his or her family and society, the State and other legally recognized communities and the international community and these duties shall include the duty to respect his or her fellow beings without discrimination and to maintain relations aimed at promoting, safeguarding and reinforcing mutual respect and tolerance; and in recognition of these duties, individual rights and freedoms shall be exercised with due regard for the rights of others, collective security, morality and the common interest. (Sec. 12)

Obligations of Private Parties

Tunisia, Arabic

... ولا توضع هذه الضوابط إلّا لضرورة تقتضيها دولة مدنية ديمقراطية وبهدف حماية حقوق الغير، أو لمقتضيات الأمن العام، أو الدفاع الوطني، أو الصحة العامة، أو الآداب العامة، وذلك مع احترام التناسب بين هذه الضوابط وموجباتها. … (الفصل 49)

Tunisia, English

… Any such limitations can only be put in place for reasons necessary to a civil and democratic state and with the aim of protecting the rights of others, ... (Art. 49)

Tunisia, French

… Ces restrictions ne peuvent être établies que pour répondre aux exigences d’un État civil et démocratique, et en vue de sauvegarder les droits d’autrui … (Art. 49)

Obligations of Private Parties

Cameroon, English


(3) Freedom and security shall be guaranteed to each individual, subject to respect for the rights of others and the higher interests of the State.
… (Preamble)

Cameroon, French

...
(3) La liberté et la sécurité sont garanties à chaque individu dans le respect des droits d'autrui et de l'intérêt supérieur de l'Etat.
… (Préambule)

Obligations of Private Parties

Gambia, English

(1) The fundamental human rights and freedoms enshrined and in this Chapter6 shall be respected and upheld by all organs of the Executive and its agencies, the Legislature and, where applicable to them, by all natural and legal persons in The Gambia, and shall be enforceable by the Courts in accordance with this Constitution.
(2) Every person in The Gambia, whatever his or her race, colour, gender, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, shall be entitled to the fundamental human rights and freedoms of the individual contained in this Chapter, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest. (Sec. 17)

Obligations of Private Parties

Gambia, English

(1) The exercise and enjoyment of rights and freedoms are inseparable from the performance of duties and obligations, and accordingly, every citizen shall:

(d) respect the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of others and refrain from acting in a manner detrimental to the welfare of other persons;
… (Sec. 220)