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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 151 results

Obligations of Private Parties

Germany, English

(1) Every person shall have the right to free development of his personality insofar as he does not violate the rights of others or offend against the constitutional order or the moral law. … (Art. 2)

Germany, German

(1) Jeder hat das Recht auf die freie Entfaltung seiner Persönlichkeit, soweit er nicht die Rechte anderer verletzt und nicht gegen die verfassungsmäßige Ordnung oder das Sittengesetz. … (Art. 2)

Obligations of Private Parties

Switzerland, English

3 The authorities shall ensure that fundamental rights, where appropriate, apply to relationships among private persons. (Art. 35)

Switzerland, French

3 Les autorités veillent à ce que les droits fondamentaux, dans la mesure où ils s’y prêtent, soient aussi réalisés dans les relations qui lient les particuliers entre eux. (Art. 35)

Switzerland, German

3 Die Behörden sorgen dafür, dass die Grundrechte, soweit sie sich dazu eignen, auch unter Privaten wirksam werden. (Art. 35)

Switzerland, Italian

3 Le autorità provvedono affinché i diritti fondamentali, per quanto vi si prestino, siano realizzati anche nelle relazioni tra private. (Art. 35)

Obligations of Private Parties

Malta, English

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of peaceful assembly and association; and
(c) respect for his private and family life,
the subsequent provisions of this Chapter shall have effect for the purpose of affording protection to the aforesaid rights and freedoms, subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of the said rights and freedoms by any individual does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of others or the public interest. (Art. 32)

Malta, Maltese

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) il-ħajja, libertà, sigurtà tal-persuna, it-tgawdija ta’ proprjetà u l-protezzjoni tal-liġi;
(b) il-libertà ta’ kuxjenza, ta’ espressjoni u ta’ għaqda u assoċjazzjoni paċifika; u
(ċĊ) ir-rispett għall-ħajja privata u familjari tiegħu,
id-disposizzjonijiet li ġejjin ta’ dan il-Kapitolu jkollhom effett sabiex jagħtu protezzjoni għad-drittijiet u libertajiet imsemmija qabel, salvi dawk il-limitazzjonijiet ta’ dik il-protezzjoni kif jinsabu f’dawk id-disposizzjonijiet li huma limitazzjonijiet maħsuba biex jiżguraw illi t-tgawdija tal-imsemmija drittijiet u libertajiet minn xi individwu ma tippreġudikax id-drittijiet u libertajiet ta’ oħrajn jew l-interess pubbliku. (Art. 32)

Obligations of Private Parties

Bulgaria, Bulgarian

(2) Не се допуска злоупотреба с права, както и тяхното упражняване, ако то накърнява права или законни интереси на други.
… (Чл. 57)

Bulgaria, English

(2) Rights shall not be abused, nor shall they be exercised to the detriment of the rights or the legitimate interests of others.
… (Art. 57)

Obligations of Private Parties

Bulgaria, Bulgarian

(1) Гражданите са длъжни да спазват и изпълняват Конституцията и законите. Те са длъжни да зачитат правата и законните интереси на другите.
(2) Религиозните и другите убеждения не са основание за отказ да се изпълняват задълженията, установени в Конституцията и законите. (Чл. 58)

Bulgaria, English

(1) All citizens shall observe and implement the Constitution and the laws. They shall respect the rights and the legitimate interests of others.
(2) Obligations established by the Constitution and the law shall not be defaulted upon on grounds of religious or other convictions. (Art. 58)

Obligations of Private Parties

Moldova, Republic of, English

Any person shall exercise his/her constitutional rights and freedoms in good faith, without any infringement of the rights and liberties of the others. (Art. 55)

Moldova, Republic of, Moldovian

Orice persoană îşi exercită drepturile şi libertăţile constituţionale cu bună-credinţă, fără să încalce drepturile şi libertăţile altora. (Art. 55)

Obligations of Private Parties

Estonia, English

… The rights, freedoms and duties set out in the Constitution extend to legal persons in so far as this is in accordance with the purpose of legal personality and with the nature of such rights, freedoms and duties. (Sec. 9)

Estonia, Estonian

… Põhiseaduses loetletud õigused, vabadused ja kohustused laienevad juriidilistele isikutele niivõrd, kui see on kooskõlas juriidiliste isikute üldiste eesmärkide ja selliste õiguste, vabaduste ja kohustuste olemusega. (§ 9)

Obligations of Private Parties

Estonia, English

... When exercising his or her rights and freedoms and fulfilling his or her duties, everyone must respect and observe the rights and freedoms of others, and obey the law. (Sec. 19)

Estonia, Estonian

... Igaüks peab oma õiguste ja vabaduste kasutamisel ning kohustuste täitmisel austama ja arvestama teiste inimeste õigusi ja vabadusi ning järgima seadust. (§ 19)

Obligations of Private Parties

Belize, English

Whereas every person in Belize is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed or sex, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely-
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, and the protection of the law;
(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of assembly and association;
(c) protection for his family life, his personal privacy, the privacy of his home and other property and recognition of his human dignity; and
(d) protection from arbitrary deprivation of property,
the provisions of this Part shall have effect for the purpose of affording protection to those rights and freedoms subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions, being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of the said rights and freedoms by any person does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of others or the public interest. (Sec. 3)

Obligations of Private Parties

Saint Kitts and Nevis, English

Whereas every person in Saint Christopher and Nevis is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, birth, political opinions, colors, creed or sex, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely-
a) life, liberty, security of the person, equality before the law and the protection of the law;
b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of assembly and association; and
c) protection for his personal privacy, the privacy of his home and other property and from deprivation of property without compensation,
the provisions of this Chapter shall have effect for the purpose of affording protection to those rights and freedoms subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions, being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of those rights and freedoms by any person does not impair the rights and freedoms of others or the public interest. (Sec. 3)