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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 532 results

Citizenship and Nationality

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Congolese nationality is one and exclusive. It may not be held concurrently with any other.
The Congolese nationality is either of origin, or by individual acquisition.
Any person belonging to an ethnic group of which the members [personnes] and the territory are constituent to that which became the Congo (presently the Democratic Republic of the Congo) at independence, is Congolese of origin. (Art. 10)4

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

La nationalité congolaise est une et exclusive. Elle ne peut être détenue concurremment avec aucune autre.
La nationalité congolaise est soit d’origine, soit d’acquisition individuelle.
Est Congolais d’origine, toute personne appartenant aux groupes ethniques don’t les personnes et le territoire constituaient ce qui est devenu le Congo (présentement la République Démocratique du Congo) à l’indépendance.
Une loi organique détermine les conditions de reconnaissance, d’acquisition, de perte et de recouvrement de la nationalité congolaise. (Art. 10)

Citizenship and Nationality

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Constitution, the law establishes the rules concerning:

5. nationality, … (Art. 122)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Sans préjudice des autres dispositions de la présente Constitution, la loi fixe les règles concernant:

5. la nationalité, … (Art. 122)

Citizenship and Nationality

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Constitution, the following matters are of the exclusive competence of the Central Power:

3. nationality … (Art. 202)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Sans préjudice des autres dispositions de la présente Constitution, les matières suivantes sont de la compétence exclusive du pouvoir central:

3. la nationalité … (Art. 202)

Citizenship and Nationality

Eritrea, English

1. Any person born of an Eritrean father or mother is an Eritrean by birth.
2. Any foreign citizen may acquire Eritrean citizenship pursuant to law.
3. The details concerning citizenship shall be regulated by law. (Art. 3)

Citizenship and Nationality

South Africa, English

(1) There is a common South African citizenship.
(2) All citizens are-
(a) equally entitled to the rights, privileges and benefits of citizenship; and
(b) equally subject to the duties and responsibilities of citizenship.
(3) National legislation must provide for the acquisition, loss and restoration of citizenship. (Sec. 3)

Citizenship and Nationality

South Africa, English

No citizen may be deprived of citizenship. (Sec. 20)

Citizenship and Nationality

Malawi, English

1. Women have the right to full and equal protection by the law, and have the right not to be discriminated against on the basis of their gender or marital status which includes the right—
a. to be accorded the same rights as men in civil law, including equal capacity—

iv. to acquire and retain citizenship and nationality.
… (Sec. 24)

Citizenship and Nationality

Malawi, English

1. Every person who, immediately before the appointed day, was a citizen of Malawi under any existing law shall continue to be a citizen of Malawi after the appointed day.
2. An Act of Parliament may make provision for the acquisition or loss of citizenship of Malawi by any person after the appointed day, but citizenship shall not be arbitrarily denied or deprived.
3. In this section, the expression—
a. “acquisition of citizenship” includes acquisition by birth, descent, marriage, registration, naturalization or any other means prescribed by an Act of Parliament; and
b. “loss of citizenship” includes loss by deprivation, renunciation or any other means prescribed by an Act of Parliament. (Sec. 47)

Citizenship and Nationality

Sudan, Arabic

... وإرساء لمبدأ التعددية السياسية وتأسيس دولة القانون التي تعترف بالتنوع وترتكز علي المواطنة أساسا للحقوق والواجبات،... (ديباجه)

Sudan, English

… Enshrining the principle of political pluralism and the establishment of a state of law that recognizes diversity, takes citizenship as a basis for rights and duties, … (Preamble)

Citizenship and Nationality

Sudan, Arabic

1. تكون المواطنه اساس الحقوق المتساوية والواجبات لكل السودانيين
2. لكل مولود من أم او أب سوداني حق لا ينتقص في التمتع بالجنسية ةالمواطنة السودانيه
3. ينظم القانون المواطنة والتجنس، ولا يجوز نزع الجنسية عمن إكتسبها بالتجنس إلا بقانون
4. يجوز لأي سوداني أن يكتسب جنسية بلد أخر حسبما ينظمه القانون .... (الماده 45)

Sudan, English

(1) Citizenship is the basis of equal rights and obligations for all Sudanese.
(2) Anyone born to a Sudanese mother or father has an inalienable right to possess Sudanese nationality and citizenship.
(3) The law shall organize citizenship and naturalization, and no one who has acquired citizenship by naturalization shall be deprived of nationality except by law.
(4) Any Sudanese person may acquire the nationality of another country, as regulated by law. (Art. 44)