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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 372 results

Judicial Protection

Ukraine, English

Human and citizens' rights and freedoms are protected by the court.
Everyone is guaranteed the right to challenge in court the decisions, actions or omission of bodies of state power, bodies of local self-government, officials and officers.
Everyone has the right to appeal for the protection of his or her rights to the Authorised Human Rights Representative of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
Everyone shall be guaranteed the right to lodge a constitutional complaint to the Constitutional Court of Ukraine on grounds defined in this Constitution and under the procedure prescribed by law.
After exhausting all domestic legal remedies, everyone has the right to appeal for the protection of his or her rights and freedoms to the relevant international judicial institutions or to the relevant bodies of international organisations of which Ukraine is a member or participant.
Everyone has the right to protect his or her rights and freedoms from violations and illegal encroachments by any means not prohibited by law. (Art. 55)

Ukraine, Ukrainian

Права і свободи людини і громадянина захищаються судом.
Кожному гарантується право на оскарження в суді рішень, дій чи бездіяльності органів державної влади, органів місцевого самоврядування, посадових і службових осіб.
Кожен має право звертатися за захистом своїх прав до Уповноваженого Верховної Ради України з прав людини.
Кожному гарантується право звернутись із конституційною скаргою до Конституційного Суду України з підстав, установлених цією Конституцією, та у порядку, визначеному законом.
Кожен має право після використання всіх національних засобів юридичного захисту звертатися за захистом своїх прав і свобод до відповідних міжнародних судових установ чи до відповідних органів міжнародних організацій, членом або учасником яких є Україна.
Кожен має право будь-якими не забороненими законом засобами захищати свої права і свободи від порушень і протиправних посягань. (Стаття 55)

Judicial Protection

France, English

If, during proceedings in progress before a court of law, it is claimed that a legislative provision infringes the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution, the matter may be referred by the Conseil d’État or by the Cour de Cassation to the Constitutional Council which shall rule within a determined period.
… (1958 Constitution, Art. 61-1)

France, French

Lorsque, à l'occasion d'une instance en cours devant une juridiction, il est soutenu qu'une disposition législative porte atteinte aux droits et libertés que la Constitution garantit, le Conseil constitutionnel peut être saisi de cette question sur renvoi du Conseil d'État ou de la Cour de cassation qui se prononce dans un délai déterminé.
… (Constitution 1958, Art. 61-1)

Judicial Protection

Serbia, English

… Everyone shall have the right to an appeal or other legal remedy against any decision on his rights, obligations or lawful interests. (Art. 36)

Serbia, Serbian Cyrillic

… Свако има право на жалбу или друго правно средство против одлуке којом се одлучује о његовом праву, обавези или на закону заснованом интересу. (Члан 36)

Judicial Protection

Serbia, English

Everyone shall have the right to judicial protection when any of their human or minority rights guaranteed by the Constitution have been violated or denied, they shall also have the right to elimination of consequences arising from the violation.
The citizens shall have the right to address international institutions in order to protect their freedoms and rights guaranteed by the Constitution. (Art. 22)

Serbia, Serbian Cyrillic

Свако има право на судску заштиту ако му је повређено или ускраћено неко људско или мањинско право зајемчено Уставом, као и право на уклањање последица које су повредом настале.
Грађани имају право да се обрате међународним институцијама ради заштите својих слобода и права зајемчених Уставом. (Члан 22)

Judicial Protection

Serbia, English

The Constitutional Court shall be an autonomous and independent state body which shall protect constitutionality and legality, as well as human and minority rights and freedoms.
The Constitutional Court decisions are final, enforceable and generally binding. (Art. 166)

Serbia, Serbian Cyrillic

Уставни суд је самосталан и независан државни орган који штити уставност и законитост и људска и мањинска права и слободе.
Одлуке Уставног суда су коначне, извршне и општеобавезујуће. (Члан 166)

Judicial Protection

Serbia, English

A constitutional appeal may be lodged against individual general acts or actions performed by state bodies or organizations exercising delegated public powers which violate or deny human or minority rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution, if other legal remedies for their protection have already been applied or not specified. (Art. 170)

Serbia, Serbian Cyrillic

Уставна жалба се може изјавити против појединачних аката или радњи државних органа или организација којима су поверена јавна овлашћења, а којима се повређују или ускраћују људска или мањинска права и слободе зајемчене Уставом, ако су исцрпљена или нису предвиђена друга правна средства за њихову заштиту. (Члан 170)

Judicial Protection

Portugal, English

1. Everyone is guaranteed access to the law and the courts in order to defend those of his rights and interests that are protected by law, and justice may not be denied to anyone due to lack of sufficient financial means.

5. For the purpose of defending the personal rights, freedoms and guarantees and in such a way as to secure effective and timely judicial protection against threats thereto or breaches thereof, the law shall ensure citizens judicial proceedings that are characterised by their swiftness and by the attachment of priority to them. (Art. 20)

Portugal, Portuguese

1. A todos é assegurado o acesso ao direito e aos tribunais para defesa dos seus direitos e interesses legalmente protegidos, não podendo a justiça ser denegada por insuficiência de meios económicos.

5. Para defesa dos direitos, liberdades e garantias pessoais, a lei assegura aos cidadãos procedimentos judiciais caracterizados pela celeridade e prioridade, de modo a obter tutela efectiva e em tempo útil contra ameaças ou violações desses direitos. (Art. 20)

Judicial Protection

Croatia, Croatian

Pojedinačni akti državne uprave i tijela koja imaju javne ovlasti moraju biti utemeljeni na zakonu.
Zajamčuje se sudska kontrola zakonitosti pojedinačnih akata upravnih vlasti i tijela koja imaju javne ovlasti. (Članak 19)

Croatia, English

Individual acts of state administration and bodies vested with public authority shall be grounded in law.
Judicial review of individual acts made by administrative authorities and other bodies vested with public authority shall be guaranteed. (Art. 19)

Judicial Protection

Croatia, Croatian

Ustavni sud Republike Hrvatske:

- odlučuje povodom ustavnih tužbi protiv pojedinačnih odluka državnih tijela, tijela jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave te pravnih osoba s javnim ovlastima kad su tim odlukama povrijeđena ljudska prava i temeljne slobode, kao i pravo na lokalnu i područnu (regionalnu) samoupravu zajamčeni Ustavom Republike Hrvatske,
… (Članak 125)

Croatia, English

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia:

- shall decide on constitutional complaints against individual decisions taken by state bodies, bodies of local and regional self-government and legal persons vested with public authority where such decisions violate human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as the right to local and regional self-government guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia;
… (Art. 125)

Judicial Protection

Monaco, English

A.- In constitutional matters, the Supreme Court rules in sovereign fashion over:

2°) appeals on petitions for annulment, petitions to review validity and actions for damages arising from violations of these rights and freedoms prescribed in chapter III4 of the Constitution, and which are not referred to in subsection B of the present article.
… (Art. 90)

Monaco, French

A. - En matière constitutionnelle, le Tribunal Suprême statue souverainement :

2°) sur les recours en annulation, en appréciation de validité et en indemnité ayant pour objet une atteinte aux libertés et droits consacrés par le Titre III de la Constitution, et qui ne sont pas visés au paragraphe B du présent article.
… (Art. 90)