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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 38 results

Women’s Rights

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

The public powers see to the elimination of any form of discrimination concerning women and assure the protection and the promotion of their rights.
They take, in all the domains, notably in the civil, political, economic, social and cultural domains, all the measures appropriate to assure the total realization and full participation of women in the development of the Nation.
They take measures to struggle against all forms of violence made against women in public and in private life.
Women have the right to an equitable representation within the national, provincial and local institutions. The State guarantees the implementation of man-woman parity in these said institutions.
The law establishes the modalities of application of these rights. (Art. 14)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Les pouvoirs publics veillent à l’élimination de toute forme de discrimination à l’égard de la femme et assurent la protection et la promotion de ses droits.
Ils prennent, dans tous les domaines, notamment dans les domaines civil, politique, économique, social et culturel, toutes les mesures appropriées pour assurer le total épanouissement et la pleine participation de la femme au développement de la nation.
Ils prennent des mesures pour lutter contre toute forme de violences faites à la femme dans la vie publique et dans la vie privée.
La femme a droit à une représentation équitable au sein des institutions nationales, provinciales et locales.
L’Etat garantit la mise en oeuvre de la parité homme-femme dans lesdites institutions.
La loi fixe les modalités d’application de ces droits. (Art. 14)

Women’s Rights

Malawi, English

1. Women have the right to full and equal protection by the law, and have the right not to be discriminated against on the basis of their gender or marital status which includes the right—
a. to be accorded the same rights as men in civil law, including equal capacity—
i. to enter into contracts;
ii. to acquire and maintain rights in property, independently or in association with others, regardless of their marital status;
iii. to acquire and retain custody, guardianship and care of children and to have an equal right in the making of decisions that affect their upbringing; and
iv. to acquire and retain citizenship and nationality.
b. on the dissolution of marriage, howsoever entered into—
i. to a fair disposition of property that is held jointly with a husband; and
ii. to fair maintenance, taking into consideration all the circumstances and, in particular, the means of the former husband and the needs of any children.
2. Any law that discriminates against women on the basis of gender or marital status shall be invalid and legislation shall be passed to eliminate customs and practices that discriminate against women, particularly practices such as—
a. sexual abuse, harassment and violence;
b. discrimination in work, business and public affairs; and
c. deprivation of property, including property obtained by inheritance. (Sec. 24)

Women’s Rights

Sudan, Arabic

1. تحمي الدولة حقوق المرأة كما وردت في الإتفاقيات الدولية والإقليمية التي صادق عليها السودان.
2. تكفل الدولة للرجال و النساء الحق المتساوي في التمتع بكل الحقوق المدنية والسياسية والإجتماعية والثقافية والإقتصادية بما فيها الحق في الأجر المتساوي للعمل المتساوي والمزايا الوظيفية الاخري.
3. تضمن الدولة حقوق المرأة في جميع المجالات وتعززها من خلال التمييز الإيجابي.
4. تعمل الدولة علي محاربة العاذات والتقاليد الضارة التي تقلل من كرامة المرأة ووضعيتها.
5. توفر الدولة الرعاية الصحية المجانية للامومه والطفوله وللحوامل. (الماده 49)

Sudan, English

(1) The state shall protect women’s rights as set forth in international and regional agreements ratified by Sudan.
(2) The state shall guarantee to both men and women the equal right to enjoy all civil, political, social, cultural, and economic rights, including the right to equal pay for equal work, and other professional benefits.
(3) The state shall guarantee women’s rights in all fields through positive discrimination.
(4) The state shall work to combat harmful customs and traditions that reduce the dignity and status of women.
(5) The state shall provide free healthcare for motherhood, childhood and pregnant women. (Art. 48)

Women’s Rights

Tunisia, Arabic

تلتزم الدّولة بحماية الحقوق المكتسبة للمرأة وتعمل على دعمها وتطويرها. تضمن الدّولة تكافؤ الفرص بين و المرأة و الرّجل في تحمّل مختلف المسؤوليّات وفي جميع المجالات. تسعى الدولة إلى تحقيق التّناصف بين المرأة والرّجل في المجالس المنتخبة. تتّخذ الدولة التّدابير الكفيلة بالقضاء على العنف ضد المرأة. (الفصل 46)

Tunisia, English

The state commits to protect women’s accrued rights and work to strengthen and develop those rights.
The state guarantees the equality of opportunities between women and men to have access to all levels of responsibility in all domains.
The state works to attain parity between women and men in elected Assemblies.
The state shall take all necessary measures in order to eradicate violence against women. (Art. 46)

Tunisia, French

L’État s’engage à protéger les droits acquis de la femme et veille à les consolider et les promouvoir.
L’État garantit l’égalité des chances entre l’homme et la femme pour l’accès aux diverses responsabilités et dans tous les domaines.
L’État s’emploie à consacrer la parité entre la femme et l’homme dans les assemblées élues.
L’État prend les mesures nécessaires en vue d’éliminer la violence contre la femme. (Art. 46)

Women’s Rights

Gambia, English

(1) Women shall be accorded full and equal dignity of the person with men.
(2) Women shall have the right to equal treatment with men, including equal opportunities in political, economic and social activities. (Sec. 28)

Women’s Rights

Ghana, English

(1) Special care shall be accorded to mothers during a reasonable period before and after child-birth; and during those periods, working mothers shall be accorded paid leave.
(2) Facilities shall be provided for the care of children below school-going age to enable women, who have the traditional care for children, realise their full potential.
(3) Women shall be guaranteed equal rights to training and promotion without any impediments from any person. (Art. 27)

Women’s Rights

Philippines, English

The State recognizes the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men. (Art. II, Sec. 14)

Philippines, Filipino

Kinikilala ang Estado ang tungkulin ng mga kababaihan sa pagbuo ng bansa at dapat seguruhin ang saligang pagkakapantay-pantay ng kababaihan at kalalakihan. (Art. II, Seksyon 14)

Women’s Rights

Korea, Republic of, English


3. The State shall endeavor to promote the welfare and rights of women.
… (Art. 34)

Korea, Republic of, Korean


③국가는 여자의 복지와 권익의 향상을 위하여 노력하여야 한다.
... (제34조)

Women’s Rights

Mozambique, English

1. The State shall promote, support and value the development of women, and shall encourage their growing role in society, in all spheres of political, economic, social and cultural life of the country.
2. The State shall recognise and hold in high esteem the participation of women in the national liberation struggle and in the defence of sovereignty and democracy. (Art. 122)

Mozambique, Portuguese

1. O Estado promove, apoia e valoriza o desenvolvimento da mulher e incentiva o seu papel crescente na sociedade, em todas as esferas da actividade política, económica, social e cultural do país.
2. O Estado reconhece e valoriza a participação da mulher na luta de libertação nacional, pela defesa da soberania e pela democracia. (Art. 122)

Women’s Rights

Cambodia, English

All forms of discrimination against women shall be abolished.
The exploitation of women’s labour shall be prohibited.
Men and women have equal rights in all fields, especially with respect to those of marriage and family.
Marriage shall be done according to the conditions set by the law and based on the principles of mutual consent and monogamy. (Art. 45)

Cambodia, Khmer

ការរើសអើងគ្រប់ប្រភេទ ប្រឆាំងនឹងស្រី្តភេទ ត្រូវបំបាត់ចោល។
ការធ្វើអាជីវកម្មលើការងាររបស់ស្ត្រី ត្រូវហាមឃាត់។
បុរសនិងស្ត្រីមានសិទ្ធិស្មើគ្នាក្នុងគ្រប់វិស័យទាំងអស់ ជាពិសេសក្នុងអាពាហ៍ពិពាហ៍ និងគ្រួសារ។
អាពាហ៍ពិពាហ៍ ត្រូវធ្វើតាមល័ក្ខខ័ណ្ឌដែលមានចែងក្នុងច្បាប់ និងតាមគោលការណ៍ស្ម័គ្រចិត្ត ប្តីមួយ ប្រពន្ធមួយ។ (មាត្រា ៤៥)