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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 38 results

Women’s Rights

Poland, English

1. Men and women shall have equal rights in family, political, social and economic life in the Republic of Poland.
2. Men and women shall have equal rights, in particular, regarding education, employment and promotion, and shall have the right to equal compensation for work of similar value, to social security, to hold offices, perform functions as well as to receive public honours and decorations. (Art. 33)

Poland, Polish

1. Kobieta i mężczyzna w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej mają równe prawa w życiu rodzinnym, politycznym, społecznym i gospodarczym.
2. Kobieta i mężczyzna mają w szczególności równe prawo do kształcenia, zatrudnienia i awansów, do jednakowego wynagradzania za pracę jednakowej wartości, do zabezpieczenia społecznego oraz do zajmowania stanowisk, pełnienia funkcji oraz uzyskiwania godności publicznych i odznaczeń. (Art. 33)

Women’s Rights

Belarus, Belarusian


Жанчынам забяспечваецца прадастаўленне роўных з мужчынамі магчымасцей у атрыманні адукацыі і прафесійнай падрыхтоўцы, у працы і вылучэнні па службе (рабоце), у грамадска-палітычнай, культурнай і іншых сферах дзейнасці, а таксама стварэнне ўмоў для аховы іх працы і здароўя.
… (Артыкул 32)

Belarus, English


Women shall be guaranteed equal rights with men in their opportunities to receive education and vocational training, promotion in labour, socio-political, cultural and other spheres of activity, as well as in creating conditions safeguarding their labour and health.
… (Art. 32)

Belarus, Russian


Женщинам обеспечивается предоставление равных с мужчинами возможностей в получении образования и профессиональной подготовке, в труде и продвижении по службе (работе), в общественно-политической, культурной и других сферах деятельности, а также создание условий для охраны их труда и здоровья.
… (Статья 32)

Women’s Rights

Egypt, Arabic

تكفل الدّولة تحقيق المساواة بين المرأة والرّجل فى جميع الحقوق المدنيّة والسياسيّة والاقتصاديّة والاجتماعية والثقافيّة وفقا لأحكام الدستور.
وتعمل الدولة على اتخاذ التدابير الكفيلة بضمان تمثيل المرأة تمثيلاً مناسبا فى المجالس النيابية، على النحو الذي يحدده القانون،كما تكفل للمرأة حقها فى تولى الوظائف العامة ووظائف الإدارة العليا فى الدولة والتعيين فى الجهات والهيئات القضائية، دون تمييز ضدها.
وتلتزم الدولة بحماية المرأة ضد كل أشكال العنف، وتكفل تمكين المرأة من التوفيق بين واجبات الأسرة ومتطلبات العمل.
كما تلتزم بتوفير الرعاية والحماية للأمومة والطفولة والمرأة المعيلة والمسنة والنساء الأشد احتياجا. (المادّة 11)

Egypt, English

The State shall ensure the achievement of equality between women and men in all civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.
The State shall take the necessary measures to ensure the appropriate representation of women in the houses of representatives, as specified by Law. The State shall also guarantee women’s right of holding public and senior management offices in the State and their appointment in judicial bodies and authorities without discrimination.
The State shall protect women against all forms of violence and ensure enabling women to strike a balance between family duties and work requirements.
The State shall provide care to and protection of motherhood and childhood, female heads of families, and elderly and neediest women. (Art. 11)

Women’s Rights

Chad, Arabic

تضمن الدولة المساواة للجميع دون تمييز على أساس الأصل، العنصر، النوع الاجتماعي، الدين، الرأي السياسي أو المركز الاجتماعي.
ومن مهامها الحرص على القضاء على جميع أشكال التمييز ضد المرأة وضمان حماية حقوقها في جميع مجالات الحياة الخاصة والعامة. (المادة 14)

Chad, English

The State assures to all equality before the law without distinction of origin, of race, of sex, of religion, of political opinion or of social position.
It has the duty to see to the elimination of all the forms of discrimination with regard to women and to assure the protection of their rights in all the domains of private and public life. (Art. 14)

Chad, French

L'Etat assure à tous l'égalité devant la loi sans distinction d'origine, de race, de sexe, de religion, d'opinion politique ou de position sociale.
Il a le devoir de veiller à l'élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l'égard de la femme et d'assurer la protection de ses droits dans tous les domaines de la vie privée et publique. (Art. 14)

Women’s Rights

Côte d’Ivoire, English

The State and public communities ensure the promotion, development and protection of women. They take the necessary measures to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls. (Art. 35)

Côte d’Ivoire, French

L’Etat et les collectivités publiques assurent la promotion, le développement et la protection de la femme. Ils prennent les mesures nécessaires en vue d’éliminer toutes les formes de violence faites à la femme et à la jeune fille. (Art. 35)

Women’s Rights

Yemen, Arabic

النساء شقائق الرجــال ولهن من الحقوق وعليهن من الواجبــات ما تكفله وتوجبه الشريعة وينص عليه القانون. (المادّة 31)

Yemen, English

Women are the sisters of men. They have rights and duties, which are guaranteed and assigned by Shari'ah and stipulated by law. (Art. 31)

Women’s Rights

Nepal, English

(1) Every woman shall have equal lineage right without gender based discrimination.
(2) Every woman shall have the right to safe motherhood and reproductive health.
(3) No woman shall be subjected to physical, mental, sexual, psychological or other form of violence or exploitation on grounds of religion, social, cultural tradition, practice or on any other grounds. Such act shall be punishable by law, and the victim shall have the right to obtain compensation in accordance with law.
(4) Women shall have the right to participate in all bodies of the State on the basis of the principle of proportional inclusion.
(5) Women shall have the right to obtain special opportunity in education, health, employment and social security, on the basis of positive discrimination.
(6) The spouse shall have the equal right to property and family affairs. (Art. 38)

Nepal, Nepali

(१) प्रत्येक महिलालाई लैंगिक भेदभाव विना समान वंशीय हक हुनेछ ।
(२) प्रत्येक महिलालाई सुरक्षित मातृत्व र प्रजनन स्वास्थ्य सम्बन्धी हक हुनेछ ।
(३) महिला विरुद्व धार्मिक, सामाजिक, सांस्कृतिक परम्परा, प्रचलन वा अन्य कुनै आधारमा शारीरिक, मानसिक, यौनजन्य, मनोवैज्ञानिक वा अन्यकुनै किसिमको हिंसाजन्य कार्य वा शोषण गरिने छैन । त्यस्तो कार्य कानूनबमोजिम दण्डनीय हुनेछ र पीडितलाई कानून बमोजिम क्षतिपूर्ति पाउने हकहुनेछ ।
(४) राज्यका सबै निकायमा महिलालाई समानुपातिक समावेशी सिद्धान्तको आधारमा सहभागी हुने हक हुनेछ ।
(५) महिलालाई शिक्षा, स्वास्थ्य, रोजगारी र सामाजिक सुरक्षामा सकारात्मक विभेदका आधारमा विशेष अवसर प्राप्त गर्ने हक हुनेछ ।
(६) सम्पत्ति तथा पारिवारिक मामिलामा दम्पतीको समान हक हुनेछ । (धारा ३८)

Women’s Rights

Nepal, English

The Government of Nepal shall make appraisal and review of the implementation of special rights of the women and Dalit community and impacts thereof, on the basis of human development index, concurrently with a national census to be held in every ten years. (Art. 281)

Nepal, Nepali

नेपाल सरकारले प्रत्येक दश वर्षमा हुने राष्ट्रिय जनगणनासँगै महिला तथा दलित समुदायको विशेष अधिकारको व्यवस्थाको कार्यान्वयन र त्यसको प्रभाव सम्बन्धमा मानव विकास सूचकांकको आधारमा समीक्षा तथा पुनरावलोकन गर्नेछ । (धारा २८१)

Women’s Rights

Viet Nam, English

1. Male and female citizens have equal rights in all fields. The State shall adopt policies to guarantee the right to and opportunities for gender equality.
2. The State, society and family shall create the conditions for women to develop comprehensively and to advance their role in society.
3. Gender discrimination is prohibited. (Art. 26)

Viet Nam, Vietnamese

1. Công dân nam, nữ bình đẳng về mọi mặt. Nhà nước có chính sách bảo đảm quyền và cơ hội bình đẳng giới.
2. Nhà nước, xã hội và gia đình tạo điều kiện để phụ nữ phát triển toàn diện, phát huy vai trò của mình trong xã hội.
3. Nghiêm cấm phân biệt đối xử về giới. (Điều 26)

Women’s Rights

Iran, Islamic Republic of, English

Through the creation of Islamic social infrastructures, all the human recources that hitherto served the multifaceted foreign exploitation shall regain their true identity and human rights. As a part of this natural recovery, it is only natural that women should benefit from a particularly large augmentation of their rights, because of the greater oppression that they suffered under the taghuti regime.
The family is the fundamental unit of society and the main centre for the growth and excellence of human being. Compatibility with respect to belief and ideal, which provides the primary basis for man's development and growth, is the main consideration in the establishment of a family. It is the duty of the Islamic government to provide the necessary facilities for the attainment of this goal. This view of the family unit delivers woman from being regarded as an object or as an instrument in the service of promoting consumerism and exploitation. Not only does woman recover thereby her momentous and precious function of motherhood, rearing of ideologically committed human beings, she also assumes a pioneering social role and becomes the fellow struggler of man in all vital areas of life, thus, she is given greater responsibility and in Islamic view, she is accorded higher value and dignity. (Woman in the Constitution, Preamble)

Iran, Islamic Republic of, Persian

در ایجاد بنیادهای اجتماعی اسلامی‌، نیروهای انسانی که تاکنون درخدمت استثمار همه‌جانبه خارجی بودند هویت اصلی و حقوق انسانی خود را باز می‌یابند و در این بازیابی طبیعی است که زنان به ‌دلیل ستم بیشتری که تاکنون از نظام طاغوتی متحمل شده‌اند استیفای حقوق آنان بیشتر خواهد بود.
خانواده واحد بنیادین جامعه و کانون اصلی رشد و تعالی انسان‌است و توافق عقیدتی و آرمانی در تشکیل خانواده که زمینه‌ساز اصلی حرکت تکاملی و رشدیابنده انسان است اصل اساسی بوده وفراهم‌کردن امکانات جهت نیل به این مقصود از وظایف حکومت‌اسلامی است‌. زن در چنین برداشتی از واحد خانواده‌، از حالت‌ (شی‌ء بودن‌) و یا (ابزار کاربودن‌) در خدمت اشاعه مصرف‌زدگی واستثمار، خارج شده و ضمن بازیافتن وظیفه خطیر و پر ارج مادری‌ در پرورش انسانهای مکتبی پیشاهنگ خود همرزم مردان در میدان‌های فعال حیات می‌باشد و در نتیجه پذیرای مسوولیتی‌خطیرتر و در دیدگاه اسلامی برخوردار از ارزش و کرامتی والاتر خواهد بود. (زن در قانون اساسی، مقدمه)