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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 510 results

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Hungary, English

(1) Natural resources, in particular arable land, forests and water reserves; biodiversity, in particular native plant and animal species; and cultural artefacts, shall form the common heritage of the nation. It shall be the obligation of the State and everyone to protect and maintain them, and to preserve them for future generations.
(2) The limits and conditions for acquisition of ownership and for use of arable land and forests that are necessary for achieving the objectives referred to in paragraph (1), as well as the rules concerning the organisation of integrated agricultural production and concerning family farms and other agricultural holdings, shall be laid down in a cardinal Act. (Foundation, Art. P)

Hungary, Hungarian

(1) A természeti erőforrások, különösen a termőföld, az erdők és a vízkészlet, a biológiai sokféleség, különösen a honos növény- és állatfajok, valamint a kulturális értékek a nemzet közös örökségét képezik, amelynek védelme, fenntartása és a jövő nemzedékek számára való megőrzése az állam és mindenki kötelessége.
(2) A termőföld és az erdők tulajdonjogának megszerzése, valamint hasznosítása (1) bekezdés szerinti célok eléréséhez szükséges korlátait és feltételeit, valamint az integrált mezőgazdasági termelésszervezésre és a családi gazdaságokra, továbbá más mezőgazdasági üzemekre vonatkozó szabályokat sarkalatos törvény határozza meg. (Alapvetés, P) cikk)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Hungary, English

(1) Everyone shall have the right to property and inheritance. ...
… (Freedom and Responsibility, Art. XIII)

Hungary, Hungarian

(1) Mindenkinek joga van a tulajdonhoz és az örökléshez. ...
… (Szabadság és Felelősség, XIII. cikk)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Solomon Islands, English

Whereas every person in Solomon Islands is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed or sex, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely:-

(c) protection for the privacy of his home and other property and from deprivation of property without compensation,
… (Sec. 3)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Solomon Islands, English

(1) Subject to the provisions of subsections (5), (6) and (9) of this section, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.

(4) In this section, the expression “discriminatory” means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed or sex whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
(5) Subsection (1) of this section shall not apply to any law so far as that law makes provision-

(c) for the application, in the case of persons of any such description as is mentioned in the preceding subsection (or of persons connected with such persons), of the law with respect to adoption, marriage, divorce, burial, devolution of property on death or other like matters that is the personal law applicable to persons of that description;

(e) with respect to land, the tenure of land, the resumption and acquisition of land and other like purposes;
… (Sec. 15)9

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Solomon Islands, English

The right to hold or acquire a perpetual interest in land shall vest in any person who is a Solomon Islander and only in such other person or persons as may be prescribed by Parliament. (Sec. 110)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Solomon Islands, English

Parliament may, in regard to land which has ceased to be customary land:—
(a) provide for the conversion into a fixed-term interest of any perpetual interest in such land held by a person who is not entitled under the preceding section to hold such a perpetual interest;
(b) provide for the compulsory acquisition where necessary of such land or any right over or interest in such land;
(c) prescribe the criteria to be adopted in regard to the assessment and payment of compensation for such conversion or compulsory acquisition (which may take account of, but need not be limited to, the following factors: the purchase price, the value of improvements made between the date of purchase and the date of acquisition, the current use value of the land, and the fact of its abandonment or dereliction). (Sec. 111)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Solomon Islands, English

Parliament shall provide, in relation to any compulsory acquisition of customary land or any right over or interest in it, that:-
(a) before such land is compulsorily acquired, there shall be prior negotiations with the owner of the land, right or interest;
(b) the owner shall have a right of access to independent legal advice; and
(c) so far as practicable the interest so acquired shall be limited to a fixed-term interest. (Sec. 112)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Marshall Islands, English


(3) The jurisdiction of the Traditional Rights Court shall be limited to the determination of questions relating to titles or to land rights4 or to other legal interests depending wholly or partly on customary law5 and traditional practice in the Republic of the Marshall Islands.
… (Art. VI, Sec. 4)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Marshall Islands, English

(1) Nothing in Article II6 shall be construed to invalidate the customary law or any traditional practice concerning land tenure or any related matter in any part of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, including, where applicable, the rights and obligations of the Iroijlaplap, Iroijedrik, Alap and Dri Jerbal.
(2) Without prejudice to the continued application of the customary law pursuant to Section 1 of Article XIII,7 and subject to the customary law or to any traditional practice in any part of the Republic, it shall not be lawful or competent for any person having any right in any land in the Republic, under the customary law or any traditional practice to make any alienation or disposition of that land, whether by way of sale, mortgage, lease, license or otherwise, without the approval of the Iroijlaplap, Iroijedrik where necessary, Alap and the Senior Dri Jerbal of such land, who shall be deemed to represent all persons having an interest in that land.
… (Art. X, Sec. 1)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Palau, English

Only citizens of Palau and corporations wholly owned by citizens of Palau may acquire title to land or waters in Palau. (Art. XIII, Sec. 8)