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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 698 results

Political Rights and Association

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

The State guarantees the freedom of association.
… (Art. 37)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

L’Etat garantit la liberté d’association.
… (Art. 37)

Political Rights and Association

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

The public powers see to the elimination of any form of discrimination concerning women and assure the protection and the promotion of their rights.
They take, in all the domains, notably in the civil, political, economic, social and cultural domains, all the measures appropriate to assure the total realization and full participation of women in the development of the Nation.

Women have the right to an equitable representation within the national, provincial and local institutions. The State guarantees the implementation of man-woman parity in these said institutions.
The law establishes the modalities of application of these rights. (Art. 14)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Les pouvoirs publics veillent à l’élimination de toute forme de discrimination à l’égard de la femme et assurent la protection et la promotion de ses droits.
Ils prennent, dans tous les domaines, notamment dans les domaines civil, politique, économique, social et culturel, toutes les mesures appropriées pour assurer le total épanouissement et la pleine participation de la femme au développement de la nation.

La femme a droit à une représentation équitable au sein des institutions nationales, provinciales et locales.
L’Etat garantit la mise en oeuvre de la parité homme-femme dans lesdites institutions.
La loi fixe les modalités d’application de ces droits. (Art. 14)

Political Rights and Association

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

No Congolese person may, in matters of education or of access to public functions or any other matter, be subject to a discriminatory measure, that results from the law or from an act of the executive, for reason of his religion, of his family origin, of his social condition, of his residence, of his opinion or political convictions, or his belonging to a certain race, to an ethnicity, to a tribe, [or] to a cultural or linguistic minority. (Art. 13)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Aucun Congolais ne peut, en matière d’éducation et d’accès aux fonctions publiques ni en aucune autre matière, faire l’objet d’une mesure discriminatoire, qu’elle résulte de la loi ou d’un acte de l’exécutif, en raison de sa religion, de son origine familiale, de sa condition sociale, de sa résidence, de ses opinions ou de ses convictions politiques, de son appartenance à une race, à une ethnie, à une tribu, à une minorité culturelle ou linguistique. (Art. 13)

Political Rights and Association

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Political pluralism is recognized in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
All Congolese enjoying their civil and political rights have the right of creating a political party or to affiliate themselves to a political party of their choice.
… (Art. 6)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Le pluralisme politique est reconnu en République Démocratique du Congo.
Tout Congolais jouissant de ses droits civils et politiques a le droit de créer un parti politique ou de s’affilier à un parti de son choix.
… (Art. 6)

Political Rights and Association

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

National sovereignty belongs to the people. All power emanates from the people who exercise it directly by way of referendum or [by] elections and indirectly by their representatives.
No fraction of the people or any individual may arrogate its exercise.
The law establishes the conditions of organization of the elections and of the referendum. Suffrage is universal, equal and secret. It is direct or indirect.
Without prejudice to the provisions of Articles 72, 102 and 106 of this Constitution, all Congolese of both sexes, of eighteen years of age [at least], and enjoying their civil and political rights are electors and eligible, under the conditions determined by the law. (Art. 5)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

La souveraineté nationale appartient au peuple. Tout pouvoir émane du peuple qui l’exerce directement par voie de référendum ou d’élections et indirectement par ses représentants.
Aucune fraction du peuple ni aucun individu ne peut s’en attribuer l’exercice.
La loi fixe les conditions d’organisation des élections et du référendum.
Le suffrage est universel, égal et secret. Il est direct ou indirect.
Sans préjudice des dispositions des articles 72, 102 et 106 de la présente Constitution, sont électeurs et éligibles, dans les conditions déterminées par la loi, tous les Congolais de deux sexes, âgés de dix-huit ans révolus et jouissant de leurs droits civils et politiques. (Art. 5)

Political Rights and Association

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English


Reaffirming our adherence and our attachment to the Conventions of the United Nations on the Rights of the Child and on the Rights of Women, particularly to the objective of the parity of man-woman representation within the institutions of the country as well as to the international instruments concerning the protection and promotion of human rights;7
… (Preamble)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French


Réaffirmant notre adhésion et notre attachement à la Déclaration Universelle des Droits de l’Homme, à la Charte Africaine des Droits de l’Homme et des Peuples, aux Conventions des Nations Unies sur les Droits de l’Enfant et sur les Droits de la Femme, particulièrement à l’objectif de la parité de représentation homme-femme au sein des institutions du pays ainsi qu’aux instruments internationaux relatifs à la protection et à la promotion des droits humains;
… (Préambule)

Political Rights and Association

Eritrea, English

1. It is a fundamental principle of the State of Eritrea to guarantee its citizens broad and active participation in all political, economic, social and cultural life of the country.
2. Any act that violates the human rights of women or limits or otherwise thwarts their role and participation is prohibited.

4. Pursuant to the provisions of this Constitution and laws enacted pursuant thereto, all Eritreans, without distinction, are guaranteed equal opportunity to participate in any position of leadership in the country.
… (Art. 7)

Political Rights and Association

Eritrea, English


6. Every citizen shall have the right to form organisations for political, social, economic and cultural ends.
… (Art. 19)

Political Rights and Association

Eritrea, English

Every citizen who fulfills the requirements of the electoral law shall have the right to vote and to seek elective office. (Art. 20)

Political Rights and Association

Eritrea, English

1. All Eritrean citizens, of eighteen years of age or more, shall have the right to vote.
2. The National Assembly shall enact an electoral law, which shall ensure the representation and participation of the Eritrean people. (Art. 30)