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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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Obligations of the State

Madagascar, English

The individual rights and the fundamental freedoms are guaranteed by the Constitution and their exercise is organized by the law. (Art. 7)

Madagascar, French

Les droits individuels et les libertés fondamentales sont garantis par la Constitution et leur exercice est organisé par la loi. (Art. 7)

Obligations of the State

Madagascar, English

In addition to the issues that are directed to it by other Articles of the Constitution:
I. The law establishes the rules concerning:
1°.the civil rights and the fundamental guarantees granted to individuals, associations, political parties and to any other group for the exercise of the rights and the freedoms as well as their duties and obligations;
… (Art. 95)

Madagascar, French

Outre les questions qui lui sont renvoyées par d’autres articles de la Constitution :
I – La loi fixe les règles concernant :
1. les droits civiques et les garanties fondamentales accordés aux individus, associations, partis politiques et à tout autre groupement pour l’exercice des droits et des libertés ainsi que leurs devoirs et obligations ;
… (Art. 95)

Obligations of the State

Madagascar, English

… Considering the geopolitical situation of Madagascar and its voluntarist [volontariste] participation in the dialog [concert] of nations, and making its own, notably:
– The International Charter of the Rights of Man;
– The Conventions relative to the rights of the child, to the rights of women, to the protection of the environment, to the social, economical, political, civil and cultural rights,
Considering that the development of the personality and of the identity of all Malagasies is the essential factor of the durable and full development of which the conditions are, notably:

– the respect for and protection of the fundamental freedoms and rights;
… (Preamble)4

Madagascar, French

… Considérant la situation géopolitique de Madagascar et sa participation volontariste dans le concert des nations, et faisant siennes, notamment:
- La Charte internationale des droits de l’homme;
- Les Conventions relatives aux droits de l’enfant, aux droits de la femme, à la protection de l’environnement, aux droits sociaux, économiques, politiques, civils et culturels,
- Les Conventions sur les droits de la femme ;
Considérant que l’épanouissement de la personnalité et de l’identité de tout Malagasy est le facteur essentiel du développement durable et intégré dont les conditions sont:

- le respect et la protection des libertés et droits fondamentaux ;
… (Préambule)

Obligations of the State

Chile, English

… The State is at the service of the human person and its goal is to promote the common good, to which effect it must contribute to create the social conditions which permit each and every one of those composing the national community the greatest spiritual and material fulfillment possible, with full respect for the rights and guarantees that this Constitution establishes. … (Art. 1)

Chile, Spanish

… El Estado está al servicio de la persona humana y su finalidad es promover el bien común, para lo cual debe contribuir a crear las condiciones sociales que permitan a todos y a cada uno de los integrantes de la comunidad nacional su mayor realización espiritual y material posible, con pleno respeto a los derechos y garantías que esta Constitución establece. … (Art. 1)

Obligations of the State

Chile, English

26. The security that the legal precepts which, by mandate of the Constitution, regulate or complement the guarantees that it establishes or which limit them in the cases it authorizes, cannot affect the rights in their essence, or impose conditions, taxes or requirements which may impede their free exercise. (Art. 19)

Chile, Spanish

26º.- La seguridad de que los preceptos legales que por mandato de la Constitución regulen o complementen las garantías que ésta establece o que las limiten en los casos en que ella lo autoriza, no podrán afectar los derechos en su esencia, ni imponer condiciones, tributos o requisitos que impidan su libre ejercicio. (Art. 19)

Obligations of the State

Chile, English

… The exercise of sovereignty recognizes as a limitation the respect for the essential rights which emanate from human nature. It is the duty of the organs of the State to respect and promote those rights, guaranteed by this Constitution, as well as by the international treaties ratified by Chile and which are in force. (Art. 5)

Chile, Spanish

... El ejercicio de la soberanía reconoce como limitación el respeto a los derechos esenciales que emanan de la naturaleza humana. Es deber de los órganos del Estado respetar y promover tales derechos, garantizados por esta Constitución, así como por los tratados internacionales ratificados por Chile y que se encuentren vigentes. (Art. 5)

Obligations of the State

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

I. All the rights recognized in the Constitution are directly applicable and enjoy equal guarantees of their protection.
II. The rights and guarantees may be regulated only by the law. (Art. 109)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

I. Todos los derechos reconocidos en la Constitución son directamente aplicables y gozan de iguales garantías para su protección.
II. Los derechos y sus garantías sólo podrán ser regulados por la ley. (Art. 109)

Obligations of the State

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

The following are essential purposes and functions of the State, in addition to those established in the Constitution and the law:

4. To guarantee the fulfillment of the principles, values, rights and duties recognized and consecrated in this Constitution.
… (Art. 9)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

Son fines y funciones esenciales del Estado, además de los que establece la Constitución y la ley:
...
4. Garantizar el cumplimiento de los principios, valores, derechos y deberes reconocidos y consagrados en esta Constitución.
… (Art. 9)

Obligations of the State

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

I. The rights recognized in this Constitution are inviolable, universal, interdependent, indivisible and progressive. The State has the duty to promote, protect and respect them.
II. The rights declared in this Constitution shall not be understood to deny other rights that are not enumerated.
III. The classification of the rights established in this Constitution does not determine any hierarchy or superiority of some rights over others.
IV. International treaties and conventions ratified by the Pluri-National Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa), which recognize human rights and prohibit their limitation in States of Emergency, prevail over internal law. The rights and duties consecrated in this Constitution shall be interpreted in accordance with the International Human Rights Treaties ratified by Bolivia. (Art. 13)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

I. Los derechos reconocidos por esta Constitución son inviolables, universales, interdependientes, indivisibles y progresivos. El Estado tiene el deber de promoverlos, protegerlos y respetarlos.
II. Los derechos que proclama esta Constitución no serán entendidos como negación de otros derechos no enunciados.
III. La clasificación de los derechos establecida en esta Constitución no determina jerarquía alguna ni superioridad de unos derechos sobre otros.
IV. Los tratados y convenios internacionales ratificados por la Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional, que reconocen los derechos humanos y que prohíben su limitación en los Estados de Excepción prevalecen en el orden interno. Los derechos y deberes consagrados en esta Constitución se interpretarán de conformidad con los Tratados internacionales de derechos humanos ratificados por Bolivia. (Art. 13)

Obligations of the State

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

I. The international treaties and instruments in matters of human rights that have been signed and/or ratified, or those that have been joined by the State, which declare rights more favorable than those contained in the Constitution, shall have preferential application over those in this Constitution.
II. The rights recognized in the Constitution shall be interpreted in agreement with international human rights treaties when the latter provide more favorable norms. (Art. 256)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

I. Los tratados e instrumentos internacionales en materia de derechos humanos que hayan sido firmados, ratificados o a los que se hubiera adherido el Estado, que declaren derechos más favorables a los contenidos en la Constitución, se aplicarán de manera preferente sobre ésta.
II. Los derechos reconocidos en la Constitución serán interpretados de acuerdo a los tratados internacionales de derechos humanos cuando éstos prevean normas más favorables. (Art. 256)