Search Database

The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

REFINE RESULTS
About 46 results

National level

Zimbabwe, English

(1) An Act of Parliament must provide for the conduct of elections and referendums to which this Constitution applies, and in particular for the following matters—

(d) a system of proportional representation for the election of persons to the seats in the Senate referred to in section 120(1)(a) and the seats reserved for women in the National Assembly referred to in section 124(1)(b), and the procedure for filling vacancies in those seats, which vacancies must be filled by persons— (i) belonging to the same political parties as those who previously held the seats; and
(ii) of the same gender as the persons who previously held the seats;

(2) The system of proportional representation provided for in terms of subsection (1)(d) must ensure equal representation of women among the Senators referred to in section 120(1)(a).
… (Sec. 157)

National level

Zimbabwe, English

(1) The State must promote full gender balance in Zimbabwean society, and in particular—

(b) the State must take all measures, including legislative measures, needed to ensure that—
(i) both genders are equally represented in all institutions and agencies of government at every level; and
(ii) women constitute at least half the membership of all Commissions and other elective and appointed governmental bodies established by or under this Constitution or any Act of Parliament;
… (Sec. 17)

National level

Zimbabwe, English

(1) The Senate consists of eighty Senators, of whom—
(a) six are elected from each of the provinces into which Zimbabwe is divided, by a system of proportional representation conforming with subsection (2);
(b) sixteen are Chiefs, of whom two are elected by the provincial assembly of Chiefs from each of the provinces, other than the metropolitan provinces, into which Zimbabwe is divided;
(c) the President and Deputy President of the National Council of Chiefs; and
(d) two are elected in the manner prescribed in the Electoral Law to represent persons with disabilities.
(2) Elections of Senators must be conducted in accordance with the Electoral Law, which must ensure that the Senators referred to in subsection (1)(a) are elected under a party-list system of proportional representation—
(a) which is based on the votes cast for candidates representing political parties in each of the provinces in the general election for Members of the National Assembly; and
(b) in which male and female candidates are listed alternately, every list being headed by a female candidate. (Sec. 120)

National level

Zimbabwe, English

(1) The National Assembly consists of—
(a) two hundred and ten members elected by secret ballot from the two hundred and ten constituencies into which Zimbabwe is divided; and
(b) for the life of the first two Parliaments after the effective date, an additional sixty women members, six from each of the provinces into which Zimbabwe is divided, elected through a system of proportional representation based on the votes cast for candidates representing political parties in a general election for constituency members in the provinces.
… (Sec. 124)

National level

Uganda, English

1. Parliament shall consist of-
a. members directly elected to represent constituencies;
b. one woman representative for every district;
c. such numbers of representatives of the army, youth, workers, persons with disabilities and other groups as Parliament may determine; and
d. the Vice President and Ministers, who, if not already elected members of Parliament, shall be ex officio members of Parliament without the right to vote on any issue requiring a vote in Parliament.
2. Upon the expiration of a period of ten years after the commencement of this Constitution and thereafter, every five years, Parliament shall review the representation under clause (1)(b) and (c) of this article for the purposes of retaining, increasing or abolishing any such representation and any other matter incidental to it.
3. The representatives referred to in clause (l)(a) of this article shall be elected on the basis of universal adult suffrage and by secret ballot.
4. Parliament shall, by law, prescribe the procedure for elections of representatives referred to in clause (1)(b) and (c) of this article. (Art. 78)

National level

Egypt, Arabic

یُشكل مجلس النواب من عدد لا یقل عن أربعمائة وخمسین عضوا، یُنتخبون بالاقتراع العام السرى المباشر، على أن یُخصص للمرأة ما لا یقل عن ربع إجمالي عدد المقاعد.
… (المادّة 102)

Egypt, English

The House of Representatives is composed of no less than four hundred and fifty members elected by direct secret public ballot. At least one quarter of the seats shall be allocated to women.
… (Art. 102)3

National level

Egypt, Arabic

يسري حكم الفقرة الأولى من المادة (102) المعدلة اعتباراً من الفصل التشريعي التالي للفصل القائم. (المادّة 244مكرراً)

Egypt, English

The provisions of the first paragraph of Article 102 shall apply as of the next legislative chapter. (Art. 244bis)4

National level

South Sudan, English


3. The President shall ensure that at least twenty-five percent6 of members of the Council of Ministers are women. (Art. 108)

National level

South Sudan, English

...
4. All levels of government shall:
a. promote women participation in public life and their representation in the legislative and executive organs by at least twenty-five per cent5 as an affirmative action to redress imbalances created by history, customs, and traditions;
… (Art. 16)

National level

Kenya, English

(1) The National Assembly consists of—

(b) forty-seven women, each elected by the registered voters of the counties, each county constituting a single member constituency;
… (Art. 97)

Kenya, Swahili

(1) Bunge la Kitaifa linajumuisha—

(b) wanawake arobaini na saba, kila mmoja aliyechaguliwa na wapiga kura wa kaunti, kila kaunti inaunda jimbo moja la uchaguzi;
… (Kifungu cha 97)