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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 42 results

National level

Nepal, English

(1) National Assembly shall be a permanent house.
(2) There shall be fifty-nine members in the National Assembly as follows:-
(a) Fifty six members elected from an Electoral College comprising members of Provincial Assembly and chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of Village councils and Mayors and Deputy Mayors of Municipal councils, with different weights of votes for each, with eight members from each province, including at least three women, one Dalit, one person with disability or minority;
(b) Three members, including at least one woman, to be nominated by the President on the recommendation of Government of Nepal.
… (Art. 86)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ /fli6«o ;ef Ps :yfoL ;bg x'g]5 .
-@_ /fli6«o ;efdf b]xfo adf]lhdsf pgfG;f7L ;b:o /xg]5g\ M–
-s_ k|b]z ;efsf ;b:o, ufpFkflnsfsf cWoIf / pkfWoIf tyf gu/kflnsfsf k|d'v / pkk|d'v /x]sf] lgjf{rs d08nåf/f ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd k|b]z ;efsf ;b:o, ufpFkflnsfsf cWoIf / pkfWoIf tyf gu/kflnsfsf k|d'v / pkk|d'vsf] dtsf] ef/ km/s x'g] u/L k|To]s k|b]zaf6 sDtLdf tLghgf dlxnf, Pshgf blnt / Pshgf ckf+utf ePsf JolQm jf cNk;+Vos ;lxt cf7hgf u/L] lgjf{lrt 5kGg hgf,
-v_ g]kfn ;/sf/sf] l;kmfl/;df /fi6«kltaf6 dgf]gLt sDtLdf Pshgf dlxnf ;lxt tLghgf .
=== -wf/f *^_

National level

Nepal, English

(1) The House of Representatives shall consist of two hundred and seventy five members as follows:-
(a) One hundred and sixty five members elected through the first-past-the-post electoral system consisting of one member from each of the one hundred and sixty five electoral constituencies formed by dividing Nepal into 165 constituencies based on geography, and population.
(b) One hundred and ten members elected from proportional representation electoral system where voters vote for parties, while treating the whole country as a single electoral constituency.
(2) Provision shall be made according to Federal law for the representation of political parties to file candidacy for the election of the House of Representatives for proportional representation system through closed list of women, Dalit, Adibasi Janajati, Khas Arya, Madhesi, Tharu, Muslim, and backward regions. Balance in geography and province shall be considered for such candidacy.
Explanation: For the purpose of this provision, Khas Arya means Chhetri, Brahmin, Thakuri and Sannyasi (Dasnami) community.

(8) Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this Article, women should account for at least one third of total members elected from each party in Federal Parliament. In case, one-third percentage of women are not elected while being elected under section (a) of clause (1), and section (a), clause (2) of Article 84, the party that fails to ensure one-third representation shall have to elect at least one-third of total numbers as woman in the Federal Parliament while electing members under section (b) of clause (1).
… (Art. 84)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ k|ltlglw ;efdf b]xfo adf]lhdsf b'O{ ;o krxQ/ ;b:o /xg]5g\ M–
-s_ g]kfnnfO{ e"uf]n / hg;+Vofsf] cfwf/df Ps ;o k}+;¶L lgjf{rg If]q sfod u/L k|To]s lgjf{rg If]qaf6 Pshgf /xg] u/L klxnf] x'g] lgjf{lrt x'g] lgjf{rg k|0ffnL adf]lhd lgjf{lrt x'g] Ps ;o k}+;¶L ;b:o, -v_ ;Dk"0f{ b]znfO{ Ps lgjf{rg If]q dfgL /fhgLlts bnnfO{ dt lbg] ;dfg'kflts lgjf{rg k|0ffnL adf]lhd lgjf{lrt x'g] Ps ;o bz ;b:o .
-@_ ;dfg'kflts lgjf{rg k|0ffnL adf]lhd x'g] k|ltlglw ;efsf] lgjf{rgsfnflu /fhgLlts bnn] pDd]bjf/L lb+bf hg;+Vofsf] cfwf/df dlxnf, blnt, cflbjf;L hghflt, v; cfo{, dw];L, yf¿, d'l:nd, lk5l8Psf] If]q ;d]taf6 aGb ;"rLsf cfwf/df k|ltlglwTj u/fpg]
Joj:yf ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd x'g]5 . To;/L pDd]bjf/L lb+bf e"uf]n / k|fb]lzs ;Gt'ngnfO{ ;d]t Wofg lbg' kg{]5 .
:ki6Ls/0f M o; pkwf/fsf] k|of]hgsfnflu æv; cfo{Æ eGgfn] If]qL, a|fDx0f, 7s'/L, ;+Gof;L -bzgfdL_ ;d'bfo ;Demg' k5{ .
===
-*_ o; efudf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg ;+3Lo ;+;bdf k|ltlglwTj ug]{ k|To]s /fhgLlts bnaf6 lgjf{lrt s'n ;b:o ;+Vofsf] sDtLdf Ps ltxfO ;b:o dlxnf x'g' kg]{5 . To;/L lgjf{lrt ubf{ pkwf/f -!_ sf] v08 -s_ / wf/f *^ sf] pkwf/f -@_ sf] v08 -s_ adf]lhd lgjf{lrt ;b:ox¿ dWo] s'g} /fhgLlts bnsf] Ps ltxfO ;b:o dlxnf lgjf{lrt x'g g;s]df To:tf] /fhgLlts bnn] pkwf/f -!_ sf] v08 -v_ adf]lhd ;b:o lgjf{lrt ubf{ cfˆgf] bnaf6 ;+3Lo ;+;bdf lgjf{lrt x'g] s'n ;b:osf] sDtLdf Ps ltxfO dlxnf ;b:o x'g] u/L lgjf{lrt ug'{ kg]{5 .
=== -wf/f *$_

National level

Nepal, English

(1) After the commencement of its first session, the National Assembly shall, within fifteen days of commencement of first meeting, elect a Chairperson and Vice chairperson from among its members.
(2) While electing as per clause (1), either Chairperson or Vice chairperson Chairman of the National Assembly shall be a woman.
… (Art. 92)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ /fli6«o ;efsf] klxnf] a}7s k|f/De ePsf] ldltn] kGw| lbgleq /fli6«o ;efsf ;b:ox¿n] cfkm"dWo]af6 /fli6«o ;efsf] cWoIf / pkfWoIfsf] lgjf{rg ug]{5g\ .
-@_ pkwf/f -!_ adf]lhd lgjf{rg ubf{ /fli6«o ;efsf] cWoIf / pkfWoIf dWo] Pshgf dlxnf x'g] u/L ug{' kg]{5 .
=== -wf/f (@_

National level

Nepal, English

(1) The House of Representatives shall, within fifteen days of commencement of first meeting, elect a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker from among its members.
(2) While electing Speaker and Deputy Speaker as per clause (1), either Speaker or Deputy Speaker shall be a woman and belong to different parties.
… (Art. 91)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ k|ltlglw ;efsf] klxnf] a}7s k|f/De ePsf] ldltn] kGw| lbgleq k|ltlglw ;efsf ;b:ox¿n] cfkm"dWo]af6 k|ltlglw ;efsf] ;efd'v / pk;efd'vsf] lgjf{rg ug]{5g\ .
-@_ pkwf/f -!_ adf]lhd lgjf{rg ubf{ k|ltlglw ;efsf] ;efd'v / pk;efd'v dWo] Pshgf dlxnf x'g] u/L ug{' kg]{5 / k|ltlglw ;efsf] ;efd'v / pk;efd'v km/s km/s bnsf] k|ltlglw x'g' kg]{5 .
=== -wf/f (!_

National level

Kenya, English

(1) Elections for the seats in Parliament provided for under Articles 97(1)(c) and 98(1)(b), (c) and (d), and for the members of county assemblies under article 177(1)(b) and (c), shall be on the basis of proportional representation by use of party lists.
(2) The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission shall be responsible for the conduct and supervision of elections for seats provided for under clause (1) and shall ensure that—

(b) except in the case of the seats provided for under Article 98(1)(b), each party list comprises the appropriate number of qualified candidates and alternates between male and female candidates in the priority in which they are listed;
… (Art. 90)

National level

Kenya, English

(1) The National Assembly consists of—

(b) forty-seven women, each elected by the registered voters of the counties, each county constituting a single member constituency;
… (Art. 97)

National level

Kenya, English

(1) The Senate consists of—

(b) sixteen women members who shall be nominated by political parties according to their proportion of members of the Senate elected under clause (a) in accordance with Article 90;
(c) two members, being one man and one woman, representing the youth;
(d) two members, being one man and one woman, representing persons with disabilities;
… (Art. 98)

National level

Kenya, English

(6) To give full effect to the realisation of the rights guaranteed under this Article, the State shall take legislative and other measures, including affirmative action12 programmes and policies designed to redress any disadvantage suffered by individuals or groups because of past discrimination.
(7) Any measure taken under clause (6) shall adequately provide for any benefits to be on the basis of genuine need.
(8) In addition to the measures contemplated in clause (6), the State shall take legislative and other measures to implement the principle that not more than two-thirds of the members of elective or appointive bodies shall be of the same gender. (Art. 27)

National level

Kenya, English

The electoral system shall comply with the following principles

(b) not more than two-thirds of the members of elective public bodies shall be of the same gender;

(d) universal suffrage based on the aspiration for fair representation and equality of vote;
… (Art. 81)

National level

Tunisia, Arabic

... تسعى الدولة إلى تحقيق التّناصف بين المرأة والرجل في المجالس المنتخبة. ... (الفصل 46)

Tunisia, English

… The state works to attain parity between women and men in elected Assemblies. … (Art. 46)

Tunisia, French

… L'Etat œuvre à réaliser la parité entre la femme et l'homme dans les conseils élus. … (Art. 46)