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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 50 results

National level

Belgium, Dutch


§ 3. Niet meer dan twee derden van de senatoren zijn van hetzelfde geslacht.
… (Art. 67)

Belgium, English


§ 3. The Senate is composed of no more than two-thirds of senators of the same gender.
… (Art. 67)

Belgium, French


§ 3. Le Sénat ne compte pas plus de deux tiers de sénateurs du même genre.
… (Art. 67)

Belgium, German


§ 3 – Nicht mehr als zwei Drittel der Senatoren sind desselben Geschlechts.
… (Art. 67)

National level

Serbia, English

The National Assembly shall consist of 250 deputies, who are elected on direct elections by secret ballot, in accordance with the Law.
In the National Assembly, equality and representation of different genders and members of national minorities shall be provided, in accordance with Law. (Art. 100)

Serbia, Serbian Cyrillic

Народну скупштину чини 250 народних посланика, који се бирају на непосредним изборима, тајним гласањем, у складу са законом.
У Народној скупштини обезбеђују се равноправност и заступљеност полова и представника националних мањина, у складу са законом. (Члан 100)

National level

Thailand, English

The House of Representatives and the Senate have the power to enact rules of procedure governing the election and performance of duties of the President, Vice-Presidents, matters or activities which are within the duties and powers of each standing committee, performance and quorum of committees, sittings, submission and consideration of organic law bills and bills, submission of motions, consultation, debate, passing of a resolution, recording and disclosure of the passing of a resolution, interpellation, general debate, observation of the rules and orders and other relevant matters, as well as the power to enact rules of procedure regarding the code of ethics of members and committee members and other matters for the implementation of the Constitution.
The rules of procedure under paragraph one in the part concerning the appointment of an ad hoc committee for the consideration of bills the substance of which is decided by the President of the House of Representatives to concern with children, youths, women, the elderly, the disabled or handicapped, shall stipulate that such ad hoc committee consists of the said types of persons or representatives from private organisations concerned directly with the respective types of persons, of at least one-third of the total number of the ad hoc committee members, and in the part concerning the consideration of bills introduced by a petition of persons having the right to vote, shall stipulate that such ad hoc committee consists of representatives of the persons having the right to vote who sign a joint petition to introduce such bill, of at least one-third of the total number of the ad hoc committee members. (Sec. 128)

Thailand, Thai

สภาผู้แทนราษฎรและวุฒิสภามีอํานาจตราข้อบังคับการประชุมเกี่ยวกับการเลือกและการปฏิบัติหน้าที่ของประธานสภา รองประธานสภา เรื่องหรือกิจการอันเป็นหน้าที่และอํานาจของ คณะกรรมาธิการสามัญแต่ละชุด การปฏิบัติหน้าที่และองค์ประชุมของคณะกรรมาธิการ วิธีการประชุม การเสนอและพิจารณาร่างพระราชบัญญัติประกอบรัฐธรรมนูญและร่างพระราชบัญญัติ การเสนอญัตติ การปรึกษา การอภิปราย การลงมติ การบันทึกการลงมติ การเปิดเผยการลงมติ การตั้งกระทู้ถาม การเปิดอภิปรายทั่วไป การรักษาระเบียบและความเรียบร้อย และการอื่นที่เกี่ยวข้อง รวมทั้งมีอํานาจตราข้อบังคับเกี่ยวกับประมวลจริยธรรมของสมาชิกและกรรมาธิการ และกิจการอื่นเพื่อดําเนินการ ตามบทบัญญัติแห่งรัฐธรรมนูญ
ในข้อบังคับตามวรรคหนึ่งในส่วนที่เกี่ยวกับการตั้งกรรมาธิการวิสามัญเพื่อพิจารณาร่างพระราชบัญญัติที่ประธานสภาผู้แทนราษฎรวินิจฉัยว่ามีสาระสําคัญเกี่ยวกับเด็ก เยาวชน สตรี ผู้สูงอายุ หรือคนพิการ หรือทุพพลภาพ จะต้องกําหนดให้บุคคลประเภทดังกล่าวหรือผู้แทนองค์กรเอกชนที่ทํางานเกี่ยวกับบุคคลประเภทนั้นโดยตรงเข้าร่วมเป็นกรรมาธิการวิสามัญด้วยไม่น้อยกว่าหนึ่งในสามของจํานวนกรรมาธิการวิสามัญทั้งหมด และในส่วนที่เกี่ยวกับการพิจารณาร่างพระราชบัญญัติที่ผู้มีสิทธิเลือกตั้งเข้าชื่อเสนอ ต้องกําหนดให้ผู้แทนของผู้มีสิทธิเลือกตั้งซึ่งเข้าชื่อเสนอร่างพระราชบัญญัติดังกล่าวร่วมเป็นกรรมาธิการวิสามัญด้วยไม่น้อยกว่าหนึ่งในสามของจํานวนกรรมาธิการวิสามัญทั้งหมด (มาตรา ๑๒๘)

National level

Egypt, Arabic

يسري حكم الفقرة الأولى من المادة (102) المعدلة اعتباراً من الفصل التشريعي التالي للفصل القائم. (المادّة 244مكرراً)

Egypt, English

The provisions of the first paragraph of Article 102 shall apply as of the next legislative chapter. (Art. 244bis)4

National level

Egypt, Arabic

یُشكل مجلس النواب من عدد لا یقل عن أربعمائة وخمسین عضوا، یُنتخبون بالاقتراع العام السرى المباشر، على أن یُخصص للمرأة ما لا یقل عن ربع إجمالي عدد المقاعد.
… (المادّة 102)

Egypt, English

The House of Representatives is composed of no less than four hundred and fifty members elected by direct secret public ballot. At least one quarter of the seats shall be allocated to women.
… (Art. 102)3

National level

Uganda, English

1. Parliament shall consist of-
a. members directly elected to represent constituencies;
b. one woman representative for every district;
c. such numbers of representatives of the army, youth, workers, persons with disabilities and other groups as Parliament may determine; and
d. the Vice President and Ministers, who, if not already elected members of Parliament, shall be ex officio members of Parliament without the right to vote on any issue requiring a vote in Parliament.
2. Upon the expiration of a period of ten years after the commencement of this Constitution and thereafter, every five years, Parliament shall review the representation under clause (1)(b) and (c) of this article for the purposes of retaining, increasing or abolishing any such representation and any other matter incidental to it.
3. The representatives referred to in clause (l)(a) of this article shall be elected on the basis of universal adult suffrage and by secret ballot.
4. Parliament shall, by law, prescribe the procedure for elections of representatives referred to in clause (1)(b) and (c) of this article. (Art. 78)

National level

Nicaragua, English

...
In the case of officials elected by popular vote on the basis of closed lists proposed by political parties in accordance with the principle of proportional representation, deputies in the National Assembly, deputies in the Central-American Parliament, Municipal Councilors, and Regional Councilors, the list of candidates must contain fifty percent of male and fifty percent of male11 candidates, presented in a fair and alternating order; the same relation between the sexes must be maintained between the mandate holders and their alternates, where applicable.
... (Art. 131)

Nicaragua, Spanish

...
Para el caso de los funcionarios electos mediante el voto popular por listas cerradas propuestas por los partidos políticos bajo el principio de la proporcionalidad, Diputados ante la Asamblea Nacional, Diputados al Parlamento Centroamericano, Concejales Municipales, Consejales Regionales, las listas de candidatos deberán estar integrados por un cincuenta por ciento de hombres y un cincuenta por ciento de mujeres, ordenados de forma equitativa y presentados de forma alterna; igual relación de género deberán mantener entre propietarios y suplentes donde los hubiere.
... (Art. 131)

National level

Samoa, English

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Article, the Legislative Assembly shall consist of one member elected for each of 51 electoral constituencies having names, and comprising of villages or sub-villages as are prescribed from time to time by Act.
(1A) Subject to this Article, women Members of the Legislative Assembly shall:
(a) consist of a minimum of 10% of the Members of the Legislative Assembly specified under clause (1) which for the avoidance of doubt is presently five (5); and
(b) be elected pursuant to clause (1) or become additional Members pursuant to clause (1B), (1D) or (1E).
(1B) If, following any general election:
(a) all members elected under clause (1) are men, the prescribed number of women candidates (if any) with the highest number of votes shall become additional Members; or
(b) less than the prescribed number of women candidates are elected under clause (1), the remaining prescribed number of women candidates (if any) with the highest number of votes shall become additional Members for the purposes of clause (1A).
(1C) Clause (1B) does not apply if the prescribed number of women are all elected under clause (1).
(1D) If the seat of an additional Member becomes vacant, it shall, despite Article 48, be filled by the woman candidate (if any) who has the next highest number of votes at the last election or general election.
(1E) Subject to Article 48, if a seat under clause (1) held by a woman becomes vacant, to which a man is elected to fill that vacant seat, the woman candidate (if any) with the highest number of votes from that election or the last election or general election shall become the additional Member.
(1F) If, in the selection of the required number of women under clause (1B), (1D) or (1E), two (2) or more candidates have equal number of votes, the additional Member shall be selected by lot before the Electoral Commissioner with the presence of the candidates or their authorised representatives and at least two (2) police officers.
(1G) If a woman candidate becomes an additional Member of a constituency (irrespective of a woman candidate being elected to that constituency), no other woman candidate from the same constituency shall become an additional Member unless there is no other woman candidate from any other constituency to make up the required prescribed number.

(5) In this Article, unless the context otherwise requires:
“Additional Member” means a woman who is a Member of Parliament by virtue of clause (1B), (1D), or (1E) for the purposes of clause (1A);
“Highest number of votes” means the percentage of the total valid votes in a constituency polled by a woman candidate;
“Prescribed number” means the minimum number of woman Members of Parliament specified under clause (1A). (Art. 44)3

Samoa, Samoan

(1) I le noatia ma le fai fuafua i aiaiga o lenei Mataupu, o le Fono Aoao Faitulafono, e tatau ona aofia ai le sui usufono e toatasi ua filifilia mo itumalo faiga palota taitasi e 51 ua i ai igoa, ma e aofia ai nuu po o pitonuu e pei ona faatonuina mai lea taimi i lea taimi e le Tulafono.
(1A) I le noatia ma le fai fuafua i lenei Mataupu, e tatau i Sui Usufono tamaitai o le Fono Aoao Faitulafono ona:
(a) aofia ai se fuainumera maualalo a itiiti mai e 10% o Sui Usufono o le Fono Aoao Faitulafono ua faamaoti mai i lalo o le fuaiupu (1) lea e mo le aveesea ai o se tulaga masalomia, e toalima (5) o lo o i ai i le taimi nei; ma
(e) ia filifilia e tusa ai ma le fuaiupu (1) po o ia avea ai ma Sui Usufono faaopoopo e tusa ai ma le fuaiupu (1E), (1O) po o le (1U).
(1E) Afai, i le maea ai o so o se faiga palota aoao:
(a) o sui usufono uma ua filifilia i lalo o le fuaiupu (1) o alii, o le aofai faatonuina o sui tamaitai (pe afai e iai) e maua le fuainumera aupito i maualuga o palota, e tatau ona avea ma Sui Usufono faaopoopo; po o
(e) e itiiti ifo mai le aofai faatonuina o sui tamaitai ua filifilia i lalo o le fuaiupu (1), o le aofai faatonuina o sui tamaitai o lo o totoe (pe afai e i ai) e maua le fuainumera aupito i maualuga o palota, e tatau ona avea ma Sui Usufono faaopoopo mo faamoemoega o le fuaiupu (1A).
(1I) E lē faaaogāina le fuaiupu (1E) pe afai ua filifilia uma le aofai faatonuina o tamaitai i lalo o le fuaiupu (1).
(1O) Afai ua avanoa le nofoa o se Sui Usufono faaopoopo, e tatau, e ui lava i le Mataupu 48, ona faatumuina e se sui tamaitai (pe afai e i ai) o ia lea na ia maua le fuainumera maualuga e sosoo atu i ai o palota i le faiga palota po o le faiga palota aoao talu ai.
(1U) I le noatia ma le fai fuafua i le Mataupu 48, afai ua avanoa se nofoa sa umia e se tamaitai i lalo o le fuaiupu (1), lea ua filifilia i ai se alii na te faatumuina lea nofoa, o le sui tamaitai (pe afai e i ai) na ia maua le fuainumera aupito i maualuga o palota mai lea faiga palota po o le faiga palota talu ai po o le faiga palota aoao, e tatau ona avea ma Sui Usufono faaopoopo.
(1F) Afai, i le filifiliga o le fuainumera manaomia o tamaitai i lalo o le fuaiupu (1E), (1O) po o le (1U), e toalua (2) po o le sili atu foi o sui faatutu e tutusa le aofai o palota na maua, e tatau ona filifili le Sui Usufono faaopoopo e ala i le faia o se sei i luma o le Komesina o Faiga Palota i le auai ai o sui faatutu po o o latou sui faatagaina ma a itiiti mai e toalua (2) leoleo.
(1G) Afai e avea se sui faatu tamaitai ma Sui Usufono faaopoopo o se itumalo faaalaalafaga (e aunoa ma le amanaiaina o le filifilia o se sui faatu tamaitai i lea itumalo faaalaalafaga), e lē tatau ona avea se isi sui faatu tamaitai mai le itumalo faaalaalafaga lava lea ma Sui Usufono faaopoopo seia vagana ai e le o i ai se isi sui faatu tamaitai mai se isi lava itumalo faaalaalafaga e atoa ai le fuainumera faatonuina manaomia.

(5) I totonu o lenei Mataupu, seia vagana ai ua manaomia e le mataupu se isi uiga e ese ai:
“Sui Usufono Faaopoopo” o lona uiga o se tamaitai o ia lea o se Sui Usufono o le Palemene e tusa ai o le fuaiupu (1E), (1O) po o le (1U) mo faamoemoega o le fuaiupu (1A);
“Fuainumera aupito maualuga o palota” o lona uiga o le pasene o le aofaiga atoa o palota aloaia a se itumalo faaalaalafaga na mauaina e se sui faatu tamaitai;
“Aofaiga faatonuina” o lona uiga o le fuainumera aupito i maualalo o Sui Usufono tamaitai o le Palemene ua faamaoti mai i lalo o le fuaiupu (1A). (Mataupu 44)

National level

Mexico, English

The law will determine the forms and modalities that correspond, to observe the principle of parity of gender in the appointments of the titular persons of the offices of the secretariats [secretarías de despacho] of the Federal Executive Power and their equivalents in the federative entities. The same principle will be observed in the composition of the autonomous organs [organismos].
... (Art. 41)

Mexico, Spanish

La ley determinará las formas y modalidades que correspondan, para observar el principio de paridad de género en los nombramientos de las personas titulares de las secretarías de despacho del Poder Ejecutivo Federal y sus equivalentes en las entidades federativas. En la integración de los organismos autónomos se observará el mismo principio.
... (Art. 41)

National level

Nepal, English

(1) The House of Representatives shall consist of a total of two hundred and seventy five members, as follows:
(a) One hundred and sixty five members to be elected through the first past the post electoral system, with one being elected from each election constituency of one hundred and sixty five election constituencies delimited in the country on the basis of geography and population,
(b) One hundred and ten members to be elected through the proportional electoral system where voters vote for political parties, with the whole country being considered as a single election constituency.
(2) The Federal law shall provide that, in fielding candidacy by political parties for the election to the House of Representatives under the proportional electoral system, representation shall be ensured on the basis of a closed list also from women, Dalit, indigenous peoples, Khas Arya, Madhesi, Tharu, Muslims and backward regions, on the basis of population. In so fielding candidacy, regard shall also be had to geography and territorial balance.
Explanation: For the purposes of this clause, "Khas Arya" means Kshetri, Brahmin, Thakuri, Sanyasi (Dashnami) community.

(8) Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this Part, at least one third of the total number of members elected from each political party representing in the Federal Parliament must be women. If women are not so elected as to constitute one third of the elected members of any political party under sub-clause (a) of clause (1) and sub-clause (a) of clause (2) of Article 86, such political party must, in electing members under sub-clause (b) of clause (1), so elect that women members constitute at least one third of the total number of members elected to the Federal Parliament from that party.
… (Art. 84)

Nepal, Nepali

(१) प्रतिनिधि सभामा देहाय बमोजिमका दुई सय पचहत्तर सदस्य रहनेछन् ः– (क) नेपाललाई भूगोल र जनसंख्याको आधारमा एक सय पैंसठ्ठी निर्वाचन क्षेत्र कायम गरी प्रत्येक निर्वाचन क्षेत्रबाट एकजना रहने गरी पहिलो हुने निर्वाचित हुने निर्वाचन प्रणाली बमोजिम निर्वाचित हुने एक सय पैंसठ्ठी सदस्य,
(ख) सम्पूर्ण देशलाई एक निर्वाचन क्षेत्र मानी राजनीतिक दललाई मत दिने समानुपातिक निर्वाचन प्रणाली बमोजिम निर्वाचित हुने एक सय दश सदस्य ।
(२) समानुपातिक निर्वाचन प्रणाली बमोजिम हुने प्रतिनिधि सभाको निर्वाचनकालागि राजनीतिक दलले उम्मेदवारी दिंदा जनसंख्याको आधारमा महिला, दलित, आदिवासी जनजाति, खस आर्य, मधेसी, थारू, मुस्लिम, पिछडिएको क्षेत्र समेतबाट बन्द सूचीका आधारमा प्रतिनिधित्व गराउने व्यवस्था संघीय कानून बमोजिम हुनेछ । त्यसरी उम्मेदवारी दिंदा भूगोल र प्रादेशिक सन्तुलनलाई समेत ध्यान दिनु पर्नेछ ।
स्पष्टीकरण ः यस उपधाराको प्रयोजनकालागि “खस आर्य” भन्नाले क्षेत्री, ब्राम्हण, ठकुरी, संन्यासी (दशनामी) समुदाय सम्झनु पर्छ ।
...
(८) यस भागमा अन्यत्र जुनसुकै कुरा लेखिएको भए तापनि संघीय संसदमा प्रतिनिधित्व गर्ने प्रत्येक राजनीतिक दलबाट निर्वाचित कुल सदस्य संख्याको कम्तीमा एक तिहाइ सदस्य महिला हुनु पर्नेछ । त्यसरी निर्वाचित गर्दा उपधारा (१) को खण्ड (क) र धारा ८६ को उपधारा (२) को खण्ड (क) बमोजिम निर्वाचित सदस्यहरू मध्ये कुनै राजनीतिक दलको एक तिहाइ सदस्य महिला निर्वाचित हुन नसकेमा त्यस्तो राजनीतिक दलले उपधारा (१) को खण्ड (ख) बमोजिम सदस्य निर्वाचित गर्दा आफ्नो दलबाट संघीय संसदमा निर्वाचित हुने कुल सदस्यको कम्तीमा एक तिहाइ महिला सदस्य हुने गरी निर्वाचित गर्नु पर्नेछ ।
... (धारा ८४)