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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 357 results

Religious Law

Denmark, Danish

Den evangelisk-lutherske kirke er den danske folkekirke og understøttes som sådan af staten. (§ 4)

Denmark, English

The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Denmark (Folkekirken) is the established Church of Denmark and, as such, is supported by the State. (Sec. 4)

Religious Law

Denmark, Danish

Folkekirkens forfatning ordnes ved lov. (§ 66)

Denmark, English

The constitution of the Established Church shall be laid down by statute. (Sec. 66)

Religious Law

Belgium, Dutch


Het burgerlijk huwelijk moet altijd aan de huwelijksinzegening voorafgaan, behoudens de uitzonderingen door de wet te stellen, indien daartoe redenen zijn. (Art. 21)

Belgium, English


A civil wedding should always precede the blessing of the marriage, apart from the exceptions to be established by the law if needed. (Art. 21)

Belgium, French


Le mariage civil devra toujours précéder la bénédiction nuptiale, sauf les exceptions à établir par la loi, s’il y a lieu. (Art. 21)

Belgium, German


Die zivile Eheschließung muss stets der Einsegnung der Ehe vorangehen, vorbehaltlich der erforderlichenfalls durch Gesetz festzulegenden Ausnahmen. (Art. 21)

Religious Law

Ukraine, English

… The Church and religious organisations in Ukraine are separated from the State, and the school — from the Church. No religion shall be recognised by the State as mandatory.
… (Art. 35)

Ukraine, Ukrainian

… Церква і релігійні організації в Україні відокремлені від держави, а школа - від церкви. Жодна релігія не може бути визнана державою як обов'язкова.
... (Стаття 35)

Religious Law

France, English

France shall be an indivisible, secular, democratic and social Republic.
… (1958 Constitution, Art. 1)

France, French

La France est une République indivisible, laïque, démocratique et sociale.
… (Constitution 1958, Art. 1er)

Religious Law

Serbia, English

The Republic of Serbia is a secular state.
Churches and religious communities shall be separated from the state.
No religion may be established as state or mandatory religion. (Art. 11)

Serbia, Serbian Cyrillic

Република Србија је световна држава.
Цркве и верске заједнице су одвојене од државе.
Ниједна религија не може се успоставити као државна или обавезна. (Члан 11)

Religious Law

Serbia, English

Churches and religious communities are equal and separated from the state.
… (Art. 44)

Serbia, Serbian Cyrillic

Цркве и верске заједнице су равноправне и одвојене од државе.
… (Члан 44)

Religious Law

Portugal, English


4. Churches and other religious communities are separate from the state and are free to organise themselves and to exercise their functions and form of worship.
... (Art. 41)

Portugal, Portuguese


4. As igrejas e outras comunidades religiosas estão separadas do Estado e são livres na sua organização e no exercício das suas funções e do culto.
... (Art. 41)

Religious Law

Portugal, English

Constitutional revision laws must respect:

c) The separation between church and state;
… (Art. 288)

Portugal, Portuguese

As leis de revisão constitucional terão de respeitar:

c) A separação das Igrejas do Estado;
... (Art. 288)

Religious Law

Croatia, Croatian

Sve vjerske zajednice jednake su pred zakonom i odvojene od države.
… (Članak 41)

Croatia, English

All religious communities shall be equal before the law and separate from the state.
… (Art. 41)