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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 349 results

Religious Law

Belgium, Dutch


Het burgerlijk huwelijk moet altijd aan de huwelijksinzegening voorafgaan, behoudens de uitzonderingen door de wet te stellen, indien daartoe redenen zijn. (Art. 21)

Belgium, English


A civil wedding should always precede the blessing of the marriage, apart from the exceptions to be established by the law if needed. (Art. 21)

Belgium, French


Le mariage civil devra toujours précéder la bénédiction nuptiale, sauf les exceptions à établir par la loi, s’il y a lieu. (Art. 21)

Belgium, German


Die zivile Eheschließung muss stets der Einsegnung der Ehe vorangehen, vorbehaltlich der erforderlichenfalls durch Gesetz festzulegenden Ausnahmen. (Art. 21)

Religious Law

Palau, English

… The government shall not recognize or establish a national religion, …
(Art. IV, Sec. 1)

Religious Law

Australia, English

The Commonwealth shall not make any law for establishing any religion, or for imposing any religious observance, or for prohibiting the free exercise of any religion, and no religious test shall be required as a qualification for any office or public trust under the Commonwealth. (Sec. 116)

Religious Law

Slovakia, English

(1) The Slovak Republic is a sovereign, democratic state governed by the rule of law. It is not linked to any ideology, nor religion.
… (Art. 1)

Slovakia, Slovak

(1) Slovenská republika je zvrchovaný, demokratický a právny štát. Neviaţe sa na nijakú ideológiu ani náboţenstvo.
… (Čl. 1)

Religious Law

Vanuatu, English

WE the people of Vanuatu, …
HEREBY proclaim the establishment of the united and free Republic of Vanuatu founded on traditional Melanesian values, faith in God, and Christian principles,
… (Preamble)

Vanuatu, French

NOUS, Peuple de Vanuatu, …
PROCLAMONS la création de la République libre et unie de Vanuatu, fondée sur les valeurs traditionnelles mélanésiennes, la foi en Dieu et les principes chrétiens.
… (Préambule)

Religious Law

France, English

France shall be an indivisible, secular, democratic and social Republic.
… (1958 Constitution, Art. 1)

France, French

La France est une République indivisible, laïque, démocratique et sociale.
… (Constitution 1958, Art. 1er)

Religious Law

Ethiopia, Amharic


4. በሕግ በተለይ በሚዘረዘረው መሰረት በሃይማኖት፣ በባሕል የሕግ ሥርዓቶች ላይ ተመስርትው ለሚፈጸሙ ጋብቻዎች እውቅና የሚሰጥ ሕግ ሊወጣ ይችላል፡፡
5. ይህ ሕገ መንግሥት የግል እና የቤተሰብ ሕግን በተመለከተ በተከራካሪዎች ፈቃድ በሃይማኖቶች ወይም በባሕሎች ሕጐች መሰረት መዳኘትን አይከለክልም፡፡ ዝርዝሩ በሕግ ይወሰናል፡፡ (አንቀጽ 34)

Ethiopia, English


4. In accordance with provisions to be specified by law, a law giving recognition to marriage concluded under systems of religious or customary laws may be enacted.
5. This Constitution shall not preclude the adjudication of disputes relating to personal and family laws in accordance with religious or customary laws, with the consent of the parties to the dispute. Particulars shall be determined by law. (Art. 34)

Religious Law

Ethiopia, Amharic


5. የህዝብ ተወካዬች ምክር ቤትና የክልል ምክር ቤቶች በኣንቀጽ 34 ንኡስ ኣንቀጽ 5 መሰረት የሃማኖትና የባሕል ፍርድ ቤቶችን ሊያቋቁሙ ወይም እውቅና ሊሰጡ ይችላሉ፡፡ ይህ ሕገ መንግሥት ከመጽደቁ በፊት በመንግሥት እውቅና አግኝተው ሲሰራባቸው የነበሩ የሃይማኖቶችና የባሕል ፍርድ ቤቶች በዚህ ሕገ መንግሥት መሰረት እውቅና አግኝተው ይደራጃሉ፡፡ (አንቀጽ 78)

Ethiopia, English


5. Pursuant to sub-Article 5 of Article 34 the House of Peoples’ Representatives and State Councils can establish or give official recognition to religious and customary courts. Religious and customary courts that had state recognition and functioned prior to the adoption of the Constitution shall be organized on the basis of recognition accorded to them by this Constitution. (Art. 78)

Religious Law

Ethiopia, Amharic

1. መንግሥትና ሃይማኖት የተለያዩ ናቸው፡፡
2. መንግሥታዊ ሃይማኖት አይኖርም፡፡
3. መንግሥት በሃይማኖት ጉዳይ ጣልቃ አይገባም፡፡ ሃይማኖትም በመንግሥት ጉዳይ ጣልቃ አይገባም፡፡ (አንቀጽ 11)

Ethiopia, English

1. State and religion are separate.
2. There shall be no state religion.
3. The state shall not interfere in religious matters and religion shall not interfere in state affairs. (Art. 11)

Religious Law

Uganda, English

Uganda shall not adopt a State religion. (Art. 7)