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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 559 results

Employment Rights and Protection

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Work is a sacred right and duty for each Congolese.
The State guarantees the right to work, protection against unemployment and an equitable and satisfactory remuneration, assuring the worker as well as his family of an existence in accordance with human dignity, together with all the other means of social protection, notably retirement pension[s] and life annuities.
No one may discriminated against [leser] in their work because of their origin, their sex, their opinions, their beliefs or their socio-economic condition.
… (Art. 36)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Le travail est un droit et un devoir sacrés pour chaque Congolais.
L’Etat garantit le droit au travail, la protection contre le chômage et une rémunération équitable et satisfaisante assurant au travailleur ainsi qu’à sa famille une existence conforme à la dignité humaine, complétée par tous les autres moyens de protection sociale, notamment, la pension de retraite et la rente viagère.
Nul ne peut être lésé dans son travail en raison de ses origines, de son sexe, de ses opinions, de ses croyances ou de ses conditions socio-économiques.
… (Art. 36)

Employment Rights and Protection

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

The State guarantees the right to private initiative to both nationals and to foreigners.
… (Art. 35)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

L’Etat garantit le droit à l’initiative privée tant aux nationaux qu’aux étrangers.
… (Art. 35)

Employment Rights and Protection

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Constitution, the following matters are of the exclusive competence of the Central Power:

36. legislation concerning[,] notably;

d. legislation on the liberal professions;
e. labor legislation including notably the laws governing the relations between employers and workers, the security of workers, the rules concerning social security and, in particular, the rules concerning social insurance and involuntary unemployment;
… (Art. 202)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Sans préjudice des autres dispositions de la présente Constitution, les matières suivantes sont de la compétence exclusive du pouvoir central:

36. la législation notamment concernant:

d) la législation pour les professions libérales;
e) la législation du travail comprenant notamment les lois régissant les relations entre employeurs et travailleurs, la sécurité des travailleurs, les règles relatives à la sécurité sociale et, en particulier, les règles relatives aux assurances sociales et au chômage involontaire;
… (Art. 202)

Employment Rights and Protection

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Constitution, the law establishes the rules concerning:

14. the right to work and of social security;
… (Art. 122)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Sans préjudice des autres dispositions de la présente Constitution, la loi fixe les règles concernant:

14. le droit du travail et de la sécurité sociale;
… (Art. 122)

Employment Rights and Protection

Eritrea, English


7. Every citizen shall have the right to practice any lawful profession, or engage in any occupation or trade.
… (Art. 19)

Employment Rights and Protection

Eritrea, English


3. Every citizen shall have the right to participate freely in any economic activity and to engage in any lawful business.

5. The National Assembly shall enact laws guaranteeing and securing the social welfare of citizens, the rights and conditions of labor and other rights and responsibilities listed in this Article. (Art. 21)

Employment Rights and Protection

South Africa, English

Every citizen has the right to choose their trade, occupation or profession freely. The practice of a trade, occupation or profession may be regulated by law. (Sec. 22)

Employment Rights and Protection

South Africa, English

(1) Everyone has the right to fair labour practices.
… (Sec. 23)

Employment Rights and Protection

Malawi, English

...
2. Any law that discriminates against women on the basis of gender or marital status shall be invalid and legislation shall be passed to eliminate customs and practices that discriminate against women, particularly practices such as—

b. discrimination in work, business and public affairs;
… (Sec. 24)

Employment Rights and Protection

Malawi, English

Every person shall have the right freely to engage in economic activity, to work and to pursue a livelihood anywhere in Malawi. (Sec. 29)