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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 151 results

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Madagascar, English

… The law favors the equal access and the participation of women and men in public employment and to the functions in the domain of the political, economical and social life. (Art. 6)

Madagascar, French

… La loi favorise l’égal accès et la participation des femmes et des hommes aux emplois publics et aux fonctions dans le domaine de la vie politique, économique et sociale. (Art. 6)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

South Sudan, English

(1) There shall be established by the President of the Republic a Commission to be known as National Constitutional Review Commission within six months from coming into force of this constitution.

(5) The Commission shall be established with due regard for gender, political, social and regional diversity of South Sudan in recognition of the need for inclusiveness, transparency and equitable participation. Each member of the Commission shall have the requisite competence and technical expertise and experience to contribute to fulfilling the mandate of the Commission.
… (Art. 202)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

South Sudan, English

(6) The objects of local government shall be to:

(h) ensure gender mainstreaming in local government;
… (Art. 166)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

South Sudan, English

The National and state governments shall have legislative and executive competences on any of the matters listed below:

18. Empowerment of women;
19. Gender policy;
… (Schedule (C): Concurrent Powers)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

South Sudan, English

(1) The National Government shall establish independent institutions and commissions as provided for by this Constitution. Such institutions and commissions shall perform their functions and duties impartially and without interference from any person or authority.

(3) The National Government shall ensure that at least twenty-five percent of the membership of each of these institutions and commissions shall be women. (Art. 142)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

South Sudan, English

(1) The Civil Service shall be governed by, inter alia, the following values and Principles:

(i) Civil Service shall be broadly representative of the people of South Sudan, with employment and personnel management practices based on ability, objectivity, fair competition for jobs, and the need to redress any imbalances of the past to achieve broad representation through affirmative action;
… (Art. 139)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

South Sudan, English

(3) Women shall have the right to participate equally with men in public life.
(4) All levels of government shall:
(a) promote women participation in public life and their representation in the legislative and executive organs by at least twenty-five per cent as an affirmative action to redress imbalances created by history, customs, and traditions;
… (Art. 16)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

South Sudan, English

(6) There shall be a substantial representation of women in the Judiciary having regard to competence, integrity, credibility and impartiality.
… (Art. 122)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Nepal, English

(4) Women shall have the right to access participate in all state structures and bodies on the basis of the principle of proportional inclusion.
(5) Women shall have the right to special opportunity in the spheres of education, health, employment and social security on the basis of positive discrimination.
… (Art. 38)

Nepal, Nepali

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Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Nepal, English

(1) All citizens shall be equal before law. No person shall be denied the equal protection of law.
(2) There shall be no discrimination in the application of general laws on the grounds of origin, religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, physical conditions, disability, health condition, matrimonial status, pregnancy, economic condition, language or geographical region, or ideology or any other such grounds.
(3) The state shall not discriminate among citizens on grounds of origin, religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, economic condition, language or geographical region, ideology and such other matters.
Provided that nothing shall be deemed to bar the making of special provisions by law for the protection, empowerment or advancement of the women lagging behind socially and culturally, Dalits, Adibasi, Madhesi, Tharus, Muslims, oppressed class, backward communities, minorities, marginalized groups, peasants, laborers, youths, children, senior citizens, sexual minorities, persons with disability, pregnant, incapacitated and the helpless persons, and of the citizens who belong to backward regions and financially deprived citizens including the Khas Arya.
… (Art. 18)

Nepal, Nepali

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