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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 206 results

Political Parties

Vanuatu, English


3. Political parties may be formed freely and may contest elections. They shall respect the Constitution and the principles of democracy.
… (Art. 4)

Vanuatu, French


3) Les partis politiques peuvent se former librement et participer aux élections. Ils doivent respecter la Constitution et les principes de la démocratie.
… (Art. 4)

Political Parties

Zimbabwe, English


(2) The principles of good governance, which bind the State and all institutions and agencies of government at every level, include—
(a) a multi-party democratic political system;

(d) respect for the rights of all political parties;
… (Sec. 3)

Political Parties

Zimbabwe, English


(2) Subject to this Constitution, every Zimbabwean citizen has the right—
(a) to form, to join and to participate in the activities of a political party or organisation of their choice;
(b) to campaign freely and peacefully for a political party or cause;

(4) For the purpose of promoting multi-party democracy, an Act of Parliament must provide for the funding of political parties. (Sec. 67)

Political Parties

Libya, Arabic

تكفل الدّولة حُرّية تكوين الأحزاب السياسية والجمعيات وسائر مُنظمات المُجتمع المدني، ويصدر قانون بتنظيمها، ولا يجوز إنشاء جمعيات سرية أو مسلحة أو مُخالفة للنظام العام أو الآداب العامة، وغيرها مما يضر بالدولة ووحدة التراب الوطني. (المادة 15)

Libya, English

The State shall guarantee the freedom of forming political parties, societies and other civil society organisations, and a law shall be promulgated to regulate same. The establishment of clandestine or armed groups, or groups in violation of public order or of public morals and others which may be detrimental to the State or the unity of national territory shall be prohibited. (Art. 15)

Political Parties

Uganda, English

...
2. An organisation shall not operate as a political party or organisation unless it conforms to the principles laid down in this Constitution and it is registered.
3. Parliament shall by law regulate the financing and functioning of political organisations.
... (Art. 72)

Political Parties

Uganda, English

1. A political party in the multiparty political system shall conform to the following principles-
a. every political party shall have a national character;
b. membership of a political party shall not be based on sex, ethnicity, religion or other sectional division;
c. the internal organisation of a political party shall conform to the democratic principles enshrined in this Constitution;
d. members of the national organs of a political party shall be regularly elected from citizens of Uganda in conformity with the provisions of paragraphs (a) and (b) of this article and with due consideration for gender;
e. political parties shall be required by law to account for the sources and use of their funds and assets;
f. no person shall be compelled to join a particular party by virtue of belonging to an organisation or interest group.
2. Parliament shall by law prescribe a code of conduct for political organisations and political parties and provide for the establishment of a national consultative forum for political parties and organisations with such functions as Parliament may prescribe. (Art. 71)

Political Parties

Egypt, Arabic

للمواطنين حقّ تكوين الأحزاب السّياسية، بإخطار ينظّمه القانون. ولا يجوز مباشرة أى نشاط سياسى، أو قيام أحزاب سياسية على أساس دينى، أو بناء على التّفرقة بسبب الجنس أو الأصل أو على أساس طائفى أو جغرافى، أو ممارسة نشاط معاد لمبادئ الدّيمقراطية، أو سرّى، أو ذى طابع عسكرى أو شبه عسكرى.
ولا يجوز حل الأحزاب إلا بحكم قضائى. (المادّة 74)

Egypt, English

All citizens shall have the right to form political parties by notification as regulated by Law. No political activity may be practiced and no political parties may be formed on the basis of religion or discrimination based on sex, or origin, or on sectarian basis or geographic location. No activity that is hostile to democratic principles, secretive, or of military or quasi-military nature may be practiced.
Political parties may not be dissolved except by virtue of a court judgment. (Art. 74)

Political Parties

South Sudan, English

...
2. Formation and registration of political parties, associations and trade unions shall be regulated by law as is necessary in a democratic society.
3. No association shall function as a political party at the National or state level unless it has:
a. its membership open to any South Sudanese irrespective of religion, gender, ethnic origin or place of birth;
b. a programme that does not contradict the provisions of this Constitution;
c. a democratically elected leadership and institutions; and
d. disclosed and transparent sources of funding. (Art. 25)

Political Parties

South Sudan, English

The exclusive legislative and executive powers of the National Government shall be as follows:

31. Regulation of Political Parties;
… (Schedule (A): National Powers)

Political Parties

Niger, English

Under the framework [cadre] of the freedom of association recognized and guaranteed by this Constitution, the political parties, groups of political parties, trade-unions [syndicats], the non-governmental organizations and other associations or groups of associations are formed and exercise their activities freely, within respect for the laws and regulations in force.
The political parties and the groups of political parties concur in the expression of the suffrage. The same prerogatives are recognized to all Nigerien citizens enjoying their civil and political rights and meeting the conditions of eligibility provided by the law.
The political parties with an ethnic, regionalist or religious character are prohibited. No party may be knowingly created with the purpose of promoting an ethnic group, a region or a religion, under penalty of the sanctions provided by the law. (Art. 9)

Niger, French

Dans le cadre de la liberté d'association reconnue et garantie par la présente Constitution, les partis politiques, groupements de partis politiques, syndicats, organisations non gouvernementales et autres associations ou groupements d'associations se forment et exercent leurs activités librement, dans le respect des lois et règlements en vigueur.
Les partis et groupements de partis politiques concourent à l'expression des suffrages. Les mêmes prérogatives sont reconnues à tout citoyen nigérien jouissant de ses droits civils et politiques et remplissant les conditions d'éligibilité prévues par la loi.
Les partis politiques à caractère ethnique, régionaliste ou religieux sont interdits. Aucun parti ne saurait être créé dans le but de promouvoir une ethnie, une région ou une religion, sous peine des sanctions prévues par la loi. (Art. 9)