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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 695 results

Protection from Violence

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English


The abandonment and maltreatment of children, notably pedophilia, sexual abuse as well as the accusation of witchcraft, are prohibited and punishable by law.
The parents have the duty to take care of their children and to assure them of their protection against any act of violence both inside and outside their home.
The public powers have the obligation to assure protection to children in a difficult situation and to bring, to justice, the authors and their accomplices of acts of violence concerning children.
All others forms of exploitation of minors are punished by the law. (Art. 41)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French


L’abandon et la maltraitance des enfants, notamment la pédophilie, les abus sexuels ainsi que l’accusation de sorcellerie sont prohibés et punis par la loi.
Les parents ont le devoir de prendre soin de leurs enfants et d’assurer leur protection contre tout acte de violence tant à l’intérieur qu’à l’extérieur du foyer.
Les pouvoirs publics ont l’obligation d’assurer une protection aux enfants en situation difficile et de déférer, devant la justice, les auteurs et les complices des actes de violence à l’égard des enfants.
Toutes les autres formes d’exploitation d’enfants mineurs sont punies par la loi. (Art. 41)

Protection from Violence

Eritrea, English

1. The dignity of all persons shall be inviolable.
2. No person shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
3. No person shall be held in slavery or servitude nor shall any person be required to perform forced labour not authorised by law. (Art. 16)

Protection from Violence

South Africa, English

(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of expression, …
(2) The right in subsection (1) does not extend to –
(a) propaganda for war;
(b) incitement of imminent violence; or
(c) advocacy of hatred that is based on race, ethnicity, gender or religion, and that constitutes incitement to cause harm. (Sec. 16)

Protection from Violence

South Africa, English

No one may be subjected to slavery, servitude or forced labour. (Sec. 13)

Protection from Violence

South Africa, English

(1) Every child has the right—

(d) to be protected from maltreatment, neglect, abuse or degradation;
(e) to be protected from exploitative labour practices;

(i) not to be used directly in armed conflict, and to be protected in times of armed conflict.
… (Sec. 28)

Protection from Violence

South Africa, English

(1) Everyone has the right to freedom and security of the person, which includes the right -

(c) to be free from all forms of violence from either public or private sources;
(d) not to be tortured in any way; and
(e) not to be treated or punished in a cruel, inhuman or degrading way.
(2) Everyone has the right to bodily and psychological integrity, which includes the right –
(a) to make decisions concerning reproduction;
(b) to security in and control over their body;
(c) not to be subjected to medical or scientific experiments without their informed consent. (Sec. 12)

Protection from Violence

Malawi, English

1. No person shall be held in slavery or servitude.
2. Slavery and the slave trade are prohibited.
3. No person shall be subject to forced labour.
4. No person shall be subject to tied labour that amounts to servitude. (Sec. 27)

Protection from Violence

Malawi, English


2. There shall be no derogation with regard to—
...
b. the prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;
… (Sec. 45)

Protection from Violence

Malawi, English

The State shall actively promote the welfare and development of the people of Malawi by progressively adopting and implementing policies and legislation aimed at achieving the following goals—
a. Gender Equality
To obtain gender equality through—

iii. the implementation of policies to address social issues such as domestic violence, security of the person, lack of maternity benefits, economic exploitation and rights to property.
… (Sec. 13)

Protection from Violence

Malawi, English


2. Each member of the family shall enjoy full and equal respect and shall be protected by law against all forms of neglect, cruelty or exploitation.
… (Sec. 22)