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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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Equality and Non-Discrimination

Nepal, English

(1) No person shall be treated with any kind of untouchability or discrimination in any private or public place on grounds of caste, ethnicity, origin, community, occupation, or physical condition.
(2) No person belonging to a particular caste or ethnicity shall be prevented from buying an object or getting services or facilities in the process of production of such objects or in the distribution or delivery of services, or no such objects shall be sold to, or facilities or services distributed or delivered to persons belonging to a particular caste or ethnicity only.
(3) Racial discriminations shall not be encouraged in any way, or there shall not be any behavioral attitude to exhibit high or low status on grounds of a particular caste, ethnicity or community, or physical condition of a person, or there shall not be any behavioral attitude that justifies social discrimination based on caste, ethnicity, or untouchability, or encouragement for the propagation of attitudes based on caste superiority and untouchability, or hatred.
(4) There shall not be any racial discrimination in the workplace by indulging or not indulging in untouchability. (5) All forms of untouchability or discrimination contrary to this provision shall be punishable by law as a serious social crime, and the victim of such an act shall have the right to compensation as provided for by law. (Art. 24)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ s'g} klg JolQmnfO{ lghsf] pTklQ, hft, hflt, ;d'bfo, k]zf, Joj;fo jf zf/Ll/s cj:yfsf] cfwf/df s'g} klg lghL tyf ;fj{hlgs :yfgdf s'g} k|sf/sf] 5'jf5"t jf e]befj ul/g] 5}g .
-@_ s'g} j:t', ;]jf jf ;'ljwf pTkfbg jf ljt/0f ubf{ To:tf] j:t', ;]jf jf ;'ljwf s'g} vf; hft jf hfltsf] JolQmnfO{ v/Lb jf k|fKt ug{af6 /f]s nufOg] jf To:tf] j:t', ;]jf jf ;'ljwf s'g} vf; hft jf hfltsf] JolQmnfO{ dfq laqmL ljt/0f jf k|bfg ul/g] 5}g .
-#_ pTklQ, hft, hflt jf zf/Ll/s cj:yfsf] cfwf/df s'g} JolQm jf ;d'bfonfO{ pRr jf gLr bzf{pg], hft, hflt jf 5'jf5"tsf] cfwf/df ;fdflhs e]befjnfO{ Gofof]lrt 7fGg] jf 5'jf5"t tyf hftLo pRrtf jf 3[0ffdf cfwfl/t ljrf/sf] k|rf/ k|;f/ ug{ jf hftLo lje]bnfO{ s'g} klg lsl;dn] k|f]T;fxg ug{ kfOg] 5}g .
-$_ hftLo cfwf/df 5'jf5"t u/L jf gu/L sfo{:yndf s'g}k|sf/sf] e]befj ug{ kfOg] 5}g .
-%_ o; wf/fsf] k|lts"n x'g] u/L ePsf ;a} k|sf/sf 5'jf5"t tyf e]befjhGo sfo{ uDeL/ ;fdflhs ck/fwsf ¿kdf sfg"g adf]lhd b08gLo x'g]5g\ / To:tf] sfo{af6 kLl8t JolQmnfO{ sfg"g adf]lhd Ifltk"lt{ kfpg] xs x'g]5 . -wf/f @$_

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Nepal, English

We, the people of Nepal, in exercise of the sovereign powers inherent in us, …
Ending all forms of discriminations and oppression created by the feudal, autocratic, centralized and unitary system,
Embracing multi-caste, multi-lingual, multi-cultural and diverse geographical specificities, by ending discriminations relating to class, caste, region, language, religion and gender discrimination including all forms of racial untouchability, in order to protect and promote unity in diversity, social and cultural solidarity, tolerance and harmonious attitudes, we also express our determination to create an egalitarian society on the basis of the principles of proportional inclusion and participation, to ensure equitable economy, prosperity and social justice, … (Preamble)

Nepal, Nepali

xfdL ;fj{ef}d;Qf ;DkGg g]kfnL hgtfÙ ===
;fdGtL, lg/+s'z, s]Gb|Ls[t / PsfTds /fHo Joj:yfn] ;[hgf u/]sf ;a} k|sf/sf lje]b / pTkL8gsf] cGTo ub}{Ù ax'hftLo, ax'eflifs, ax'wfld{s, ax';f+:s[lts tyf ef}uf]lns ljljwtfo'Qm ljz]iftfnfO{ cfTd;ft\ u/L ljljwtf aLrsf] Pstf, ;fdflhs ;f+:s[lts P]Soa4tf, ;lxi0f'tf / ;b\efjnfO{ ;+/If0f Pj+ k|jw{g ub}{Ù juL{o, hftLo, If]qLo, eflifs, wfld{s, n}+lus lje]b / ;a} k|sf/sf hftLo 5'jf5"tsf] cGTo u/L cfly{s ;dfgtf, ;d[l4 / ;fdflhs Gofo ;'lglZrt ug{ ;dfg'kflts ;dfj]zL / ;xeflutfd"ns l;4fGtsf cfwf/df ;dtfd"ns ;dfhsf] lgdf{0f ug]{ ;+sNk ub}{Ù === -k|:tfjgf_

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Nepal, English

(1) It shall be the political objective of the State to strengthen a federal democratic republican system to ensure an atmosphere where democratic rights are exercised by acknowledging sovereignty, independence and integrity of the country to be of utmost importance; by protecting freedom, equality, property and all citizens through rule of law; by embracing the norms and values of fundamental rights and human rights, gender equality, proportional inclusion, participation and social justice; and by maintaining a just system in all spheres of national life in order to establish a government system aimed at public welfare, while maintaining relations between federal units on the basis of cooperation between them, and internalizing the principle of inclusion in the governance system on the basis of local autonomy and decentralization,
(2) It shall be the socio-cultural objective of the State to build a civilized and egalitarian society by ending all forms of discrimination, oppression and injustice based on religion, culture, cultural practices, customs, traditional practices, or on any other grounds; develop socio-cultural values based on national pride, democracy, people orientation, dignity of labor, entrepreneurship, discipline, dignity and tolerance, by respecting cultural diversity and maintaining communal harmony, solidarity and amity.
… (Art. 50)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ g]kfnsf] :jtGqtf, ;fj{ef}d;Qf, ef}uf]lns cv08tf / :jfwLgtfnfO{ ;jf]{kl/ /fVb} gful/ssf] hLp, wg, ;dfgtf / :jtGqtfsf] ;+/If0f u/L sfg"gsf] zf;g, df}lns xs tyf dfgj clwsf/sf d"No / dfGotf, n}+lus ;dfgtf, ;dfg'kflts ;dfj]zLs/0f, ;xeflutf / ;fdflhs Gofosf] dfWodaf6 /fli6«o hLjgsf ;a} If]qdf Gofok"0f{ Joj:yf sfod ub}{ nf]s sNof0fsf/L /fHoJoj:yfsf] :yfkgf ug]{tyf k/:k/ ;xof]udf cfwfl/t ;+3Lotfsf cfwf/df ;+3Lo OsfOx¿ aLrsf] ;DaGw ;~rfng ub}{ :yfgLo :jfoQtf / ljs]Gb|Ls/0fsf] cfwf/df zf;g Joj:yfdf ;dfg'kflts l;4fGtnfO{ cfTd;ft\ ub}{ nf]stflGqs clwsf/sf] pkef]u ug{ kfpg] cj:yf ;'lglZrt ug{ ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGqfTds Joj:yf ;'b[9 ug]{ /fHosf] /fhgLlts p2]Zo x'g]5 .
-@_ wd{, ;+:s[lt, ;+:sf/, k|yf, k/Dk/f, k|rng jf cGo s'g} klg cfwf/df x'g] ;a} k|sf/sf lje]b, zf]if0f / cGofosf] cGTo u/L ;Eo / ;dtfd"ns ;dfhsf] lgdf{0f ug]{ Pj+ /fli6«o uf}/j, nf]stGq, hgkIfLotf, >dsf] ;Ddfg, pBdzLntf, cg'zf;g, dof{bf / ;lxi0f'tfdf cfwfl/t ;fdflhs ;f+:s[lts d"Nox¿sf] ljsf; ug]{ tyf ;f+:s[lts ljljwtfsf] ;Ddfg ub}{ ;fdflhs ;b\efj, P]Soa4tf / ;fd~h:o sfod u/L /fli6«o Pstf ;'b[9 ug]{ /fHosf] ;fdflhs / ;f+:s[lts p2]Zo x'g]5 .
=== -wf/f %)_

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Nepal, English

(1) All citizens shall be equal before law. No person shall be denied the equal protection of law.
(2) There shall be no discrimination in the application of general laws on the grounds of origin, religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, physical conditions, disability, health condition, matrimonial status, pregnancy, economic condition, language or geographical region, or ideology or any other such grounds.
(3) The state shall not discriminate among citizens on grounds of origin, religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, economic condition, language or geographical region, ideology and such other matters.
Provided that nothing shall be deemed to bar the making of special provisions by law for the protection, empowerment or advancement of the women lagging behind socially and culturally, Dalits, Adibasi, Madhesi, Tharus, Muslims, oppressed class, backward communities, minorities, marginalized groups, peasants, laborers, youths, children, senior citizens, sexual minorities, persons with disability, pregnant, incapacitated and the helpless persons, and of the citizens who belong to backward regions and financially deprived citizens including the Khas Arya.
… (Art. 18)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ ;a} gful/s sfg"gsf] b[li6df ;dfg x'g]5g\ .
s;}nfO{ klg sfg"gsf] ;dfg ;+/If0faf6 jl~rt ul/g] 5}g .
-@_ ;fdfGo sfg"gsf] k|of]udf pTklQ, wd{, j0f{, hft, hflt, ln+u, zf/Ll/s cj:yf, ckf+utf, :jf:Yo l:ylt, j}jflxs l:ylt, uef{j:yf, cfly{s cj:yf, efiff jf If]q, j}rfl/s cf:yf jf o:t} cGo s'g} cfwf/df e]befj ul/g] 5}g .
-#_ /fHon] gful/sx¿sf aLr pTklQ, wd{, j0f{, hft, hflt, ln+u, cfly{s cj:yf, efiff, If]q, j}rfl/s cf:yf jf o:t} cGo s'g} cfwf/df e]befj ug]{ 5}g .
t/ ;fdflhs jf ;f+:s[lts b[li6n] lk5l8Psf dlxnf, blnt, cflbjf;L, cflbjf;L hghflt, dw]zL, yf¿, d'l:nd, pTkLl8t ju{, lk58f ju{, cNk;+Vos, ;LdfGtLs[t, ls;fg, >lds, o'jf, afnaflnsf, Ho]i7 gful/s, n}+lus tyf of}lgs cNk;+Vos, ckf+utf ePsf JolQm, uef{j:yfsf JolQm, czQm jf c;xfo, lk5l8Psf] If]q / cfly{s ¿kn] ljkGg v; cfo{ nufot gful/ssf] ;+/If0f, ;zQmLs/0f jf ljsf;sfnflu sfg"g adf]lhd ljz]if Joj:yf ug{ /f]s nufPsf] dflgg] 5}g .
=== -wf/f !*_

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Nepal, English

(6) The Federation, provinces and local levels shall protect Nepal’s independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity, autonomy, national interests, overall development, multi-party competitive democratic republic and federal system of governance, human rights and fundamental rights, rule of law, separation of powers and check and balance, equitable society based on plurality and equality, and inclusive representation and identity. (Art. 56)

Nepal, Nepali

-^_ ;+3, k|b]z / :yfgLo txn] g]kfnsf] :jtGqtf, ;fj{ef}d;Qf, ef}uf]lns cv08tf, :jfwLgtf, /fli6«o lxt, ;jf{+uL0f ljsf;, ax'bnLo k|lt:kwf{Tds nf]stflGqs u0ftGqfTds ;+3Lo zf;g k|0ffnL, dfgj clwsf/ tyf df}lns xs, sfg"gL /fHo, zlQm k[ysLs/0f / lgoGq0f tyf ;Gt'ng, ax'ntf / ;dfgtfdf cfwfl/t ;dtfd"ns ;dfh, ;dfj]zL k|ltlglwTj / klxrfgsf] ;+/If0f ug]{ 5g\ . -wf/f %^_

Electoral Bodies

Nepal, English

(1) The Election Commission shall, subject to this Constitution and other laws, conduct, supervise, direct and control the election of the President, the VicePresident, Federal Parliament, Provincial assemblies, local bodies. The Election Commission shall be responsible for preparing the voters’ list for the purpose of election.
(2) The Election Commission shall hold referendum on subject of national importance as per this Constitution and Federal laws.
(3) If candidacy nominations have been registered for the election of the President, the Vice-President, the member of Federal Parliament and Provincial Assembly but a question arises before the completion of the election about the illegitimacy of a candidate, a final decision thereon shall be made by the Election Commission.
(4) The Election Commission may delegate any of its functions, duties and powers to the Chief Election Commissioner, Election Commissioner or any employee of the Government of Nepal to be exercised and followed in compliance with the conditions specified.
(5) Other functions, duties and powers and working procedures of the Election Commission shall be as regulated by law. (Art. 246)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ lgjf{rg cfof]un] o; ;+ljwfg / ;+3Lo sfg"gsf] cwLgdf /xL /fi6«klt, pk/fi6«klt, ;+3Lo ;+;bsf ;b:o, k|b]z ;efsf ;b:o, :yfgLo txsf ;b:osf] lgjf{rgsf]] ;+rfng, /]vb]v, lgb]{zg / lgoGq0f ug{]5 . lgjf{rgsf] k|of]hgsfnflu dtbftfsf] gfdfjnL tof/ ug{] sfo{ lgjf{rg cfof]un] ug{]5 .
-@_ lgjf{rg cfof]un] o; ;+ljwfg / ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd /fli6«o dxTjsf] ljifodf hgdt ;+u|x u/fpg]5 .
-#_ /fi6«klt, pk/fi6«klt, ;+3Lo ;+;bsf ;b:o, k|b]z ;ef ;b:o jf :yfgLo txsf ;b:osfnflu pDd]bjf/Lsf] dgf]gog btf{ eO;s]sf] t/ lgjf{rg kl/0ffd 3f]if0ff eO{ g;s]sf] cj:yfdf s'g} pDd]bjf/sf] of]Uotf ;DaGwdf s'g} k|Zg p7]df To;sf] lg0f{o lgjf{rg cfof]un] ug]{5 .
-$_ lgjf{rg cfof]un] cfˆgf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ dWo] s'g} sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ k|d'v lgjf{rg cfo'Qm, s'g} lgjf{rg cfo'Qm jf ;/sf/L sd{rf/LnfO{ tf]lsPsf] zt{sf] cwLgdf /xL k|of]u tyf kfng ug]{u/L k|Tofof]hg ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-%_ lgjf{rg cfof]usf] cGo sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ tyf sfo{ljlw ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd x'g]5 . -wf/f @$^_

Political Rights and Association

Nepal, English

(4) Women shall have the right to access participate in all state structures and bodies on the basis of the principle of proportional inclusion.
… (Art. 38)

Nepal, Nepali

-$_ /fHosf ;a} lgsfodf dlxnfnfO{ ;dfg'kflts ;dfj]zL l;4fGtsf] cfwf/df ;xefuL x'g] xs x'g]5 .
=== -wf/f #*_

Subnational levels

Nepal, English

(1) There shall be a Village Assembly in each Village Council.
(2) The Village Assembly referred to in clause (1) shall comprise a village executive Head, a Deputy Head and four members elected from every Ward of the Village council and member of the village executive elected from the Dalit or minority community pursuant to clause (4) of Article 215.
(3) The Village Assembly to be constituted pursuant to Clause (1) shall have the representation of at least two women from every Ward of the Village Council.
… (Art. 222)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ k|To]s ufpFkflnsfdf Ps ufpF ;ef /xg]5 .
-@_ pkwf/f -!_ adf]lhdsf] ufpF ;efdf ufpF sfo{kflnsf cWoIf / pkfWoIf, j8f cWoIf / k|To]s j8faf6 lgjf{lrt rf/hgf ;b:o / wf/f @!% sf] pkwf/f -$_ adf]lhd blnt jf cNk;+Vos ;d'bfoaf6 lgjf{lrt ufpF sfo{kflnsfsf ;b:o /xg]5g\ .
-#_ pkwf/f -!_ adf]lhd u7g x'g] ufpF ;efdf k|To]s j8faf6 sDtLdf b'O{hgf dlxnfsf] k|ltlglwTj x'g]5 . === -wf/f @@@_

Vice-President

Nepal, English

While conducting election of the President and Vice-President under this constitution, the election shall be held so as to represent different gender or communities. (Art. 70)

Nepal, Nepali

o; ;+ljwfg adf]lhd /fi6«klt / pk/fi6«kltsf] lgjf{rg km/s km/s ln+u jf ;d'bfosf] k|ltlglwTj x'g] u/L ug{' kg{]5 . -wf/f &)_

Political Parties

Nepal, English

(1) Persons who are committed to a common political ideology, philosophy and program shall, subject to the laws under section (b), clause (2) of the Article (17), be entitled to form and operate the political parties and to generate or cause to be generated publicity in order to secure public support and cooperation from the general public for their ideology, philosophy and program, and to carry out any other activities for that purpose.
(2) The political parties formed under clause (1) shall be required to register their names under the Election Commission in accordance with the procedure determined by law.
(3) While submitting application for registration pursuant to clause (2) above, the political parties shall be required to submit the documents relating to constitution of the party, annual auditing report and other documents as required by law.
(4) While applying for the registration of the parties pursuant to clause (2) above, the political parties shall have to meet the following conditions:-
(a) The constitution and rules of the political party should be democratic,
(b) There should be the provision, in the constitution of the political party, of the election of the office bearers in the federal and provincial levels, at least once in five years. Provided that in case election of the office bearers could not be held within five years due to situation arising out of special circumstance, there shall be no hindrance to make provision in the statute of a political party to hold such election within a period of six months.
(c) There should be the provision of proportional participation so as to reflect the diversity of Nepal, in the executive committees at various levels of the party.
(5) No political party shall be registered if its name, objective, symbol and flag is of a character that may disturb the country’s religious or communal unity or is divisive in character. (Art. 269)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ ;dfg /fhgLlts ljrf/wf/f, bz{g / sfo{qmddf k|lta4 JolQmx¿n] wf/f !& sf] pkwf/f -@_ sf] v08 -u_ cGtu{t ag]sf] sfg"gsf] cwLgdf /xL /fhgLlts bnu7g u/L ;~rfng ug{ / bnsf] ljrf/wf/f, bz{g / sfo{qmdk|lt hg;fwf/0fsf] ;dy{g / ;xof]u k|fKt ug{sfnflu To;sf] k|rf/ / k|;f/ug{, u/fpg jf ;f] k|of]hgsfnflu cGo cfjZos sfd ug{ ;Sg]5g\ .
-@_ pkwf/f -!_ adf]lhd u7g ePsf /fhgLlts bnn] sfg"g adf]lhdsf] sfo{ljlw k"/f u/L lgjf{rg cfof]udf bn btf{ u/fpg' kg{]5 .
-#_ pkwf/f -@_ adf]lhd bn btf{ u/fpg] k|of]hgsfnflu lgj]bg k]z ubf{ ;DalGwt /fhgLlts bnsf] ljwfg / 3f]if0ffkqsf cltl/Qm ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhdsf cGo sfuhft k]z ug'{ kg{]5 .
-$_ pkwf/f -@_ adf]lhd bn btf{sfnflu lgj]bg lb+bf /fhgLlts bnn] b]xfosf zt{ k"/f ug'{ kg{]5 M–
-s_ /fhgLlts bnsf] ljwfg / lgodfjnL nf]stflGqs x'g' k5{,
-v_ /fhgLlts bnsf] ljwfgdf sDtLdf kfFr jif{df Ps k6s ;f] bnsf ;+3Lo / k|b]z txsf k|To]s kbflwsf/Lsf lgjf{rg x'g] Joj:yf x'g' k5{, t/ ljz]if kl/l:ylt pTkGg eO{ kfFr jif{leqdf kbflwsf/Lsf] lgjf{rg ;DkGg x'g g;s]df, 5 dxLgfleq To:tf] lgjf{rg ug{ ;lsg] u/L /fhgLlts bnsf] ljwfgdf Joj:yf ug{ afwf kg{] 5}g .
-u_ bnsf] ljleGg txsf sfo{sfl/0fL ;ldltdf g]kfnsf] ljljwtfnfO{ k|ltlalDat ug]{ u/L ;dfj]zL k|ltlglwTjsf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] x'g' k5{ .
-%_ s'g} /fhgLlts bnsf] gfd, p2]Zo, lrGx jf em08f b]zsf] wfld{s jf ;fDk|bflos Pstfdf vnn kfg{] jf b]znfO{ ljvl08t ug{] k|s[ltsf] /x]5 eg] To:tf] /fhgLlts bn btf{ x'g] 5}g . -wf/f @^(_