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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 142 results

Gender Equality Machineries

Nepal, English

(1) There shall be a National Women Commission in Nepal consisting of a Chairperson and four other members.

(6) Any person who possesses the following qualifications is eligible to be appointed as the Chairperson or member of National Women Commission:-
(a) a woman who has made a significant contribution for the rights, interest of women or gender justice or women development or in the field of human rights and law for at least ten years,
(b) holds a Bachelor's Degree from a recognized university in case of the Chairperson,
(c) has attained the age of forty-five,
(d) is not a member of any political party immediately before the appointment, and
(e) possesses high moral character,
… (Art. 252)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ g]kfndf Ps /fli6«o dlxnf cfof]u /xg]5 h;df cWoIf / cGo rf/hgf ;b:o /xg]5g\ .
===
-^_ b]xfosf] of]Uotf ePsf] JolQm /fli6«o dlxnf cfof]usf] cWoIf / ;b:osf] kbdf lgo'lQmsfnflu of]Uo x'g]5M–
-s_ sDtLdf bz jif{ dlxnfsf] xs, lxt jf n}+lus Gofo jf dlxnf ljsf; jf dfgj clwsf/ / sfg"gsf] If]qdf dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf] dlxnf,
-v_ cWoIfsf] xsdf dfGotfk|fKt ljZjljBfnoaf6 :gfts pkflw xfl;n u/]sf],
-u_ k}+tfln; jif{ pd]/ k"/f u/]sf],
-3_ lgo'lQm x'Fbfsf] avt s'g} /fhgLlts bnsf] ;b:o g/x]sf], /
-ª_ pRr g}lts rl/q ePsf] .
=== -wf/f @%@_

Gender Equality Machineries

Nepal, English

(1) Functions, duties and powers of the Federal Women Commission shall be as follows:-
(a) To formulate policies and programs regarding women welfare for the Government of Nepal and forward them to the Government for implementation,
(b) To review whether or not statutes related to women’s welfare are executed, and whether the international covenant signed by Nepal, as a signatory, has been executed, and to forward a recommendation to the Government of Nepal in case they are found not to have been executed,
(c) To monitor, review and evaluate policies and programs implemented by the State to bring women into the mainstream of national development such as proportionate representation in all of the state agencies, and to forward a recommendation to the Government of Nepal for an effective implementation of those provisions, (d) To carry out research and studies regarding gender equality, women empowerment, other legal provisions concerning women, and to forward a recommendation to the concerned bodies regarding the areas to be amended in those laws, and to monitor the same,
(e) To monitor the government regarding report to be submitted by the Government of Nepal in matters related to international covenant and treaties to which Nepal is a party,
(f) To forward a recommendation to concerned authority to lodge a petition in the court, in accordance with the law, in matters related with gender violence, and women deprived of women rights due to social malpractices, (2) The National Women Commission may delegate, some of its rights to the Chairperson of the Commission, member, or an officer of the Government of Nepal, to be exercised in compliance with the conditions specified. (3) Other functions, duties and powers of the National Women Commission shall be as specified in Federal law. (Art. 253)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ /fli6«o dlxnf cfof]usf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfo adf]lhd x'g]5M–
-s_ dlxnfsf] xs lxt;Fu ;/f]sf/ /fVg] gLlt tyf sfo{qmdsf] th'{df u/L sfof{Gjogsfnflu g]kfn ;/sf/ ;dIf k]z ug]{,
-v_ dlxnfsf] xs lxt;Fu ;DalGwt sfg"g jf g]kfn kIf ePsf] cGt/f{li6«o ;lGw jf ;Demf}tf cGtu{tsf] bfloTj sfof{Gjog eP jf gePsf] ljifodf cg'udg u/L To;sf] k|efjsf/L kfng jf sfof{Gjogsf] pkfo ;lxt g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ ;'emfj lbg],
-u_ dlxnfnfO{ /fli6«o ljsf;sf] d"n k|jfxdf ;dflxt ug{ tyf /fHosf ;a} lgsfodf ;dfg'kflts ;xeflutf ;'lglZrt ug{ df}h"bf gLlt tyf sfo{qmdsf] ;dLIff, cg'udg tyf d"Nof+sg ug]{ / To;sf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjogsfnflu g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ l;kmfl/; ug]{,
-3_ n}+lus ;dfgtf, dlxnf ;zQmLs/0f tyf dlxnf;Fu ;DalGwt sfg"gL Joj:yfsf] cWoog, cg';Gwfg u/L To:tf sfg"gdf ug'{kg]{ ;'wf/sf ;DaGwdf ;DalGwt lgsfonfO{ l;kmfl/; ug]{ / ;f]sf] cg'udg ug]{,
-ª_ dlxnf clwsf/;Fu ;DalGwt g]kfn kIf ePsf] cGt/f{li6«o ;lGw jf ;Demf}tfdf ePsf] Joj:yf adf]lhd g]kfnn] k7fpg' kg]{ k|ltj]bg tof/Lsf ;DaGwdf g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ ;'emfj lbg],
-r_ dlxnf lx+;f jf ;fdflhs s'/Lltaf6 kLl8t ePsf] jf dlxnf clwsf/ k|of]u ug{ glbPsf] jf jl~rt u/]sf] ljifodf s'g} JolQm jf ;+:yf lj?4 d'2f bfo/ ug'{kg]{ cfjZostf b]lvPdf sfg"g adf]lhd cbfntdf d'2f bfo/ ug{ ;DalGwt lgsfo ;dIf l;kmfl/; ug]{ .
-@_ /fli6«o dlxnf cfof]un] cfˆgf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ dWo] s'g} sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ cfof]usf] cWoIf, s'g} ;b:o jf g]kfn ;/sf/sf] s'g} sd{rf/LnfO{ tf]lsPsf] zt{sf] cwLgdf /xL k|of]u tyf kfng ug{] u/L k|Tofof]hg ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-#_ /fli6«o dlxnf cfof]usf] cGo sfd, st{Jo, clwsf/ tyf tt\;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd x'g]5 . -wf/f @%#_

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Nepal, English

(1) Socially backward women, Dalits, Adibasi, Janajati, Adibasi Janajati, Madhesi, Tharu, minority groups, persons with disability, marginalized groups, Muslim, backward classes, gender and sexually minority groups, youths, peasants, laborers, the oppressed and the citizens of backward regions, and economically poor Khas Arya shall have the right to employment in state structures on the basis of the principle of inclusion.
… (Art. 42)

Nepal, Nepali

-!_ ;fdflhs ¿kn] k5fl8 k/]sf dlxnf, blnt, cflbjf;L, cflbjf;L hghflt, dw]zL, yf¿, cNk;+Vos, ckf+utf ePsf JolQm, ;LdfGtLs[t, d'l:nd, lk58f ju{, n}+lus tyf of}lgs cNk;+Vos, o'jf, ls;fg, >lds, pTkLl8t jf lk5l8Psf] If]qsf gful/s tyf cfly{s¿kn] ljkGg v; cfo{nfO{ ;dfj]zL l;4fGtsf cfwf/df /fHosf] lgsfodf ;xeflutfsf] xs x'g]5 .
=== -wf/f $@_

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Nepal, English

(3) The state shall not discriminate among citizens on grounds of origin, religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, economic condition, language or geographical region, ideology and such other matters.
Provided that nothing shall be deemed to bar the making of special provisions by law for the protection, empowerment or advancement of the women lagging behind socially and culturally, Dalits, Adibasi, Madhesi, Tharus, Muslims, oppressed class, backward communities, minorities, marginalized groups, peasants, laborers, youths, children, senior citizens, sexual minorities, persons with disability, pregnant, incapacitated and the helpless persons, and of the citizens who belong to backward regions and financially deprived citizens including the Khas Arya.
… (Art. 18)

Nepal, Nepali

-#_ /fHon] gful/sx¿sf aLr pTklQ, wd{, j0f{, hft, hflt, ln+u, cfly{s cj:yf, efiff, If]q, j}rfl/s cf:yf jf o:t} cGo s'g} cfwf/df e]befj ug]{ 5}g .
t/ ;fdflhs jf ;f+:s[lts b[li6n] lk5l8Psf dlxnf, blnt, cflbjf;L, cflbjf;L hghflt, dw]zL, yf¿, d'l:nd, pTkLl8t ju{, lk58f ju{, cNk;+Vos, ;LdfGtLs[t, ls;fg, >lds, o'jf, afnaflnsf, Ho]i7 gful/s, n}+lus tyf of}lgs cNk;+Vos, ckf+utf ePsf JolQm, uef{j:yfsf JolQm, czQm jf c;xfo, lk5l8Psf] If]q / cfly{s ¿kn] ljkGg v; cfo{ nufot gful/ssf] ;+/If0f, ;zQmLs/0f jf ljsf;sfnflu sfg"g adf]lhd ljz]if Joj:yf ug{ /f]s nufPsf] dflgg] 5}g .
=== -wf/f !*_

Public Institutions and Services

Nepal, English

(5) The families of martyrs who sacrificed their lives in the people’s movements, armed conflicts and revolutions for a democratic progressive change in Nepal, the families of those who were disappeared, persons who fought for democracy, victims of conflict and the displaced, persons who were physically maimed, the wounded and the victims, shall have the right with priority, as provided for by law, to education, health, employment, housing and social security, with justice and appropriate respect. (Art. 42)

Nepal, Nepali

-%_ g]kfndf cu|ufdL nf]stflGqs kl/jt{gsf]nflu ePsf ;a} hg cfGbf]ng, ;z:q ;+3if{ / qmflGtsf qmddf hLjg pT;u{ ug]{ zxLbsf kl/jf/, a]kQf kfl/Psf JolQmsf kl/jf/, nf]stGqsf of]4f, åGåkLl8t / lj:yflkt, ckf+utf ePsf JolQm, 3fOt] tyf kLl8tnfO{ Gofo Pj+ plrt ;Ddfg ;lxt lzIff, :jf:Yo, /f]huf/L, cfjf; / ;fdflhs ;'/Iffdf sfg"g adf]lhd k|fyldstfsf ;fy cj;/ kfpg] xs x'g]5 .
-wf/f $@_

Public Institutions and Services

Nepal, English

The State shall pursue the following policies:

(b) Policies regarding political and governance system:

(4) Guaranteeing good governance by ensuring equal and easy access of people to services provided by the State and making public administration clean, competent, impartial, transparent, accountable and participatory.

(f) Development policy:

(6) Prioritizing poor citizens in the distribution of the fruits of development, and making necessary arrangements for the general public to have a fair share of it.

(h) Policies regarding the basic needs of citizens:

(6) Ensuring easily available and equal access to high quality health care for all.

(13) Making a well-planned supply system by ensuring equal access of citizens to the basic needs and services, and prioritizing the remote areas and regions that were made to lag behind.
(14) Increasing investment in the transportation sector by ensuring simple, easy and equal access of all citizens to transportation facilities, and prioritizing environment friendly technology, encouraging public transportation and quality private transportation, while also making the transportation sector safe, well managed and disabled friendly.

(j) Policies regarding social justice and inclusion:

(2) Making women self reliant who are vulnerable, victims of conflict, excluded by family and the society, by making necessary arrangements of rehabilitation, protection and empowerment for them.

(6) Rehabilitation of kamaiya (bonded laborers), kamlari, haruwa, charuwa, haliya, the landless and the squatters by identifying them, and making arrangements of housing, or providing small plot of land or house, employment, or arable land for their livelihoods.

(12) Giving priority to the very poor within all communities, regions, and gender, while providing social security and social justice.
(13) Making a well planned investment in sports and sports men and women in order to produce healthy, able and disciplined citizens and developing sports as a medium of consolidating national unity and promoting national prestige in the international arena.
… (Art. 51)

Nepal, Nepali

/fHon] b]xfosf gLltx¿ cjnDag ug]{5 M–
===
-v_ /fhgLlts tyf zf;g Joj:yf ;DaGwL gLltM
===
-$_ ;fj{hlgs k|zf;gnfO{ :jR5, ;Ifd, lgikIf, kf/bzL{, e|i6frf/d'Qm, hgpQ/bfoL / ;xeflutfd"ns agfpFb} /fHoaf6 k|fKt x'g] ;]jf ;'ljwfdf hgtfsf] ;dfg / ;xh kx'Fr ;'lglZrt u/L ;'zf;gsf] k|Tofe"lt ug]{,
===
-r_ ljsf; ;DaGwL gLltM
===
-^_ ljsf;sf] k|ltkmn ljt/0fdf ljkGg gful/snfO{ k|fyldstf lb+b} cfd hgtfn] Gofof]lrt ¿kdf kfpg] Joj:yf ug]{],
===
-h_ gful/ssf cfwf/e"t cfjZostf ;DaGwL gLltM
===
-^_ u'0f:t/Lo :jf:Yo ;]jfdf ;a}sf] ;xh, ;'ne / ;dfg kxF'r ;'lglZrt ug{]{,
===
-!#_ cfwf/e"t j:t' tyf ;]jfdf ;a} gful/sx¿sf] ;dfg kxF'r ;'lglZrt ub}{ b'u{d / k5fl8 kfl/Psf] If]qnfO{ ljz]if k|fyldstf lbO{ of]hgfa4 cfk"lt{sf] Joj:yf ug]{,
-!$_ oftfoft ;'ljwfdf gful/sx¿sf] ;/n, ;xh / ;dfg kxF'r ;'lglZrt ub}{ oftfoft If]qdf nufgL clej[l4 ug]{ / jftfj/0f cg's"n k|ljlwnfO{ k|fyldstf lb+b} ;fj{hlgs oftfoftnfO{ k|f]T;fxg / lghL oftfoftnfO{ lgodg u/L oftfoft If]qnfO{ ;'/lIft, Jojl:yt / ckf+utf ePsf JolQm cg's"n agfpg],
===
-`_ ;fdflhs Gofo / ;dfj]zLs/0f ;DaGwL gLltM
===
-@_ hf]lvddf k/]sf, ;fdflhs / kfl/jfl/s alxis/0fdf k/]sf tyf lx+;f kLl8t dlxnfnfO{ k'gM:yfkgf, ;+/If0f, ;zQmLs/0f u/L :jfjnDaL agfpg],
===
-^_ d'Qm sd}of, sDxn/L, x/jf, r/jf, xlnof, e"ldxLg, ;'s'Daf;Lx¿sf] klxrfg u/L a;f]af;sfnflu 3/ 38]/L tyf hLljsf]kfh{gsfnflu s[lifof]Uo hdLg jf /f]huf/Lsf] Joj:yf ub}{ k'gM:yfkgf ug]{,
===
-!@_ ;fdflhs ;'/Iff / ;fdflhs Gofo k|bfg ubf{ ;a} ln+u, If]q / ;d'bfo leqsf cfly{s ¿kn] ljkGgnfO{ k|fyldstf k|bfg ug]{,
-!#_ :j:y, ;Ifd / cg'zfl;t gful/s tof/ ug{ v]ns"b tyf v]nf8Ldf of]hgfa4 nufgL ug]{ / v]ns"bnfO{ /fli6«o Pstf ;'b[9 ug]{ Pj+ cGt/f{li6«o If]qdf /fli6«o ;Ddfg clej[l4 ug{]{ dfWodsf] ¿kdf ljsf; ug]{, === -wf/f %!_

Public Institutions and Services

Nepal, English

Economically poor, physically incapacitated and helpless person, helpless single women, persons with physical impairment, children, persons who cannot look after themselves and the citizens who belong to communities that are on the verge of extinction, shall have the right to social security as provided for by law. (Art. 43)

Nepal, Nepali

cfly{s ¿kn] ljkGg, czQm / c;xfo cj:yfdf /x]sf, c;xfo Psn dlxnf, ckf+utf ePsf, afnaflnsf, cfk\mgf] x]/rfx cfkm}+ ug{ g;Sg] tyf nf]kf]Gd'v hfltsf gful/snfO{ sfg"g adf]lhd ;fdflhs ;'/Iffsf] xs x'g]5 . -wf/f $#_

Public Institutions and Services

Nepal, English

(3) It shall be the economic objective of the State to make the national economy self-reliant, independent, and developing it towards socialism oriented economy with equitable distribution of resources and means, by ending all forms of economic exploitation and inequality, with maximum utilization of available resources and means through the participation of cooperatives, and public and private sector for sustainable development, and to build an exploitation-free society by fair distribution of the achievements made so far.
… (Art. 50)

Nepal, Nepali

-#_ ;fj{hlgs, lghL / ;xsf/L If]qsf] ;xeflutf tyf ljsf; dfkm{t pknAw ;fwg / ;|f]tsf] clwstd kl/rfngåf/f tLj| cfly{s j[l4 xfl;n ub{} lbuf] cfly{s ljsf; ug]{ tyf k|fKt pknlAwx¿sf] Gofof]lrt ljt/0f u/L cfly{s c;dfgtfsf] cGTo ub}{ zf]if0f /lxt ;dfhsf] lgdf{0f ug{ /fli6«o cy{tGqnfO{ cfTdlge{/, :jtGq tyf pGgltzLn agfpFb} ;dfhjfb pGd'v :jtGq / ;d[4 cy{tGqsf] ljsf; ug]{ /fHosf] cfly{s p2]Zo x'g]5 .
=== -wf/f %)_

Religious Law

Nepal, English

(3) There shall not be any physical, mental, sexual or psychological or any other kind of violence against women, or any kind of oppression based on religious, social and cultural tradition, and other practices. Such an act shall be punishable by law and the victim shall have the right to be compensation as provided for in law.
… (Art. 38)

Nepal, Nepali

-#_ dlxnf lj?å wfld{s, ;fdflhs, ;f+:s[lts k/Dk/f, k|rng jfcGo s'g} cfwf/df zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s, of}ghGo, dgf]j}1flgs jf cGos'g} lsl;dsf] lx+;fhGo sfo{ jf zf]if0f ul/g] 5}g . To:tf] sfo{ sfg"g adf]lhd b08gLo x'g]5 / kLl8tnfO{ sfg"g adf]lhd Ifltk"lt{ kfpg] xs x'g]5 .
=== -wf/f #*_

Customary Law

Nepal, English

(6) No child shall be subjected to recruitment or any kind of use in the army, police or armed groups, neglected, or used immorally, or abused physically, mentally, or sexually, or exploited through any other means, in the name of religious or cultural practices.
… (Art. 39)

Nepal, Nepali

-^_ s'g} klg afnaflnsfnfO{ ;]gf, k|x/L jf ;z:q ;d"xdf egf{ jf k|of]u ug{ jf ;f+:s[lts jf wfld{s k|rngsf gfddf s'g} klg dfWod jf k|sf/n] b'Jo{jxf/, pk]Iff jf zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s, of}ghGo jf cGo s'g} k|sf/sf] zf]if0f ug{ jf cg'lrt k|of]u ug{ kfOg] 5}g .
=== -wf/f #(_