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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

About 77 results

Citizenship and Nationality

Spain, English

(1) Spanish nationality shall be acquired, retained and lost in accordance with the provisions of the law.
(2) No person of Spanish birth may be deprived of his or her nationality.
(3) The State may negotiate dual nationality treaties with Latin-American countries or with those which have had or which have special links with Spain. In these countries Spaniards may become naturalized without losing their nationality of origin, even if those countries do not grant a reciprocal right to their own citizens. (Sec. 11)

Spain, Spanish

1. La nacionalidad española se adquiere, se conserva y se pierde de acuerdo con lo establecido por la ley.
2. Ningún español de origen podrá ser privado de su nacionalidad.
3. El Estado podrá concertar tratados de doble nacionalidad con los países iberoamericanos o con aquellos que hayan tenido o tengan una particular vinculación con España. En estos mismos países, aun cuando no reconozcan a sus ciudadanos un derecho recíproco, podrán naturalizarse los españoles sin perder su nacionalidad de origen. (Art. 11)

Citizenship and Nationality

Spain, English

1. The State shall have exclusive competence over the following matters:

2) Nationality,
… (Sec. 149)

Spain, Spanish

1. El Estado tiene competencia exclusiva sobre las siguientes materias:

2ª. Nacionalidad,
… (Art. 149)

Public Institutions and Services

Spain, English

(1) The public authorities ensure social, economic and legal protection of the family.
… (Sec. 39)

Spain, Spanish

1. Los poderes públicos aseguran la protección social, económica y jurídica de la familia.
… (Art. 39)

Public Institutions and Services

Spain, English


(2) Public expenditure shall make an equitable allocation of public resources, and its programming and execution shall comply with criteria of efficiency and economy.
… (Sec. 31)

Spain, Spanish


2. El gasto público realizará una asignación equitativa de los recursos públicos y su programación y ejecución responderán a los criterios de eficiencia y economía.
… (Art. 31)

Public Institutions and Services

Spain, English

(1) The public authorities shall promote favourable conditions for social and economic progress and for a more equitable distribution of regional and personal income within the framework of a policy of economic stability. They shall in particular carry out a policy aimed at full employment.
… (Sec. 40)

Spain, Spanish

1. Los poderes públicos promoverán las condiciones favorables para el progreso social y económico y para una distribución de la renta regional y personal más equitativa, en el marco de una política de estabilidad económica. De manera especial realizarán una política orientada al pleno empleo.
… (Art. 40)

Public Institutions and Services

Spain, English

The public authorities shall maintain a public Social Security system for all citizens guaranteeing adequate social assistance and benefits in situations of hardship, especially in cases of unemployment. Supplementary assistance and benefits shall be optional. (Sec. 41)

Spain, Spanish

Los poderes públicos mantendrán un régimen público de Seguridad Social para todos los ciudadanos, que garantice la asistencia y prestaciones sociales suficientes ante situaciones de necesidad, especialmente en caso de desempleo. La asistencia y prestaciones complementarias serán libres. (Art. 41)

Public Institutions and Services

Spain, English

The public authorities shall guarantee, through adequate and periodically updated pensions, sufficient financial means for citizens in old age. Likewise, and without prejudice to the obligations of the families, they shall promote their welfare through a system of social services which provides for their specific problems of health, housing, culture and leisure. (Sec. 50)

Spain, Spanish

Los poderes públicos garantizarán, mediante pensiones adecuadas y periódicamente actualizadas, la suficiencia económica a los ciudadanos durante la tercera edad. Asimismo, y con independencia de las obligaciones familiares, promoverán su bienestar mediante un sistema de servicios sociales que atenderán sus problemas específicos de salud, vivienda, cultura y ocio. (Art. 50)

Public Institutions and Services

Spain, English

(1) The entire wealth of the country in its different forms, irrespective of ownership, shall be subordinated to the general interest.
… (Sec. 128)

Spain, Spanish

1. Toda la riqueza del país en sus distintas formas y sea cual fuere su titularidad está subordinada al interés general.
… (Art. 128)

Public Institutions and Services

Spain, English

1. The law shall establish the forms of participation in Social Security and in the activities of those public bodies whose operation directly affects the quality of life or the general welfare.
… (Sec. 129)

Spain, Spanish

1. La ley establecerá las formas de participación de los interesados en la Seguridad Social y en la actividad de los organismos públicos cuya función afecte directamente a la calidad de la vida o al bienestar general.
… (Art. 129)

Public Institutions and Services

Spain, English

(1) The State shall be empowered to plan general economic activity by an act in order to meet collective needs, to balance and harmonize regional and sectorial development and to stimulate the growth of income and wealth and their more equitable distribution.
… (Sec. 131)

Spain, Spanish

1. El Estado, mediante ley, podrá planificar la actividad económica general para atender a las necesidades colectivas, equilibrar y armonizar el desarrollo regional y sectorial y estimular el crecimiento de la renta y de la riqueza y su más justa distribución.
… (Art. 131)