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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 106 results

Marriage and Family Life

Eswatini, English


(5) The State shall make reasonable provision for the welfare and maintenance of the aged and shall protect the family and recognise the significant role of the family in society.
… (Sec. 60)

Women’s Rights

Eswatini, English

(1) Women have the right to equal treatment with men and that right shall include equal opportunities in political, economic and social activities.
(2) Subject to the availability of resources, the Government shall provide facilities and opportunities necessary to enhance the welfare of women to enable them to realise their full potential and advancement.
(3) A woman shall not be compelled to undergo or uphold any custom to which she is in conscience opposed. (Sec. 28)

Marriage and Family Life

Eswatini, English


(3) The child has the right to be properly cared for and brought up by parents or other lawful authority in place of parents.
(4) Children whether born in or out of wedlock shall enjoy the same protection and rights.
(5) Children have the duty to respect their parents at all times and to maintain those parents in case of need.

(7) Parliament shall enact laws necessary to ensure that ¬
(a) a child has the right to the same measure of special care, assistance and maintenance as is necessary for its development from its natural parents, except where those parents have effectively surrendered their rights and responsibilities in respect of the child in accordance with law;
(b) a child is entitled to reasonable provision out of the estate of its parents;
(c) parents undertake their natural right and obligation of care, maintenance and proper upbringing of their children;
… (Sec. 29)

Marriage and Family Life

Eswatini, English

(1) A surviving spouse is entitled to a reasonable provision out of the estate of the other spouse whether the other spouse died having made a valid will or not and whether the spouses were married by civil or customary rites.
(2) Parliament shall, as soon as practicable after the commencement of this Constitution, enact legislation regulating the property rights of spouses including common-law husband and wife. (Sec. 34)

Marriage and Family Life

Eswatini, English

For the avoidance of doubt, the (common law) status of illegitimacy of persons born out of wedlock is abolished. (Sec. 31)

Marriage and Family Life

Eswatini, English

(1) The fundamental human rights and freedoms of the individual enshrined in this Chapter9 are hereby declared and guaranteed, namely –

(f) respect for rights of the family, women, children, workers and persons with disabilities.
… (Sec. 14)

Marriage and Family Life

Eswatini, English

(1) Men and women of marriageable age have a right to marry and found a family.
(2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
(3) The family is the natural and fundamental unit of society and is entitled to protection by the State.
(4) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance by society and the State.
(5) Society and the State have the duty to preserve and sustain the harmonious development, cohesion and respect for the family and family values.
(6) Subject to the availability of resources, the Government shall provide facilities and opportunities necessary to enhance the welfare of the needy and the elderly.
(Sec. 27)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Eswatini, English


(2) Without derogating from the generality of the foregoing subsection, the women of Eswatini and other marginalized groups have a right to equitable representation in Parliament and other public structures. (Sec. 84)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Eswatini, English

(1) Women have the right to equal treatment with men and that right shall include equal opportunities in political, economic and social activities.
(2) Subject to the availability of resources, the Government shall provide facilities and opportunities necessary to enhance the welfare of women to enable them to realise their full potential and advancement.
… (Sec. 28)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

Eswatini, English


(5) The State shall afford equality of economic opportunity to all citizens and, in particular, the State shall take all necessary steps so as to ensure the full integration of women into the mainstream of economic development.
… (Sec. 59)