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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

About 40 results

Jurisdiction and Access

Bhutan, English

9. The Supreme Court may, on its own motion or on an application made by the Attorney General or by a party to a case, withdraw any case pending before the High Court involving a substantial question of law of general importance relating to the interpretation of this Constitution and dispose off [sic] the case itself.

18. Every person has the right to approach the courts in matters arising out of the Constitution or other laws subject to section 23 of Article 7. (Art. 21)

Jurisdiction and Access

Bhutan, English

11. The Supreme Court shall be the guardian of this Constitution and the final authority on its interpretation.
… (Art. 1)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Bhutan, English

15. All persons are equal before the law and are entitled to equal and effective protection of the law and shall not be discriminated against on the grounds of race, sex, language, religion, politics or other status.
… (Art. 7)

Judicial Protection

Bhutan, English

23. All persons in Bhutan shall have the right to initiate appropriate proceedings in the Supreme Court or High Court for the enforcement of the rights conferred by this Article, subject to section 22 of this Article and procedures prescribed by law. (Art. 7)

Status of International Law

Bhutan, English

25. Except for existing International Conventions, Covenants, Treaties, Protocols and Agreements entered into by Bhutan, which shall continue in force subject to section 10 of Article 1, all International Conventions, Covenants, Treaties, Protocols and Agreements duly acceded to by the Government hereafter, shall be deemed to be the law of the Kingdom only upon ratification by Parliament unless it is inconsistent with this Constitution. (Art. 10)

Participation in Public Life and Institutions

Bhutan, English

8. A Bhutanese citizen shall have the right to equal access and opportunity to join the Public Service.
… (Art. 7)

Employment Rights and Protection

Bhutan, English

10. A Bhutanese citizen shall have the right to practice any lawful trade, profession or vocation.
11. A Bhutanese citizen shall have the right to equal pay for work of equal value.
… (Art. 7)

Employment Rights and Protection

Bhutan, English

11. The State shall endeavour to promote those circumstances that would enable the citizens to secure an adequate livelihood.
12. The State shall endeavour to ensure the right to work, vocational guidance and training and just and favourable conditions of work.
13. The State shall endeavour to ensure the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.
14. The State shall endeavour to ensure the right to fair and reasonable remuneration for one’s work.
… (Art. 9)

Education

Bhutan, English

15. The State shall endeavour to provide education for the purpose of improving and increasing knowledge, values and skills of the entire population with education being directed towards the full development of the human personality.
16. The State shall provide free education to all children of school going age up to tenth standard and ensure that technical and professional education is made generally available and that higher education is equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
… (Art. 9)

Marriage and Family Life

Bhutan, English

19. The State shall endeavour to promote those conditions that are conducive to co-operation in community life and the integrity of the extended family structure.
… (Art. 9)