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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 32 results

Citizenship and Nationality

Japan, English

The conditions necessary for being a Japanese national shall be determined by law. (Art. 10)

Japan, Japanese

日本国民たる要件は、法律でこれを定める。(第10条)

Jurisdiction and Access

Japan, English

The Supreme Court is the court of last resort with power to determine the constitutionality of any law, order, regulation or official act. (Art. 81)

Japan, Japanese

最高裁判所は、一切の法律、命令、規則又は処分が憲法に適合するかしないかを決定する権限を有する終審裁判所である。(第81条)

Education

Japan, English

(1) All people shall have the right to receive an equal education correspondent to their ability, as provided by law.
(2) All people shall be obligated to have all boys and girls under their protection receive ordinary education as provided for by law. Such compulsory education shall be free. (Art. 26)

Japan, Japanese

1 すべて国民は、法律の定めるところにより、その能力に応じて、ひとしく教育を受ける権利を有する。
2 すべて国民は、法律の定めるところにより、その保護する子女に普通教育を受けさせる義務を負ふ。義務教育は、これを無償とする。(第26条)

Employment Rights and Protection

Japan, English

(1) Every person shall have freedom to choose and change his residence and to choose his occupation to the extent that it does not interfere with the public welfare.
… (Art. 22)

Japan, Japanese

1 何人も、公共の福祉に反しない限り、居住、移転及び職業選択の自由を有する。
… (第22条)

Employment Rights and Protection

Japan, English

(1) All people shall have the right and the obligation to work.
(2) Standards for wages, hours, rest and other working conditions shall be fixed by law.
(3) Children shall not be exploited. (Art. 27)

Japan, Japanese

1 すべて国民は、勤労の権利を有し、義務を負ふ。
2 賃金、就業時間、休息その他の勤労条件に関する基準は、法律でこれを定める。
3 児童は、これを酷使してはならない。(第27条)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Japan, English

(1) All of the people are equal under the law and there shall be no discrimination in political, economic or social relations because of race, creed, sex, social status or family origin.
… (Art. 14)

Japan, Japanese

1 すべて国民は、法の下に平等であつて、人種、信条、性別、社会的身分又は門地により、政治的、経済的又は社会的関係において、差別されない。
… (第14条)

Obligations of Private Parties

Japan, English

The freedoms and rights guaranteed to the people by this Constitution shall be maintained by the constant endeavor of the people, who shall refrain from any abuse of these freedoms and rights and shall always be responsible for utilizing them for the public welfare. (Art. 12)

Japan, Japanese

この憲法が国民に保障する自由及び権利は、国民の不断の努力によつて、これを保持しなければならない。又、国民は、これを濫用してはならないのであつて、常に公共の福祉のためにこれを利用する責任を負ふ。 (第12条)

Obligations of the State

Japan, English

The people shall not be prevented from enjoying any of the fundamental human rights. These fundamental human rights guaranteed to the people by this Constitution shall be conferred upon the people of this and future generations as eternal and inviolate rights. (Art. 11)

Japan, Japanese

国民は、すべての基本的人権の享有を妨げられない。この憲法が国民に保障する基本的人権は、侵すことのできない永久の権利として、現在及び将来の国民に与へられる。(第11条)

Obligations of the State

Japan, English

All of the people shall be respected as individuals. Their right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness shall, to the extent that it does not interfere with the public welfare, be the supreme consideration in legislation and in other governmental affairs. (Art. 13)

Japan, Japanese

すべて国民は、個人として尊重される。生命、自由及び幸福追求に対する国民の権利については、公共の福祉に反しない限り、立法その他の国政の上で、最大の尊重を必要とする。(第13条)

Obligations of the State

Japan, English

The fundamental human rights by this Constitution guaranteed to the people of Japan are fruits of the age-old struggle of man to be free; they have survived the many exacting tests for durability and are conferred upon this and future generations in trust, to be held for all time inviolate. (Art. 97)

Japan, Japanese

この憲法が日本国民に保障する基本的人権は、人類の多年にわたる自由獲得の努力の成果であつて、これらの権利は、過去幾多の試錬に堪へ、現在及び将来の国民に対し、侵すことのできない永久の権利として信託されたものである。(第97条)