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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 43 results

Citizenship and Nationality

Eritrea, English

1. Any person born of an Eritrean father or mother is an Eritrean by birth.
2. Any foreign citizen may acquire Eritrean citizenship pursuant to law.
3. The details concerning citizenship shall be regulated by law. (Art. 3)

Jurisdiction and Access

Eritrea, English

1. The Supreme Court shall be the court of last resort; and shall be presided over by the Chief Justice.
2. The Supreme Court shall have:
a. sole jurisdiction of interpreting this Constitution and the constitutionality of any law enacted or any action taken by government;
b. sole jurisdiction of hearing and adjudicating upon charges against a President who has been impeached by the National Assembly pursuant to the provisions of Article 41(6)(a) and (b) hereof; and
c. the power of hearing and adjudicating cases appealed from lower courts pursuant to law.
… (Art. 49)

Employment Rights and Protection

Eritrea, English


7. Every citizen shall have the right to practice any lawful profession, or engage in any occupation or trade.
… (Art. 19)

Employment Rights and Protection

Eritrea, English


3. Every citizen shall have the right to participate freely in any economic activity and to engage in any lawful business.

5. The National Assembly shall enact laws guaranteeing and securing the social welfare of citizens, the rights and conditions of labor and other rights and responsibilities listed in this Article. (Art. 21)

Judicial Protection

Eritrea, English


2. Any aggrieved person who claims that a fundamental right or freedom guaranteed by this Constitution has been denied or violated shall be entitled to petition a competent court for redress. Where it ascertains that such fundamental right or freedom has been denied or violated, the court shall have the power to make all such orders as shall be necessary to secure for such petitioner the enjoyment of such fundamental right or freedom, and where such applicant suffers damage, to include an award of monetary compensation. (Art. 28)

Obligations of Private Parties

Eritrea, English


5. This Constitution shall serve as a basis for instilling constitutional culture and for enlightening citizens to respect fundamental human rights and duties. (Art. 2)

Obligations of Private Parties

Eritrea, English

All citizens shall have the duty to:

6. respect the rights of others;
… (Art. 25)

Obligations of the State

Eritrea, English

We, the people of Eritrea, …
Convinced that the establishment of a democratic order, through the participation of and in response to the needs and interests of citizens, which guarantees the recognition and protection of the rights of citizens, human dignity, equality, balanced development and the satisfaction of the material and spiritual needs of citizens, is the foundation of economic growth, social harmony and progress;
… (Preamble)

Obligations of the State

Eritrea, English


2. This Constitution enunciates the principles on which the State is based and by which it shall be guided and determines the organization and operation of government. It is the source of government legitimacy and the basis for the protection of the rights, freedoms and dignity of citizens and of just administration. …
5. This Constitution shall serve as a basis for instilling constitutional culture and for enlightening citizens to respect fundamental human rights and duties. (Art. 2)

Obligations of the State

Eritrea, English


2. Any act that violates the human rights of women or limits or otherwise thwarts their role and participation is prohibited.
… (Art. 7)