Constitution of Nepal 2006, as amended to 2015


Legislature

There shall be a Legislature, called Federal Parliament, consisting of two Houses, namely the House of Representatives and the National Assembly. (Art. 83)

Legislature

(1) The House of Representatives shall consist of two hundred and seventy five members as follows:-
(a) One hundred and sixty five members elected through the first-past-the-post electoral system consisting of one member from each of the one hundred and sixty five electoral constituencies formed by dividing Nepal into 165 constituencies based on geography, and population.
(b) One hundred and ten members elected from proportional representation electoral system where voters vote for parties, while treating the whole country as a single electoral constituency. (2) Provision shall be made according to Federal law for the representation of political parties to file candidacy for the election of the House of Representatives for proportional representation system through closed list of women, Dalit, Adibasi Janajati, Khas Arya, Madhesi, Tharu, Muslim, and backward regions. Balance in geography and province shall be considered for such candidacy.
Explanation: For the purpose of this provision, Khas Arya means Chhetri, Brahmin, Thakuri and Sannyasi (Dasnami) community.
(3) While filing candidacy by political parties pursuant to clause (2), provision of representation of persons with disability shall also be made.
(4) The election for the members of House of Representatives pursuant to clause (1) shall be held through secret ballots as provided in the law.

(6) Subject to law, any Nepali citizen, who is entitled to vote in election for House of Representatives, and who meets the requirements under Article 87, shall be allowed to file candidacy from any constituency.
(7) In case of vacancy of a seat of a member in House of Representatives, while still ahead of six months of its terms, such vacancy shall be filled through process by which said member had been elected.
(8) Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this Article, women should account for at least one third of total members elected from each party in Federal Parliament. In case, one-third percentage of women are not elected while being elected under section (a) of clause (1), and section (a), clause (2) of Article 84, the party that fails to ensure one-third representation shall have to elect at least one-third of total numbers as woman in the Federal Parliament while electing members under section (b) of clause (1).
(9) Election of House of Representatives and other matters thereto shall be pursuant to Federal laws. (Art. 84)

Legislature

(1) National Assembly shall be a permanent house.
(2) There shall be fifty-nine members in the National Assembly as follows:-
(a) Fifty six members elected from an Electoral College comprising members of Provincial Assembly and chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of Village councils and Mayors and Deputy Mayors of Municipal councils, with different weights of votes for each, with eight members from each province, including at least three women, one Dalit, one person with disability or minority;
(b) Three members, including at least one woman, to be nominated by the President on the recommendation of Government of Nepal.
… (Art. 86)

Legislature

(1) Persons who meet the following requirement shall be considered eligible to be the member of Federal Parliament:-
(a) citizen of Nepal,
(b) who has attained twenty five years of age for the House of Representatives and thirty five years of age for the National Assembly;
(c) who has not been punished for any criminal offence involving moral turpitude
(d) not ineligible under any law,
(e) not holding an office of profit.
… (Art. 87)

Legislature

(1) The House of Representatives shall, within fifteen days of commencement of first meeting, elect a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker from among its members.
(2) While electing Speaker and Deputy Speaker as per clause (1), either Speaker or Deputy Speaker shall be a woman and belong to different parties.… (Art. 91)

Legislature

(1) After the commencement of its first session, the National Assembly shall, within fifteen days of commencement of first meeting, elect a Chairperson and Vice chairperson from among its members.
(2) While electing as per clause (1), either Chairperson or Vice chairperson Chairman of the National Assembly shall be a woman.
… (Art. 92)

Legislature

k|ltlglw ;ef / /fli6«o ;ef gfdsf b'O{ ;bg ;lxtsf] Ps ;+3Lo Joj:yflksf x'g]5 h;nfO{ ;+3Lo ;+;b elgg]5 . -wf/f *#_

Legislature

-!_ k|ltlglw ;efdf b]xfo adf]lhdsf b'O{ ;o krxQ/ ;b:o /xg]5g\ M–
-s_ g]kfnnfO{ e"uf]n / hg;+Vofsf] cfwf/df Ps ;o k}+;¶L lgjf{rg If]q sfod u/L k|To]s lgjf{rg If]qaf6 Pshgf /xg] u/L klxnf] x'g] lgjf{lrt x'g] lgjf{rg k|0ffnL adf]lhd lgjf{lrt x'g] Ps ;o k}+;¶L ;b:o, -v_ ;Dk"0f{ b]znfO{ Ps lgjf{rg If]q dfgL /fhgLlts bnnfO{ dt lbg] ;dfg'kflts lgjf{rg k|0ffnL adf]lhd lgjf{lrt x'g] Ps ;o bz ;b:o .
-@_ ;dfg'kflts lgjf{rg k|0ffnL adf]lhd x'g] k|ltlglw ;efsf] lgjf{rgsfnflu /fhgLlts bnn] pDd]bjf/L lb+bf hg;+Vofsf] cfwf/df dlxnf, blnt, cflbjf;L hghflt, v; cfo{, dw];L, yf¿, d'l:nd, lk5l8Psf] If]q ;d]taf6 aGb ;"rLsf cfwf/df k|ltlglwTj u/fpg]
Joj:yf ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd x'g]5 . To;/L pDd]bjf/L lb+bf e"uf]n / k|fb]lzs ;Gt'ngnfO{ ;d]t Wofg lbg' kg{]5 .
:ki6Ls/0f M o; pkwf/fsf] k|of]hgsfnflu æv; cfo{Æ eGgfn] If]qL, a|fDx0f, 7s'/L, ;+Gof;L -bzgfdL_ ;d'bfo ;Demg' k5{ .
-#_ pkwf/f -@_ adf]lhd /fhgLlts bnn] pDd]bjf/L lb+bf ckf+utf ePsf] JolQmsf] ;d]t k|ltlglwTj x'g] Joj:yf ug{' kg{]5 .
-$_ pkwf/f -!_ adf]lhd x'g] k|ltlglw ;ef ;b:osf] lgjf{rg sfg"g adf]lhd uf]Ko dtbfgåf/f x'g]5 .
===
-^_ k|ltlglw ;efsf ;b:osfnflu x'g] lgjf{rgdf dtbfg ug{ clwsf/ kfPsf] wf/f *& adf]lhd of]Uotf k'u]sf] JolQm ;+3Lo sfg"gsf] cwLgdf /xL s'g} klg lgjf{rg If]qaf6 pDd]bjf/ x'g kfpg]5 . t/ Pp6} JolQm PseGbf a9L lgjf{rg If]qdf Ps} k6s pDd]bjf/ x'g kfpg] 5}g .
-&_ k|ltlglw ;efsf] sfo{sfn 5 dxLgfeGbf a9L cjlw afFsL 5Fb} s'g} ;b:osf] :yfg l/Qm ePdf To:tf] :yfg h'g lgjf{rg k|0ffnLaf6 k"lt{ ePsf] lyof] ;f]xL k|lqmofåf/f k"lt{ ul/g]5 .
-*_ o; efudf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg ;+3Lo ;+;bdf k|ltlglwTj ug]{ k|To]s /fhgLlts bnaf6 lgjf{lrt s'n ;b:o ;+Vofsf] sDtLdf Ps ltxfO ;b:o dlxnf x'g' kg]{5 . To;/L lgjf{lrt ubf{ pkwf/f -!_ sf] v08 -s_ / wf/f *^ sf] pkwf/f -@_ sf] v08 -s_ adf]lhd lgjf{lrt ;b:ox¿ dWo] s'g} /fhgLlts bnsf] Ps ltxfO ;b:o dlxnf lgjf{lrt x'g g;s]df To:tf] /fhgLlts bnn] pkwf/f -!_sf] v08 -v_ adf]lhd ;b:o lgjf{lrt ubf{ cfˆgf] bnaf6 ;+3Lo ;+;bdf lgjf{lrt x'g] s'n ;b:osf] sDtLdf Ps ltxfO dlxnf ;b:o x'g]u/L lgjf{lrt ug'{ kg]{5 .
-(_ k|ltlglw ;efsf] lgjf{rg / tT;DaGwL cGo ljifo ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd x'g]5 . -wf/f *$_

Legislature

-!_ /fli6«o ;ef Ps :yfoL ;bg x'g]5 .
-@_ /fli6«o ;efdf b]xfo adf]lhdsf pgfG;f7L ;b:o /xg]5g\ M–
-s_ k|b]z ;efsf ;b:o, ufpFkflnsfsf cWoIf / pkfWoIf tyf gu/kflnsfsf k|d'v / pkk|d'v /x]sf] lgjf{rs d08nåf/f ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd k|b]z ;efsf ;b:o, ufpFkflnsfsf cWoIf / pkfWoIf tyf gu/kflnsfsf k|d'v / pkk|d'vsf] dtsf] ef/ km/s x'g] u/L k|To]s k|b]zaf6 sDtLdf tLghgf dlxnf, Pshgf blnt / Pshgf ckf+utf ePsf JolQm jf cNk;+Vos ;lxt cf7 hgf u/L] lgjf{lrt 5kGg hgf,
-v_ g]kfn ;/sf/sf] l;kmfl/;df /fi6«kltaf6 dgf]gLt sDtLdf Ps hgf dlxnf ;lxt tLg hgf .
=== -wf/f *^_

Legislature

-!_ b]xfosf] of]Uotf ePsf] JolQm ;+3Lo ;+;bsf] ;b:o x'g of]Uo x'g]5 M–
-s_ g]kfnsf] gful/s,
-v_ k|ltlglw ;efsfnflu kRrL; jif{ / /fli6«o ;efsfnflu k}+tL; jif{ pd]/ k"/f ePsf],
-u_ g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L s;"/df ;hfo gkfPsf],
-3_ s'g} ;+3Lo sfg"gn] cof]Uo gePsf], /
-ª_ s'g} nfesf] kbdf axfn g/x]sf] .
=== -wf/f *&_

Legislature

-!_ k|ltlglw ;efsf] klxnf] a}7s k|f/De ePsf] ldltn] kGw| lbgleq k|ltlglw ;efsf ;b:ox¿n] cfkm"dWo]af6 k|ltlglw ;efsf] ;efd'v / pk;efd'vsf] lgjf{rg ug]{5g\ .
-@_ pkwf/f -!_ adf]lhd lgjf{rg ubf{ k|ltlglw ;efsf] ;efd'v / pk;efd'v dWo] Pshgf dlxnf x'g] u/L ug{' kg]{5 / k|ltlglw ;efsf] ;efd'v / pk;efd'v km/s km/s bnsf] k|ltlglw x'g' kg]{5 . === -wf/f (!_

Legislature

-!_ /fli6«o ;efsf] klxnf] a}7s k|f/De ePsf] ldltn] kGw| lbgleq /fli6«o ;efsf ;b:ox¿n] cfkm"dWo]af6 /fli6«o ;efsf] cWoIf / pkfWoIfsf] lgjf{rg ug]{5g\ .
-@_ pkwf/f -!_ adf]lhd lgjf{rg ubf{ /fli6«o ;efsf] cWoIf / pkfWoIf dWo] Pshgf dlxnf x'g] u/L ug{' kg]{5 .
=== -wf/f (@_

Legislature

English

There shall be a Legislature, called Federal Parliament, consisting of two Houses, namely the House of Representatives and the National Assembly. (Art. 83)

Nepali

k|ltlglw ;ef / /fli6«o ;ef gfdsf b'O{ ;bg ;lxtsf] Ps ;+3Lo Joj:yflksf x'g]5 h;nfO{ ;+3Lo ;+;b elgg]5 . -wf/f *#_

Legislature

English

(1) The House of Representatives shall consist of two hundred and seventy five members as follows:-
(a) One hundred and sixty five members elected through the first-past-the-post electoral system consisting of one member from each of the one hundred and sixty five electoral constituencies formed by dividing Nepal into 165 constituencies based on geography, and population.
(b) One hundred and ten members elected from proportional representation electoral system where voters vote for parties, while treating the whole country as a single electoral constituency. (2) Provision shall be made according to Federal law for the representation of political parties to file candidacy for the election of the House of Representatives for proportional representation system through closed list of women, Dalit, Adibasi Janajati, Khas Arya, Madhesi, Tharu, Muslim, and backward regions. Balance in geography and province shall be considered for such candidacy.
Explanation: For the purpose of this provision, Khas Arya means Chhetri, Brahmin, Thakuri and Sannyasi (Dasnami) community.
(3) While filing candidacy by political parties pursuant to clause (2), provision of representation of persons with disability shall also be made.
(4) The election for the members of House of Representatives pursuant to clause (1) shall be held through secret ballots as provided in the law.

(6) Subject to law, any Nepali citizen, who is entitled to vote in election for House of Representatives, and who meets the requirements under Article 87, shall be allowed to file candidacy from any constituency.
(7) In case of vacancy of a seat of a member in House of Representatives, while still ahead of six months of its terms, such vacancy shall be filled through process by which said member had been elected.
(8) Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this Article, women should account for at least one third of total members elected from each party in Federal Parliament. In case, one-third percentage of women are not elected while being elected under section (a) of clause (1), and section (a), clause (2) of Article 84, the party that fails to ensure one-third representation shall have to elect at least one-third of total numbers as woman in the Federal Parliament while electing members under section (b) of clause (1).
(9) Election of House of Representatives and other matters thereto shall be pursuant to Federal laws. (Art. 84)

Nepali

-!_ k|ltlglw ;efdf b]xfo adf]lhdsf b'O{ ;o krxQ/ ;b:o /xg]5g\ M–
-s_ g]kfnnfO{ e"uf]n / hg;+Vofsf] cfwf/df Ps ;o k}+;¶L lgjf{rg If]q sfod u/L k|To]s lgjf{rg If]qaf6 Pshgf /xg] u/L klxnf] x'g] lgjf{lrt x'g] lgjf{rg k|0ffnL adf]lhd lgjf{lrt x'g] Ps ;o k}+;¶L ;b:o, -v_ ;Dk"0f{ b]znfO{ Ps lgjf{rg If]q dfgL /fhgLlts bnnfO{ dt lbg] ;dfg'kflts lgjf{rg k|0ffnL adf]lhd lgjf{lrt x'g] Ps ;o bz ;b:o .
-@_ ;dfg'kflts lgjf{rg k|0ffnL adf]lhd x'g] k|ltlglw ;efsf] lgjf{rgsfnflu /fhgLlts bnn] pDd]bjf/L lb+bf hg;+Vofsf] cfwf/df dlxnf, blnt, cflbjf;L hghflt, v; cfo{, dw];L, yf¿, d'l:nd, lk5l8Psf] If]q ;d]taf6 aGb ;"rLsf cfwf/df k|ltlglwTj u/fpg]
Joj:yf ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd x'g]5 . To;/L pDd]bjf/L lb+bf e"uf]n / k|fb]lzs ;Gt'ngnfO{ ;d]t Wofg lbg' kg{]5 .
:ki6Ls/0f M o; pkwf/fsf] k|of]hgsfnflu æv; cfo{Æ eGgfn] If]qL, a|fDx0f, 7s'/L, ;+Gof;L -bzgfdL_ ;d'bfo ;Demg' k5{ .
-#_ pkwf/f -@_ adf]lhd /fhgLlts bnn] pDd]bjf/L lb+bf ckf+utf ePsf] JolQmsf] ;d]t k|ltlglwTj x'g] Joj:yf ug{' kg{]5 .
-$_ pkwf/f -!_ adf]lhd x'g] k|ltlglw ;ef ;b:osf] lgjf{rg sfg"g adf]lhd uf]Ko dtbfgåf/f x'g]5 .
===
-^_ k|ltlglw ;efsf ;b:osfnflu x'g] lgjf{rgdf dtbfg ug{ clwsf/ kfPsf] wf/f *& adf]lhd of]Uotf k'u]sf] JolQm ;+3Lo sfg"gsf] cwLgdf /xL s'g} klg lgjf{rg If]qaf6 pDd]bjf/ x'g kfpg]5 . t/ Pp6} JolQm PseGbf a9L lgjf{rg If]qdf Ps} k6s pDd]bjf/ x'g kfpg] 5}g .
-&_ k|ltlglw ;efsf] sfo{sfn 5 dxLgfeGbf a9L cjlw afFsL 5Fb} s'g} ;b:osf] :yfg l/Qm ePdf To:tf] :yfg h'g lgjf{rg k|0ffnLaf6 k"lt{ ePsf] lyof] ;f]xL k|lqmofåf/f k"lt{ ul/g]5 .
-*_ o; efudf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg ;+3Lo ;+;bdf k|ltlglwTj ug]{ k|To]s /fhgLlts bnaf6 lgjf{lrt s'n ;b:o ;+Vofsf] sDtLdf Ps ltxfO ;b:o dlxnf x'g' kg]{5 . To;/L lgjf{lrt ubf{ pkwf/f -!_ sf] v08 -s_ / wf/f *^ sf] pkwf/f -@_ sf] v08 -s_ adf]lhd lgjf{lrt ;b:ox¿ dWo] s'g} /fhgLlts bnsf] Ps ltxfO ;b:o dlxnf lgjf{lrt x'g g;s]df To:tf] /fhgLlts bnn] pkwf/f -!_sf] v08 -v_ adf]lhd ;b:o lgjf{lrt ubf{ cfˆgf] bnaf6 ;+3Lo ;+;bdf lgjf{lrt x'g] s'n ;b:osf] sDtLdf Ps ltxfO dlxnf ;b:o x'g]u/L lgjf{lrt ug'{ kg]{5 .
-(_ k|ltlglw ;efsf] lgjf{rg / tT;DaGwL cGo ljifo ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd x'g]5 . -wf/f *$_

Legislature

English

(1) National Assembly shall be a permanent house.
(2) There shall be fifty-nine members in the National Assembly as follows:-
(a) Fifty six members elected from an Electoral College comprising members of Provincial Assembly and chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of Village councils and Mayors and Deputy Mayors of Municipal councils, with different weights of votes for each, with eight members from each province, including at least three women, one Dalit, one person with disability or minority;
(b) Three members, including at least one woman, to be nominated by the President on the recommendation of Government of Nepal.
… (Art. 86)

Nepali

-!_ /fli6«o ;ef Ps :yfoL ;bg x'g]5 .
-@_ /fli6«o ;efdf b]xfo adf]lhdsf pgfG;f7L ;b:o /xg]5g\ M–
-s_ k|b]z ;efsf ;b:o, ufpFkflnsfsf cWoIf / pkfWoIf tyf gu/kflnsfsf k|d'v / pkk|d'v /x]sf] lgjf{rs d08nåf/f ;+3Lo sfg"g adf]lhd k|b]z ;efsf ;b:o, ufpFkflnsfsf cWoIf / pkfWoIf tyf gu/kflnsfsf k|d'v / pkk|d'vsf] dtsf] ef/ km/s x'g] u/L k|To]s k|b]zaf6 sDtLdf tLghgf dlxnf, Pshgf blnt / Pshgf ckf+utf ePsf JolQm jf cNk;+Vos ;lxt cf7 hgf u/L] lgjf{lrt 5kGg hgf,
-v_ g]kfn ;/sf/sf] l;kmfl/;df /fi6«kltaf6 dgf]gLt sDtLdf Ps hgf dlxnf ;lxt tLg hgf .
=== -wf/f *^_

Legislature

English

(1) Persons who meet the following requirement shall be considered eligible to be the member of Federal Parliament:-
(a) citizen of Nepal,
(b) who has attained twenty five years of age for the House of Representatives and thirty five years of age for the National Assembly;
(c) who has not been punished for any criminal offence involving moral turpitude
(d) not ineligible under any law,
(e) not holding an office of profit.
… (Art. 87)

Nepali

-!_ b]xfosf] of]Uotf ePsf] JolQm ;+3Lo ;+;bsf] ;b:o x'g of]Uo x'g]5 M–
-s_ g]kfnsf] gful/s,
-v_ k|ltlglw ;efsfnflu kRrL; jif{ / /fli6«o ;efsfnflu k}+tL; jif{ pd]/ k"/f ePsf],
-u_ g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L s;"/df ;hfo gkfPsf],
-3_ s'g} ;+3Lo sfg"gn] cof]Uo gePsf], /
-ª_ s'g} nfesf] kbdf axfn g/x]sf] .
=== -wf/f *&_

Legislature

English

(1) The House of Representatives shall, within fifteen days of commencement of first meeting, elect a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker from among its members.
(2) While electing Speaker and Deputy Speaker as per clause (1), either Speaker or Deputy Speaker shall be a woman and belong to different parties.… (Art. 91)

Nepali

-!_ k|ltlglw ;efsf] klxnf] a}7s k|f/De ePsf] ldltn] kGw| lbgleq k|ltlglw ;efsf ;b:ox¿n] cfkm"dWo]af6 k|ltlglw ;efsf] ;efd'v / pk;efd'vsf] lgjf{rg ug]{5g\ .
-@_ pkwf/f -!_ adf]lhd lgjf{rg ubf{ k|ltlglw ;efsf] ;efd'v / pk;efd'v dWo] Pshgf dlxnf x'g] u/L ug{' kg]{5 / k|ltlglw ;efsf] ;efd'v / pk;efd'v km/s km/s bnsf] k|ltlglw x'g' kg]{5 . === -wf/f (!_

Legislature

English

(1) After the commencement of its first session, the National Assembly shall, within fifteen days of commencement of first meeting, elect a Chairperson and Vice chairperson from among its members.
(2) While electing as per clause (1), either Chairperson or Vice chairperson Chairman of the National Assembly shall be a woman.
… (Art. 92)

Nepali

-!_ /fli6«o ;efsf] klxnf] a}7s k|f/De ePsf] ldltn] kGw| lbgleq /fli6«o ;efsf ;b:ox¿n] cfkm"dWo]af6 /fli6«o ;efsf] cWoIf / pkfWoIfsf] lgjf{rg ug]{5g\ .
-@_ pkwf/f -!_ adf]lhd lgjf{rg ubf{ /fli6«o ;efsf] cWoIf / pkfWoIf dWo] Pshgf dlxnf x'g] u/L ug{' kg]{5 .
=== -wf/f (@_

1

Constitution of Nepal 2015 (English). Unofficial translation by Nepal Law Society, International IDEA and UNDP. According to Art. 7(1): (1) "The Nepali language written in Devanagiri script shall be the language of official business in Nepal.”

2

Links to all sites last visited 2 March 2016