Constitution of the Republic of Croatia 1990, as amended to 2010


Citizenship and Nationality

Croatian citizenship, and its acquisition and revocation, shall be regulated by law. … (Art. 9)

Jurisdiction and Access

… If the President of the Republic holds that a promulgated law does not conform with the Constitution, he/she may institute proceedings to review the constitutionality of such law before the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia. (Art. 89)

Jurisdiction and Access

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia:
– shall decide upon the compliance of laws with the Constitution,
– shall decide upon the compliance of other regulations with the Constitution and laws,
– may decide on the constitutionality of laws and the constitutionality and legality of other regulations which are no longer valid, provided that less than one year has elapsed from the moment of such cessation until the filing of a request or a proposal to institute proceedings,
– shall decide on constitutional petitions against individual decisions taken by governmental agencies, bodies of local and regional self-government and legal persons vested with public authority where such decisions violate human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as the right to local and regional self-government guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia,
– shall monitor compliance with the Constitution and laws and shall report to the Croatian Parliament on detected violations thereof,
– shall decide upon jurisdictional disputes between the legislative, executive and judicial branches,
– shall decide, in conformity with the Constitution, on the impeachment of the President of the Republic,
– shall supervise compliance of the platforms and activities of political parties with the Constitution and may, in compliance with the Constitution, ban non-compliant parties,
– shall monitor whether elections and referenda are conducted in compliance with the Constitution and laws and shall resolve electoral disputes falling outside the jurisdiction of the courts,
– shall perform other duties specified by the Constitution. (Art. 129)

Jurisdiction and Access

The procedure and conditions for the appointment of justices of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia and the termination of their office, conditions and time-limits for instituting proceedings for the assessment of constitutionality and legality, the procedure and legal effects of its decisions, the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution, and other issues vital to the performance of duties and work of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia shall be regulated by a constitutional act.
Such constitutional act shall be adopted in accordance with the procedure determined for amending the Constitution. … (Art. 132)

Education

In the Republic of Croatia, everyone shall have access to education under equal conditions and in accordance with his/her aptitudes.
Compulsory education shall be free, in conformity with law. (Art. 66)

Employment Rights and Protection

Everyone shall have the right to work and to freedom of work.
Everyone shall be free to choose his/her vocation and occupation, and shall have access to each workplace and post under equal conditions. (Art. 55)

Employment Rights and Protection

Each employee shall be entitled to remuneration enabling him/her to ensure a free and suitable life for himself/herself and his/her family.
Maximum working hours shall be regulated by law.
Each employee shall be entitled to a weekly rest and annual holidays with pay, and shall never waive these rights. … (Art. 56)

Employment Rights and Protection

The right of employees and their family members to social security and social insurance shall be regulated by law and collective agreements.
Rights related to child-birth, maternity and child care shall be regulated by law. (Art. 57)

Employment Rights and Protection

… Young people, mothers and disabled persons shall be entitled to special protection at work. (Art. 65)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

… Respecting the will of the Croatian nation and all citizens so unwaveringly expressed in free elections, the Republic of Croatia is hereby established and shall further develop as a sovereign and democratic state in which equality, freedom and human and civil rights are guaranteed and secured, and economic and cultural advancement and social welfare are promoted. (I. Historical Foundation)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

… Power in the Republic of Croatia derives from the people and rests with the people as a community of free and equal citizens. … (Art. 1)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Freedom, equal rights, national and gender equality, peace-making, social justice, respect for human rights, inviolability of ownership, conservation of nature and the environment, the rule of law and a democratic multiparty system are the highest values of the constitutional order of the Republic of Croatia. (Art. 3)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

All persons in the Republic of Croatia shall enjoy rights and freedoms, regardless of race, colour, gender, language, religion, political or other conviction, national or social origin, property, birth, education, social status or other characteristics.
All persons shall be equal before the law. (Art. 14)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

All citizens of the Republic of Croatia and aliens shall be equal before the courts, governmental agencies and other bodies vested with public authority. (Art. 26)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

The Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia, as the highest court of law, shall ensure uniform application of laws and equality of all before the law. … (Art. 119)

Obligations of the State

… Respecting the will of the Croatian nation and all citizens so unwaveringly expressed in free elections, the Republic of Croatia is hereby established and shall further develop as a sovereign and democratic state in which equality, freedom and human and civil rights are guaranteed and secured, and economic and cultural advancement and social welfare are promoted. (I. Historical Foundations)

Obligations of the State

Freedom, equal rights, national and gender equality, peace-making, social justice, respect for human rights, inviolability of ownership, conservation of nature and the environment, the rule of law and a democratic multiparty system are the highest values of the constitutional order of the Republic of Croatia. (Art. 3)

Obligations of the State

… The Croatian Parliament shall adopt laws (organic laws) elaborating constitutionally established human rights and fundamental freedoms, the electoral system, the organisation, remit and operation of governmental agencies and the civil service, and the organisation and purview of local and regional self-government by a majority vote of all deputies. … (Art. 83)

Obligations of the State

The Croatian Parliament may, for a maximum period of one year, authorise the Government of the Republic of Croatia to regulate by decree individual issues falling within the purview of the Parliament, save for those pertaining to the elaboration of constitutionally established human rights and fundamental freedoms, … (Art. 88)

Obligations of Private Parties

Whosoever violates the provisions of the Constitution concerning human rights and fundamental freedoms shall be held personally liable and may not be exculpated by invoking a higher order. (Art. 20)

Judicial Protection

Individual decisions of governmental agencies, the civil service and bodies vested with public authority shall be grounded in law.
Judicial review of individual decisions made by governmental agencies and other bodies vested with public authority shall be guaranteed. (Art. 19)

Judicial Protection

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia: …
– shall decide on constitutional petitions against individual decisions taken by governmental agencies, bodies of local and regional self-government and legal persons vested with public authority where such decisions violate human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as the right to local and regional self-government guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia, … (Art. 129)

National Human Rights Bodies

The Ombudsperson shall be a commissioner of the Croatian Parliament responsible for the promotion and protection of human rights and freedoms enshrined in the Constitution, laws and international legal instruments on human rights and freedoms ratified by the Republic of Croatia.
Everyone may lodge a complaint to the Ombudsperson if he/she deems that his/her constitutional or legal rights have been threatened or violated as a result of any illegal or irregular act by governmental bodies and the civil service, local and regional selfgovernmental bodies and bodies vested with public authority.
… By law, the Ombudsperson may also be vested with certain powers with regard to legal and natural persons in order to protect the fundamental constitutional rights. … (Art. 93)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Freedoms and rights may only be curtailed by law in order to protect the freedoms and rights of others, the legal order, and public morals and health.
Any restriction of freedoms or rights shall be proportionate to the nature of the need to do so in each individual case. (Art. 16)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Individual constitutionally-guaranteed freedoms and rights may be curtailed during a state of war or any clear and present danger to the independence and unity of the Republic of Croatia or in the event of any natural disaster. Such curtailment shall be decided upon by the Croatian Parliament by a two-thirds majority of all representatives or, if the Croatian Parliament is unable to convene, by the President of the Republic. The extent of such restrictions must be adequate to the nature of the threat, and may not result in the inequality of citizens with respect to race, colour, gender, language,religion, national or social origin.
Even in cases of clear and present danger to the existence of the state, no restrictions may be imposed upon the provisions of this Constitution stipulating the right to life, prohibition of torture, cruel or unusual treatment or punishment, and concerning the legal definitions of criminal offences and punishment, and the freedom of thought, conscience and religion. (Art. 17)

Limitations and/or Derogations

The Croatian Parliament may, for a maximum period of one year, authorise the Government of the Republic of Croatia to regulate by decree individual issues falling within the purview of the Parliament, save for those pertaining to the elaboration of constitutionally established human rights and fundamental freedoms, … (Art. 88)

Marriage and Family Life

Respect for and legal protection of each person’s private and family life, dignity, reputation shall be guaranteed. (Art. 35)

Marriage and Family Life

The right of employees and their family members to social security and social insurance shall be regulated by law and collective agreements.
Rights related to child-birth, maternity and child care shall be regulated by law. (Art. 57)

Marriage and Family Life

The family shall enjoy special protection of the state.
Marriage and legal relations in marriage, common-law marriage and the family shall be regulated by law. (Art. 62)

Marriage and Family Life

The state shall protect maternity, children and youth, and shall create social, cultural, educational, material and other conditions promoting the achievement of the right to a suitable life. (Art. 63)

Minorities

Setting forth from these historical facts and the universally accepted principles governing the contemporary world and the inalienable and indivisible, non-transferable and perpetual right of the Croatian nation to self-determination and state sovereignty, including the inviolable right to secession and association as the fundamental conditions for peace and stability of the international order, the Republic of Croatia is hereby established as the nation state of the Croatian nation and the state of the members of its national minorities: Serbs, Czechs, Slovaks, Italians, Hungarians, Jews, Germans, Austrians, Ukrainians, Rusyns, Bosniaks, Slovenians, Montenegrins, Macedonians, Russians, Bulgarians, Poles, Roma, Romanians, Turks, Vlachs, Albanians and others who are its citizens and who are guaranteed equality with citizens of Croatian nationality and the exercise of their national rights in compliance with the democratic norms of the United Nations and the countries of the free world. … (I. Historical Foundations)

Minorities

Equal rights for the members of all national minorities in the Republic of Croatia are guaranteed.
Equality and protection of the rights of national minorities shall be regulated by a constitutional act to be enacted under the procedure stipulated for organic law.
Over and above general suffrage, the right of the members of national minorities to elect their representatives to the Croatian Parliament may be stipulated by law.
The freedom of the members of all national minorities to express their nationality, to use their language and script, and to exercise cultural autonomy shall be guaranteed. (Art. 15)

Minorities

The Croatian Parliament shall adopt laws (organic laws) regulating the rights of national minorities by a two-thirds majority vote of all deputies. … (Art. 83)

Participation in Public Life and Institutions

Every citizen of the Republic of Croatia shall have the right, under equal conditions, to participate in the conduct of public affairs, and to have access to public services. (Art. 44)

Political Rights and Association

Everyone shall be guaranteed the right to freedom of association for the purposes of protection of common interests or promotion of social, economic, political, national, cultural and other convictions and aims. … (Art. 43)

Political Rights and Association

All Croatian citizens who have reached the age of eighteen years (voters) shall be entitled to universal and equal suffrage in elections for the Croatian Parliament, the President of the Republic of Croatia and the European Parliament and in decision-making procedures by national referendum, in compliance with law. … (Art. 45)

Political Parties

The right to establish political parties shall be unrestricted.
The internal structure of political parties shall comply with fundamental constitutional democratic principles.
Political parties shall publicly disclose the sources of their finances and assets.
Political parties which, in their platforms or by violent action, intend to undermine the free democratic order or threaten the existence of the Republic of Croatia shall be deemed unconstitutional. The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia shall decide on such unconstitutionality.
The status and financing of political parties shall be regulated by law. (Art. 6)

Head of State

The President of the Republic of Croatia shall represent and act on behalf of the Republic of Croatia at home and abroad. … (Art. 94)

Head of State

The President of the Republic shall be elected directly by secret ballot, on the basis of universal and equal suffrage, for a term of five years. … (Art. 95)

Government

The Government of the Republic of Croatia shall consist of a Prime Minister, one or more Deputy Prime Ministers and Ministers. … (Art. 109)

Government

Members of Government shall be proposed by a person to whom the President of the Republic has entrusted the mandate to form Government.
Immediately upon forming the Government, or 30 days after accepting the mandate at the latest, Prime Minister-Designate shall present the Government and its policies to the Croatian Parliament and seek a vote of confidence.
The Government shall assume office when a vote of confidence is passed by a majority of all deputies of the Croatian Parliament. … (Art. 110)

Legislature

The Croatian Parliament shall be a representative body of the people and shall be vested with legislative power in the Republic of Croatia. (Art. 71)

Legislature

The Croatian Parliament shall have no less than 100 and no more than 160 deputies elected on the basis of direct, universal and equal suffrage by secret ballot. (Art. 72)

Legislature

… The number of deputies in the Croatian Parliament and the conditions and procedure for their election thereto shall be regulated by law. (Art. 73)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

The right of ownership shall be guaranteed. …
The right of inheritance shall be guaranteed. (Art. 48)

Protection from Violence

… Political parties which, in their platforms or by violent action, intend to undermine the free democratic order or threaten the existence of the Republic of Croatia shall be deemed unconstitutional. … (Art. 6)

Protection from Violence

… Even in cases of clear and present danger to the existence of the state, no restrictions may be imposed upon the provisions of this Constitution stipulating the right to life, prohibition of torture, cruel or unusual treatment or punishment, … (Art. 17)

Protection from Violence

No one may be subjected to any form of abuse or to medical or scientific experimentation with his or her consent.
Forced and compulsory labour shall be forbidden. (Art. 23)

Protection from Violence

Any call for or incitement to war or use of violence, to national, racial or religious hatred, or any form of intolerance shall be prohibited and punishable by law. (Art. 39)

Protection from Violence

… Children shall not be employed before reaching the age specified by law, nor shall they be forced or allowed to do any work that is harmful to their health or morality. … (Art. 65)

Public Institutions and Services

The family shall enjoy special protection of the state. … (Art. 62)

Public Institutions and Services

The state shall protect maternity, children and youth, and shall create social, cultural, educational, material and other conditions promoting the achievement of the right to a suitable life. (Art. 63)

Sexual and Reproductive Rights

… Rights related to child-birth, maternity and child care shall be regulated by law. (Art. 57)

Status of the Constitution

In the Republic of Croatia, laws shall comply with the Constitution. Other regulations shall comply with the Constitution and law.
All persons shall be obliged to abide by the Constitution and law and respect the legal order of the Republic of Croatia. (Art. 5)

Status of International Law

The Ombudsperson shall be a commissioner of the Croatian Parliament responsible for the promotion and protection of human rights and freedoms enshrined in the Constitution, laws and international legal instruments on human rights and freedoms ratified by the Republic of Croatia. … (Art. 93)

Status of International Law

… Courts shall administer justice according to the Constitution, law, international treaties and other valid sources of law. (Art. 118)

Status of International Law

International treaties which have been concluded and ratified in accordance with the Constitution, published and which have entered into force shall be a component of the domestic legal order of the Republic of Croatia and shall have primacy over domestic law. Their provisions may be altered or repealed only under the conditions and in the manner specified therein or in accordance with the general rules of international law. (Art. 141)

Status of International Law

Pursuant to Article 142 of the Constitution, the Republic of Croatia shall, as a Member State of the European Union, participate in the creation of European unity in order to ensure, together with other European states, lasting peace, liberty, security and prosperity, and to attain other common objectives in keeping with the founding principles and values of the European Union. Pursuant to Articles 140 and 141 of the Constitution, the Republic of Croatia shall confer upon the institutions of the European Union the powers necessary for the enjoyment of rights and fulfilment of obligations ensuing from membership. (Art. 143)

Status of International Law

The exercise of the rights ensuing from the European Union acquis communautaire shall be made equal to the exercise of rights under Croatian law.
All the legal acts and decisions accepted by the Republic of Croatia in European Union institutions shall be applied in the Republic of Croatia in accordance with the European Union acquis communautaire.
Croatian courts shall protect subjective rights based on the European Union acquis communautaire.
Governmental agencies, bodies of local and regional self-government and legal persons vested with public authority shall apply European Union law directly. (Art. 145)

Status of International Law

Citizens of the Republic of Croatia shall be European Union citizens and shall enjoy the rights guaranteed by the European Union acquis communautaire, …
All rights shall be exercised in compliance with the conditions and limitations laid down in the founding treaties of the European Union and the measures undertaken pursuant to such treaties. … (Art. 146)

Religious Law

All religious communities shall be equal before the law and clearly separate from the state. … (Art. 41)

Citizenship and Nationality

Hrvatsko državljanstvo, njegovo stjecanje i prestanak uređuje se zakonom. … (Članak 9)

Jurisdiction and Access

… Ako Predsjednik Republike smatra da proglašeni zakon nije u skladu s Ustavom može pokrenuti postupak za ocjenu ustavnosti zakona pred Ustavnim sudom Republike Hrvatske. (Članak 89)

Jurisdiction and Access

Ustavni sud Republike Hrvatske:
- odlučuje o suglasnosti zakona s Ustavom;
- odlučuje o suglasnosti drugih propisa s Ustavom i zakonom;
- može ocjenjivati ustavnost zakona te ustavnost i zakonitost drugih propisa koji su prestali važiti ako od tog prestanka do podnošenja zahtjeva ili prijedloga za pokretanje postupka nije prošlo više od godine dana,
- odlučuje povodom ustavnih tužbi protiv pojedinačnih odluka državnih tijela, tijela jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave te pravnih osoba s javnim ovlastima kad su tim odlukama povrijeđena ljudska prava i temeljne slobode, kao i pravo na lokalnu i područnu (regionalnu) samoupravu zajamčeni Ustavom Republike Hrvatske,
- prati ostvarivanje ustavnosti i zakonitosti te o uočenim pojavama neustavnosti I nezakonitosti izvješćuje Hrvatski sabor
- rješava sukob nadležnosti između tijela zakonodavne, izvršne i sudbene vlasti;
- odlučuje, u skladu s Ustavom, o odgovornosti predsjednika Republike;
- nadzire ustavnost programa I djelovanja političkih stranaka i može, u skladu s Ustavom, zabraniti njihov rad;
- nadzire ustavnost i zakonitost izbora i državnog referenduma i rješava izborne sporove koji nisu u djelokrugu sudova;
- obavlja druge poslove određene Ustavom. (Članak 125)

Jurisdiction and Access

Postupak i uvjeti za izbor sudaca Ustavnog suda Republike Hrvatske i prestanak njihove dužnosti, uvjeti i rokovi za pokretanje postupka ocjene ustavnosti i zakonitosti, postupak i pravno djelovanje njegovih odluka, zaštita ljudskih prava i temeljnih sloboda zajamčenih Ustavom I druga pitanja važna za izvršavanje dužnosti i rad Ustavnog suda Republike Hrvatske uređuju se ustavnim zakonom.
Ustavni zakon donosi se po postupku određenome za promjenu Ustava. … (Članak 127)

Education

Obrazovanje je u Republici Hrvatskoj svakomu dostupno, pod jednakim uvjetima, u skladu s njegovim sposobnostima.
Obvezno obrazovanje je besplatno u skladu sa zakonom. (Članak 65)

Employment Rights and Protection

Svatko ima pravo na rad i slobodu rada.
Svatko slobodno bira poziv i zaposlenje i svakomu je pod jednakim uvjetima dostupno svako radno mjesto i dužnost. (Članak 54)

Employment Rights and Protection

Svaki zaposleni ima pravo na zaradu kojom može osigurati sebi i obitelji slobodan I dostojan život.
Najduže radno vrijeme određuje se zakonom.
Svaki zaposleni ima pravo na tjedni odmor i plaćeni godišnji odmor i ovih se prava ne može odreći. … (Članak 55)

Employment Rights and Protection

Pravo zaposlenih i članova njihovih obitelji na socijalnu sigurnost i socijalno osiguranje ureduje se zakonom i kolektivnim ugovorom.
Prava u svezi s porođajem, materinstvom i njegom djece uređuju se zakonom. (Članak 56)

Employment Rights and Protection

… Mladež, majke i osobe s invaliditetom imaju pravo na osobitu zaštitu na radu. (Članak 64)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

… Poštujuci, na slobodnim izborima odlucno izraženu volju hrvatskoga naroda I svih gradana, Republika Hrvatska oblikuje se i razvija kao suverena I demokratska država u kojoj se jamce i osiguravaju ravnopravnost, slobode i prava covjeka i državljanina, te promice njihov gospodarski i kulturni napredak i socijalno blagostanje. (I. Izvorišne Osnove)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

… U Republici Hrvatskoj vlast proizlazi iz naroda i pripada narodu kao zajednici slobodnih i ravnopravnih državljana. … (Članak 1)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Sloboda, jednakost, nacionalna ravnopravnost i ravnopravnost spolova, mirotvorstvo, socijalna pravda, poštivanje prava covjeka, nepovredivost vlasništva, ocuvanje prirode i covjekova okoliša, vladavina prava I demokratski višestranacki sustav najviše su vrednote ustavnog poretka Republike Hrvatske i temelj za tumacenje Ustava. (Članak 3)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Svatko u Republici Hrvatskoj ima prava i slobode, neovisno o njegovoj rasi, boji kože, spolu, jeziku, vjeri, političkom ili drugom uvjerenju, nacionalnom ili socijalnom podrijetlu, imovini, roĎenju, naobrazbi, društvenom položaju ili drugim osobinama.
Svi su pred zakonom jednaki. (Članak 14)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Svi su državljani Republike Hrvatske i stranci jednaki pred sudovima i drugim državnim I inim tijelima koja imaju javne ovlasti. (Članak 26)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Vrhovni sud Republike Hrvatske, kao najviši sud, osigurava jedinstvenu primjenu prava i ravnopravnost svih u njegovoj primjeni. … (Članak 116)

Obligations of the State

… Poštujuci, na slobodnim izborima odlucno izraženu volju hrvatskoga naroda I svih gradana, Republika Hrvatska oblikuje se i razvija kao suverena I demokratska država u kojoj se jamce i osiguravaju ravnopravnost, slobode I prava covjeka i državljanina, te promice njihov gospodarski i kulturni napredak i socijalno blagostanje. (I. Izvorišne Osnove)

Obligations of the State

Sloboda, jednakost, nacionalna ravnopravnost i ravnopravnost spolova, mirotvorstvo, socijalna pravda, poštivanje prava covjeka, nepovredivost vlasništva, ocuvanje prirode i covjekova okoliša, vladavina prava I demokratski višestranacki sustav najviše su vrednote ustavnog poretka Republike Hrvatske i temelj za tumacenje Ustava. (Članak 3)

Obligations of the State

… Zakone (organski zakoni) kojima se razrađuju Ustavom utvrđene ljudska prava I temeljene slobode, izborni sustav, ustrojstvo, djelokrug i način rada državnih tijela te ustrojstvo I djelokrug lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave Hrvatski sabor donosi većinom glasova svih zastupnika. … (Članak 83)

Obligations of the State

Hrvatski sabor može, najviše na vrijeme od godinu dana, ovlastiti Vladu Republike Hrvatske da uredbama uređuje pojedina pitanja iz njegova djelokruga, osim onih koja se odnose na razradu Ustavom utvrđenih ljudskih prava i temeljnih sloboda, … (Članak 88)

Obligations of Private Parties

Tko se ogriješi o odredbe ovoga Ustava o temeljnim slobodama i pravima čovjeka I građanina, osobno je odgovoran i ne može se opravdati višim nalogom. (Članak 20)

Judicial Protection

Pojedinačni akti državne uprave i tijela koja imaju javne ovlasti moraju biti utemeljeni na zakonu.
Zajamčuje se sudska kontrola zakonitosti pojedinačnih akata upravnih vlasti i tijela koja imaju javne ovlasti. (Članak 19)

Judicial Protection

Ustavni sud Republike Hrvatske: …
- odlučuje povodom ustavnih tužbi protiv pojedinačnih odluka državnih tijela, tijela jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave te pravnih osoba s javnim ovlastima kad su tim odlukama povrijeđena ljudska prava i temeljne slobode, kao i pravo na lokalnu i područnu (regionalnu) samoupravu zajamčeni Ustavom Republike Hrvatske, … (Članak 125)

National Human Rights Bodies

Pučki je pravobranitelj opunomoćenik Hrvatskoga sabora za promicanje i zaštitu ljudskih prava i sloboda utvrđenih Ustavom, zakonima i međunarodnim pravnim aktima o ljudskim pravima i slobodama koje je prihvatila Republika Hrvatska.
Svatko može podnijeti pritužbu pučkom pravobranitelju ako smatra da su, uslijed nezakonitog ili nepravilnog rada državnih tijela, tijela lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave i tijela s javnim ovlastima, ugrožena ili povrijeđena njegova ustavna ili zakonska prava.
… Zakonom se, radi zaštite temeljnih ustavnih prava, pučkom pravobranitelju mogu povjeriti i određene ovlasti u odnosu na pravne i fizičke osobe. … (Članak 93)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Slobode i prava mogu se ograničiti samo zakonom da bi se zaštitila sloboda i prava drugih ljudi te pravni poredak, javni moral i zdravlje.
Svako ograničenje slobode ili prava mora biti razmjerno naravi potrebe za ograničenjem u svakom pojedinom slučaju. (Članak 16)

Limitations and/or Derogations

U doba ratnog stanja ili neposredne ugroženosti neovisnosti i jedinstvenosti države, te velikih prirodnih nepogoda pojedine slobode i prava zajamcena Ustavom mogu se ograniciti. O tome odlucuje Hrvatski sabor dvotrecinskom vecinom svih zastupnika, a ako se Hrvatski sabor ne može sastati, na prijedlog Vlade i uz supotpis predsjednika Vlade, Predsjednik Republike. Opseg ogranicenja mora biti primjeren naravi pogibelji, a za posljedicu ne može imati nejednakost osoba s obzirom na rasu, boju kože, spol, jezik, vjeru, nacionalno ili socijalno podrijetlo.
Niti u slučaju neposredne opasnosti za opstanak države ne može se ograničiti primjena odredbi ovoga Ustava o pravu na život, zabrani mučenja, surovog ili ponižavajućeg postupanja ili kažnjavanja, o pravnoj određenosti kažnjivih djela i kazni, te o slobodi misli, savjesti i vjeroispovijedi. (Članak 17)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Hrvatski sabor može, najviše na vrijeme od godinu dana, ovlastiti Vladu Republike Hrvatske da uredbama uređuje pojedina pitanja iz njegova djelokruga, osim onih koja se odnose na razradu Ustavom utvrđenih ljudskih prava i temeljnih sloboda, … (Članak 88)

Marriage and Family Life

Svakomu se jamči štovanje i pravna zaštita njegova osobnog i obiteljskog života, dostojanstva, ugleda i časti. (Članak 35)

Marriage and Family Life

Pravo zaposlenih i članova njihovih obitelji na socijalnu sigurnost i socijalno osiguranje ureduje se zakonom i kolektivnim ugovorom.
Posebnu skrb država posvećuje zaštiti osoba s invaliditetom i njihovu uključivanju u društveni život. (Članak 56)

Marriage and Family Life

Obitelj je pod osobitom zaštitom države.
Brak i pravni odnosi u braku, izvanbračnoj zajednici i obitelji ureĎuju se zakonom. (Članak 61)

Marriage and Family Life

Država štiti materinstvo, djecu i mladež te stvara socijalne, kulturne, odgojne, materijalne i druge uvjete kojima se promice ostvarivanje prava na dostojan život. (Članak 62)

Minorities

Polazeći od iznesenih povijesnih činjenica, te općeprihvaćenih načela u suvremenu svijetu i neotuđivosti i nedjeljivosti, neprenosivosti i nepotrošivosti prava na samoodređenje i državnu suverenost hrvatskog naroda, uključujući i neokrnjeno pravo na odcjepljenje i udruživanje, kao osnovnih preduvjeta za mir i stabilnost međunarodnog poretka Republika Hrvatska ustanovljuje se kao nacionalna država hrvatskoga naroda i država pripadnika nacionalnih manjina: Srba, Čeha, Slovaka, Talijana, Mađara, Židova, Nijemaca, Austrijanaca, Ukrajinaca, Rusina, Bošnjaka, Slovenaca, Crnogoraca, Makedonaca, Rusa, Bugara, Poljaka, Roma, Rumunja, Turaka, Vlaha, Albanaca i drugih, koji su njezini državljani, kojima se jamči ravnopravnost s građanima hrvatske narodnosti i ostvarivanje nacionalnih prava u skladu s demokratskim normama OUN-a i zemalja slobodnoga svijeta. … (I. Izvorishne osnove)

Minorities

U Republici Hrvatskoj jamči se ravnopravnost pripadnicima svih nacionalnih manjina. Ravnopravnost i zaštita prava nacionalnih manjina uređuje se ustavnim zakonom koji se donosi po postupku za donošenje organskih zakona.
Zakonom se može, pored općega biračkog prava, pripadnicima nacionalnih manjina osigurati posebno pravo da biraju svoje zastupnike u Hrvatski sabor.
Pripadnicima svih nacionalnih manjina jamči se sloboda izražavanja nacionalne pripadnosti, slobodno služenje svojim jezikom i pismom i kulturna autonomija. (Članak 15)

Minorities

Zakone (organski zakoni) kojima se uređuju prava nacionalnih manjina Hrvatski sabor donosi dvotrećinskom većinom glasova svih zastupnika. ... (Članak 83)

Participation in Public Life and Institutions

Svaki državljanin Republike Hrvatske ima pravo, pod jednakim uvjetima, sudjelovati u obavljanju javnih poslova i biti primljen u javne službe. (Članak 44)

Political Rights and Association

Svakom se jamči pravo na slobodno udruživanje radi zaštite njihovih probitaka ili zauzimanja za socijalna, gospodarska, politička, nacionalna, kulturna ili druga uvjerenja i ciljeve. … ( Članak 43)

Political Rights and Association

Hrvatski državljani s navršenih 18 godina (birači) imaju opće i jednako biračko pravo u izborima za Hrvatski sabor, Predsjednika Republike Hrvatske i Europski parlament te u postupku odlučivanja na državnom referendumu, u skladu sa zakonom. … (Članak 45)

Political Parties

Osnivanje političkih stranaka je slobodno.
Unutarnje ustrojstvo političkih stranaka mora biti sukladno temeljnim ustavnim demokratskim načelima.
Stranke moraju javno polagati račun o porijeklu svojih sredstava i imovine.
Protuustavne su političke stranke koje svojim programom ili nasilnim djelovanjem smjeraju podrivanju slobodnoga demokratskog poretka ili ugrožavaju opstojnost Republike Hrvatske. O protuustavnosti odlučuje Ustavni sud Republike Hrvatske.
Zakonom se uređuje položaj i financiranje političkih stranaka. (Članak 6)

Head of State

Predsjednik Republike Hrvatske predstavlja i zastupa Republiku Hrvatsku u zemlji i inozemstvu. … (Članak 94)

Head of State

Predsjednik Republike bira se na temelju općeg i jednakog biračkog prava na neposrednim izborima tajnim glasovanjem na vrijeme od pet godina. … (Članak 95)

Government

Vladu Republike Hrvatske čine predsjednik, jedan ili više potpredsjednika i ministr. … (Članak 108)

Government

Članove Vlade predlaže osoba kojoj je Predsjednik Republike povjerio mandat za sastav Vlade.
Odmah po sastavljanju Vlade, a najkasnije u roku od 30 dana od prihvaćanja mandata, mandatar je dužan program Vlade i Vladu predstaviti Hrvatskom saboru i zatražiti glasovanje o povjerenju.
Vlada stupa na dužnost kad joj povjerenje iskaže većina svih zastupnika u Hrvatskom saboru. … (Članak 109)

Legislature

Hrvatski sabor je predstavničko tijelo građana i nositelj zakonodavne vlasti u Republici Hrvatskoj. (Članak 70)

Legislature

Hrvatski sabor ima najmanje 100, a najviše 160 zastupnika koji se, na temelju općeg i jednakoga biračkog prava, biraju neposredno tajnim glasovanjem. (Članak 71)

Legislature

... Zakonom se određuje broj, uvjeti i postupak izbora zastupnika u Hrvatski sabor. (Članak 72)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Jamči se pravo vlasništva. ...
Jamči se pravo nasljeđivanja. (Članak 48)

Protection from Violence

… Protuustavne su političke stranke koje svojim programom ili nasilnim djelovanjem smjeraju podrivanju slobodnoga demokratskog poretka ili ugrožavaju opstojnost Republike Hrvatske. O protuustavnosti odlučuje Ustavni sud Republike Hrvatske. … (Članak 6)

Protection from Violence

… Niti u slučaju neposredne opasnosti za opstanak države ne može se ograničiti primjena odredbi ovoga Ustava o pravu na život, zabrani mučenja, surovog ili ponižavajućeg postupanja ili kažnjavanja, … (Članak 17)

Protection from Violence

Nitko ne smije biti podvrgnut bilo kakvu obliku zlostavljanja ili, bez svoje privole, liječničkim ili znanstvenim pokusima.
Zabranjen je prisilni i obvezatni rad. (Članak 23)

Protection from Violence

Zabranjeno je i kažnjivo svako pozivanje ili poticanje na rat ili uporabu nasilja, na nacionalnu, rasnu ili vjersku mržnju ili bilo koji oblik nesnošljivosti. (Članak 39)

Protection from Violence

… Djeca ne mogu biti primljena na rad prije zakonom određene dobi niti smiju biti prisiljavana na rad koji štetno utječe na njihovo zdravlje ili ćudoređe, niti im se takav rad smije dopustiti. … (Članak 64)

Public Institutions and Services

Obitelj je pod osobitom zaštitom države. … (Članak 61)

Public Institutions and Services

Država štiti materinstvo, djecu i mladež te stvara socijalne, kulturne, odgojne, materijalne i druge uvjete kojima se promice ostvarivanje prava na dostojan život. (Članak 62)

Sexual and Reproductive Rights

… Prava u svezi s porodajem, materinstvom i njegom djece ureduju se zakonom. (Članak 56)

Status of the Constitution

U Republici Hrvatskoj zakoni moraju biti u suglasnosti s Ustavom, a ostali propisi i s Ustavom i sa zakonom.
Svatko je dužan držati se Ustava i prava i poštivati pravni poredak Republike Hrvatske. (Članak 5)

Status of International Law

Pučki je pravobranitelj opunomoćenik Hrvatskoga sabora za promicanje i zaštitu ljudskih prava i sloboda utvrđenih Ustavom, zakonima i međunarodnim pravnim aktima o ljudskim pravima i slobodama koje je prihvatila Republika Hrvatska. … (Članak 93)

Status of International Law

… Sudovi sude na temelju Ustava, zakona, medunarodnih ugovora i drugih važecih izvora prava. (Članak 115)

Status of International Law

Medunarodni ugovori koji su sklopljeni i potvrdeni u skladu s Ustavom I objavljeni, a koji su na snazi, cine dio unutarnjega pravnog poretka Republike Hrvatske, a po pravnoj su snazi iznad zakona. Njihove se odredbe mogu mijenjati ili ukidati samo uz uvjete i na nacin koji su u njima utvrdeni, ili suglasno opcim pravilima medunarodnog prava. (Članak 134)

Status of International Law

Republika Hrvatska, na temelju članka 141. Ustava, kao država članica Europske unije, sudjeluje u stvaranju europskog zajedništva, kako bi zajedno s drugim europskim državama osigurala trajni mir, slobodu, sigurnost i blagostanje te ostvarila druge zajedničke ciljeve, u skladu s temeljnim načelima i vrijednostima na kojima se Europska unija zasniva.
Republika Hrvatska, na temelju članka 139. i 140. Ustava, institucijama Europske unije povjerava ovlasti koje su potrebne za ostvarivanje prava i ispunjavanje obveza preuzetih na temelju članstva. (Članak 141.a)

Status of International Law

Ostvarivanje prava koja proizlaze iz pravne stečevine Europske unije, izjednačeno je s ostvarivanjem prava koja su zajamčena hrvatskim pravnim poretkom.
Pravni akti i odluke koje je Republika Hrvatska prihvatila u institucijama Europske unije primjenjuju se u Republici Hrvatskoj u skladu s pravnom stečevinom Europske unije.
Hrvatski sudovi štite subjektivna prava utemeljena na pravnoj stečevini Europske unije. Državna tijela, tijela jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave te pravne osobe s javnim ovlastima izravno primjenjuju pravo Europske unije. (Članak 141.c)

Status of International Law

Državljani Republike Hrvatske su građani Europske unije i uživaju prava koja im jamči pravna stečevina Europske unije, …
Sva prava ostvaruju se u skladu s uvjetima i ograničenjima propisanima ugovorima na kojima se temelji Europska unija te mjerama prihvaćenima na temelju tih ugovora. … (Članak 141.d)

Religious Law

Sve vjerske zajednice jednake su pred zakonom i odvojene od države. … (Članak 41)

Citizenship and Nationality

English

Croatian citizenship, and its acquisition and revocation, shall be regulated by law. … (Art. 9)

Croatian

Hrvatsko državljanstvo, njegovo stjecanje i prestanak uređuje se zakonom. … (Članak 9)

Jurisdiction and Access

English

… If the President of the Republic holds that a promulgated law does not conform with the Constitution, he/she may institute proceedings to review the constitutionality of such law before the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia. (Art. 89)

Croatian

… Ako Predsjednik Republike smatra da proglašeni zakon nije u skladu s Ustavom može pokrenuti postupak za ocjenu ustavnosti zakona pred Ustavnim sudom Republike Hrvatske. (Članak 89)

Jurisdiction and Access

English

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia:
– shall decide upon the compliance of laws with the Constitution,
– shall decide upon the compliance of other regulations with the Constitution and laws,
– may decide on the constitutionality of laws and the constitutionality and legality of other regulations which are no longer valid, provided that less than one year has elapsed from the moment of such cessation until the filing of a request or a proposal to institute proceedings,
– shall decide on constitutional petitions against individual decisions taken by governmental agencies, bodies of local and regional self-government and legal persons vested with public authority where such decisions violate human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as the right to local and regional self-government guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia,
– shall monitor compliance with the Constitution and laws and shall report to the Croatian Parliament on detected violations thereof,
– shall decide upon jurisdictional disputes between the legislative, executive and judicial branches,
– shall decide, in conformity with the Constitution, on the impeachment of the President of the Republic,
– shall supervise compliance of the platforms and activities of political parties with the Constitution and may, in compliance with the Constitution, ban non-compliant parties,
– shall monitor whether elections and referenda are conducted in compliance with the Constitution and laws and shall resolve electoral disputes falling outside the jurisdiction of the courts,
– shall perform other duties specified by the Constitution. (Art. 129)

Croatian

Ustavni sud Republike Hrvatske:
- odlučuje o suglasnosti zakona s Ustavom;
- odlučuje o suglasnosti drugih propisa s Ustavom i zakonom;
- može ocjenjivati ustavnost zakona te ustavnost i zakonitost drugih propisa koji su prestali važiti ako od tog prestanka do podnošenja zahtjeva ili prijedloga za pokretanje postupka nije prošlo više od godine dana,
- odlučuje povodom ustavnih tužbi protiv pojedinačnih odluka državnih tijela, tijela jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave te pravnih osoba s javnim ovlastima kad su tim odlukama povrijeđena ljudska prava i temeljne slobode, kao i pravo na lokalnu i područnu (regionalnu) samoupravu zajamčeni Ustavom Republike Hrvatske,
- prati ostvarivanje ustavnosti i zakonitosti te o uočenim pojavama neustavnosti I nezakonitosti izvješćuje Hrvatski sabor
- rješava sukob nadležnosti između tijela zakonodavne, izvršne i sudbene vlasti;
- odlučuje, u skladu s Ustavom, o odgovornosti predsjednika Republike;
- nadzire ustavnost programa I djelovanja političkih stranaka i može, u skladu s Ustavom, zabraniti njihov rad;
- nadzire ustavnost i zakonitost izbora i državnog referenduma i rješava izborne sporove koji nisu u djelokrugu sudova;
- obavlja druge poslove određene Ustavom. (Članak 125)

Jurisdiction and Access

English

The procedure and conditions for the appointment of justices of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia and the termination of their office, conditions and time-limits for instituting proceedings for the assessment of constitutionality and legality, the procedure and legal effects of its decisions, the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution, and other issues vital to the performance of duties and work of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia shall be regulated by a constitutional act.
Such constitutional act shall be adopted in accordance with the procedure determined for amending the Constitution. … (Art. 132)

Croatian

Postupak i uvjeti za izbor sudaca Ustavnog suda Republike Hrvatske i prestanak njihove dužnosti, uvjeti i rokovi za pokretanje postupka ocjene ustavnosti i zakonitosti, postupak i pravno djelovanje njegovih odluka, zaštita ljudskih prava i temeljnih sloboda zajamčenih Ustavom I druga pitanja važna za izvršavanje dužnosti i rad Ustavnog suda Republike Hrvatske uređuju se ustavnim zakonom.
Ustavni zakon donosi se po postupku određenome za promjenu Ustava. … (Članak 127)

Education

English

In the Republic of Croatia, everyone shall have access to education under equal conditions and in accordance with his/her aptitudes.
Compulsory education shall be free, in conformity with law. (Art. 66)

Croatian

Obrazovanje je u Republici Hrvatskoj svakomu dostupno, pod jednakim uvjetima, u skladu s njegovim sposobnostima.
Obvezno obrazovanje je besplatno u skladu sa zakonom. (Članak 65)

Employment Rights and Protection

English

Everyone shall have the right to work and to freedom of work.
Everyone shall be free to choose his/her vocation and occupation, and shall have access to each workplace and post under equal conditions. (Art. 55)

Croatian

Svatko ima pravo na rad i slobodu rada.
Svatko slobodno bira poziv i zaposlenje i svakomu je pod jednakim uvjetima dostupno svako radno mjesto i dužnost. (Članak 54)

Employment Rights and Protection

English

Each employee shall be entitled to remuneration enabling him/her to ensure a free and suitable life for himself/herself and his/her family.
Maximum working hours shall be regulated by law.
Each employee shall be entitled to a weekly rest and annual holidays with pay, and shall never waive these rights. … (Art. 56)

Croatian

Svaki zaposleni ima pravo na zaradu kojom može osigurati sebi i obitelji slobodan I dostojan život.
Najduže radno vrijeme određuje se zakonom.
Svaki zaposleni ima pravo na tjedni odmor i plaćeni godišnji odmor i ovih se prava ne može odreći. … (Članak 55)

Employment Rights and Protection

English

The right of employees and their family members to social security and social insurance shall be regulated by law and collective agreements.
Rights related to child-birth, maternity and child care shall be regulated by law. (Art. 57)

Croatian

Pravo zaposlenih i članova njihovih obitelji na socijalnu sigurnost i socijalno osiguranje ureduje se zakonom i kolektivnim ugovorom.
Prava u svezi s porođajem, materinstvom i njegom djece uređuju se zakonom. (Članak 56)

Employment Rights and Protection

English

… Young people, mothers and disabled persons shall be entitled to special protection at work. (Art. 65)

Croatian

… Mladež, majke i osobe s invaliditetom imaju pravo na osobitu zaštitu na radu. (Članak 64)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

English

… Respecting the will of the Croatian nation and all citizens so unwaveringly expressed in free elections, the Republic of Croatia is hereby established and shall further develop as a sovereign and democratic state in which equality, freedom and human and civil rights are guaranteed and secured, and economic and cultural advancement and social welfare are promoted. (I. Historical Foundation)

Croatian

… Poštujuci, na slobodnim izborima odlucno izraženu volju hrvatskoga naroda I svih gradana, Republika Hrvatska oblikuje se i razvija kao suverena I demokratska država u kojoj se jamce i osiguravaju ravnopravnost, slobode i prava covjeka i državljanina, te promice njihov gospodarski i kulturni napredak i socijalno blagostanje. (I. Izvorišne Osnove)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

English

… Power in the Republic of Croatia derives from the people and rests with the people as a community of free and equal citizens. … (Art. 1)

Croatian

… U Republici Hrvatskoj vlast proizlazi iz naroda i pripada narodu kao zajednici slobodnih i ravnopravnih državljana. … (Članak 1)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

English

Freedom, equal rights, national and gender equality, peace-making, social justice, respect for human rights, inviolability of ownership, conservation of nature and the environment, the rule of law and a democratic multiparty system are the highest values of the constitutional order of the Republic of Croatia. (Art. 3)

Croatian

Sloboda, jednakost, nacionalna ravnopravnost i ravnopravnost spolova, mirotvorstvo, socijalna pravda, poštivanje prava covjeka, nepovredivost vlasništva, ocuvanje prirode i covjekova okoliša, vladavina prava I demokratski višestranacki sustav najviše su vrednote ustavnog poretka Republike Hrvatske i temelj za tumacenje Ustava. (Članak 3)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

English

All persons in the Republic of Croatia shall enjoy rights and freedoms, regardless of race, colour, gender, language, religion, political or other conviction, national or social origin, property, birth, education, social status or other characteristics.
All persons shall be equal before the law. (Art. 14)

Croatian

Svatko u Republici Hrvatskoj ima prava i slobode, neovisno o njegovoj rasi, boji kože, spolu, jeziku, vjeri, političkom ili drugom uvjerenju, nacionalnom ili socijalnom podrijetlu, imovini, roĎenju, naobrazbi, društvenom položaju ili drugim osobinama.
Svi su pred zakonom jednaki. (Članak 14)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

English

All citizens of the Republic of Croatia and aliens shall be equal before the courts, governmental agencies and other bodies vested with public authority. (Art. 26)

Croatian

Svi su državljani Republike Hrvatske i stranci jednaki pred sudovima i drugim državnim I inim tijelima koja imaju javne ovlasti. (Članak 26)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

English

The Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia, as the highest court of law, shall ensure uniform application of laws and equality of all before the law. … (Art. 119)

Croatian

Vrhovni sud Republike Hrvatske, kao najviši sud, osigurava jedinstvenu primjenu prava i ravnopravnost svih u njegovoj primjeni. … (Članak 116)

Obligations of the State

English

… Respecting the will of the Croatian nation and all citizens so unwaveringly expressed in free elections, the Republic of Croatia is hereby established and shall further develop as a sovereign and democratic state in which equality, freedom and human and civil rights are guaranteed and secured, and economic and cultural advancement and social welfare are promoted. (I. Historical Foundations)

Croatian

… Poštujuci, na slobodnim izborima odlucno izraženu volju hrvatskoga naroda I svih gradana, Republika Hrvatska oblikuje se i razvija kao suverena I demokratska država u kojoj se jamce i osiguravaju ravnopravnost, slobode I prava covjeka i državljanina, te promice njihov gospodarski i kulturni napredak i socijalno blagostanje. (I. Izvorišne Osnove)

Obligations of the State

English

Freedom, equal rights, national and gender equality, peace-making, social justice, respect for human rights, inviolability of ownership, conservation of nature and the environment, the rule of law and a democratic multiparty system are the highest values of the constitutional order of the Republic of Croatia. (Art. 3)

Croatian

Sloboda, jednakost, nacionalna ravnopravnost i ravnopravnost spolova, mirotvorstvo, socijalna pravda, poštivanje prava covjeka, nepovredivost vlasništva, ocuvanje prirode i covjekova okoliša, vladavina prava I demokratski višestranacki sustav najviše su vrednote ustavnog poretka Republike Hrvatske i temelj za tumacenje Ustava. (Članak 3)

Obligations of the State

English

… The Croatian Parliament shall adopt laws (organic laws) elaborating constitutionally established human rights and fundamental freedoms, the electoral system, the organisation, remit and operation of governmental agencies and the civil service, and the organisation and purview of local and regional self-government by a majority vote of all deputies. … (Art. 83)

Croatian

… Zakone (organski zakoni) kojima se razrađuju Ustavom utvrđene ljudska prava I temeljene slobode, izborni sustav, ustrojstvo, djelokrug i način rada državnih tijela te ustrojstvo I djelokrug lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave Hrvatski sabor donosi većinom glasova svih zastupnika. … (Članak 83)

Obligations of the State

English

The Croatian Parliament may, for a maximum period of one year, authorise the Government of the Republic of Croatia to regulate by decree individual issues falling within the purview of the Parliament, save for those pertaining to the elaboration of constitutionally established human rights and fundamental freedoms, … (Art. 88)

Croatian

Hrvatski sabor može, najviše na vrijeme od godinu dana, ovlastiti Vladu Republike Hrvatske da uredbama uređuje pojedina pitanja iz njegova djelokruga, osim onih koja se odnose na razradu Ustavom utvrđenih ljudskih prava i temeljnih sloboda, … (Članak 88)

Obligations of Private Parties

English

Whosoever violates the provisions of the Constitution concerning human rights and fundamental freedoms shall be held personally liable and may not be exculpated by invoking a higher order. (Art. 20)

Croatian

Tko se ogriješi o odredbe ovoga Ustava o temeljnim slobodama i pravima čovjeka I građanina, osobno je odgovoran i ne može se opravdati višim nalogom. (Članak 20)

Judicial Protection

English

Individual decisions of governmental agencies, the civil service and bodies vested with public authority shall be grounded in law.
Judicial review of individual decisions made by governmental agencies and other bodies vested with public authority shall be guaranteed. (Art. 19)

Croatian

Pojedinačni akti državne uprave i tijela koja imaju javne ovlasti moraju biti utemeljeni na zakonu.
Zajamčuje se sudska kontrola zakonitosti pojedinačnih akata upravnih vlasti i tijela koja imaju javne ovlasti. (Članak 19)

Judicial Protection

English

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia: …
– shall decide on constitutional petitions against individual decisions taken by governmental agencies, bodies of local and regional self-government and legal persons vested with public authority where such decisions violate human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as the right to local and regional self-government guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia, … (Art. 129)

Croatian

Ustavni sud Republike Hrvatske: …
- odlučuje povodom ustavnih tužbi protiv pojedinačnih odluka državnih tijela, tijela jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave te pravnih osoba s javnim ovlastima kad su tim odlukama povrijeđena ljudska prava i temeljne slobode, kao i pravo na lokalnu i područnu (regionalnu) samoupravu zajamčeni Ustavom Republike Hrvatske, … (Članak 125)

National Human Rights Bodies

English

The Ombudsperson shall be a commissioner of the Croatian Parliament responsible for the promotion and protection of human rights and freedoms enshrined in the Constitution, laws and international legal instruments on human rights and freedoms ratified by the Republic of Croatia.
Everyone may lodge a complaint to the Ombudsperson if he/she deems that his/her constitutional or legal rights have been threatened or violated as a result of any illegal or irregular act by governmental bodies and the civil service, local and regional selfgovernmental bodies and bodies vested with public authority.
… By law, the Ombudsperson may also be vested with certain powers with regard to legal and natural persons in order to protect the fundamental constitutional rights. … (Art. 93)

Croatian

Pučki je pravobranitelj opunomoćenik Hrvatskoga sabora za promicanje i zaštitu ljudskih prava i sloboda utvrđenih Ustavom, zakonima i međunarodnim pravnim aktima o ljudskim pravima i slobodama koje je prihvatila Republika Hrvatska.
Svatko može podnijeti pritužbu pučkom pravobranitelju ako smatra da su, uslijed nezakonitog ili nepravilnog rada državnih tijela, tijela lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave i tijela s javnim ovlastima, ugrožena ili povrijeđena njegova ustavna ili zakonska prava.
… Zakonom se, radi zaštite temeljnih ustavnih prava, pučkom pravobranitelju mogu povjeriti i određene ovlasti u odnosu na pravne i fizičke osobe. … (Članak 93)

Limitations and/or Derogations

English

Freedoms and rights may only be curtailed by law in order to protect the freedoms and rights of others, the legal order, and public morals and health.
Any restriction of freedoms or rights shall be proportionate to the nature of the need to do so in each individual case. (Art. 16)

Croatian

Slobode i prava mogu se ograničiti samo zakonom da bi se zaštitila sloboda i prava drugih ljudi te pravni poredak, javni moral i zdravlje.
Svako ograničenje slobode ili prava mora biti razmjerno naravi potrebe za ograničenjem u svakom pojedinom slučaju. (Članak 16)

Limitations and/or Derogations

English

Individual constitutionally-guaranteed freedoms and rights may be curtailed during a state of war or any clear and present danger to the independence and unity of the Republic of Croatia or in the event of any natural disaster. Such curtailment shall be decided upon by the Croatian Parliament by a two-thirds majority of all representatives or, if the Croatian Parliament is unable to convene, by the President of the Republic. The extent of such restrictions must be adequate to the nature of the threat, and may not result in the inequality of citizens with respect to race, colour, gender, language,religion, national or social origin.
Even in cases of clear and present danger to the existence of the state, no restrictions may be imposed upon the provisions of this Constitution stipulating the right to life, prohibition of torture, cruel or unusual treatment or punishment, and concerning the legal definitions of criminal offences and punishment, and the freedom of thought, conscience and religion. (Art. 17)

Croatian

U doba ratnog stanja ili neposredne ugroženosti neovisnosti i jedinstvenosti države, te velikih prirodnih nepogoda pojedine slobode i prava zajamcena Ustavom mogu se ograniciti. O tome odlucuje Hrvatski sabor dvotrecinskom vecinom svih zastupnika, a ako se Hrvatski sabor ne može sastati, na prijedlog Vlade i uz supotpis predsjednika Vlade, Predsjednik Republike. Opseg ogranicenja mora biti primjeren naravi pogibelji, a za posljedicu ne može imati nejednakost osoba s obzirom na rasu, boju kože, spol, jezik, vjeru, nacionalno ili socijalno podrijetlo.
Niti u slučaju neposredne opasnosti za opstanak države ne može se ograničiti primjena odredbi ovoga Ustava o pravu na život, zabrani mučenja, surovog ili ponižavajućeg postupanja ili kažnjavanja, o pravnoj određenosti kažnjivih djela i kazni, te o slobodi misli, savjesti i vjeroispovijedi. (Članak 17)

Limitations and/or Derogations

English

The Croatian Parliament may, for a maximum period of one year, authorise the Government of the Republic of Croatia to regulate by decree individual issues falling within the purview of the Parliament, save for those pertaining to the elaboration of constitutionally established human rights and fundamental freedoms, … (Art. 88)

Croatian

Hrvatski sabor može, najviše na vrijeme od godinu dana, ovlastiti Vladu Republike Hrvatske da uredbama uređuje pojedina pitanja iz njegova djelokruga, osim onih koja se odnose na razradu Ustavom utvrđenih ljudskih prava i temeljnih sloboda, … (Članak 88)

Marriage and Family Life

English

Respect for and legal protection of each person’s private and family life, dignity, reputation shall be guaranteed. (Art. 35)

Croatian

Svakomu se jamči štovanje i pravna zaštita njegova osobnog i obiteljskog života, dostojanstva, ugleda i časti. (Članak 35)

Marriage and Family Life

English

The right of employees and their family members to social security and social insurance shall be regulated by law and collective agreements.
Rights related to child-birth, maternity and child care shall be regulated by law. (Art. 57)

Croatian

Pravo zaposlenih i članova njihovih obitelji na socijalnu sigurnost i socijalno osiguranje ureduje se zakonom i kolektivnim ugovorom.
Posebnu skrb država posvećuje zaštiti osoba s invaliditetom i njihovu uključivanju u društveni život. (Članak 56)

Marriage and Family Life

English

The family shall enjoy special protection of the state.
Marriage and legal relations in marriage, common-law marriage and the family shall be regulated by law. (Art. 62)

Croatian

Obitelj je pod osobitom zaštitom države.
Brak i pravni odnosi u braku, izvanbračnoj zajednici i obitelji ureĎuju se zakonom. (Članak 61)

Marriage and Family Life

English

The state shall protect maternity, children and youth, and shall create social, cultural, educational, material and other conditions promoting the achievement of the right to a suitable life. (Art. 63)

Croatian

Država štiti materinstvo, djecu i mladež te stvara socijalne, kulturne, odgojne, materijalne i druge uvjete kojima se promice ostvarivanje prava na dostojan život. (Članak 62)

Minorities

English

Setting forth from these historical facts and the universally accepted principles governing the contemporary world and the inalienable and indivisible, non-transferable and perpetual right of the Croatian nation to self-determination and state sovereignty, including the inviolable right to secession and association as the fundamental conditions for peace and stability of the international order, the Republic of Croatia is hereby established as the nation state of the Croatian nation and the state of the members of its national minorities: Serbs, Czechs, Slovaks, Italians, Hungarians, Jews, Germans, Austrians, Ukrainians, Rusyns, Bosniaks, Slovenians, Montenegrins, Macedonians, Russians, Bulgarians, Poles, Roma, Romanians, Turks, Vlachs, Albanians and others who are its citizens and who are guaranteed equality with citizens of Croatian nationality and the exercise of their national rights in compliance with the democratic norms of the United Nations and the countries of the free world. … (I. Historical Foundations)

Croatian

Polazeći od iznesenih povijesnih činjenica, te općeprihvaćenih načela u suvremenu svijetu i neotuđivosti i nedjeljivosti, neprenosivosti i nepotrošivosti prava na samoodređenje i državnu suverenost hrvatskog naroda, uključujući i neokrnjeno pravo na odcjepljenje i udruživanje, kao osnovnih preduvjeta za mir i stabilnost međunarodnog poretka Republika Hrvatska ustanovljuje se kao nacionalna država hrvatskoga naroda i država pripadnika nacionalnih manjina: Srba, Čeha, Slovaka, Talijana, Mađara, Židova, Nijemaca, Austrijanaca, Ukrajinaca, Rusina, Bošnjaka, Slovenaca, Crnogoraca, Makedonaca, Rusa, Bugara, Poljaka, Roma, Rumunja, Turaka, Vlaha, Albanaca i drugih, koji su njezini državljani, kojima se jamči ravnopravnost s građanima hrvatske narodnosti i ostvarivanje nacionalnih prava u skladu s demokratskim normama OUN-a i zemalja slobodnoga svijeta. … (I. Izvorishne osnove)

Minorities

English

Equal rights for the members of all national minorities in the Republic of Croatia are guaranteed.
Equality and protection of the rights of national minorities shall be regulated by a constitutional act to be enacted under the procedure stipulated for organic law.
Over and above general suffrage, the right of the members of national minorities to elect their representatives to the Croatian Parliament may be stipulated by law.
The freedom of the members of all national minorities to express their nationality, to use their language and script, and to exercise cultural autonomy shall be guaranteed. (Art. 15)

Croatian

U Republici Hrvatskoj jamči se ravnopravnost pripadnicima svih nacionalnih manjina. Ravnopravnost i zaštita prava nacionalnih manjina uređuje se ustavnim zakonom koji se donosi po postupku za donošenje organskih zakona.
Zakonom se može, pored općega biračkog prava, pripadnicima nacionalnih manjina osigurati posebno pravo da biraju svoje zastupnike u Hrvatski sabor.
Pripadnicima svih nacionalnih manjina jamči se sloboda izražavanja nacionalne pripadnosti, slobodno služenje svojim jezikom i pismom i kulturna autonomija. (Članak 15)

Minorities

English

The Croatian Parliament shall adopt laws (organic laws) regulating the rights of national minorities by a two-thirds majority vote of all deputies. … (Art. 83)

Croatian

Zakone (organski zakoni) kojima se uređuju prava nacionalnih manjina Hrvatski sabor donosi dvotrećinskom većinom glasova svih zastupnika. ... (Članak 83)

Participation in Public Life and Institutions

English

Every citizen of the Republic of Croatia shall have the right, under equal conditions, to participate in the conduct of public affairs, and to have access to public services. (Art. 44)

Croatian

Svaki državljanin Republike Hrvatske ima pravo, pod jednakim uvjetima, sudjelovati u obavljanju javnih poslova i biti primljen u javne službe. (Članak 44)

Political Rights and Association

English

Everyone shall be guaranteed the right to freedom of association for the purposes of protection of common interests or promotion of social, economic, political, national, cultural and other convictions and aims. … (Art. 43)

Croatian

Svakom se jamči pravo na slobodno udruživanje radi zaštite njihovih probitaka ili zauzimanja za socijalna, gospodarska, politička, nacionalna, kulturna ili druga uvjerenja i ciljeve. … ( Članak 43)

Political Rights and Association

English

All Croatian citizens who have reached the age of eighteen years (voters) shall be entitled to universal and equal suffrage in elections for the Croatian Parliament, the President of the Republic of Croatia and the European Parliament and in decision-making procedures by national referendum, in compliance with law. … (Art. 45)

Croatian

Hrvatski državljani s navršenih 18 godina (birači) imaju opće i jednako biračko pravo u izborima za Hrvatski sabor, Predsjednika Republike Hrvatske i Europski parlament te u postupku odlučivanja na državnom referendumu, u skladu sa zakonom. … (Članak 45)

Political Parties

English

The right to establish political parties shall be unrestricted.
The internal structure of political parties shall comply with fundamental constitutional democratic principles.
Political parties shall publicly disclose the sources of their finances and assets.
Political parties which, in their platforms or by violent action, intend to undermine the free democratic order or threaten the existence of the Republic of Croatia shall be deemed unconstitutional. The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia shall decide on such unconstitutionality.
The status and financing of political parties shall be regulated by law. (Art. 6)

Croatian

Osnivanje političkih stranaka je slobodno.
Unutarnje ustrojstvo političkih stranaka mora biti sukladno temeljnim ustavnim demokratskim načelima.
Stranke moraju javno polagati račun o porijeklu svojih sredstava i imovine.
Protuustavne su političke stranke koje svojim programom ili nasilnim djelovanjem smjeraju podrivanju slobodnoga demokratskog poretka ili ugrožavaju opstojnost Republike Hrvatske. O protuustavnosti odlučuje Ustavni sud Republike Hrvatske.
Zakonom se uređuje položaj i financiranje političkih stranaka. (Članak 6)

Head of State

English

The President of the Republic of Croatia shall represent and act on behalf of the Republic of Croatia at home and abroad. … (Art. 94)

Croatian

Predsjednik Republike Hrvatske predstavlja i zastupa Republiku Hrvatsku u zemlji i inozemstvu. … (Članak 94)

Head of State

English

The President of the Republic shall be elected directly by secret ballot, on the basis of universal and equal suffrage, for a term of five years. … (Art. 95)

Croatian

Predsjednik Republike bira se na temelju općeg i jednakog biračkog prava na neposrednim izborima tajnim glasovanjem na vrijeme od pet godina. … (Članak 95)

Government

English

The Government of the Republic of Croatia shall consist of a Prime Minister, one or more Deputy Prime Ministers and Ministers. … (Art. 109)

Croatian

Vladu Republike Hrvatske čine predsjednik, jedan ili više potpredsjednika i ministr. … (Članak 108)

Government

English

Members of Government shall be proposed by a person to whom the President of the Republic has entrusted the mandate to form Government.
Immediately upon forming the Government, or 30 days after accepting the mandate at the latest, Prime Minister-Designate shall present the Government and its policies to the Croatian Parliament and seek a vote of confidence.
The Government shall assume office when a vote of confidence is passed by a majority of all deputies of the Croatian Parliament. … (Art. 110)

Croatian

Članove Vlade predlaže osoba kojoj je Predsjednik Republike povjerio mandat za sastav Vlade.
Odmah po sastavljanju Vlade, a najkasnije u roku od 30 dana od prihvaćanja mandata, mandatar je dužan program Vlade i Vladu predstaviti Hrvatskom saboru i zatražiti glasovanje o povjerenju.
Vlada stupa na dužnost kad joj povjerenje iskaže većina svih zastupnika u Hrvatskom saboru. … (Članak 109)

Legislature

English

The Croatian Parliament shall be a representative body of the people and shall be vested with legislative power in the Republic of Croatia. (Art. 71)

Croatian

Hrvatski sabor je predstavničko tijelo građana i nositelj zakonodavne vlasti u Republici Hrvatskoj. (Članak 70)

Legislature

English

The Croatian Parliament shall have no less than 100 and no more than 160 deputies elected on the basis of direct, universal and equal suffrage by secret ballot. (Art. 72)

Croatian

Hrvatski sabor ima najmanje 100, a najviše 160 zastupnika koji se, na temelju općeg i jednakoga biračkog prava, biraju neposredno tajnim glasovanjem. (Članak 71)

Legislature

English

… The number of deputies in the Croatian Parliament and the conditions and procedure for their election thereto shall be regulated by law. (Art. 73)

Croatian

... Zakonom se određuje broj, uvjeti i postupak izbora zastupnika u Hrvatski sabor. (Članak 72)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

English

The right of ownership shall be guaranteed. …
The right of inheritance shall be guaranteed. (Art. 48)

Croatian

Jamči se pravo vlasništva. ...
Jamči se pravo nasljeđivanja. (Članak 48)

Protection from Violence

English

… Political parties which, in their platforms or by violent action, intend to undermine the free democratic order or threaten the existence of the Republic of Croatia shall be deemed unconstitutional. … (Art. 6)

Croatian

… Protuustavne su političke stranke koje svojim programom ili nasilnim djelovanjem smjeraju podrivanju slobodnoga demokratskog poretka ili ugrožavaju opstojnost Republike Hrvatske. O protuustavnosti odlučuje Ustavni sud Republike Hrvatske. … (Članak 6)

Protection from Violence

English

… Even in cases of clear and present danger to the existence of the state, no restrictions may be imposed upon the provisions of this Constitution stipulating the right to life, prohibition of torture, cruel or unusual treatment or punishment, … (Art. 17)

Croatian

… Niti u slučaju neposredne opasnosti za opstanak države ne može se ograničiti primjena odredbi ovoga Ustava o pravu na život, zabrani mučenja, surovog ili ponižavajućeg postupanja ili kažnjavanja, … (Članak 17)

Protection from Violence

English

No one may be subjected to any form of abuse or to medical or scientific experimentation with his or her consent.
Forced and compulsory labour shall be forbidden. (Art. 23)

Croatian

Nitko ne smije biti podvrgnut bilo kakvu obliku zlostavljanja ili, bez svoje privole, liječničkim ili znanstvenim pokusima.
Zabranjen je prisilni i obvezatni rad. (Članak 23)

Protection from Violence

English

Any call for or incitement to war or use of violence, to national, racial or religious hatred, or any form of intolerance shall be prohibited and punishable by law. (Art. 39)

Croatian

Zabranjeno je i kažnjivo svako pozivanje ili poticanje na rat ili uporabu nasilja, na nacionalnu, rasnu ili vjersku mržnju ili bilo koji oblik nesnošljivosti. (Članak 39)

Protection from Violence

English

… Children shall not be employed before reaching the age specified by law, nor shall they be forced or allowed to do any work that is harmful to their health or morality. … (Art. 65)

Croatian

… Djeca ne mogu biti primljena na rad prije zakonom određene dobi niti smiju biti prisiljavana na rad koji štetno utječe na njihovo zdravlje ili ćudoređe, niti im se takav rad smije dopustiti. … (Članak 64)

Public Institutions and Services

English

The family shall enjoy special protection of the state. … (Art. 62)

Croatian

Obitelj je pod osobitom zaštitom države. … (Članak 61)

Public Institutions and Services

English

The state shall protect maternity, children and youth, and shall create social, cultural, educational, material and other conditions promoting the achievement of the right to a suitable life. (Art. 63)

Croatian

Država štiti materinstvo, djecu i mladež te stvara socijalne, kulturne, odgojne, materijalne i druge uvjete kojima se promice ostvarivanje prava na dostojan život. (Članak 62)

Sexual and Reproductive Rights

English

… Rights related to child-birth, maternity and child care shall be regulated by law. (Art. 57)

Croatian

… Prava u svezi s porodajem, materinstvom i njegom djece ureduju se zakonom. (Članak 56)

Status of the Constitution

English

In the Republic of Croatia, laws shall comply with the Constitution. Other regulations shall comply with the Constitution and law.
All persons shall be obliged to abide by the Constitution and law and respect the legal order of the Republic of Croatia. (Art. 5)

Croatian

U Republici Hrvatskoj zakoni moraju biti u suglasnosti s Ustavom, a ostali propisi i s Ustavom i sa zakonom.
Svatko je dužan držati se Ustava i prava i poštivati pravni poredak Republike Hrvatske. (Članak 5)

Status of International Law

English

The Ombudsperson shall be a commissioner of the Croatian Parliament responsible for the promotion and protection of human rights and freedoms enshrined in the Constitution, laws and international legal instruments on human rights and freedoms ratified by the Republic of Croatia. … (Art. 93)

Croatian

Pučki je pravobranitelj opunomoćenik Hrvatskoga sabora za promicanje i zaštitu ljudskih prava i sloboda utvrđenih Ustavom, zakonima i međunarodnim pravnim aktima o ljudskim pravima i slobodama koje je prihvatila Republika Hrvatska. … (Članak 93)

Status of International Law

English

… Courts shall administer justice according to the Constitution, law, international treaties and other valid sources of law. (Art. 118)

Croatian

… Sudovi sude na temelju Ustava, zakona, medunarodnih ugovora i drugih važecih izvora prava. (Članak 115)

Status of International Law

English

International treaties which have been concluded and ratified in accordance with the Constitution, published and which have entered into force shall be a component of the domestic legal order of the Republic of Croatia and shall have primacy over domestic law. Their provisions may be altered or repealed only under the conditions and in the manner specified therein or in accordance with the general rules of international law. (Art. 141)

Croatian

Medunarodni ugovori koji su sklopljeni i potvrdeni u skladu s Ustavom I objavljeni, a koji su na snazi, cine dio unutarnjega pravnog poretka Republike Hrvatske, a po pravnoj su snazi iznad zakona. Njihove se odredbe mogu mijenjati ili ukidati samo uz uvjete i na nacin koji su u njima utvrdeni, ili suglasno opcim pravilima medunarodnog prava. (Članak 134)

Status of International Law

English

Pursuant to Article 142 of the Constitution, the Republic of Croatia shall, as a Member State of the European Union, participate in the creation of European unity in order to ensure, together with other European states, lasting peace, liberty, security and prosperity, and to attain other common objectives in keeping with the founding principles and values of the European Union. Pursuant to Articles 140 and 141 of the Constitution, the Republic of Croatia shall confer upon the institutions of the European Union the powers necessary for the enjoyment of rights and fulfilment of obligations ensuing from membership. (Art. 143)

Croatian

Republika Hrvatska, na temelju članka 141. Ustava, kao država članica Europske unije, sudjeluje u stvaranju europskog zajedništva, kako bi zajedno s drugim europskim državama osigurala trajni mir, slobodu, sigurnost i blagostanje te ostvarila druge zajedničke ciljeve, u skladu s temeljnim načelima i vrijednostima na kojima se Europska unija zasniva.
Republika Hrvatska, na temelju članka 139. i 140. Ustava, institucijama Europske unije povjerava ovlasti koje su potrebne za ostvarivanje prava i ispunjavanje obveza preuzetih na temelju članstva. (Članak 141.a)

Status of International Law

English

The exercise of the rights ensuing from the European Union acquis communautaire shall be made equal to the exercise of rights under Croatian law.
All the legal acts and decisions accepted by the Republic of Croatia in European Union institutions shall be applied in the Republic of Croatia in accordance with the European Union acquis communautaire.
Croatian courts shall protect subjective rights based on the European Union acquis communautaire.
Governmental agencies, bodies of local and regional self-government and legal persons vested with public authority shall apply European Union law directly. (Art. 145)

Croatian

Ostvarivanje prava koja proizlaze iz pravne stečevine Europske unije, izjednačeno je s ostvarivanjem prava koja su zajamčena hrvatskim pravnim poretkom.
Pravni akti i odluke koje je Republika Hrvatska prihvatila u institucijama Europske unije primjenjuju se u Republici Hrvatskoj u skladu s pravnom stečevinom Europske unije.
Hrvatski sudovi štite subjektivna prava utemeljena na pravnoj stečevini Europske unije. Državna tijela, tijela jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave te pravne osobe s javnim ovlastima izravno primjenjuju pravo Europske unije. (Članak 141.c)

Status of International Law

English

Citizens of the Republic of Croatia shall be European Union citizens and shall enjoy the rights guaranteed by the European Union acquis communautaire, …
All rights shall be exercised in compliance with the conditions and limitations laid down in the founding treaties of the European Union and the measures undertaken pursuant to such treaties. … (Art. 146)

Croatian

Državljani Republike Hrvatske su građani Europske unije i uživaju prava koja im jamči pravna stečevina Europske unije, …
Sva prava ostvaruju se u skladu s uvjetima i ograničenjima propisanima ugovorima na kojima se temelji Europska unija te mjerama prihvaćenima na temelju tih ugovora. … (Članak 141.d)

Religious Law

English

All religious communities shall be equal before the law and clearly separate from the state. … (Art. 41)

Croatian

Sve vjerske zajednice jednake su pred zakonom i odvojene od države. … (Članak 41)

1

Constitution of the Republic of Croatia 1991, as amended to 2010 (English). According to Art. 12: “The Croatian language and the Latin script shall be in official use in the Republic of Croatia.”There are discrepancies in the numbering and content of the English and Croatian texts.

2

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