Constitution of Malta 1964, as amended to 2014


Affirmative Action (Broadly)

The State shall promote the equal right of men and women to enjoy all economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights and for this purpose shall take appropriate measures to eliminate all forms of discrimination between the sexes by any person, organisation or enterprise; … (Art. 14)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.
(2) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (6), (7) and (8) of this article, no person shall be treated in a discriminatory manner by any person acting by virtue of any written law or in the performance of the functions of any public office or any public authority.
(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
...
(11) Nothing in the provisions of this article shall apply to any law or anything done under the authority of a law, or to any procedure or arrangement, in so far as such law, thing done, procedure or arrangement provides for the taking of special measures aimed at accelerating de facto equality between men and women, and in so far only as such measures, taking into account the social fabric of Malta, are shown to be reasonably justifiable in a democratic society. (Art. 45)

Citizenship and Nationality

(1) The acquisition, possession, renunciation and loss of Maltese citizenship shall be regulated by law.
(2) Dual or multiple citizenship is permitted in accordance with any law for the time being in force in Malta. (Art. 22)

Citizenship and Nationality

(1) No citizen of Malta shall be deprived of his freedom of movement, and for the purpose of this article the said freedom means the right to move freely throughout Malta, the right to reside in any part of Malta, the right to leave and the right to enter Malta.

(4) For the purposes of this article, any person –
(a) who has emigrated from Malta (whether before, on or after the appointed day) and, having been a citizen of Malta by virtue of article 3(1) or of article 5(1) of the Maltese Citizenship Act as in force upon the coming into force of the Maltese Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2000, has ceased to be such a citizen; or
(b) who emigrated from Malta before the appointed day and, but for his having ceased to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies before that day, would have become a citizen of Malta by virtue of article 3(1) of the Maltese Citizenship Act as in force upon the coming into force of the Maltese Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2000; or
(c) who is the spouse of a person mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of this sub-article or of a person who is a citizen of Malta by virtue of article 3(1) or of article 5(1) of the Maltese Citizenship Act as in force upon the coming into force of the Maltese Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2000, and who has been married to that person for at least five years and is living with that person, or is the child under twenty-one years of age of such a person; or
(d) who is the widow or the widower of a person mentioned in paragraph (a) or paragraph (b) of this subarticle or of a person who at the time of his or her death was a citizen of Malta by virtue of article 3(1) or of article 5(1) of the Maltese Citizenship Act as in force upon the coming into force of the Maltese Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2000, and who was still living with him or her at the time of his or her death and had been married to that person for at least five years or who would, but for the death of that person, have been so married for at least five years, or is the child under twenty-one years of age of such a person,
shall be deemed to be a citizen of Malta by virtue of article 3(1) or of article 5(1) of the Maltese Citizenship Act as in force upon the coming into force of the Maltese Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2000:
Provided that if the Minister responsible for matters relating to Maltese citizenship at any time by order declares that it is contrary to the public interest that a spouse as is mentioned in paragraph (c), or a widow or widower as is mentioned in paragraph (d), or a child over eighteen years of age as is mentioned in paragraph (c) or (d) is to be so deemed, or to continue to be so deemed, such spouse, widow, widower or child, as the case may be, shall thereupon cease to be deemed to be a citizen of Malta as aforesaid:
Provided further that the Minister responsible for matters relating to Maltese citizenship shall not be required to assign any reason for the issue of any order referred to in the immediately preceding proviso, and the decision of the Minister on any such order shall not be subject to appeal to or review in any court.
… (Art. 44)

Jurisdiction and Access

(1) There shall be in and for Malta such Superior Courts having such powers and jurisdiction as may be provided by any law for the time being in force in Malta.
(2) One of the Superior Courts, composed of such three judges as could, in accordance with any law for the time being in force in Malta, compose the Court of Appeal, shall be known as the Constitutional Court and shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine –
(a) such questions as are referred to in article 63 of the Constitution;
(b) any reference made to it in accordance with article 56 of this Constitution and any matter referred to it in accordance with any law relating to the election of members of the House of Representatives;
(c) appeals from decisions of the Civil Court, First Hall, under article 46 of this Constitution;
(d) appeals from decisions of any court of original jurisdiction in Malta as to the interpretation of this Constitution other than those which may fall under article 46 of this Constitution;
(e) appeals from decisions of any court of original jurisdiction in Malta on questions as to the validity of laws other than those which may fall under article 46 of this Constitution; and
(f) any question decided by a court of original jurisdiction in Malta together with any of the questions referred to in the foregoing paragraphs of this sub-article on which an appeal has been made to the Constitutional Court:
Provided that nothing in this paragraph shall preclude an appeal being brought separately before the Court of Appeal in accordance with any law for the time being in force in Malta.
… (Art. 95)

Education

Primary education shall be compulsory and in State schools shall be free of charge. (Art. 10)

Education

(1) Capable and deserving students, even if without financial resources, are entitled to attain the highest grades of education.
(2) The State shall give effect to this principle by means of scholarships, of contributions to the families of students and other provisions on the basis of competitive examinations. (Art. 11)

Employment Rights and Protection

The State recognises the right of all citizens to work and shall promote such conditions as will make this right effective. (Art. 7)

Employment Rights and Protection

(1) The State shall protect work.
(2) It shall provide for the professional or vocational training and advancement of workers. (Art. 12)

Employment Rights and Protection

(1) The maximum number of hours of work per day shall be fixed by law.
(2) The worker is entitled to a weekly day of rest and to annual holidays with pay; he cannot renounce this right. (Art. 13)

Employment Rights and Protection

The State shall promote the equal right of men and women to enjoy all economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights and for this purpose shall take appropriate measures to eliminate all forms of discrimination between the sexes by any person, organisation or enterprise; the State shall in particular aim at ensuring that women workers enjoy equal rights and the same wages for the same work as men. (Art. 14)

Employment Rights and Protection

(2) Workers are entitled to reasonable insurance on a contributory basis for their requirements in case of accident, illness, disability, old-age and involuntary unemployment.
… (Art. 17)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

The State shall promote the equal right of men and women to enjoy all economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights and for this purpose shall take appropriate measures to eliminate all forms of discrimination between the sexes by any person, organisation or enterprise; … (Art. 14)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
… (Art. 32)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.
(2) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (6), (7) and (8) of this article, no person shall be treated in a discriminatory manner by any person acting by virtue of any written law or in the performance of the functions of any public office or any public authority.
(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
(4) Sub-article (1) of this article shall not apply to any law so far as that law makes provision – …
(c) with respect to adoption, marriage, dissolution of marriage, burial, devolution of property on death or any matters of personal law not hereinbefore specified; or
...
(e) for authorising the taking during a period of public emergency of measures that are reasonably justifiable for the purpose of dealing with the situation that exists during that period of public emergency;
Provided that paragraph (c) of this sub-article shall not apply to any law which makes any provision that is discriminatory, either of itself or in its effect by affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective description by sex.
(5) Nothing contained in any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of sub-article (1) of this article to the extent that it makes provision:
(a) with respect to qualifications for service or conditions of service in any disciplined force; or
(b) with respect to qualifications (not being qualifications specifically relating to sex, sexual orientation or gender identity) for service as a public officer or for service of a local government authority or a body corporate established for public purposes by any law.
(6) Sub-article (2) of this article shall not apply to anything which is expressly or by necessary implication authorised to be done by any such provision of law as is referred to in sub-article (4) or (5) of this article.
(7) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this article to the extent that the law in question makes provision (not being provisions specifically relating to sex) whereby persons of any such description as is mentioned in sub-article (3) of this article may be subjected to any restriction on the rights and freedoms guaranteed by articles 38, 40, 41, 42 and 44 of this Constitution, being such a restriction as is authorised by article 38(2), 40(2), 41(2), 42(2) or 44(3).

(10) Until the expiration of a period of two years commencing on the lst July, 1991, nothing contained in any law made before the 1st July, 1991, shall be held to be inconsistent with the provisions of this article, in so far as that law provides for different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective description by sex.
(11) Nothing in the provisions of this article shall apply to any law or anything done under the authority of a law, or to any procedure or arrangement, in so far as such law, thing done, procedure or arrangement provides for the taking of special measures aimed at accelerating de facto equality between men and women, and in so far only as such measures, taking into account the social fabric of Malta, are shown to be reasonably justifiable in a democratic society. (Art. 45)

Obligations of the State

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of peaceful assembly and association; and
(c) respect for his private and family life,
the subsequent provisions of this Chapter shall have effect for the purpose of affording protection to the aforesaid rights and freedoms, subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of the said rights and freedoms by any individual does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of others or the public interest. (Art. 32)

Obligations of Private Parties

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of peaceful assembly and association; and
(c) respect for his private and family life,
the subsequent provisions of this Chapter shall have effect for the purpose of affording protection to the aforesaid rights and freedoms, subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of the said rights and freedoms by any individual does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of others or the public interest. (Art. 32)

Judicial Protection

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (6) and (7) of this article, any person who alleges that any of the provisions of articles 33 to 45 (inclusive) of this Constitution has been, is being or is likely to be contravened in relation to him, or such other person as the Civil Court, First Hall, in Malta may appoint at the instance of any person who so alleges, may, without prejudice to any other action with respect to the same matter that is lawfully available, apply to the Civil Court, First Hall, for redress.
(2) The Civil Court, First Hall, shall have original jurisdiction to hear and determine any application made by any person in pursuance of sub-article (1) of this article, and may make such orders, issue such writs and give such directions as it may consider appropriate for the purpose of enforcing, or securing the enforcement of, any of the provisions of the said articles 33 to 45 (inclusive) to the protection of which the person concerned is entitled:
Provided that the Court may, if it considers it desirable so to do, decline to exercise its powers under this sub-article in any case where it is satisfied that adequate means of redress for the contravention alleged are or have been available to the person concerned under any other law.
(3) If in any proceedings in any court other than the Civil Court, First Hall, or the Constitutional Court any question arises as to the contravention of any of the provisions of the said articles 33 to 45 (inclusive), that court shall refer the question to the Civil Court, First Hall, unless in its opinion the raising of the question is merely frivolous or vexatious; and that court shall give its decision on any question referred to it under this sub-article and, subject to the provisions of sub-article (4) of this article, the court in which the question arose shall dispose of the question in accordance with that decision.
(4) Any party to proceedings brought in the Civil Court, First Hall, in pursuance of this article shall have a right of appeal to the Constitutional Court.
(5) No appeal shall lie from any determination under this article that any application or the raising of any question is merely frivolous or vexatious.
… (Art. 46)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of peaceful assembly and association; and
(c) respect for his private and family life, the subsequent provisions of this Chapter shall have effect for the purpose of affording protection to the aforesaid rights and freedoms, subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of the said rights and freedoms by any individual does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of others or the public interest. (Art. 32)

Limitations and/or Derogations

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.
(2) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (6), (7) and (8) of this article, no person shall be treated in a discriminatory manner by any person acting by virtue of any written law or in the performance of the functions of any public office or any public authority.
(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
(4) Sub-article (1) of this article shall not apply to any law so far as that law makes provision – …
(e) for authorising the taking during a period of public emergency of measures that are reasonably justifiable for the purpose of dealing with the situation that exists during that period of public emergency;
...
(7) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this article to the extent that the law in question makes provision (not being provisions specifically relating to sex) whereby persons of any such description as is mentioned in sub-article (3) of this article may be subjected to any restriction on the rights and freedoms guaranteed by articles 38, 40, 41, 42 and 44 of this Constitution, being such a restriction as is authorised by article 38(2), 40(2), 41(2), 42(2) or 44(3).
... (Art. 45)

Marriage and Family Life

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
...
(c) respect for his private and family life,
... (Art. 32)

Marriage and Family Life

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.

(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
(4) Sub-article (1) of this article shall not apply to any law so far as that law makes provision -
...
(c) with respect to adoption, marriage, dissolution of marriage, burial, devolution of property on death or any matters of personal law not hereinbefore specified;
...
Provided that paragraph (c) of this sub-article shall not apply to any law which makes any provision that is discriminatory, either of itself or in its effect by affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective description by sex.
... (Art. 45)

Participation in Public Life and Institutions

The State shall promote the equal right of men and women to enjoy all economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights and for this purpose shall take appropriate measures to eliminate all forms of discrimination between the sexes by any person, organisation or enterprise; … (Art. 14)

Participation in Public Life and Institutions

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.

(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
...
(5) Nothing contained in any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of sub-article (1) of this article to the extent that it makes provision:
(a) with respect to qualifications for service or conditions of service in any disciplined force; or
(b) with respect to qualifications (not being qualifications specifically relating to sex, sexual orientation or gender identity) for service as a public officer or for service of a local government authority or a body corporate established for public purposes by any law.
... (Art. 45)

Political Rights and Association

The State shall promote the equal right of men and women to enjoy all economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights and for this purpose shall take appropriate measures to eliminate all forms of discrimination between the sexes by any person, organisation or enterprise; … (Art. 14)

Political Rights and Association

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –

(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of peaceful assembly and association;
… (Art. 32)

Political Rights and Association

(1) Except with his own consent or by way of parental discipline no person shall be hindered in the enjoyment of his freedom of peaceful assembly and association, that is to say, his right peacefully to assemble freely and associate with other persons and in particular to form or belong to trade or other unions or associations for the protection of his interests.
… (Art. 42)

Political Rights and Association

Subject to the provisions of article 58 of this Constitution, a person shall be qualified to be registered as a voter for the election of members of the House of Representatives if, and shall not be qualified to be so registered unless –
(a) he is a citizen of Malta;
(b) he has attained the age of eighteen years; and
(c) he is resident in Malta and has during the eighteen months immediately preceding his registration been a resident for a continuous period of six months or for periods amounting in the aggregate to six months:
Provided that this paragraph shall not apply to a person who is ordinarily resident in Malta but has not been resident in Malta as required by this paragraph by reason of service abroad in the public service, including service in the offices referred to in subarticle (3) of article 124 of this Constitution, or by reason of service abroad in, or as a member of, a disciplined force as defined in article 47 of this Constitution. (Art. 57)

Electoral Bodies

(1) There shall be an Electoral Commission for Malta.

(9) In the exercise of its functions under this Constitution the Electoral Commission shall not be subject to the direction or control of any other person or authority. (Art. 60)

Head of State

(1) There shall be a President of Malta who shall be appointed by Resolution of the House of Representatives.
(2) A person shall not be qualified to be appointed to the office of President if –
(a) he is not a citizen of Malta; or
(b) he holds or has held the office of Chief Justice or other Judge of the Superior Courts; or
(c) he is not eligible for appointment to or to act in any public office in accordance with articles 109, 118 and 120 of this Constitution. (Art. 48)

Government

(1) There shall be a Cabinet for Malta which shall consist of the Prime Minister and such number of other Ministers as may be appointed in accordance with article 80 of this Constitution.
… (Art. 79)

Government

Wherever there shall be occasion for the appointment of a Prime Minister, the President shall appoint as Prime Minister the member of the House of Representatives who, in his judgment, is best able to command the support of a majority of the members of that House and shall, acting in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister, appoint the other Ministers from among the members of the House of Representatives: … (Art. 80)

Legislature

There shall be a Parliament of Malta which shall consist of the President and a House of Representatives. (Art. 51)

Legislature

Subject to the provisions of article 54 of this Constitution, a person shall be qualified to be elected as a member of the House of Representatives if, and shall not be qualified to be so elected unless, he has the qualifications for registration as a voter for the election of members of the House of Representatives mentioned in article 57 of this Constitution. (Art. 53)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) … the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
… (Art. 32)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.
...
(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
(4) Sub-article (1) of this article shall not apply to any law so far as that law makes provision –

(c) with respect to adoption, marriage, dissolution of marriage, burial, devolution of property on death or any matters of personal law not hereinbefore specified;
...
Provided that paragraph (c) of this sub-article shall not apply to any law which makes any provision that is discriminatory, either of itself or in its effect by affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective description by sex.
… (Art. 45)

Protection from Violence

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, … (Art. 32)

Protection from Violence

(1) No person shall be required to perform forced labour.
… (Art 35)

Protection from Violence

(1) No person shall be subjected to inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment.

(3) (a) No law shall provide for the imposition of collective Punishments.
… (Art. 36)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of peaceful assembly and association; and
(c) respect for his private and family life, the subsequent provisions of this Chapter shall have effect for the purpose of affording protection to the aforesaid rights and freedoms, subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of the said rights and freedoms by any individual does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of others or the public interest. (Art. 32)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.

(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.

(5) Nothing contained in any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of sub-article (1) of this article to the extent that it makes provision:
(a) with respect to qualifications for service or conditions of service in any disciplined force; or
(b) with respect to qualifications (not being qualifications specifically relating to sex, sexual orientation or gender identity) for service as a public officer or for service of a local government authority or a body corporate established for public purposes by any law.
... (Art. 45)

Status of the Constitution

Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (7) and (9) of article 47 and of article 66 of this Constitution, if any other law is inconsistent with this Constitution, this Constitution shall prevail and the other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void. (Art. 6)

Status of International Law

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, Parliament may make laws for the peace, order and good government of Malta in conformity with full respect for human rights, generally accepted principles of international law and Malta’s international and regional obligations in particular those assumed by the treaty of accession to the European Union signed in Athens on the 16th April, 2003.
… (Art. 65)

Religious Law

(1) The religion of Malta is the Roman Catholic Apostolic Religion.
(2) The authorities of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Church have the duty and the right to teach which principles are right and which are wrong.
(3) Religious teaching of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Faith shall be provided in all State schools as part of compulsory education. (Art. 2)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

L-Istat għandu jippromwovi dritt ugwali ta’ rġiel u nisa li jgawdu d-drittijiet ekonomiċi, soċjali, kulturali, ċivili u politiċi kollha u għal dan il-għan għandu jieħu dawk il-miżuri li jkunu ndikati biex jelimina kull forma ta’ diskriminazzjoni bejn is-sessi, minn kull persuna, organizzazzjoni jew azjenda; … (Art. 14)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.
(2) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (6), (7) u (8) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ħadd ma għandu jiġi trattat b’mod diskriminatorju minn xi persuna li taġixxi bis-saħħa ta’ xi liġi miktuba jew fil-qadi tal-funzjonijiet ta’ xi kariga pubblika jew xi awtorità pubblika.
(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.
...
(11) Ebda ħaġa fid-disposizzjonijiet ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandha tgħodd għal xi liġi, jew għal xi ħaġa magħmula taħt lawtorità ta’ xi liġi, jew għal xi proċedura jew arranġament, sa fejn dik il-liġi, ħaġa magħmula, proċedura jew arranġament jipprovdu għat-tehid ta’ miżuri speċjali bil-għan li tiġi aċċellerata lugwaljanza de facto bejn irġiel u nisa, u sa fejn biss dawk il-miżuri, meħud kont tat-tessut soċjali ta’ Malta, ikunu murija li huma raġjonevolment ġustifikati f’soċjetà demokratika. (Art. 45)

Citizenship and Nationality

(1) Il-ksib, il-pussess, ir-rinunzja u t-telfien taċ- ċittadinanza Maltija għandhom jiġu regolati bil-liġi.
(2) Iċ-ċittadinanza doppja jew multipla hija permessa skont liġi li f’dak iż-żmien tkun fis-seħħ f’Malta. (Art. 22)

Citizenship and Nationality

(1) Ebda ċittadin ta’ Malta ma għandu jiġi pprivat millibertà tiegħu ta’ moviment, u għall-fini ta’ dan l-artikolu din illibertà tfisser id-dritt ta’ moviment liberu ġewwa Malta, id-dritt li jirrisjedi f’kull parti ta’ Malta, id-dritt li joħroġ minn Malta u ddritt li jidħol Malta.

(4) Għall-finijiet ta’ dan l-artikolu kull persuna -
(a) li tkun emigrat minn Malta (kemm jekk qabel, fi jew wara l-ġurnata stabbilita) u, billi kienet ċittadin ta’
Malta bis-saħħa tal-artikolu 3(1) jew tal-artikolu 5(1) tal-Att dwar iċ-Ċittadinanza Maltija kif ikun fis-seħħ mal-bidu fis-seħħ tal-Att tal-2000 li jemenda l-Att dwar iċ-Ċittadinanza Maltija, tkun temmet milli tkun ċittadin bħal dak; jew
(b) li emigrat minn Malta qabel il-ġurnata stabbilita u, li ma kienx għaliex tkun temmet milli tkun ċittadin tar- Renju Unit u Kolonji qabel dik il-ġurnata, kienet issir ċittadin ta’ Malta bis-saħħa tal-artikolu 3(1) l-Att dwar iċ-Ċittadinanza Maltija kif ikun fis-seħħ mal-bidu fisseħħ tal-Att tal-2000 li jemenda l-Att dwar iċĊittadinanza Maltija; jew
(ċ)* li jkun il-konjuġi ta’ persuna msemmija fil-paragrafu (a) jew (b) ta’ dan is-subartikolu jew ta’ persuna li tkun ċittadin ta’ Malta bis-saħħa tal-artikolu 3(1) jew tal-artikolu 5(1) tal-Att dwar iċ-Ċittadinanza Maltija kif ikun fis-seħħ mal-bidu fis-seħħ tal-Att tal-2000 li jemenda l-Att dwar iċ-Ċittadinanza Maltija u li tkun miżżewġa lil dik il-persuna għal mill-inqas ħames snin u li tkun tgħix ma’ dik il-persuna, jw tkun l-iben jew il-bint taħt il-wieħed u għoxrin sena ta’ età ta’ dik ilpersuna; jew,
(d) li tkun l-armla jew l-armel ta’ persuna msemmija filparagrafu (a) jew fil-paragrafu (b) ta’ dan issubartikolu jew ta’ persuna li fil-waqt tal-mewt tiegħu jew tagħha kienet ċittadin ta’ Malta bis-saħħa talartikolu 3(1) jew tal-artikolu 5(1) tal-Att dwar iċĊittadinanza Maltija kif ikun fis-seħħ mal-bidu fisseħħ tal-Att tal-2000 li jemenda l-Att dwar iċĊittadinanza
Maltija, u li kienet għadha tgħix miegħu
jew jgħix magħha fil-waqt tal-mewt tiegħu jew tagħha u li kienet ilha miżżewġa lil dik il-persuna għal millinqas ħames snin, jew li kieku kienet, li ma kienx għall-mewt ta’ dik il-persuna, tkun ilha hekk miżżewġa għal mill-inqas ħames snin, jew tkun l-iben jew il-bint taħt l-età ta’ wieħed u għoxrin sena ta’ dik il-persuna, għandha titqies li tkun ċittadin ta’ Malta bis-saħħa tal-artikolu 3(1) jew tal-artikolu 5(1) tal-Att dwar iċ-Ċittadinanza Maltija kif ikun fis-seħħ mal-bidu fis-seħħ tal-Att tal-2000 li jemenda l-Att dwar iċĊittadinanza Maltija:
Iżda jekk il-Ministru responsabbli għall-ħwejjeġ li għandhom x’jaqsmu maċ-ċittadinanza Maltija f’xi żmien b’ordni jiddikjara li jkun kontra l-interess pubbliku li konjuġi kif hem imsemmi fil-paragrafu (ċ), jew armla jew armel kif hemm imsemmi fil-paragrafu (d), jew iben jew bint li jkollhom ’il fuq minn tmintax il-sena ta’ età kif hemm imsemmi fil-paragrafu (ċ) jew (d) għandhom hekk jitqiesu, jew ikomplu hekk jitqiesu, dawk ilkonjuġi, armla, armel, iben jew bint, skont il-każ, għandhom ma’ dan itemmu milli jitqiesu bħala ċittadini ta’ Malta kif imsemmi qabel:
Iżda wkoll, il-Ministru responsabbli għall-ħwejjeġ li għandhom x’jaqsmu maċ-ċittadinanza Maltija ma għandux ikun meħtieġ li jagħti ebda raġuni għall-ħruġ ta’ xi ordni msemmi filproviso li jiġi minnufih qabel, u d-deċiżjoni tal-Ministru dwar xi ordni bħal dan ma għandha tkun suġġetta għal appell jew stħarriġ f’ebda qorti.
… (Art. 44)

Jurisdiction and Access

(1) Għandu jkun hemm f’MaIta u għal Malta dawk il-Qrati Superjuri li jkollhom dawk is-setgħat u ġurisdizzjoni kif ikun provdut b’xi liġi li għal dak iż-żmien tkun isseħħ f’Malta.
(2) Waħda mill-Qrati Superjuri, magħmula minn tlieta millimħallfin li jkunu jistgħu, skont xi liġi li għal dak iż-żmien tkun isseħħ f ’Malta, joqgħodu fil-Qorti tal-Appell, għandha tkun magħrufa bħala l-Qorti Kostituzzjonali u jkollha ġurisdizzjoni li tisma’ u tiddeċidi -
(a) dawk il-kwistjonijiet li huma msemmija fl-artikolu 63 tal-Kostituzzjoni;
(b) kull ħaġa riferita lilha skont l-artikolu 56 ta’ din il- Kostituzzjoni u kull ħaġa riferita lilha skont kull liġi dwar l-elezzjoni tal-membri tal-Kamra tad-Deputati;
(ċ) appelli minn deċiżjonijiet tal-Prim’Awla tal-Qorti Ċivili skont l-artikolu 46 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni;
(d) appelli minn deċiżjonijiet ta’ xi qorti ta’ ġurisdizzjoni oriġinali f’Malta fuq kwistjonijiet dwar interpretazzjoni ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni li ma jkunux dawk li jistgħu jaqgħu taħt l-artikolu 46 ta’ din il- Kostituzzjoni;
(e) appelli minn deċiżjonijiet ta’ xi qorti ta’ ġurisdizzjoni oriġinali f’Malta fuq kwistjonijiet dwar il-validità ta’ liġijiet li ma jkunux dawk li jistgħu jaqgħu taħt lartikolu 46 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni; u
(f) kull kwistjoni deċiża minn qorti ta’ ġurisdizzjoni oriġinali f’Malta flimkien ma’ xi waħda millkwistjonijiet imsemmija fil-paragrafi ta’ qabel ta’ dan is-subartikolu li minnha jkun sar appell lill-Qorti Kostituzzjonali:
Iżda ebda ħaġa li tinsab f’dan il-paragrafu ma ttellef li appell jinġieb separatament quddiem il-Qorti tal-Appell skont xi liġi li għal dak iż-żmien ikun hem isseħħ f’Malta.
… (Art. 95)

Education

L-edukazzjoni primarja għandha tkun obbligatorja u fl-iskejjel tal-Istat għandha tkun bla ħlas. (Art. 10)

Education

(1) L-istudenti kapaċi u meritevoli, ukoll jekk mingħajr risorsi finanzjarji, għandhom dritt li jilħqu l-ogħla gradi ta' edukazzjoni.
(2) L-Istat għandu jagħti effett għal dan il-prinċipju permezz ta' boroż ta' studju, ta' kontribuzzjonijiet lill-familji tal-istudenti u provvedimenti oħra fuq il-bażi ta' eżamijiet kompetittivi. (Art. 11)

Employment Rights and Protection

L-Istat jirrikonoxxi d-dritt taċ-ċittadini kollha għal xogħol u għandu jġib ’il quddiem dawk il-kondizzjonijiet li jagħmlu dan id-dritt effettiv. (Art. 7)

Employment Rights and Protection

(1) L-Istat għandu jipproteġġi x-xogħol.
(2) Huwa għandu jipprovdi għat-tħarriġ professjonali jew ta’ vokazzjoni u miljorament tal-ħaddiema. (Art. 12)

Employment Rights and Protection

(1) L-akbar numru ta’ siegħat tax-xogħol kull jum għandu jkun stabbilit mil-liġi.
(2) Il-ħaddiem għandu dritt għal ġurnata mistrieħ fil-ġimgħa u għal btajjel annwali bi ħlas; huwa ma jistax jirrinunzja għal dan iddritt. (Art. 13)

Employment Rights and Protection

L-Istat għandu jippromwovi dritt ugwali ta’ rġiel u nisa li jgawdu d-drittijiet ekonomiċi, soċjali, kulturali, ċivili u politiċi kollha u għal dan il-għan għandu jieħu dawk il-miżuri li jkunu ndikati biex jelimina kull forma ta’ diskriminazzjoni bejn is-sessi, minn kull persuna, organizzazzjoni jew azjenda; l-Istat għandu b’mod partikolari jimmira li jiżgura li l-ħaddiema nisa jgawdu drittijiet indaqs u l-istess pagi għall-istess xogħol bħal irġiel. (Art. 14)

Employment Rights and Protection

(2) Il-ħaddiema għandhom dritt għal assigurazzjoni xierqa fuq bażi kontributorja għall-ħtiġiet tagħhom f’każ ta’ disgrazzja, mard, inkapaċità, xjuħija u disimpieg involontarju.
… (Art. 17)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

L-Istat għandu jippromwovi dritt ugwali ta’ rġiel u nisa li jgawdu d-drittijiet ekonomiċi, soċjali, kulturali, ċivili u politiċi kollha u għal dan il-għan għandu jieħu dawk il-miżuri li jkunu ndikati biex jelimina kull forma ta’ diskriminazzjoni bejn is-sessi, minn kull persuna, organizzazzjoni jew azjenda; … (Art. 14)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) il-ħajja, libertà, sigurtà tal-persuna, it-tgawdija ta’ proprjetà u l-protezzjoni tal-liġi;
… (Art. 32)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.
(2) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (6), (7) u (8) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ħadd ma għandu jiġi trattat b’mod diskriminatorju minn xi persuna li taġixxi bis-saħħa ta’ xi liġi miktuba jew fil-qadi tal-funzjonijiet ta’ xi kariga pubblika jew xi awtorità pubblika.
(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.
(4) Is-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandux jgħodd għal xi liġi safejn dik il-liġi tipprovdi –

(ċ) dwar adozzjoni, żwieġ, xoljiment ta’ żwieġ, dfin, devoluzzjoni ta’ proprjetà mal-mewt jew xi ħwejjeġ ta’ liġi personali mhux hawn qabel speċifikati; jew

(e) għall-awtorizzazzjoni tat-teħid matul perijodu ta’ emerġenza pubblika ta’ miżuri li jkunu raġonevolment ġustifikabbli sabiex tiġi milqugħa s-sitwazzjoni li tkun teżisti matul dak il-perijodu ta’ emerġenza pubblika:
Iżda l-paragrafu (ċ) ta’ dan is-subartikolu ma għandux japplika għal xi liġi li tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha, billi tagħti trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom skont is-sess.
(5) Ebda ħaġa li jkun hemm f’xi liġi ma għandha titqies li tkun inkonsistenti ma’ jew bi ksur tas-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu sa fejn tipprovdi:
(a) dwar kwalifiki għal servizz u kundizzjonijiet ta’ servizz f’xi korp dixxiplinat; jew
(b) dwar kwalifiki (li ma jkunux kwalifiki li jirrigwardaw is-sess, 1-orjentazzjoni sesswali jew 1-identità talġeneru speċifikament) għal servizz bħala uffiċjal pubbliku jew għas-servizz ta’ awtorità ta’ gvern lokali jew għaqda korporata mwaqqfa għal skopijiet pubbliċi b’xi liġi.
(6) Is-subartikolu (2) ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandux jgħodd għal xi ħaġa li tkun espressament jew b’implikazzjoni meħtieġa awtorizzata li ssir minn xi disposizzjoni bħal dik ta’ liġi kif huwa msemmi fis-subartikolu (4) jew
(5) ta’ dan l-artikolu.
(7) Ebda ħaġa li tkun hemm jew li tkun magħmula bl-awtorità ta’ xi liġi ma għandha titqies li tkun inkonsistenti ma jew bi ksur ta’ dan l-artikolu safejn il-liġi in kwistjoni tagħmel provvediment (li ma jkunux provvedimenti li jirrigwardaw is-sess speċifikatament) li li bih persuni ta’ xi deskrizzjoni bħal dik kif hija msemmija fissubartikolu (3) ta’ dan l-artikolu jistgħu jiġu assoġġettati għal xi restrizzjoni fuq drittijiet u libertajiet garantiti bl-artikoli 38, 40, 41, 42 u 44 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni, li tkun restrizzjoni bħal dik kif awtorizzata bl-artikolu 38(2), 40(2), 41(2), 42(2) jew 44(3).

(10) Sa tmiem ta’ perjodu ta’ sentejn li jibda fl-1 ta’ Lulju, 1991, ebda ħaġa li hemm f’xi liġi magħmula qabel l-1 ta’ Lulju, 1991, ma titqies li tkun inkonsistenti mad-disposizzjonijiet ta’ dan l-artikolu, billi dik il-liġi tkun tipprovdi għal trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għaddeskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont is-sess.
(11) Ebda ħaġa fid-disposizzjonijiet ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandha tgħodd għal xi liġi, jew għal xi ħaġa magħmula taħt lawtorità ta’ xi liġi, jew għal xi proċedura jew arranġament, sa fejn dik il-liġi, ħaġa magħmula, proċedura jew arranġament jipprovdu għat-tehid ta’ miżuri speċjali bil-għan li tiġi aċċellerata lugwaljanza de facto bejn irġiel u nisa, u sa fejn biss dawk il-miżuri, meħud kont tat-tessut soċjali ta’ Malta, ikunu murija li huma raġjonevolment ġustifikati f’soċjetà demokratika. (Art. 45)

Obligations of the State

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) il-ħajja, libertà, sigurtà tal-persuna, it-tgawdija ta’ proprjetà u l-protezzjoni tal-liġi;
(b) il-libertà ta’ kuxjenza, ta’ espressjoni u ta’ għaqda u assoċjazzjoni paċifika; u (ċĊ) ir-rispett għall-ħajja privata u familjari tiegħu,
id-disposizzjonijiet li ġejjin ta’ dan il-Kapitolu jkollhom effett sabiex jagħtu protezzjoni għad-drittijiet u libertajiet imsemmija qabel, salvi dawk il-limitazzjonijiet ta’ dik il-protezzjoni kif jinsabu f’dawk id-disposizzjonijiet li huma limitazzjonijiet maħsuba biex jiżguraw illi t-tgawdija tal-imsemmija drittijiet u libertajiet minn xi individwu ma tippreġudikax id-drittijiet u libertajiet ta’ oħrajn jew l-interess pubbliku. (Art. 32)

Obligations of Private Parties

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) il-ħajja, libertà, sigurtà tal-persuna, it-tgawdija ta’ proprjetà u l-protezzjoni tal-liġi;
(b) il-libertà ta’ kuxjenza, ta’ espressjoni u ta’ għaqda u assoċjazzjoni paċifika; u
(ċĊ) ir-rispett għall-ħajja privata u familjari tiegħu,
id-disposizzjonijiet li ġejjin ta’ dan il-Kapitolu jkollhom effett sabiex jagħtu protezzjoni għad-drittijiet u libertajiet imsemmija qabel, salvi dawk il-limitazzjonijiet ta’ dik il-protezzjoni kif jinsabu f’dawk id-disposizzjonijiet li huma limitazzjonijiet maħsuba biex jiżguraw illi t-tgawdija tal-imsemmija drittijiet u libertajiet minn xi individwu ma tippreġudikax id-drittijiet u libertajiet ta’ oħrajn jew l-interess pubbliku. (Art. 32)

Judicial Protection

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (6) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, kull persuna li tallega li xi waħda middisposizzjonijiet tal-artikoli 33 sa 45 (magħdudin) ta’ din il- Kostituzzjoni tkun ġiet, tkun qed tiġi jew tkun x’aktarx ser tiġi miksura dwarha, jew kull persuna oħra li l-Prim’Awla tal-Qorti Ċivili f’Malta tista’ taħtar ad istanza ta’ xi persuna li hekk tallega, tista’, bla ħsara għal kull azzjoni oħra dwar l-istess ħaġa li tkun tista’ ssir legalment, titlob lill-Prim’Awla tal-Qorti Ċivili għal rimedju.
(2) Il-Prim’Awla tal-Qorti Ċivili għandu jkollha ġurisdizzjoni oriġinali li tisma’ u tiddeċidi kull talba magħmula minn xi persuna skont is-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu, u tista’ tagħmel dawk lordnijiet, toħroġ dawk l-atti u tagħti dawk id-direttivi li tqis xierqa sabiex twettaq, jew tiżgura t-twettiq ta’ kull waħda middisposizzjonijiet tal-imsemmija artikoli 33 sa 45 (magħdudin) li għall-protezzjoni tagħhom tkun intitolata dik il-persuna:
Iżda l-Qorti tista’, jekk tqis li jkun desiderabbli li hekk tagħmel, tirrifjuta li teżerċita s-setgħat tagħha skont dan issubartikolu f’kull każ meta tkun sodisfatta li mezzi xierqa ta’ rimedju għall-ksur allegat huma jew kienu disponibbli favur dik ilpersuna skont xi liġi oħra.
(3) Jekk f’xi proċeduri f’xi qorti li ma tkunx il-Prim’Awla talQorti Ċivili jew il-Qorti Kostituzzjonali tqum xi kwistjoni dwar ilksur ta’ xi waħda mid-disposizzjonijiet tal-imsemmija artikoli 33 sa 45 (magħdudin), dik il-qorti għandha tibgħat il-kwistjoni quddiem il-Prim’Awla tal-Qorti Ċivili kemm-il darba fil-fehma tagħha ttqanqil tal-kwistjoni ma tkunx sempliċement frivola jew vessatorja; u dik il-qorti għandha tagħti d-deċiżjoni tagħha fuq kull kwistjoni mibgħuta quddiemha skont dan is-subartikolu u, bla ħsara għaddisposizzjonijiet tas-subartikolu (4) ta’ dan l-artikolu, il-qorti li quddiemha tkun qamet il-kwistjoni għandha tiddisponi millkwistjoni skont dik id-deċiżjoni.
(4) Kull parti fi proċeduri miġjuba quddiem il-Prim’Awla talQorti Ċivili skont dan l-artikolu jkollha dritt ta’ appell quddiem ilQorti Kostituzzjonali.
(5) Ma jkunx hemm appell minn xi deċiżjoni skont dan lartikolu li xi talba jew it-tqanqil ta’ xi kwistjoni tkun sempliċement frivola jew vessatorja.
… (Art. 46)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) il-ħajja, libertà, sigurtà tal-persuna, it-tgawdija ta’ proprjetà u l-protezzjoni tal-liġi;
(b) il-libertà ta’ kuxjenza, ta’ espressjoni u ta’ għaqda u assoċjazzjoni paċifika; u
(ċĊ) ir-rispett għall-ħajja privata u familjari tiegħu, id-disposizzjonijiet li ġejjin ta’ dan il-Kapitolu jkollhom effett sabiex jagħtu protezzjoni għad-drittijiet u libertajiet imsemmija qabel, salvi dawk il-limitazzjonijiet ta’ dik il-protezzjoni kif jinsabu f’dawk id-disposizzjonijiet li huma limitazzjonijiet maħsuba biex jiżguraw illi t-tgawdija tal-imsemmija drittijiet u libertajiet minn xi individwu ma tippreġudikax id-drittijiet u libertajiet ta’ oħrajn jew l-interess pubbliku. (Art. 32)

Limitations and/or Derogations

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.
(2) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (6), (7) u (8) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ħadd ma għandu jiġi trattat b’mod diskriminatorju minn xi persuna li taġixxi bis-saħħa ta’ xi liġi miktuba jew fil-qadi tal-funzjonijiet ta’ xi kariga pubblika jew xi awtorità pubblika.
(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.
(4) Is-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandux jgħodd għal xi liġi safejn dik il-liġi tipprovdi – …
(e) għall-awtorizzazzjoni tat-teħid matul perijodu ta’ emerġenza pubblika ta’ miżuri li jkunu raġonevolment ġustifikabbli sabiex tiġi milqugħa s-sitwazzjoni li tkun teżisti matul dak il-perijodu ta’ emerġenza pubblika:
...
(7) Ebda ħaġa li tkun hemm jew li tkun magħmula bl-awtorità ta’ xi liġi ma għandha titqies li tkun inkonsistenti ma jew bi ksur ta’ dan l-artikolu safejn il-liġi in kwistjoni tagħmel provvediment (li ma jkunux provvedimenti li jirrigwardaw is-sess speċifikatament) li li bih persuni ta’ xi deskrizzjoni bħal dik kif hija msemmija fissubartikolu (3) ta’ dan l-artikolu jistgħu jiġu assoġġettati għal xi restrizzjoni fuq drittijiet u libertajiet garantiti bl-artikoli 38, 40, 41, 42 u 44 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni, li tkun restrizzjoni bħal dik kif awtorizzata bl-artikolu 38(2), 40(2), 41(2), 42(2) jew 44(3).
... (Art. 45)

Marriage and Family Life

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-

(ċĊ) ir-rispett għall-ħajja privata u familjari tiegħu,
… (Art. 32)

Marriage and Family Life

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.

(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.
(4) Is-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandux jgħodd għal xi liġi safejn dik il-liġi tipprovdi –

(ċ) dwar adozzjoni, żwieġ, xoljiment ta’ żwieġ, dfin, devoluzzjoni ta’ proprjetà mal-mewt jew xi ħwejjeġ ta’ liġi personali mhux hawn qabel speċifikati;

Iżda l-paragrafu (ċ) ta’ dan is-subartikolu ma għandux japplika għal xi liġi li tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha, billi tagħti trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom skont is-sess.
… (Art. 45)

Participation in Public Life and Institutions

L-Istat għandu jippromwovi dritt ugwali ta’ rġiel u nisa li jgawdu d-drittijiet ekonomiċi, soċjali, kulturali, ċivili u politiċi kollha u għal dan il-għan għandu jieħu dawk il-miżuri li jkunu ndikati biex jelimina kull forma ta’ diskriminazzjoni bejn is-sessi, minn kull persuna, organizzazzjoni jew azjenda; … (Art. 14)

Participation in Public Life and Institutions

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.

(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.
...
(5) Ebda ħaġa li jkun hemm f’xi liġi ma għandha titqies li tkun inkonsistenti ma’ jew bi ksur tas-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu sa fejn tipprovdi:
(a) dwar kwalifiki għal servizz u kundizzjonijiet ta’ servizz f’xi korp dixxiplinat; jew
(b) dwar kwalifiki (li ma jkunux kwalifiki li jirrigwardaw is-sess, 1-orjentazzjoni sesswali jew 1-identità tal- ġeneru speċifikament) għal servizz bħala uffiċjal pubbliku jew għas-servizz ta’ awtorità ta’ gvern lokali jew għaqda korporata mwaqqfa għal skopijiet pubbliċi b’xi liġi.
... (Art. 45)

Political Rights and Association

L-Istat għandu jippromwovi dritt ugwali ta’ rġiel u nisa li jgawdu d-drittijiet ekonomiċi, soċjali, kulturali, ċivili u politiċi kollha u għal dan il-għan għandu jieħu dawk il-miżuri li jkunu ndikati biex jelimina kull forma ta’ diskriminazzjoni bejn is-sessi, minn kull persuna, organizzazzjoni jew azjenda; … (Art. 14)

Political Rights and Association

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-

(b) il-libertà ta’ kuxjenza, ta’ espressjoni u ta’ għaqda u assoċjazzjoni paċifika;
… (Art. 32)

Political Rights and Association

(1) Ħlief bil-kunsens tiegħu stess jew bħala dixxiplina talġenituri ħadd ma għandu jiġi mfixkel fit-tgawdija tal-libertà tiegħu ta' għaqda u assoċjazzjoni paċifika, jiġifieri, id-dritt tiegħu li jingħaqad paċifikament u liberament u jassoċja ma' persuni oħra u b'mod partikolari li jifforma jew jappartjeni lil trade union jew unions jew assoċjazzjonijiet oħra għall-protezzjoni tal-interessi tiegħu.
… (Art. 42)

Political Rights and Association

Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tal-artikolu 58 ta’ din ilKostituzzjoni, persuna tkun kwalifikata biex tkun reġistrata bħala elettur għall-elezzjoni ta’ membri tal-Kamra tad-Deputati jekk tkun, u ma tkunx kwalifikata biex tkun hekk reġistrata jekk ma tkunx –
(a) ċittadin ta’ Malta;
(b) għalqet l-età ta’ tmintax-il sena; u
(ċ) residenti f’Malta u matul it-tmintax-il xahar minnufih qabel ir-reġistrazzjoni tagħha hekk residenti għal perijodu kontinwu ta’ sitt xhur jew għal perijodi li jammontaw fit-total globali għal sitt xhur:
Iżda dan il-paragrafu ma japplikax għal persuna li tkun ordinarjament tirrisjedi f’Malta iżda ma tkunx tirrisjedi f’Malta kif meħtieġ b’dan il-paragrafu minħabba servizz barra minn Malta fis-servizz pubbliku, magħdud servizz fil-karigi msemmija fissubartikolu (3) tal-artikolu 124 ta’ din ilKostituzzjoni, jew minħabba servizz barra minn Malta f’korp, jew bħala membru ta’ korp, dixxiplinat kif imfisser fl-artikolu 47 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni. (Art. 57)

Electoral Bodies

(1) Għandu jkun hemm Kummissjoni Elettorali għal Malta.

(9) Fl-eżerċizzju tal-funzjonijiet tagħha skont din ilKostituzzjoni l-Kummissjoni Elettorali ma tkunx suġġetta għaddirezzjoni jew kontroll ta’ xi persuna jew awtorità oħra. (Art. 60)

Head of State

(1) Għandu jkun hemm President ta' Malta li jiġi maħtur b'Riżoluzzjoni tal-Kamra tad-Deputati.
(2) Persuna ma tistax tiġi maħtura fil-kariga ta' President jekk –
(a) ma tkunx ċittadin ta' Malta; jew
(b) ikollha jew kellha l-kariga ta' Prim Imħallef jew imħallef ieħor tal-Qorti Superjuri; jew
(ċ) ma tkunx eliġibbli għal ħatra jew biex taġixxi f'xi kariga pubblika skont l-artikoli 109, 118 u 120 ta' din il-Kostituzzjoni. (Art. 48)

Government

(1) Għandu jkun hemm Kabinett għal Malta li jkun magħmul mill-Prim Ministru u dak in-numru ta’ Ministri oħra li jistgħu jiġu maħtura skont l-artikolu 80 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni.
… (Art. 79)

Government

Kull meta jkun hemm lok għall-ħatra ta’ Prim Ministru, ilPresident għandu jaħtar bħala Prim Ministru l-membru tal-Kamra tad-Deputati li, fil-ġudizzju tiegħu, ikun l-aħjar li jkun jista’ jgawdi l-appoġġ tal-maġġoranza tal-membri tal-Kamra u għandu, waqt li jaġixxi skont il-parir tal-Prim Ministru, jaħtar lill-Ministri l-oħra minn fost il-membri tal-Kamra tad-Deputati: … (Art. 80)

Legislature

Għandu jkun hemm Parlament ta’ Malta li jkun magħmul mill-President u minn Kamra tad-Deputati. (Art. 51)

Legislature

Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tal-artikolu 54 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni, persuna tkun kwalifikata biex tkun eletta bħala membru tal-Kamra tad-Deputati jekk ikollha, u ma tkunx kwalifikata biex tkun hekk eletta kemm-il darba ma jkollhiex, ilkwalifiki għar-reġistrazzjoni bħala elettur għall-elezzjoni ta’ membri tal-Kamra tad-Deputati msemmija fl-artikolu 57 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni. (Art. 53)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) … it-tgawdija ta’ proprjetà u l-protezzjoni tal-liġi;
… (Art. 32)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.
...
(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.
(4) Is-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandux jgħodd għal xi liġi safejn dik il-liġi tipprovdi –

(ċ) dwar adozzjoni, żwieġ, xoljiment ta’ żwieġ, dfin, devoluzzjoni ta’ proprjetà mal-mewt jew xi ħwejjeġ ta’ liġi personali mhux hawn qabel speċifikati;
...
Iżda l-paragrafu (ċ) ta’ dan is-subartikolu ma għandux japplika għal xi liġi li tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha, billi tagħti trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom skont is-sess.
… (Art. 45)

Protection from Violence

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) il-ħajja, libertà, sigurtà tal-persuna, … (Art. 32)

Protection from Violence

(1) Ħadd ma għandu jkun meħtieġ jagħmel xogħol furzat.
… (Art 35)

Protection from Violence

(1) Ħadd ma għandu jkun assoġġettat għal piena jew trattament inuman jew degradanti.

(3) (a) Ebda liġi ma għandha tipprovdi għall-impożizzjoni ta’ pieni kollettivi.
… (Art. 36)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) il-ħajja, libertà, sigurtà tal-persuna, it-tgawdija ta’ proprjetà u l-protezzjoni tal-liġi;
(b) il-libertà ta’ kuxjenza, ta’ espressjoni u ta’ għaqda u assoċjazzjoni paċifika; u
(ċĊ) ir-rispett għall-ħajja privata u familjari tiegħu, id-disposizzjonijiet li ġejjin ta’ dan il-Kapitolu jkollhom effett sabiex jagħtu protezzjoni għad-drittijiet u libertajiet imsemmija qabel, salvi dawk il-limitazzjonijiet ta’ dik il-protezzjoni kif jinsabu f’dawk id-disposizzjonijiet li huma limitazzjonijiet maħsuba biex jiżguraw illi t-tgawdija tal-imsemmija drittijiet u libertajiet minn xi individwu ma tippreġudikax id-drittijiet u libertajiet ta’ oħrajn jew l-interess pubbliku. (Art. 32)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.
...
(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.

(5) Ebda ħaġa li jkun hemm f’xi liġi ma għandha titqies li tkun inkonsistenti ma’ jew bi ksur tas-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu sa fejn tipprovdi:
(a) dwar kwalifiki għal servizz u kundizzjonijiet ta’ servizz f’xi korp dixxiplinat; jew
(b) dwar kwalifiki (li ma jkunux kwalifiki li jirrigwardaw is-sess, 1-orjentazzjoni sesswali jew 1-identità tal- ġeneru speċifikament) għal servizz bħala uffiċjal pubbliku jew għas-servizz ta’ awtorità ta’ gvern lokali jew għaqda korporata mwaqqfa għal skopijiet pubbliċi b’xi liġi.
... (Art. 45)

Status of the Constitution

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (7) and (9) of article 47 and of article 66 of this Constitution, if any other law is inconsistent with this Constitution, this Constitution shall prevail and the other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void. (Art. 6)

Status of International Law

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet ta’ din ilKostituzzjoni, il-Parlament jista’ jagħmel liġijiet għall-paċi, ordni u gvernar tajjeb ta’ Malta b’mod konformi ma’ rispett sħiħ għaddrittijiet tal-bniedem, il-prinċipji ġeneralment aċċettati tad-dritt internazzjonali u l-obbligi internazzjonali u reġjonali ta’ Malta partikolarment dawk assunti bit-trattat tal-adeżjoni mal-Unjoni Ewropea iffirmat f’Ateni fis-16 ta’ April, 2003.
… (Art. 65)

Religious Law

(1) Ir-reliġjon ta’ Malta hija r-Reliġjon Kattolika Apostolika Rumana.
(2) L-awtoritajiet tal-Knisja Kattolika Apostolika Rumana għandhom id-dmir u l-jedd li jgħallmu liema prinċipji huma tajbin u liema huma ħżiena.
(3) It-tagħlim reliġjuż tal-fidi Kattolika Apostolika Rumana għandu jkun provdut fl-iskejjel kollha tal-Istat bħala parti mill-edukazzjoni obbligatorja. (Art. 2)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

English

The State shall promote the equal right of men and women to enjoy all economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights and for this purpose shall take appropriate measures to eliminate all forms of discrimination between the sexes by any person, organisation or enterprise; … (Art. 14)

Maltese

L-Istat għandu jippromwovi dritt ugwali ta’ rġiel u nisa li jgawdu d-drittijiet ekonomiċi, soċjali, kulturali, ċivili u politiċi kollha u għal dan il-għan għandu jieħu dawk il-miżuri li jkunu ndikati biex jelimina kull forma ta’ diskriminazzjoni bejn is-sessi, minn kull persuna, organizzazzjoni jew azjenda; … (Art. 14)

Affirmative Action (Broadly)

English

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.
(2) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (6), (7) and (8) of this article, no person shall be treated in a discriminatory manner by any person acting by virtue of any written law or in the performance of the functions of any public office or any public authority.
(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
...
(11) Nothing in the provisions of this article shall apply to any law or anything done under the authority of a law, or to any procedure or arrangement, in so far as such law, thing done, procedure or arrangement provides for the taking of special measures aimed at accelerating de facto equality between men and women, and in so far only as such measures, taking into account the social fabric of Malta, are shown to be reasonably justifiable in a democratic society. (Art. 45)

Maltese

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.
(2) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (6), (7) u (8) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ħadd ma għandu jiġi trattat b’mod diskriminatorju minn xi persuna li taġixxi bis-saħħa ta’ xi liġi miktuba jew fil-qadi tal-funzjonijiet ta’ xi kariga pubblika jew xi awtorità pubblika.
(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.
...
(11) Ebda ħaġa fid-disposizzjonijiet ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandha tgħodd għal xi liġi, jew għal xi ħaġa magħmula taħt lawtorità ta’ xi liġi, jew għal xi proċedura jew arranġament, sa fejn dik il-liġi, ħaġa magħmula, proċedura jew arranġament jipprovdu għat-tehid ta’ miżuri speċjali bil-għan li tiġi aċċellerata lugwaljanza de facto bejn irġiel u nisa, u sa fejn biss dawk il-miżuri, meħud kont tat-tessut soċjali ta’ Malta, ikunu murija li huma raġjonevolment ġustifikati f’soċjetà demokratika. (Art. 45)

Citizenship and Nationality

English

(1) The acquisition, possession, renunciation and loss of Maltese citizenship shall be regulated by law.
(2) Dual or multiple citizenship is permitted in accordance with any law for the time being in force in Malta. (Art. 22)

Maltese

(1) Il-ksib, il-pussess, ir-rinunzja u t-telfien taċ- ċittadinanza Maltija għandhom jiġu regolati bil-liġi.
(2) Iċ-ċittadinanza doppja jew multipla hija permessa skont liġi li f’dak iż-żmien tkun fis-seħħ f’Malta. (Art. 22)

Citizenship and Nationality

English

(1) No citizen of Malta shall be deprived of his freedom of movement, and for the purpose of this article the said freedom means the right to move freely throughout Malta, the right to reside in any part of Malta, the right to leave and the right to enter Malta.

(4) For the purposes of this article, any person –
(a) who has emigrated from Malta (whether before, on or after the appointed day) and, having been a citizen of Malta by virtue of article 3(1) or of article 5(1) of the Maltese Citizenship Act as in force upon the coming into force of the Maltese Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2000, has ceased to be such a citizen; or
(b) who emigrated from Malta before the appointed day and, but for his having ceased to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies before that day, would have become a citizen of Malta by virtue of article 3(1) of the Maltese Citizenship Act as in force upon the coming into force of the Maltese Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2000; or
(c) who is the spouse of a person mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of this sub-article or of a person who is a citizen of Malta by virtue of article 3(1) or of article 5(1) of the Maltese Citizenship Act as in force upon the coming into force of the Maltese Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2000, and who has been married to that person for at least five years and is living with that person, or is the child under twenty-one years of age of such a person; or
(d) who is the widow or the widower of a person mentioned in paragraph (a) or paragraph (b) of this subarticle or of a person who at the time of his or her death was a citizen of Malta by virtue of article 3(1) or of article 5(1) of the Maltese Citizenship Act as in force upon the coming into force of the Maltese Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2000, and who was still living with him or her at the time of his or her death and had been married to that person for at least five years or who would, but for the death of that person, have been so married for at least five years, or is the child under twenty-one years of age of such a person,
shall be deemed to be a citizen of Malta by virtue of article 3(1) or of article 5(1) of the Maltese Citizenship Act as in force upon the coming into force of the Maltese Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2000:
Provided that if the Minister responsible for matters relating to Maltese citizenship at any time by order declares that it is contrary to the public interest that a spouse as is mentioned in paragraph (c), or a widow or widower as is mentioned in paragraph (d), or a child over eighteen years of age as is mentioned in paragraph (c) or (d) is to be so deemed, or to continue to be so deemed, such spouse, widow, widower or child, as the case may be, shall thereupon cease to be deemed to be a citizen of Malta as aforesaid:
Provided further that the Minister responsible for matters relating to Maltese citizenship shall not be required to assign any reason for the issue of any order referred to in the immediately preceding proviso, and the decision of the Minister on any such order shall not be subject to appeal to or review in any court.
… (Art. 44)

Maltese

(1) Ebda ċittadin ta’ Malta ma għandu jiġi pprivat millibertà tiegħu ta’ moviment, u għall-fini ta’ dan l-artikolu din illibertà tfisser id-dritt ta’ moviment liberu ġewwa Malta, id-dritt li jirrisjedi f’kull parti ta’ Malta, id-dritt li joħroġ minn Malta u ddritt li jidħol Malta.

(4) Għall-finijiet ta’ dan l-artikolu kull persuna -
(a) li tkun emigrat minn Malta (kemm jekk qabel, fi jew wara l-ġurnata stabbilita) u, billi kienet ċittadin ta’
Malta bis-saħħa tal-artikolu 3(1) jew tal-artikolu 5(1) tal-Att dwar iċ-Ċittadinanza Maltija kif ikun fis-seħħ mal-bidu fis-seħħ tal-Att tal-2000 li jemenda l-Att dwar iċ-Ċittadinanza Maltija, tkun temmet milli tkun ċittadin bħal dak; jew
(b) li emigrat minn Malta qabel il-ġurnata stabbilita u, li ma kienx għaliex tkun temmet milli tkun ċittadin tar- Renju Unit u Kolonji qabel dik il-ġurnata, kienet issir ċittadin ta’ Malta bis-saħħa tal-artikolu 3(1) l-Att dwar iċ-Ċittadinanza Maltija kif ikun fis-seħħ mal-bidu fisseħħ tal-Att tal-2000 li jemenda l-Att dwar iċĊittadinanza Maltija; jew
(ċ)* li jkun il-konjuġi ta’ persuna msemmija fil-paragrafu (a) jew (b) ta’ dan is-subartikolu jew ta’ persuna li tkun ċittadin ta’ Malta bis-saħħa tal-artikolu 3(1) jew tal-artikolu 5(1) tal-Att dwar iċ-Ċittadinanza Maltija kif ikun fis-seħħ mal-bidu fis-seħħ tal-Att tal-2000 li jemenda l-Att dwar iċ-Ċittadinanza Maltija u li tkun miżżewġa lil dik il-persuna għal mill-inqas ħames snin u li tkun tgħix ma’ dik il-persuna, jw tkun l-iben jew il-bint taħt il-wieħed u għoxrin sena ta’ età ta’ dik ilpersuna; jew,
(d) li tkun l-armla jew l-armel ta’ persuna msemmija filparagrafu (a) jew fil-paragrafu (b) ta’ dan issubartikolu jew ta’ persuna li fil-waqt tal-mewt tiegħu jew tagħha kienet ċittadin ta’ Malta bis-saħħa talartikolu 3(1) jew tal-artikolu 5(1) tal-Att dwar iċĊittadinanza Maltija kif ikun fis-seħħ mal-bidu fisseħħ tal-Att tal-2000 li jemenda l-Att dwar iċĊittadinanza
Maltija, u li kienet għadha tgħix miegħu
jew jgħix magħha fil-waqt tal-mewt tiegħu jew tagħha u li kienet ilha miżżewġa lil dik il-persuna għal millinqas ħames snin, jew li kieku kienet, li ma kienx għall-mewt ta’ dik il-persuna, tkun ilha hekk miżżewġa għal mill-inqas ħames snin, jew tkun l-iben jew il-bint taħt l-età ta’ wieħed u għoxrin sena ta’ dik il-persuna, għandha titqies li tkun ċittadin ta’ Malta bis-saħħa tal-artikolu 3(1) jew tal-artikolu 5(1) tal-Att dwar iċ-Ċittadinanza Maltija kif ikun fis-seħħ mal-bidu fis-seħħ tal-Att tal-2000 li jemenda l-Att dwar iċĊittadinanza Maltija:
Iżda jekk il-Ministru responsabbli għall-ħwejjeġ li għandhom x’jaqsmu maċ-ċittadinanza Maltija f’xi żmien b’ordni jiddikjara li jkun kontra l-interess pubbliku li konjuġi kif hem imsemmi fil-paragrafu (ċ), jew armla jew armel kif hemm imsemmi fil-paragrafu (d), jew iben jew bint li jkollhom ’il fuq minn tmintax il-sena ta’ età kif hemm imsemmi fil-paragrafu (ċ) jew (d) għandhom hekk jitqiesu, jew ikomplu hekk jitqiesu, dawk ilkonjuġi, armla, armel, iben jew bint, skont il-każ, għandhom ma’ dan itemmu milli jitqiesu bħala ċittadini ta’ Malta kif imsemmi qabel:
Iżda wkoll, il-Ministru responsabbli għall-ħwejjeġ li għandhom x’jaqsmu maċ-ċittadinanza Maltija ma għandux ikun meħtieġ li jagħti ebda raġuni għall-ħruġ ta’ xi ordni msemmi filproviso li jiġi minnufih qabel, u d-deċiżjoni tal-Ministru dwar xi ordni bħal dan ma għandha tkun suġġetta għal appell jew stħarriġ f’ebda qorti.
… (Art. 44)

Jurisdiction and Access

English

(1) There shall be in and for Malta such Superior Courts having such powers and jurisdiction as may be provided by any law for the time being in force in Malta.
(2) One of the Superior Courts, composed of such three judges as could, in accordance with any law for the time being in force in Malta, compose the Court of Appeal, shall be known as the Constitutional Court and shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine –
(a) such questions as are referred to in article 63 of the Constitution;
(b) any reference made to it in accordance with article 56 of this Constitution and any matter referred to it in accordance with any law relating to the election of members of the House of Representatives;
(c) appeals from decisions of the Civil Court, First Hall, under article 46 of this Constitution;
(d) appeals from decisions of any court of original jurisdiction in Malta as to the interpretation of this Constitution other than those which may fall under article 46 of this Constitution;
(e) appeals from decisions of any court of original jurisdiction in Malta on questions as to the validity of laws other than those which may fall under article 46 of this Constitution; and
(f) any question decided by a court of original jurisdiction in Malta together with any of the questions referred to in the foregoing paragraphs of this sub-article on which an appeal has been made to the Constitutional Court:
Provided that nothing in this paragraph shall preclude an appeal being brought separately before the Court of Appeal in accordance with any law for the time being in force in Malta.
… (Art. 95)

Maltese

(1) Għandu jkun hemm f’MaIta u għal Malta dawk il-Qrati Superjuri li jkollhom dawk is-setgħat u ġurisdizzjoni kif ikun provdut b’xi liġi li għal dak iż-żmien tkun isseħħ f’Malta.
(2) Waħda mill-Qrati Superjuri, magħmula minn tlieta millimħallfin li jkunu jistgħu, skont xi liġi li għal dak iż-żmien tkun isseħħ f ’Malta, joqgħodu fil-Qorti tal-Appell, għandha tkun magħrufa bħala l-Qorti Kostituzzjonali u jkollha ġurisdizzjoni li tisma’ u tiddeċidi -
(a) dawk il-kwistjonijiet li huma msemmija fl-artikolu 63 tal-Kostituzzjoni;
(b) kull ħaġa riferita lilha skont l-artikolu 56 ta’ din il- Kostituzzjoni u kull ħaġa riferita lilha skont kull liġi dwar l-elezzjoni tal-membri tal-Kamra tad-Deputati;
(ċ) appelli minn deċiżjonijiet tal-Prim’Awla tal-Qorti Ċivili skont l-artikolu 46 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni;
(d) appelli minn deċiżjonijiet ta’ xi qorti ta’ ġurisdizzjoni oriġinali f’Malta fuq kwistjonijiet dwar interpretazzjoni ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni li ma jkunux dawk li jistgħu jaqgħu taħt l-artikolu 46 ta’ din il- Kostituzzjoni;
(e) appelli minn deċiżjonijiet ta’ xi qorti ta’ ġurisdizzjoni oriġinali f’Malta fuq kwistjonijiet dwar il-validità ta’ liġijiet li ma jkunux dawk li jistgħu jaqgħu taħt lartikolu 46 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni; u
(f) kull kwistjoni deċiża minn qorti ta’ ġurisdizzjoni oriġinali f’Malta flimkien ma’ xi waħda millkwistjonijiet imsemmija fil-paragrafi ta’ qabel ta’ dan is-subartikolu li minnha jkun sar appell lill-Qorti Kostituzzjonali:
Iżda ebda ħaġa li tinsab f’dan il-paragrafu ma ttellef li appell jinġieb separatament quddiem il-Qorti tal-Appell skont xi liġi li għal dak iż-żmien ikun hem isseħħ f’Malta.
… (Art. 95)

Education

English

Primary education shall be compulsory and in State schools shall be free of charge. (Art. 10)

Maltese

L-edukazzjoni primarja għandha tkun obbligatorja u fl-iskejjel tal-Istat għandha tkun bla ħlas. (Art. 10)

Education

English

(1) Capable and deserving students, even if without financial resources, are entitled to attain the highest grades of education.
(2) The State shall give effect to this principle by means of scholarships, of contributions to the families of students and other provisions on the basis of competitive examinations. (Art. 11)

Maltese

(1) L-istudenti kapaċi u meritevoli, ukoll jekk mingħajr risorsi finanzjarji, għandhom dritt li jilħqu l-ogħla gradi ta' edukazzjoni.
(2) L-Istat għandu jagħti effett għal dan il-prinċipju permezz ta' boroż ta' studju, ta' kontribuzzjonijiet lill-familji tal-istudenti u provvedimenti oħra fuq il-bażi ta' eżamijiet kompetittivi. (Art. 11)

Employment Rights and Protection

English

The State recognises the right of all citizens to work and shall promote such conditions as will make this right effective. (Art. 7)

Maltese

L-Istat jirrikonoxxi d-dritt taċ-ċittadini kollha għal xogħol u għandu jġib ’il quddiem dawk il-kondizzjonijiet li jagħmlu dan id-dritt effettiv. (Art. 7)

Employment Rights and Protection

English

(1) The State shall protect work.
(2) It shall provide for the professional or vocational training and advancement of workers. (Art. 12)

Maltese

(1) L-Istat għandu jipproteġġi x-xogħol.
(2) Huwa għandu jipprovdi għat-tħarriġ professjonali jew ta’ vokazzjoni u miljorament tal-ħaddiema. (Art. 12)

Employment Rights and Protection

English

(1) The maximum number of hours of work per day shall be fixed by law.
(2) The worker is entitled to a weekly day of rest and to annual holidays with pay; he cannot renounce this right. (Art. 13)

Maltese

(1) L-akbar numru ta’ siegħat tax-xogħol kull jum għandu jkun stabbilit mil-liġi.
(2) Il-ħaddiem għandu dritt għal ġurnata mistrieħ fil-ġimgħa u għal btajjel annwali bi ħlas; huwa ma jistax jirrinunzja għal dan iddritt. (Art. 13)

Employment Rights and Protection

English

The State shall promote the equal right of men and women to enjoy all economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights and for this purpose shall take appropriate measures to eliminate all forms of discrimination between the sexes by any person, organisation or enterprise; the State shall in particular aim at ensuring that women workers enjoy equal rights and the same wages for the same work as men. (Art. 14)

Maltese

L-Istat għandu jippromwovi dritt ugwali ta’ rġiel u nisa li jgawdu d-drittijiet ekonomiċi, soċjali, kulturali, ċivili u politiċi kollha u għal dan il-għan għandu jieħu dawk il-miżuri li jkunu ndikati biex jelimina kull forma ta’ diskriminazzjoni bejn is-sessi, minn kull persuna, organizzazzjoni jew azjenda; l-Istat għandu b’mod partikolari jimmira li jiżgura li l-ħaddiema nisa jgawdu drittijiet indaqs u l-istess pagi għall-istess xogħol bħal irġiel. (Art. 14)

Employment Rights and Protection

English

(2) Workers are entitled to reasonable insurance on a contributory basis for their requirements in case of accident, illness, disability, old-age and involuntary unemployment.
… (Art. 17)

Maltese

(2) Il-ħaddiema għandhom dritt għal assigurazzjoni xierqa fuq bażi kontributorja għall-ħtiġiet tagħhom f’każ ta’ disgrazzja, mard, inkapaċità, xjuħija u disimpieg involontarju.
… (Art. 17)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

English

The State shall promote the equal right of men and women to enjoy all economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights and for this purpose shall take appropriate measures to eliminate all forms of discrimination between the sexes by any person, organisation or enterprise; … (Art. 14)

Maltese

L-Istat għandu jippromwovi dritt ugwali ta’ rġiel u nisa li jgawdu d-drittijiet ekonomiċi, soċjali, kulturali, ċivili u politiċi kollha u għal dan il-għan għandu jieħu dawk il-miżuri li jkunu ndikati biex jelimina kull forma ta’ diskriminazzjoni bejn is-sessi, minn kull persuna, organizzazzjoni jew azjenda; … (Art. 14)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

English

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
… (Art. 32)

Maltese

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) il-ħajja, libertà, sigurtà tal-persuna, it-tgawdija ta’ proprjetà u l-protezzjoni tal-liġi;
… (Art. 32)

Equality and Non-Discrimination

English

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.
(2) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (6), (7) and (8) of this article, no person shall be treated in a discriminatory manner by any person acting by virtue of any written law or in the performance of the functions of any public office or any public authority.
(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
(4) Sub-article (1) of this article shall not apply to any law so far as that law makes provision – …
(c) with respect to adoption, marriage, dissolution of marriage, burial, devolution of property on death or any matters of personal law not hereinbefore specified; or
...
(e) for authorising the taking during a period of public emergency of measures that are reasonably justifiable for the purpose of dealing with the situation that exists during that period of public emergency;
Provided that paragraph (c) of this sub-article shall not apply to any law which makes any provision that is discriminatory, either of itself or in its effect by affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective description by sex.
(5) Nothing contained in any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of sub-article (1) of this article to the extent that it makes provision:
(a) with respect to qualifications for service or conditions of service in any disciplined force; or
(b) with respect to qualifications (not being qualifications specifically relating to sex, sexual orientation or gender identity) for service as a public officer or for service of a local government authority or a body corporate established for public purposes by any law.
(6) Sub-article (2) of this article shall not apply to anything which is expressly or by necessary implication authorised to be done by any such provision of law as is referred to in sub-article (4) or (5) of this article.
(7) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this article to the extent that the law in question makes provision (not being provisions specifically relating to sex) whereby persons of any such description as is mentioned in sub-article (3) of this article may be subjected to any restriction on the rights and freedoms guaranteed by articles 38, 40, 41, 42 and 44 of this Constitution, being such a restriction as is authorised by article 38(2), 40(2), 41(2), 42(2) or 44(3).

(10) Until the expiration of a period of two years commencing on the lst July, 1991, nothing contained in any law made before the 1st July, 1991, shall be held to be inconsistent with the provisions of this article, in so far as that law provides for different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective description by sex.
(11) Nothing in the provisions of this article shall apply to any law or anything done under the authority of a law, or to any procedure or arrangement, in so far as such law, thing done, procedure or arrangement provides for the taking of special measures aimed at accelerating de facto equality between men and women, and in so far only as such measures, taking into account the social fabric of Malta, are shown to be reasonably justifiable in a democratic society. (Art. 45)

Maltese

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.
(2) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (6), (7) u (8) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ħadd ma għandu jiġi trattat b’mod diskriminatorju minn xi persuna li taġixxi bis-saħħa ta’ xi liġi miktuba jew fil-qadi tal-funzjonijiet ta’ xi kariga pubblika jew xi awtorità pubblika.
(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.
(4) Is-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandux jgħodd għal xi liġi safejn dik il-liġi tipprovdi –

(ċ) dwar adozzjoni, żwieġ, xoljiment ta’ żwieġ, dfin, devoluzzjoni ta’ proprjetà mal-mewt jew xi ħwejjeġ ta’ liġi personali mhux hawn qabel speċifikati; jew

(e) għall-awtorizzazzjoni tat-teħid matul perijodu ta’ emerġenza pubblika ta’ miżuri li jkunu raġonevolment ġustifikabbli sabiex tiġi milqugħa s-sitwazzjoni li tkun teżisti matul dak il-perijodu ta’ emerġenza pubblika:
Iżda l-paragrafu (ċ) ta’ dan is-subartikolu ma għandux japplika għal xi liġi li tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha, billi tagħti trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom skont is-sess.
(5) Ebda ħaġa li jkun hemm f’xi liġi ma għandha titqies li tkun inkonsistenti ma’ jew bi ksur tas-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu sa fejn tipprovdi:
(a) dwar kwalifiki għal servizz u kundizzjonijiet ta’ servizz f’xi korp dixxiplinat; jew
(b) dwar kwalifiki (li ma jkunux kwalifiki li jirrigwardaw is-sess, 1-orjentazzjoni sesswali jew 1-identità talġeneru speċifikament) għal servizz bħala uffiċjal pubbliku jew għas-servizz ta’ awtorità ta’ gvern lokali jew għaqda korporata mwaqqfa għal skopijiet pubbliċi b’xi liġi.
(6) Is-subartikolu (2) ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandux jgħodd għal xi ħaġa li tkun espressament jew b’implikazzjoni meħtieġa awtorizzata li ssir minn xi disposizzjoni bħal dik ta’ liġi kif huwa msemmi fis-subartikolu (4) jew
(5) ta’ dan l-artikolu.
(7) Ebda ħaġa li tkun hemm jew li tkun magħmula bl-awtorità ta’ xi liġi ma għandha titqies li tkun inkonsistenti ma jew bi ksur ta’ dan l-artikolu safejn il-liġi in kwistjoni tagħmel provvediment (li ma jkunux provvedimenti li jirrigwardaw is-sess speċifikatament) li li bih persuni ta’ xi deskrizzjoni bħal dik kif hija msemmija fissubartikolu (3) ta’ dan l-artikolu jistgħu jiġu assoġġettati għal xi restrizzjoni fuq drittijiet u libertajiet garantiti bl-artikoli 38, 40, 41, 42 u 44 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni, li tkun restrizzjoni bħal dik kif awtorizzata bl-artikolu 38(2), 40(2), 41(2), 42(2) jew 44(3).

(10) Sa tmiem ta’ perjodu ta’ sentejn li jibda fl-1 ta’ Lulju, 1991, ebda ħaġa li hemm f’xi liġi magħmula qabel l-1 ta’ Lulju, 1991, ma titqies li tkun inkonsistenti mad-disposizzjonijiet ta’ dan l-artikolu, billi dik il-liġi tkun tipprovdi għal trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għaddeskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont is-sess.
(11) Ebda ħaġa fid-disposizzjonijiet ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandha tgħodd għal xi liġi, jew għal xi ħaġa magħmula taħt lawtorità ta’ xi liġi, jew għal xi proċedura jew arranġament, sa fejn dik il-liġi, ħaġa magħmula, proċedura jew arranġament jipprovdu għat-tehid ta’ miżuri speċjali bil-għan li tiġi aċċellerata lugwaljanza de facto bejn irġiel u nisa, u sa fejn biss dawk il-miżuri, meħud kont tat-tessut soċjali ta’ Malta, ikunu murija li huma raġjonevolment ġustifikati f’soċjetà demokratika. (Art. 45)

Obligations of the State

English

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of peaceful assembly and association; and
(c) respect for his private and family life,
the subsequent provisions of this Chapter shall have effect for the purpose of affording protection to the aforesaid rights and freedoms, subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of the said rights and freedoms by any individual does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of others or the public interest. (Art. 32)

Maltese

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) il-ħajja, libertà, sigurtà tal-persuna, it-tgawdija ta’ proprjetà u l-protezzjoni tal-liġi;
(b) il-libertà ta’ kuxjenza, ta’ espressjoni u ta’ għaqda u assoċjazzjoni paċifika; u (ċĊ) ir-rispett għall-ħajja privata u familjari tiegħu,
id-disposizzjonijiet li ġejjin ta’ dan il-Kapitolu jkollhom effett sabiex jagħtu protezzjoni għad-drittijiet u libertajiet imsemmija qabel, salvi dawk il-limitazzjonijiet ta’ dik il-protezzjoni kif jinsabu f’dawk id-disposizzjonijiet li huma limitazzjonijiet maħsuba biex jiżguraw illi t-tgawdija tal-imsemmija drittijiet u libertajiet minn xi individwu ma tippreġudikax id-drittijiet u libertajiet ta’ oħrajn jew l-interess pubbliku. (Art. 32)

Obligations of Private Parties

English

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of peaceful assembly and association; and
(c) respect for his private and family life,
the subsequent provisions of this Chapter shall have effect for the purpose of affording protection to the aforesaid rights and freedoms, subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of the said rights and freedoms by any individual does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of others or the public interest. (Art. 32)

Maltese

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) il-ħajja, libertà, sigurtà tal-persuna, it-tgawdija ta’ proprjetà u l-protezzjoni tal-liġi;
(b) il-libertà ta’ kuxjenza, ta’ espressjoni u ta’ għaqda u assoċjazzjoni paċifika; u
(ċĊ) ir-rispett għall-ħajja privata u familjari tiegħu,
id-disposizzjonijiet li ġejjin ta’ dan il-Kapitolu jkollhom effett sabiex jagħtu protezzjoni għad-drittijiet u libertajiet imsemmija qabel, salvi dawk il-limitazzjonijiet ta’ dik il-protezzjoni kif jinsabu f’dawk id-disposizzjonijiet li huma limitazzjonijiet maħsuba biex jiżguraw illi t-tgawdija tal-imsemmija drittijiet u libertajiet minn xi individwu ma tippreġudikax id-drittijiet u libertajiet ta’ oħrajn jew l-interess pubbliku. (Art. 32)

Judicial Protection

English

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (6) and (7) of this article, any person who alleges that any of the provisions of articles 33 to 45 (inclusive) of this Constitution has been, is being or is likely to be contravened in relation to him, or such other person as the Civil Court, First Hall, in Malta may appoint at the instance of any person who so alleges, may, without prejudice to any other action with respect to the same matter that is lawfully available, apply to the Civil Court, First Hall, for redress.
(2) The Civil Court, First Hall, shall have original jurisdiction to hear and determine any application made by any person in pursuance of sub-article (1) of this article, and may make such orders, issue such writs and give such directions as it may consider appropriate for the purpose of enforcing, or securing the enforcement of, any of the provisions of the said articles 33 to 45 (inclusive) to the protection of which the person concerned is entitled:
Provided that the Court may, if it considers it desirable so to do, decline to exercise its powers under this sub-article in any case where it is satisfied that adequate means of redress for the contravention alleged are or have been available to the person concerned under any other law.
(3) If in any proceedings in any court other than the Civil Court, First Hall, or the Constitutional Court any question arises as to the contravention of any of the provisions of the said articles 33 to 45 (inclusive), that court shall refer the question to the Civil Court, First Hall, unless in its opinion the raising of the question is merely frivolous or vexatious; and that court shall give its decision on any question referred to it under this sub-article and, subject to the provisions of sub-article (4) of this article, the court in which the question arose shall dispose of the question in accordance with that decision.
(4) Any party to proceedings brought in the Civil Court, First Hall, in pursuance of this article shall have a right of appeal to the Constitutional Court.
(5) No appeal shall lie from any determination under this article that any application or the raising of any question is merely frivolous or vexatious.
… (Art. 46)

Maltese

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (6) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, kull persuna li tallega li xi waħda middisposizzjonijiet tal-artikoli 33 sa 45 (magħdudin) ta’ din il- Kostituzzjoni tkun ġiet, tkun qed tiġi jew tkun x’aktarx ser tiġi miksura dwarha, jew kull persuna oħra li l-Prim’Awla tal-Qorti Ċivili f’Malta tista’ taħtar ad istanza ta’ xi persuna li hekk tallega, tista’, bla ħsara għal kull azzjoni oħra dwar l-istess ħaġa li tkun tista’ ssir legalment, titlob lill-Prim’Awla tal-Qorti Ċivili għal rimedju.
(2) Il-Prim’Awla tal-Qorti Ċivili għandu jkollha ġurisdizzjoni oriġinali li tisma’ u tiddeċidi kull talba magħmula minn xi persuna skont is-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu, u tista’ tagħmel dawk lordnijiet, toħroġ dawk l-atti u tagħti dawk id-direttivi li tqis xierqa sabiex twettaq, jew tiżgura t-twettiq ta’ kull waħda middisposizzjonijiet tal-imsemmija artikoli 33 sa 45 (magħdudin) li għall-protezzjoni tagħhom tkun intitolata dik il-persuna:
Iżda l-Qorti tista’, jekk tqis li jkun desiderabbli li hekk tagħmel, tirrifjuta li teżerċita s-setgħat tagħha skont dan issubartikolu f’kull każ meta tkun sodisfatta li mezzi xierqa ta’ rimedju għall-ksur allegat huma jew kienu disponibbli favur dik ilpersuna skont xi liġi oħra.
(3) Jekk f’xi proċeduri f’xi qorti li ma tkunx il-Prim’Awla talQorti Ċivili jew il-Qorti Kostituzzjonali tqum xi kwistjoni dwar ilksur ta’ xi waħda mid-disposizzjonijiet tal-imsemmija artikoli 33 sa 45 (magħdudin), dik il-qorti għandha tibgħat il-kwistjoni quddiem il-Prim’Awla tal-Qorti Ċivili kemm-il darba fil-fehma tagħha ttqanqil tal-kwistjoni ma tkunx sempliċement frivola jew vessatorja; u dik il-qorti għandha tagħti d-deċiżjoni tagħha fuq kull kwistjoni mibgħuta quddiemha skont dan is-subartikolu u, bla ħsara għaddisposizzjonijiet tas-subartikolu (4) ta’ dan l-artikolu, il-qorti li quddiemha tkun qamet il-kwistjoni għandha tiddisponi millkwistjoni skont dik id-deċiżjoni.
(4) Kull parti fi proċeduri miġjuba quddiem il-Prim’Awla talQorti Ċivili skont dan l-artikolu jkollha dritt ta’ appell quddiem ilQorti Kostituzzjonali.
(5) Ma jkunx hemm appell minn xi deċiżjoni skont dan lartikolu li xi talba jew it-tqanqil ta’ xi kwistjoni tkun sempliċement frivola jew vessatorja.
… (Art. 46)

Limitations and/or Derogations

English

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of peaceful assembly and association; and
(c) respect for his private and family life, the subsequent provisions of this Chapter shall have effect for the purpose of affording protection to the aforesaid rights and freedoms, subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of the said rights and freedoms by any individual does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of others or the public interest. (Art. 32)

Maltese

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) il-ħajja, libertà, sigurtà tal-persuna, it-tgawdija ta’ proprjetà u l-protezzjoni tal-liġi;
(b) il-libertà ta’ kuxjenza, ta’ espressjoni u ta’ għaqda u assoċjazzjoni paċifika; u
(ċĊ) ir-rispett għall-ħajja privata u familjari tiegħu, id-disposizzjonijiet li ġejjin ta’ dan il-Kapitolu jkollhom effett sabiex jagħtu protezzjoni għad-drittijiet u libertajiet imsemmija qabel, salvi dawk il-limitazzjonijiet ta’ dik il-protezzjoni kif jinsabu f’dawk id-disposizzjonijiet li huma limitazzjonijiet maħsuba biex jiżguraw illi t-tgawdija tal-imsemmija drittijiet u libertajiet minn xi individwu ma tippreġudikax id-drittijiet u libertajiet ta’ oħrajn jew l-interess pubbliku. (Art. 32)

Limitations and/or Derogations

English

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.
(2) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (6), (7) and (8) of this article, no person shall be treated in a discriminatory manner by any person acting by virtue of any written law or in the performance of the functions of any public office or any public authority.
(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
(4) Sub-article (1) of this article shall not apply to any law so far as that law makes provision – …
(e) for authorising the taking during a period of public emergency of measures that are reasonably justifiable for the purpose of dealing with the situation that exists during that period of public emergency;
...
(7) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this article to the extent that the law in question makes provision (not being provisions specifically relating to sex) whereby persons of any such description as is mentioned in sub-article (3) of this article may be subjected to any restriction on the rights and freedoms guaranteed by articles 38, 40, 41, 42 and 44 of this Constitution, being such a restriction as is authorised by article 38(2), 40(2), 41(2), 42(2) or 44(3).
... (Art. 45)

Maltese

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.
(2) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (6), (7) u (8) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ħadd ma għandu jiġi trattat b’mod diskriminatorju minn xi persuna li taġixxi bis-saħħa ta’ xi liġi miktuba jew fil-qadi tal-funzjonijiet ta’ xi kariga pubblika jew xi awtorità pubblika.
(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.
(4) Is-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandux jgħodd għal xi liġi safejn dik il-liġi tipprovdi – …
(e) għall-awtorizzazzjoni tat-teħid matul perijodu ta’ emerġenza pubblika ta’ miżuri li jkunu raġonevolment ġustifikabbli sabiex tiġi milqugħa s-sitwazzjoni li tkun teżisti matul dak il-perijodu ta’ emerġenza pubblika:
...
(7) Ebda ħaġa li tkun hemm jew li tkun magħmula bl-awtorità ta’ xi liġi ma għandha titqies li tkun inkonsistenti ma jew bi ksur ta’ dan l-artikolu safejn il-liġi in kwistjoni tagħmel provvediment (li ma jkunux provvedimenti li jirrigwardaw is-sess speċifikatament) li li bih persuni ta’ xi deskrizzjoni bħal dik kif hija msemmija fissubartikolu (3) ta’ dan l-artikolu jistgħu jiġu assoġġettati għal xi restrizzjoni fuq drittijiet u libertajiet garantiti bl-artikoli 38, 40, 41, 42 u 44 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni, li tkun restrizzjoni bħal dik kif awtorizzata bl-artikolu 38(2), 40(2), 41(2), 42(2) jew 44(3).
... (Art. 45)

Marriage and Family Life

English

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
...
(c) respect for his private and family life,
... (Art. 32)

Maltese

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-

(ċĊ) ir-rispett għall-ħajja privata u familjari tiegħu,
… (Art. 32)

Marriage and Family Life

English

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.

(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
(4) Sub-article (1) of this article shall not apply to any law so far as that law makes provision -
...
(c) with respect to adoption, marriage, dissolution of marriage, burial, devolution of property on death or any matters of personal law not hereinbefore specified;
...
Provided that paragraph (c) of this sub-article shall not apply to any law which makes any provision that is discriminatory, either of itself or in its effect by affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective description by sex.
... (Art. 45)

Maltese

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.

(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.
(4) Is-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandux jgħodd għal xi liġi safejn dik il-liġi tipprovdi –

(ċ) dwar adozzjoni, żwieġ, xoljiment ta’ żwieġ, dfin, devoluzzjoni ta’ proprjetà mal-mewt jew xi ħwejjeġ ta’ liġi personali mhux hawn qabel speċifikati;

Iżda l-paragrafu (ċ) ta’ dan is-subartikolu ma għandux japplika għal xi liġi li tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha, billi tagħti trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom skont is-sess.
… (Art. 45)

Participation in Public Life and Institutions

English

The State shall promote the equal right of men and women to enjoy all economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights and for this purpose shall take appropriate measures to eliminate all forms of discrimination between the sexes by any person, organisation or enterprise; … (Art. 14)

Maltese

L-Istat għandu jippromwovi dritt ugwali ta’ rġiel u nisa li jgawdu d-drittijiet ekonomiċi, soċjali, kulturali, ċivili u politiċi kollha u għal dan il-għan għandu jieħu dawk il-miżuri li jkunu ndikati biex jelimina kull forma ta’ diskriminazzjoni bejn is-sessi, minn kull persuna, organizzazzjoni jew azjenda; … (Art. 14)

Participation in Public Life and Institutions

English

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.

(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
...
(5) Nothing contained in any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of sub-article (1) of this article to the extent that it makes provision:
(a) with respect to qualifications for service or conditions of service in any disciplined force; or
(b) with respect to qualifications (not being qualifications specifically relating to sex, sexual orientation or gender identity) for service as a public officer or for service of a local government authority or a body corporate established for public purposes by any law.
... (Art. 45)

Maltese

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.

(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.
...
(5) Ebda ħaġa li jkun hemm f’xi liġi ma għandha titqies li tkun inkonsistenti ma’ jew bi ksur tas-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu sa fejn tipprovdi:
(a) dwar kwalifiki għal servizz u kundizzjonijiet ta’ servizz f’xi korp dixxiplinat; jew
(b) dwar kwalifiki (li ma jkunux kwalifiki li jirrigwardaw is-sess, 1-orjentazzjoni sesswali jew 1-identità tal- ġeneru speċifikament) għal servizz bħala uffiċjal pubbliku jew għas-servizz ta’ awtorità ta’ gvern lokali jew għaqda korporata mwaqqfa għal skopijiet pubbliċi b’xi liġi.
... (Art. 45)

Political Rights and Association

English

The State shall promote the equal right of men and women to enjoy all economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights and for this purpose shall take appropriate measures to eliminate all forms of discrimination between the sexes by any person, organisation or enterprise; … (Art. 14)

Maltese

L-Istat għandu jippromwovi dritt ugwali ta’ rġiel u nisa li jgawdu d-drittijiet ekonomiċi, soċjali, kulturali, ċivili u politiċi kollha u għal dan il-għan għandu jieħu dawk il-miżuri li jkunu ndikati biex jelimina kull forma ta’ diskriminazzjoni bejn is-sessi, minn kull persuna, organizzazzjoni jew azjenda; … (Art. 14)

Political Rights and Association

English

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –

(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of peaceful assembly and association;
… (Art. 32)

Maltese

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-

(b) il-libertà ta’ kuxjenza, ta’ espressjoni u ta’ għaqda u assoċjazzjoni paċifika;
… (Art. 32)

Political Rights and Association

English

(1) Except with his own consent or by way of parental discipline no person shall be hindered in the enjoyment of his freedom of peaceful assembly and association, that is to say, his right peacefully to assemble freely and associate with other persons and in particular to form or belong to trade or other unions or associations for the protection of his interests.
… (Art. 42)

Maltese

(1) Ħlief bil-kunsens tiegħu stess jew bħala dixxiplina talġenituri ħadd ma għandu jiġi mfixkel fit-tgawdija tal-libertà tiegħu ta' għaqda u assoċjazzjoni paċifika, jiġifieri, id-dritt tiegħu li jingħaqad paċifikament u liberament u jassoċja ma' persuni oħra u b'mod partikolari li jifforma jew jappartjeni lil trade union jew unions jew assoċjazzjonijiet oħra għall-protezzjoni tal-interessi tiegħu.
… (Art. 42)

Political Rights and Association

English

Subject to the provisions of article 58 of this Constitution, a person shall be qualified to be registered as a voter for the election of members of the House of Representatives if, and shall not be qualified to be so registered unless –
(a) he is a citizen of Malta;
(b) he has attained the age of eighteen years; and
(c) he is resident in Malta and has during the eighteen months immediately preceding his registration been a resident for a continuous period of six months or for periods amounting in the aggregate to six months:
Provided that this paragraph shall not apply to a person who is ordinarily resident in Malta but has not been resident in Malta as required by this paragraph by reason of service abroad in the public service, including service in the offices referred to in subarticle (3) of article 124 of this Constitution, or by reason of service abroad in, or as a member of, a disciplined force as defined in article 47 of this Constitution. (Art. 57)

Maltese

Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tal-artikolu 58 ta’ din ilKostituzzjoni, persuna tkun kwalifikata biex tkun reġistrata bħala elettur għall-elezzjoni ta’ membri tal-Kamra tad-Deputati jekk tkun, u ma tkunx kwalifikata biex tkun hekk reġistrata jekk ma tkunx –
(a) ċittadin ta’ Malta;
(b) għalqet l-età ta’ tmintax-il sena; u
(ċ) residenti f’Malta u matul it-tmintax-il xahar minnufih qabel ir-reġistrazzjoni tagħha hekk residenti għal perijodu kontinwu ta’ sitt xhur jew għal perijodi li jammontaw fit-total globali għal sitt xhur:
Iżda dan il-paragrafu ma japplikax għal persuna li tkun ordinarjament tirrisjedi f’Malta iżda ma tkunx tirrisjedi f’Malta kif meħtieġ b’dan il-paragrafu minħabba servizz barra minn Malta fis-servizz pubbliku, magħdud servizz fil-karigi msemmija fissubartikolu (3) tal-artikolu 124 ta’ din ilKostituzzjoni, jew minħabba servizz barra minn Malta f’korp, jew bħala membru ta’ korp, dixxiplinat kif imfisser fl-artikolu 47 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni. (Art. 57)

Electoral Bodies

English

(1) There shall be an Electoral Commission for Malta.

(9) In the exercise of its functions under this Constitution the Electoral Commission shall not be subject to the direction or control of any other person or authority. (Art. 60)

Maltese

(1) Għandu jkun hemm Kummissjoni Elettorali għal Malta.

(9) Fl-eżerċizzju tal-funzjonijiet tagħha skont din ilKostituzzjoni l-Kummissjoni Elettorali ma tkunx suġġetta għaddirezzjoni jew kontroll ta’ xi persuna jew awtorità oħra. (Art. 60)

Head of State

English

(1) There shall be a President of Malta who shall be appointed by Resolution of the House of Representatives.
(2) A person shall not be qualified to be appointed to the office of President if –
(a) he is not a citizen of Malta; or
(b) he holds or has held the office of Chief Justice or other Judge of the Superior Courts; or
(c) he is not eligible for appointment to or to act in any public office in accordance with articles 109, 118 and 120 of this Constitution. (Art. 48)

Maltese

(1) Għandu jkun hemm President ta' Malta li jiġi maħtur b'Riżoluzzjoni tal-Kamra tad-Deputati.
(2) Persuna ma tistax tiġi maħtura fil-kariga ta' President jekk –
(a) ma tkunx ċittadin ta' Malta; jew
(b) ikollha jew kellha l-kariga ta' Prim Imħallef jew imħallef ieħor tal-Qorti Superjuri; jew
(ċ) ma tkunx eliġibbli għal ħatra jew biex taġixxi f'xi kariga pubblika skont l-artikoli 109, 118 u 120 ta' din il-Kostituzzjoni. (Art. 48)

Government

English

(1) There shall be a Cabinet for Malta which shall consist of the Prime Minister and such number of other Ministers as may be appointed in accordance with article 80 of this Constitution.
… (Art. 79)

Maltese

(1) Għandu jkun hemm Kabinett għal Malta li jkun magħmul mill-Prim Ministru u dak in-numru ta’ Ministri oħra li jistgħu jiġu maħtura skont l-artikolu 80 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni.
… (Art. 79)

Government

English

Wherever there shall be occasion for the appointment of a Prime Minister, the President shall appoint as Prime Minister the member of the House of Representatives who, in his judgment, is best able to command the support of a majority of the members of that House and shall, acting in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister, appoint the other Ministers from among the members of the House of Representatives: … (Art. 80)

Maltese

Kull meta jkun hemm lok għall-ħatra ta’ Prim Ministru, ilPresident għandu jaħtar bħala Prim Ministru l-membru tal-Kamra tad-Deputati li, fil-ġudizzju tiegħu, ikun l-aħjar li jkun jista’ jgawdi l-appoġġ tal-maġġoranza tal-membri tal-Kamra u għandu, waqt li jaġixxi skont il-parir tal-Prim Ministru, jaħtar lill-Ministri l-oħra minn fost il-membri tal-Kamra tad-Deputati: … (Art. 80)

Legislature

English

There shall be a Parliament of Malta which shall consist of the President and a House of Representatives. (Art. 51)

Maltese

Għandu jkun hemm Parlament ta’ Malta li jkun magħmul mill-President u minn Kamra tad-Deputati. (Art. 51)

Legislature

English

Subject to the provisions of article 54 of this Constitution, a person shall be qualified to be elected as a member of the House of Representatives if, and shall not be qualified to be so elected unless, he has the qualifications for registration as a voter for the election of members of the House of Representatives mentioned in article 57 of this Constitution. (Art. 53)

Maltese

Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tal-artikolu 54 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni, persuna tkun kwalifikata biex tkun eletta bħala membru tal-Kamra tad-Deputati jekk ikollha, u ma tkunx kwalifikata biex tkun hekk eletta kemm-il darba ma jkollhiex, ilkwalifiki għar-reġistrazzjoni bħala elettur għall-elezzjoni ta’ membri tal-Kamra tad-Deputati msemmija fl-artikolu 57 ta’ din il-Kostituzzjoni. (Art. 53)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

English

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) … the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
… (Art. 32)

Maltese

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) … it-tgawdija ta’ proprjetà u l-protezzjoni tal-liġi;
… (Art. 32)

Property, Inheritance and Land Tenure

English

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.
...
(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.
(4) Sub-article (1) of this article shall not apply to any law so far as that law makes provision –

(c) with respect to adoption, marriage, dissolution of marriage, burial, devolution of property on death or any matters of personal law not hereinbefore specified;
...
Provided that paragraph (c) of this sub-article shall not apply to any law which makes any provision that is discriminatory, either of itself or in its effect by affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective description by sex.
… (Art. 45)

Maltese

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.
...
(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.
(4) Is-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu ma għandux jgħodd għal xi liġi safejn dik il-liġi tipprovdi –

(ċ) dwar adozzjoni, żwieġ, xoljiment ta’ żwieġ, dfin, devoluzzjoni ta’ proprjetà mal-mewt jew xi ħwejjeġ ta’ liġi personali mhux hawn qabel speċifikati;
...
Iżda l-paragrafu (ċ) ta’ dan is-subartikolu ma għandux japplika għal xi liġi li tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha, billi tagħti trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom skont is-sess.
… (Art. 45)

Protection from Violence

English

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, … (Art. 32)

Maltese

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) il-ħajja, libertà, sigurtà tal-persuna, … (Art. 32)

Protection from Violence

English

(1) No person shall be required to perform forced labour.
… (Art 35)

Maltese

(1) Ħadd ma għandu jkun meħtieġ jagħmel xogħol furzat.
… (Art 35)

Protection from Violence

English

(1) No person shall be subjected to inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment.

(3) (a) No law shall provide for the imposition of collective Punishments.
… (Art. 36)

Maltese

(1) Ħadd ma għandu jkun assoġġettat għal piena jew trattament inuman jew degradanti.

(3) (a) Ebda liġi ma għandha tipprovdi għall-impożizzjoni ta’ pieni kollettivi.
… (Art. 36)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

English

Whereas every person in Malta is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following, namely –
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of peaceful assembly and association; and
(c) respect for his private and family life, the subsequent provisions of this Chapter shall have effect for the purpose of affording protection to the aforesaid rights and freedoms, subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of the said rights and freedoms by any individual does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of others or the public interest. (Art. 32)

Maltese

Billi kull persuna f’Malta hija intitolata għad-drittijiet u libertajiet fundamentali tal-individwu, jiġifieri, id-dritt, tkun xi tkun ir-razza, post ta’ oriġini, fehmiet politiċi, kulur, twemmin, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru tagħha, iżda suġġett għar-rispett tad-drittijiet u l-libertajiet ta’ oħrajn u talinteress pubbliku, għal kull waħda u kollha kemm huma dawn li ġejjin, jiġifieri-
(a) il-ħajja, libertà, sigurtà tal-persuna, it-tgawdija ta’ proprjetà u l-protezzjoni tal-liġi;
(b) il-libertà ta’ kuxjenza, ta’ espressjoni u ta’ għaqda u assoċjazzjoni paċifika; u
(ċĊ) ir-rispett għall-ħajja privata u familjari tiegħu, id-disposizzjonijiet li ġejjin ta’ dan il-Kapitolu jkollhom effett sabiex jagħtu protezzjoni għad-drittijiet u libertajiet imsemmija qabel, salvi dawk il-limitazzjonijiet ta’ dik il-protezzjoni kif jinsabu f’dawk id-disposizzjonijiet li huma limitazzjonijiet maħsuba biex jiżguraw illi t-tgawdija tal-imsemmija drittijiet u libertajiet minn xi individwu ma tippreġudikax id-drittijiet u libertajiet ta’ oħrajn jew l-interess pubbliku. (Art. 32)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

English

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.

(3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.

(5) Nothing contained in any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of sub-article (1) of this article to the extent that it makes provision:
(a) with respect to qualifications for service or conditions of service in any disciplined force; or
(b) with respect to qualifications (not being qualifications specifically relating to sex, sexual orientation or gender identity) for service as a public officer or for service of a local government authority or a body corporate established for public purposes by any law.
... (Art. 45)

Maltese

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet tas-subartikoli (4), (5) u (7) ta’ dan l-artikolu, ebda liġi ma għandha tagħmel xi disposizzjoni li tkun diskriminatorja sew fiha nnifisha jew fl-effett tagħha.
...
(3) F’dan l-artikolu, il-kelma "diskriminatorju" tfisser għoti ta’ trattament differenti lil persuni differenti attribwibbli għal kollox jew prinċipalment għad-deskrizzjoni tagħhom rispettiva skont irrazza, post ta’ oriġini, opinjonijiet politiċi, kulur, fidi, sess, orjentazzjoni sesswali jew identità tal-ġeneru li minħabba fihom persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni waħda bħal dawn ikunu suġġetti għal inkapaċitajiet jew restrizzjonijiet li persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn ma jkunux suġġetti għalihom jew ikunu mogħtija privileġġi jew vantaġġi li ma jkunux mogħtija lil persuni ta’ deskrizzjoni oħra bħal dawn.

(5) Ebda ħaġa li jkun hemm f’xi liġi ma għandha titqies li tkun inkonsistenti ma’ jew bi ksur tas-subartikolu (1) ta’ dan l-artikolu sa fejn tipprovdi:
(a) dwar kwalifiki għal servizz u kundizzjonijiet ta’ servizz f’xi korp dixxiplinat; jew
(b) dwar kwalifiki (li ma jkunux kwalifiki li jirrigwardaw is-sess, 1-orjentazzjoni sesswali jew 1-identità tal- ġeneru speċifikament) għal servizz bħala uffiċjal pubbliku jew għas-servizz ta’ awtorità ta’ gvern lokali jew għaqda korporata mwaqqfa għal skopijiet pubbliċi b’xi liġi.
... (Art. 45)

Status of the Constitution

English

Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (7) and (9) of article 47 and of article 66 of this Constitution, if any other law is inconsistent with this Constitution, this Constitution shall prevail and the other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void. (Art. 6)

Maltese

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (7) and (9) of article 47 and of article 66 of this Constitution, if any other law is inconsistent with this Constitution, this Constitution shall prevail and the other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void. (Art. 6)

Status of International Law

English

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, Parliament may make laws for the peace, order and good government of Malta in conformity with full respect for human rights, generally accepted principles of international law and Malta’s international and regional obligations in particular those assumed by the treaty of accession to the European Union signed in Athens on the 16th April, 2003.
… (Art. 65)

Maltese

(1) Bla ħsara għad-disposizzjonijiet ta’ din ilKostituzzjoni, il-Parlament jista’ jagħmel liġijiet għall-paċi, ordni u gvernar tajjeb ta’ Malta b’mod konformi ma’ rispett sħiħ għaddrittijiet tal-bniedem, il-prinċipji ġeneralment aċċettati tad-dritt internazzjonali u l-obbligi internazzjonali u reġjonali ta’ Malta partikolarment dawk assunti bit-trattat tal-adeżjoni mal-Unjoni Ewropea iffirmat f’Ateni fis-16 ta’ April, 2003.
… (Art. 65)

Religious Law

English

(1) The religion of Malta is the Roman Catholic Apostolic Religion.
(2) The authorities of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Church have the duty and the right to teach which principles are right and which are wrong.
(3) Religious teaching of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Faith shall be provided in all State schools as part of compulsory education. (Art. 2)

Maltese

(1) Ir-reliġjon ta’ Malta hija r-Reliġjon Kattolika Apostolika Rumana.
(2) L-awtoritajiet tal-Knisja Kattolika Apostolika Rumana għandhom id-dmir u l-jedd li jgħallmu liema prinċipji huma tajbin u liema huma ħżiena.
(3) It-tagħlim reliġjuż tal-fidi Kattolika Apostolika Rumana għandu jkun provdut fl-iskejjel kollha tal-Istat bħala parti mill-edukazzjoni obbligatorja. (Art. 2)

1

Constitution of Malta 1964, as amended to 2014 (English). According to Art. 5: “(1) The National language of Malta is the Maltese language.”

2

Constitution of Malta 1964, as amended to 2014