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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 195 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 475 results

Employment Rights and Protection

Spain, English

(1) All Spaniards have the duty to work and the right to work, to the free choice of profession or trade, to advancement through work, and to a sufficient remuneration for the satisfaction of their needs and those of their families. Under no circumstances may they be discriminated on account of their sex.
(2) The law shall regulate a Workers' Statute. (Sec. 35)

Spain, Spanish

1. Todos los españoles tienen el deber de trabajar y el derecho al trabajo, a la libre elección de profesión u oficio, a la promoción a través del trabajo y a una remuneración suficiente para satisfacer sus necesidades y las de su familia, sin que en ningún caso pueda hacerse discriminación por razón de sexo.
2. La ley regulará un estatuto de los trabajadores. (Art. 35)

Employment Rights and Protection

Spain, English

1. The State shall have exclusive competence over the following matters:

7) Labour legislation, without prejudice to its execution by bodies of the Autonomous Communities.
… (Sec. 149)

Spain, Spanish

1. El Estado tiene competencia exclusiva sobre las siguientes materias:

7ª. Legislación laboral, sin perjuicio de su ejecución por los órganos de las Comunidades Autónomas.
… (Art. 149)

Employment Rights and Protection

Spain, English

(1) The public authorities shall promote favourable conditions for social and economic progress and for a more equitable distribution of regional and personal income within the framework of a policy of economic stability. They shall in particular carry out a policy aimed at full employment.
(2) Likewise, the public authorities shall promote a policy guaranteeing professional training and retraining; they shall ensure labour safety and hygiene and shall provide for the need of rest by limiting the duration of working day, by periodic paid holidays, and by promoting suitable centres. (Sec. 40)

Spain, Spanish

1. Los poderes públicos promoverán las condiciones favorables para el progreso social y económico y para una distribución de la renta regional y personal más equitativa, en el marco de una política de estabilidad económica. De manera especial realizarán una política orientada al pleno empleo.
2. Asimismo, los poderes públicos fomentarán una política que garantice la formación y readaptación profesionales; velarán por la seguridad e higiene en el trabajo y garantizarán el descanso necesario, mediante la limitación de la jornada laboral, las vacaciones periódicas retribuidas y la promoción de centros adecuados. (Art. 40)

Employment Rights and Protection

Greece, English

1. Work constitutes a right and shall enjoy the protection of the State, which shall care for the creation of conditions of employment for all citizens and shall pursue the moral and material advancement of the rural and urban working population.
All workers, irrespective of sex or other distinctions, shall be entitled to equal pay for work of equal value.
2. General working conditions shall be determined by law, supplemented by collective labour agreements concluded through free negotiations and, in case of the failure of such, by rules determined by arbitration.

4. Any form of compulsory work is prohibited.
Special laws shall determine the requisition of personal services in case of war or mobilization or to face defence needs of the country or urgent social emergencies resulting from disasters or liable to endanger public health, as well as the contribution of personal work to local government agencies to satisfy local needs.
5. The State shall care for the social security of the working people, as specified by law. (Art. 22)

Greece, Greek

1. H εργασία αποτελεί δικαίωμα και προστατεύεται από το Kράτος, που μεριμνά για τη δημιουργία συνθηκών απασχόλησης όλων των πολιτών και για την ηθική και υλική εξύψωση του εργαζόμενου αγροτικού και αστικού πληθυσμού.
Όλοι οι εργαζόμενοι, ανεξάρτητα από φύλο ή άλλη διάκριση, έχουν δικαίωμα ίσης αμοιβής για παρεχόμενη εργασία ίσης αξίας.
2. Mε νόμο καθορίζονται οι γενικοί όροι εργασίας, που συμπληρώνονται από τις συλλογικές συμβάσεις εργασίας συναπτόμενες με ελεύθερες διαπραγματεύσεις και, αν αυτές αποτύχουν, με τους κανόνες που θέτει η διαιτησία.

4. Oποιαδήποτε μορφή αναγκαστικής εργασίας απαγορεύεται.
Eιδικοί νόμοι ρυθμίζουν τα σχετικά με την επίταξη προσωπικών υπηρεσιών σε περίπτωση πολέμου ή επιστράτευσης ή για την αντιμετώπιση αναγκών της άμυνας της Xώρας ή επείγουσας κοινωνικής ανάγκης από θεομηνία ή ανάγκης που μπορεί να θέσει σε κίνδυνο τη δημόσια υγεία, καθώς και τα σχετικά με την προσφορά προσωπικής εργασίας στους οργανισμούς τοπικής αυτοδιοίκησης για την ικανοποίηση τοπικών αναγκών.
5. Tο Kράτος μεριμνά για την κοινωνική ασφάλιση των εργαζομένων, όπως νόμος ορίζει. ('Αρθρο 22)

Employment Rights and Protection

Kyrgyzstan, English

1. Everyone shall have the right to leisure.
2. Maximum duration of work time, minimal weekly rest, paid annual leave as well as other basic modalities of the implementation of right to leisure shall be envisaged in the law. (Art. 44)

Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyz

1. Ар ким эс алууга укуктуу.
2. Эң узак иш убактысы, жумалык эс алуунун эң кыска мөөнөтү жана жыл сайын акы төлөнүүчү өргүү, ошондой эле эс алуу укугун ишке ашыруунун башка негизги шарттары мыйзам менен аныкталат. (44-берене)

Kyrgyzstan, Russian

1. Каждый имеет право на отдых.
2. Максимальная продолжительность рабочего времени, минимальный еженедельный отдых и оплачиваемый ежегодный отпуск, а также иные основные условия осуществления права на отдых определяются законом. (Статья 44)

Employment Rights and Protection

Kyrgyzstan, English

3. Everyone shall have the right to freedom of labor, the use of his/her their abilities for work and choice of profession and occupation, labor protection and labor arrangements meeting safety and hygienic requirements as well as the right to remuneration for labor not less than minimum subsistence level. (Art. 42)

Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyz

3. Ар ким эркин эмгектенүүгө, эмгекке жөндөмдүүлүгүн пайдаланууга, кесибин жана иштин түрүн тандоого, коопсуздуктун жана гигиенанын талаптарына жооп берген эмгектик коргоого жана эмгек шарттарына укуктуу, ошондой эле мыйзам менен белгиленген жашоо минимумунан төмөн болбогон эмгек акы алуу укугуна ээ. (42-берене)

Kyrgyzstan, Russian

3. Каждый имеет право на свободу труда, распоряжаться своими способностями к труду, на выбор профессии и рода занятий, охрану и условия труда, отвечающие требованиям безопасности и гигиены, а также право на вознаграждение за труд не ниже установленного законом прожиточного минимума. (Статья 42)

Employment Rights and Protection

Romania, English

(2) Citizens have the right to pensions, a paid leave for motherhood, medical care afforded in public health centres, unemployment insurance and other welfare measures on a public or private scheme, as provided by law. Citizens also have the right to social assistance, according to the law. (Art. 47)

Romania, Romanian

(2) Cetăţenii au dreptul la pensie, la concediu de maternitate plătit, la asistenţă medicală în unităţile sanitare de stat, la ajutor de şomaj şi la alte forme de asigurări sociale publice sau private, prevăzute de lege. Cetăţenii au dreptul şi la măsuri de asistenţă socială, potrivit legii. (Art. 47)

Employment Rights and Protection

Romania, English

(1) The right to work may not be restricted. Everyone has a free choice of his profession, trade or occupation, as well as place of work.
(2) Employees have the right to measures of social protection. These concern the employees’ safety and health, conditions of work for women and young persons, the setting up of a minimum gross salary per economy, weekly rest periods, rest leave with pay, work performed under difficult and special conditions, training courses, as well as other specific conditions determined by law.
(3) The normal duration of a working day is maximum eight hours, on average.
(4) For equal work with men, women shall get equal wages.
… (Art. 41)

Romania, Romanian

(1) Dreptul la muncă nu poate fi îngrădit. Alegerea profesiei, a meseriei sau a ocupaţiei, precum şi a locului de muncă este liberă.
(2) Salariaţii au dreptul la măsuri de protecţie socială. Acestea privesc securitatea şi sănătatea salariaţilor, regimul de muncă al femeilor si al tinerilor, instituirea unui salariu minim brut pe ţară, repausul săptămânal, concediul de odihnă plătit, prestarea muncii în condiţii deosebite sau speciale, formarea profesională, precum şi alte situaţii specifice, stabilite prin lege.
(3) Durata normală a zilei de lucru este, în medie, de cel mult 8 ore.
(4) La muncă egală, femeile au salariu egal cu bărbaţii.
... (Art. 41)

Employment Rights and Protection

Romania, English

(1) Parliament enacts constitutional, organic, and ordinary laws.

(3) By organic laws it shall be regulated:

p) general rules on labour relations, trade unions, employers' associations, and social protection;
… (Art. 73)

Romania, Romanian

(1) Parlamentul adoptă legi constituţionale, legi organice şi legi ordinare.
...
(3) Prin lege organică se reglementează:
...
p) regimul general privind raporturile de muncă, sindicatele, patronatele şi protecţia socială;
... (Art. 73)

Employment Rights and Protection

Montenegro, English

The employed shall have the right to adequate salary.
The employed shall have the right to limited working hours and paid vacation.
The employed shall have the right to protection at work.
Youth, women and the disabled shall enjoy special protection at work. (Art. 64)

Montenegro, Montenegrin

Zaposleni imaju pravo na odgovarajuću zaradu.
Zaposleni imaju pravo na ograničeno radno vrijeme i plaćeni odmor.
Zaposleni imaju pravo na zaštitu na radu.
Omladina, žene i invalidi uživaju posebnu zaštitu na radu. (Član 64)