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About 85 results

Participation in Public Life and Institutions

Myanmar, Burmese

EdkifiHom;rsm;onf atmufygvkyfief;rsm;udk vkyfudkifaqmif&Guf&mwGif wlnDaom tcGihftvrf;&&Sdap&rnf -
(u) jynfol@0efxrf; wm0efxrf;aqmifr_/
--- (yk'fr 349)

Myanmar, English

Citizens shall enjoy equal opportunity in carrying out the following functions:
(a) public employment;
… (Sec. 349)

Participation in Public Life and Institutions

Myanmar, Burmese

EdkifiHawmfonf tvkyftudkifcef@xm;&mwGifjzpfap/ EdkifiHh0efxrf;a&G;cs,f wm0efay;&mwGifjzpfap owfrSwfaom t&nftcsif;ESifhjynfhpHkygu
jynfaxmifpkorRwjrefrmEkdifiHawmf. rnfonfhEdkifiHom;udkr# vlrsKd;/ Zmwd/ udk;uG,f&mbmom omoem/ trsKd;om;/ trsKd;orD;udk ta=umif;jyKvsuf
&mxl;a&G;cs,fcef@xm;jcif;udk cGJjcm;r_rjyK&? odk@&mwGif trsKd;om;rsm;ESifhom avsmfuefoifhjrwfonfh &mxl;wm0ef rsm;twGuf trsKd;om;rsm;tm;
a&G;cs,fcef@xm;jcif;udk Tyk'frt& t[ef@twm;rjzpfap&? (yk'fr 352)

Myanmar, English

The Union shall, upon specified qualifications being fulfilled, in appointing or assigning duties to civil service personnel, not discriminate for or against any citizen of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, based on race, birth, religion, and sex. However, nothing in this Section shall prevent appointment of men to the positions that are suitable for men only. (Sec. 352)

Political Parties

Myanmar, Burmese

EdkifiHa&;ygwDwpf&yf&yfonf atmufygta=umif;wpfckckESifh +idpGef;v#if qufvuf &yfwnfydkifcGifhr&Sdap& -
(u) wnfqJOya't& rw&m;toif;tjzpf a=unmcH&jcif;/
(c) EdkifiHawmftm; vufeufpGJudkifI awmfvSefykefuefaeaom aomif;usef;ol tzGJ@tpnf; odk@r[kwf t=urf;zufvkyf&yfrsm;ukd usL;vGefonf[k EkdifiHawmfu
owfrSwfaomtzJG@tpnf;ESifh yk*~dKvfrsm; okd@r[kwf rw&m;toif;tjzpf a=unmcHxm;&aom tzJG@tpnf;ESifh wdkuf&dkufjzpfap/ oG,f0dkufIjzpfap qufoG,fjcif; okd@r[kwf tm;ay; ulnDjcif;?
(*) EdkifiHjcm;wdkif;jynfwpfckckrS tpdk;& odk@r[kwf bmoma&;tzGJ@tpnf;
odk@r[kwf tjcm;tzGJ@tpnf;wpfckck odk@r[kwf yk*~dKvfwpfOD;OD;xHrS aiGa=u;/ ypPnf;/ tjcm;taxmuftyHhudk wdkuf&dkufjzpfap/ oG,f0dkufI jzpfap &,loHk;pGJjcif;?
(C) bmoma&;udk EdkifiHa&;twGuf tvGJoHk;pm;jyKjcif;? (yk'fr 407)

Myanmar, English

If a political party infringe one of the following stipulations, it shall have no right of continued existence :
(a) having been declared an unlawful association under the existing law;
(b) directly or indirectly contacting or abetting the insurgent group launching armed rebellion against the Union or the associations and persons determined by the Union to have committed terrorist acts or the association declared to be an unlawful association;
(c) directly or indirectly receiving and expending financial, material and other assistance from a foreign government, a religious association, other association or a person from a foreign country;
(d) abusing religion for political purpose. (Sec. 407)

Government

Myanmar, Burmese

(u) EkdifiHawmforRwonf atmufazmfjyyg t&nftcsif;rsm;ESihf jynfhpkH olrsm;ukd jynfaxmifpk0ef}uD;rsm;tjzpf cef@tyfwm0efay;Ekdifonf -
(1) touf 40 ESpf jynfh+yD;ol/
(2) toufuef@owfcsufrSty yk'fr 120 wGifazmfjyxm;onfh jynfol@v$wfawmf ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;twGuf owfrSwfxm;onfh
t&nftcsif;rsm;ESifh jynfhpkHol/
(3) yk'fr 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfol@v$wfawmf ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufcHydkifcGifhr&Sdapaom jyXmef;csufrsm;ESifhvnf; +idpGef;jcif;r&Sdol/
(4) EkdifiHawmfESifh EkdifiHom;rsm;tay: opPm&Sdol?
--- (yk'fr 232)

Myanmar, English

(a) The President shall appoint the Union Ministers who possess the following qualifications :
(i) person who has attained the age of 40 years;
(ii) person who has qualifications, with the exception of age limit, entitled to be elected as Pyithu Hluttaw representatives prescribed in Section 120;
(iii) person whose qualifications does not breach the provisions under Section 121 which disqualify the person from standing for election as the Pyithu Hluttaw representative;
(iv) person loyal to the Union and its citizens.
… (Sec. 232)

Legislature

Myanmar, Burmese

(u) EdkifiHawmf. Oya'jyKa&;tm%mudk jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmf/ wdkif;a'o}uD;v$wfawmfESihf jynfe,fv$wfawmfrsm;tm; cGJa0tyfESif; onf?
udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&pD&ifpkrsm;tm; TzGJ@pnf;ykHtajccHOya'u owfrSwfaom Oya'jyKa&;tmPmudk cGJa0tyfESif;onf/
(c) jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfwGif +rdK@e,fukdtajccHIvnf;aumif;/ vlOD;a&ukd tajccHIvnf;aumif;/ a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufonfh v$wfawmfwpf&yf/ wdkif;a'o}uD;rsm;ESifh jynfe,frsm;rS ukd,fpm;vS,f OD;a& wlnDpGm a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufonfh v$wfawmfwpf&yf[lI v$wfawmfESpf&yf yg&Sdonf? (yk'fr 12)

Myanmar, English

(a) The legislative power of the Union is shared among the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, Region Hluttaws and State Hluttaws. Legislative power stipulated by this Constitution shall be shared to the Self-Administered Areas.
(b) The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw consisting of two Hluttaws, one Hluttaw elected on the basis of township as well as population, and the other on an equal number of representatives elected from Regions and States. (Sec. 12)

Legislature

Myanmar, Burmese

jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfwGif atmufyg v$wfawmfESpf&yfyg0ifonf -
(u) yk'fr 109 yg jyXmef;csufrsm;ESifhtnD +rdK@e,fudktajccHI vnf;aumif;/ vlOD;a&udktajccHIvnf;aumif; a&G;aumufwifajr‡muf onhf v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;ESihf
wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf u trnfpm&if;wifoGif;aom wyfrawmfom; v$wfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;jzihf zGJ@pnf;onhf jynfol@v$wfawmf/
(c) yk'fr 141 yg jyXmef;csufrsm;ESifhtnD wdkif;a'o}uD;rsm;ESifh jynfe,f rsm;rSOD;a&wlnDpGm a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufonhf v$wfawmfudk,fpm; vS,frsm;ESihf
wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfu trnfpm&if;wifoGif; aom wyfrawmfom; v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;jzihf zGJ@pnf;onhf trsKd;om;v$wfawmf? (yk'fr 74)

Myanmar, English

The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw comprises of the following two Hluttaws:
(a) in accord with the provisions of Section 109, the Pyithu Hluttaw formed with Hluttaw representatives elected on the basis of township as well as population and Hluttaw representatives being the Defence Services Personnel nominated by the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services;
(b) in accord with the provisions of Section 141, the Amyotha Hluttaw formed with Hluttaw representatives elected in equal numbers from Regions and States and Hluttaw representatives being the Defence Services Personnel nominated by the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services. (Sec. 74)

Political Rights and Association

Myanmar, Burmese

EdkifiHom;wdkif;onf EdkifiHawmfvHkjcHKa&;/ w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;/ &yf&Gm at; csrf;om,ma&; odk@r[kwf jynfolwdk@.udkf,fusifhw&m;tusdK;iSm jyXmef;
xm;onfhOya'rsm;ESifh rqef@usifv#if atmufygtcGifhta&;rsm; udk vGwfvyfpGmoHk;pGJaqmif&GufcGifh&Sdonf -
---
(*) toif;tzGJ@ odk@r[kwf tpnf;t&Hk;rsm; zGJ@pnf;aqmif&GufcGifh/
--- (yk'fr 354)

Myanmar, English

Every citizen shall be at liberty in the exercise of the following rights, if not contrary to the laws, enacted for Union security, prevalence of law and order, community peace and tranquility or public order and morality:

(c) to form associations and organizations;
… (Sec. 354)

Vice-President

Myanmar, Burmese

(c) orRwa&G;cs,fwifajr‡mufa&;tzGJ@udk jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmf udk,fpm;vS,ftpktzGJ@oHk;zGJ@jzifh atmufygtwdkif; zGJ@pnf;&rnf -
(1) wdkif;a'o}uD;rsm;ESihf jynfe,frsm;rS udk,fpm;vS,fOD;a& wlnDpGm a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufonhf v$wfawmf&Sd a&G;aumufwifajr‡muf jcif;cH&aom
v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;tpktzGJ@/
(2) +rdK@e,fudktajccHIvnf;aumif;/ vlOD;a&udktajccHI vnf;aumif; a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufonhfv$wfawmf&Sd a&G;aumuf wifajr‡mufjcif; cH&onhf
v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;tpktzGJ@/
(3) azmfjyygv$wfawmfESpf&yftwGuf wyfrawmfumuG,fa&; OD;pD;csKyfutrnfpm&if;wifoGif;onhf wyfrawmfom;v$wfawmf
udk,fpm;vS,frsm;tpktzGJ@?
(*) ,if;tpktzGJ@wpfzGJ@pDu 'kwd,orRwwpfOD;pDudk v$wfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;xJrSjzpfap/ v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fr[kwfolrsm;xJrS jzpfap a&G;cs,fwifajr‡muf&rnf?
(C) 'kwd,orRwrsm;onf EdkifiHawmforRwtwGuf owfrSwfxm; onfh t&nftcsif;rsm;ESihf jynhfpkHjcif;&Sd/ r&Sdudk jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmf ESihf jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfwGif yg0ifaom v$wfawmfESpf&yf. t}uD; trSL;rsm;ESihf 'kwd,t}uD;trSL;rsm; yg0ifonhftzGJ@u pdppf&rnf?
--- (yk'fr 60)

Myanmar, English

(b) The Presidential Electoral College shall be formed with three groups of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw representatives as follows:
(i) group formed with elected Hluttaw representatives in the Hluttaw with an equal number of representatives elected from Regions and States;
(ii) group formed with elected Hluttaw representatives in the Hluttaw elected on the basis of township and population;
(iii) group formed with the Defence Services personnel Hluttaw representatives nominated by the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services for the said two Hluttaws. (c) Each group shall elect a Vice-President from among the Hluttaw representatives or from among persons who are not Hluttaw representatives.
(d) The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw and a Body comprising the Heads and Deputy Heads of the two Hluttaws in the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw shall scrutinize whether or not the Vice-Presidents possess the qualifications prescribed for the President.
… (Sec. 60)

Political Parties

Myanmar, Burmese

EdkifiHa&;ygwDwpf&yfonf EdkifiHawmftwGif; Oya'ESifhtnD -
(u) vGwfvyfpGmpnf;&Hk;cGihf&Sdonf/
( c ) a&G;aumufyGJrsm;wGif yg0if,SOf+ydKifcGifh&Sdonf? (yk'fr 406)

Myanmar, English

A political party shall, in accord with the law, have the right in the Union to:
(a) organize freely;
(b) participate and compete in the elections. (Sec. 406)

Legislature

Myanmar, Burmese

trsKd;om;v$wfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf -
(u) touf 30 ESpf jynfh+yD;olrsm; jzpf&rnf/
(c) toufuef@owfcsufrSty yk'fr 120 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfol@ v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufcHydkifcGihf&Sd aom t&nftcsif;rsm;ESifh jynhfpHk&rnf/
(*) yk'fr 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfol@v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajr‡mufcHydkifcGihf r&Sdapaom jyXmef;csufrsm;ESihf vnf; oufqdkifap&rnf? (yk'fr 152)

Myanmar, English

The Amyotha Hluttaw representatives shall be:
(a) persons who have attained the age of 30 years;
(b) persons who have qualifications, with the exception of the age limit, entitled to be elected as Pyithu Hluttaw representatives prescribed under Section 120;
(c) persons whose qualifications does not breach the provisions under Section 121 which disqualified a person from standing for election as the Pyithu Hluttaw representatives. (Sec. 152)