I. A nation and rural native indigenous people consists of every human collective that shares a cultural identity, language, historic tradition, institutions, territory and world view, whose existence predates the Spanish colonial invasion.
II. In the framework of the unity of the State, and in accordance with this Constitution, the nations and rural native indigenous peoples enjoy the following rights:
1. To be free.
2. To their cultural identity, religious belief, spiritualities, practices and customs, and their own world view.
3. That the cultural identity of each member, if he or she so desires, be inscribed together with Bolivian citizenship in his identity card, passport and other identification documents that have legal validity.
4. To self-determination and territoriality.
5. That its institutions be part of the general structure of the State.
6. To the collective ownership of land and territories.
7. To the protection of their sacred places.
8. To create and administer their own systems, means and networks of communication.
9. That their traditional teachings and knowledge, their traditional medicine, languages, rituals, symbols and dress be valued, respected and promoted.
10. To live in a healthy environment, with appropriate management and exploitation of the ecosystems.
11. To collective ownership of the intellectual property in their knowledge, sciences and learning, as well as to its evaluation, use, promotion and development.
12. To an inter-cultural, intra-cultural and multi-language education in all educational systems.
13. To universal and free health care that respects their world view and traditional practices.
14. To the practice of their political, juridical and economic systems in accord with their world view.
15. To be consulted by appropriate procedures, in particular through their institutions, each time legislative or administrative measures may be foreseen to affect them. In this framework, the right to prior obligatory consultation by the State with respect to the exploitation of nonrenewable natural resources in the territory they inhabit shall be respected and guaranteed, in good faith and upon agreement.
16. To participate in the benefits of the exploitation of natural resources in their territory.
17. To autonomous indigenous territorial management, and to the exclusive use and exploitation of renewable natural resources existing in their territory without prejudice to the legitimate rights acquired by third parties.
18. To participate in the organs and institutions of the State.
III. The State guarantees, respects and protects the rights of the nations and the rural native indigenous peoples consecrated in this Constitution and the law. (Art. 30)