Work will be regulated by a Code which shall have as [its] principal objective the harmonizing of the relations between the employers [patronos] and [the] workers, establishing their rights and obligations. It shall be founded in general principles that tend to the improvement of the living conditions of the workers, and will especially include the following rights:
1) In a same business or establishment and in identical circumstances, to equal work must correspond [an] equal remuneration for the worker, without regard for [their] sex, race, creed, or nationality;
2) Every worker has the right to earn a minimum salary, which shall be set periodically. To set this salary[,] attention will be given to the cost of living, [to] the type of work, [to] the different systems of remuneration, [to] the distinct zones of production, and to other similar criteria. This salary must be sufficient to satisfy the normal necessities of the home of the worker in the material, moral and cultural orders.
For piecework [trabajos a destajo], contract work [por ajuste] or work for a lump sum [precio alzado], it is obligatory to assure the minimum wage per day ['ornada] of work;
3) The salary and the social payments [prestaciones], in the quantity determined by the law, are unattachable and cannot be compensated or retained, except for food [provision] obligations. The amounts for social security, union quota, or tax obligations, may also be retained. The implements [instrumentos] of labor of the worker are unattachable;
4) The salary must be paid in [the] current legal currency [moneda de curso legal].
The salary and the social payments constitute privileged credits in relation to the other credits that could exist against an employer [patrono];
5) The employers shall give their workers a premium [prima] for each year of work. The law will establish the form in which its quantity will be determined in relation to the salaries;
6) The ordinary workday [jornada] of effective daytime work will not exceed eight hours, and the work week [will not exceed] forty-four hours.
The maximum overtime hours [horas extraordinarias] for each type of work will be determined by the law.
Night work [jornada nocturna] and the [work] fulfilled in dangerous or unhealthy tasks, will be inferior to the daytime [work] and will be regulated by the law. The limitation of working hours will not be applied in cases of force majeure.
The law will determine the extension of the pauses that will interrupt the workday when, attending to biological reasons, the rhythm of the [pending] tasks so demands, and of those that must intercede between two workdays.
Overtime hours and night work will be remunerated with a surcharge [recargo];
7) Every worker has the right to one day of remunerated rest for each work week, in the form required by the law.
The workers who do not enjoy [a] rest [period] on the previously indicated days, will have the right to [an] extraordinary remuneration for the services rendered on those days and to compensatory leave;
8) The workers will have the right to remunerated rest on the holidays [días de asueto] that are designated by the law; [the law] will determine the types of work for which this provision will not apply, but in such cases, the workers will have the right to an extraordinary remuneration;
9) Every worker that accredits a minimum provision of services [performed] during a given period, will have the right to an annual paid vacation in the form determined by the law. The vacations may not be compensated in money, and to the obligation of the employer to grant them[,] corresponds the obligation of the worker to take them;
10) The minors of fourteen years of age or less, and those that having reached this age still remain subject to obligatory education by virtue of the law, may not be occupied in any type of work.
Their occupation can be authorized when it is considered indispensable for their subsistence or that of their family, provided that this does not prevent [the] compliance with the minimum of the obligatory education.
The workday of the minors of sixteen years of age cannot be more than six hours a day and thirty-four hours a week, in any kind of work.
Unhealthy or dangerous work is prohibited for persons under eighteen years of age and for women. Night work is also prohibited for persons under eighteen years of age.
The law will determine the dangerous and unhealthy labors;
11) The employer who discharges [despida] a worker without [a] just cause is obligated to indemnify him in accordance with the law;
12) The law will determine under which conditions employers are obligated to pay their permanent workers, who resign from their work, an economic compensation [prestación] which amount will be set [fijará] in relation to their salaries and the time of service.
The resignation produces its effects without the need for acceptance by the employer, but the refusal of the latter to pay the corresponding compensation constitutes a legal presumption of unfair discharge.
In the case of total and permanent disability or [the] death of the worker, the worker or his or her beneficiaries will have the right to the compensations they would receive in the case of voluntary resignation. (Art. 38)