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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 667 results

Marriage and Family Life

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Each individual has the right to marry with the person of their choice, of the opposite sex, and to establish a family.
The family, the basic unit of the human community, is organized in a manner to assure its unity, its stability and its protection. It is placed under the protection of the public powers.
The care and the education to be given to the children constitute, for the parents, a natural right and a duty which they exercise under the surveillance [and] with the aid of the public powers.
The children have the duty to assist their parents.
The law establishes the rules concerning marriage and the organization of the family. (Art. 40)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Tout individu a le droit de se marier avec la personne de son choix, de sexe opposé, et de fonder une famille.
La famille, cellule de base de la communauté humaine, est organisée de manière à assurer son unité, sa stabilité et sa protection. Elle est placée sous la protection des pouvoirs publics.
Les soins et l’éducation à donner aux enfants constituent, pour les parents, un droit naturel et un devoir qu’ils exercent sous la surveillance et avec l’aide des pouvoirs publics.
Les enfants ont le devoir d’assister leurs parents.
La loi fixe les règles sur le mariage et l’organisation de la famille. (Art. 40)

Marriage and Family Life

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Every person, without distinction of sex, who is not more than 18 years of age, is a minor.
All minors have the right to know the names of their father and of their mother.
They have, equally, the right to enjoy the protection of their family, of society and of the public powers.
… (Art. 41)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

L’enfant mineur est toute personne, sans distinction de sexe, qui n’a pas encore atteint 18 ans révolus.
Tout enfant mineur a le droit de connaître les noms de son père et de sa mère.
Il a également le droit de jouir de la protection de sa famille, de la société et des pouvoirs publics.
… (Art. 41)

Marriage and Family Life

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Constitution, the law establishes the rules concerning:

5. … the status and capacity of persons, the matrimonial regimes, … (Art. 122)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Sans préjudice des autres dispositions de la présente Constitution, la loi fixe les règles concernant:

5. … l’état et la capacité des personnes, les régimes matrimoniaux, … (Art. 122)

Marriage and Family Life

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Constitution, the following matters are of the exclusive competence of the Central Power:

36. legislation concerning[,] notably;

h. … the protection of mother and child … (Art. 202)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Sans préjudice des autres dispositions de la présente Constitution, les matières suivantes sont de la compétence exclusive du pouvoir central:

36. la législation notamment concernant:

h) … la protection maternelle et infantile … (Art. 202)

Marriage and Family Life

Eritrea, English


2. The State shall encourage values of community solidarity and love and respect of the family.
… (Art. 9)

Marriage and Family Life

Eritrea, English

1. The family is the natural and fundamental unit of society and is entitled to the protection and special care of the State and society.
2. Men and women of full legal age shall have the right, upon their consent, to marry and to found a family freely, without any discrimination and they shall have equal rights and duties as to all family affairs.
3. Parents have the right and duty to bring up their children with due care and affection; and, in turn, children have the right and the duty to respect their parents and to sustain them in their old age. (Art. 22)

Marriage and Family Life

South Africa, English

...
(2) Religious observances may be conducted at state or state-aided institutions, provided that-
(a) those observances follow rules made by the appropriate public authorities;
(b) they are conducted on an equitable basis; and
(c) attendance at them is free and voluntary.
(3) (a) This section does not prevent legislation recognising-
(i) marriages concluded under any tradition, or a system of religious, personal or family law; or
(ii) systems of personal and family law under any tradition, or adhered to by persons professing a particular religion.
(b) Recognition in terms of paragraph (a) must be consistent with this section and the other provisions of the Constitution. (Sec. 15)

Marriage and Family Life

South Africa, English

(1) Every child has the right—

(b) to family care or parental care, or to appropriate alternative care when removed from the family environment;
… (Sec. 28)

Marriage and Family Life

Malawi, English

The State shall actively promote the welfare and development of the people of Malawi by progressively adopting and implementing policies and legislation aimed at achieving the following goals—
a. Gender Equality
To obtain gender equality through—

iii. the implementation of policies to address social issues such as domestic violence, security of the person, lack of maternity benefits, economic exploitation and rights to property.

i. The Family
To recognize and protect the family as a fundamental and vital social unit.
… (Sec. 13)

Marriage and Family Life

Malawi, English

1. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.
2. Each member of the family shall enjoy full and equal respect and shall be protected by law against all forms of neglect, cruelty or exploitation.
3. All men and women have the right to marry and found a family.
4. No person shall be forced to enter into marriage.
5. Subsections (3) and (4) shall apply to all marriages at law, custom and marriages by repute or by permanent cohabitation.
6. No person over the age of eighteen years shall be prevented from entering into marriage.
7. [Repealed by Act No. 17 of 2015]
8. [Repealed by Act No. 17 of 2015]. (Sec. 22)