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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 210 results

Minorities

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

No Congolese person may, in matters of education or of access to public functions or any other matter, be subject to a discriminatory measure, that results from the law or from an act of the executive, for reason of his religion, of his family origin, of his social condition, of his residence, of his opinion or political convictions, or his belonging to a certain race, to an ethnicity, to a tribe, [or] to a cultural or linguistic minority. (Art. 13)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Aucun Congolais ne peut, en matière d’éducation et d’accès aux fonctions publiques ni en aucune autre matière, faire l’objet d’une mesure discriminatoire, qu’elle résulte de la loi ou d’un acte de l’exécutif, en raison de sa religion, de son origine familiale, de sa condition sociale, de sa résidence, de ses opinions ou de ses convictions politiques, de son appartenance à une race, à une ethnie, à une tribu, à une minorité culturelle ou linguistique. (Art. 13)

Minorities

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English


Any person belonging to an ethnic group of which the members [personnes] and the territory are constituent to that which became the Congo (presently the Democratic Republic of the Congo) at independence, is Congolese of origin. (Art. 10)5

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French


Est Congolais d’origine, toute personne appartenant aux groupes ethniques don’t les personnes et le territoire constituaient ce qui est devenu le Congo (présentement la République Démocratique du Congo) à l’indépendance. … (Art. 10)

Minorities

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

The State has the duty to assure and to promote the peaceful and harmonious coexistence of all the ethnic groups of the country.
It assures equally the protection and the promotion of vulnerable groups and of all minorities.
It sees to their development. (Art. 51)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

L’Etat a le devoir d’assurer et de promouvoir la coexistence pacifique et harmonieuse de tous les groupes ethniques du pays.
Il assure également la protection et la promotion des groupes vulnérables et de toutes les minorités.
Il veille à leur épanouissement. (Art. 51)

Minorities

South Africa, English

(1) Persons belonging to a cultural, religious or linguistic community may not be denied the right, with other members of that community—
(a) to enjoy their culture, practise their religion and use their language; and
(b) to form, join and maintain cultural, religious and linguistic associations and other organs of civil society.
(2) The rights in subsection (1) may not be exercised in a manner inconsistent with any provision of the Bill of Rights. (Sec. 31)

Minorities

South Africa, English

(1) The primary objects of the Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities are—
(a) to promote respect for the rights of cultural, religious and linguistic communities;
(b) to promote and develop peace, friendship, humanity, tolerance and national unity among cultural, religious and linguistic communities, on the basis of equality, non-discrimination and free association; and
(c) to recommend the establishment or recognition, in accordance with national legislation, of a cultural or other council or councils for a community or communities in South Africa.
(2) The Commission has the power, as regulated by national legislation, necessary to achieve its primary objects, including the power to monitor, investigate, research, educate, lobby, advise and report on issues concerning the rights of cultural, religious and linguistic communities.
… (Sec. 185)

Minorities

South Africa, English

(1) The number of members of the Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities and their appointment and terms of office must be prescribed by national legislation.
(2) The composition of the Commission must—
(a) be broadly representative of the main cultural, religious and linguistic communities in South Africa; and
(b) broadly reflect the gender composition of South Africa. (Sec. 186)

Minorities

South Africa, English

(1) The following state institutions strengthen constitutional democracy in the Republic:

(c) The Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities.
… (Sec. 181)

Minorities

Malawi, English

1. This Constitution is founded upon the following underlying principles—

d. the inherent dignity and worth of each human being requires that the State and all persons shall recognize and protect human rights and afford the fullest protection to the rights and views of all individuals, groups and minorities whether or not they are entitled to vote;
… (Sec. 12)

Minorities

Sudan, Arabic

لكل المجموعات العرقية والثقافية الحق في أن تنعم بثقافتها الخاصة وتطورها بحرية، وللمنتميين لهذة المجموعات الحق في أن يمارسوا معتقداتهم ويستخدموا لغاتهم ويراعوا أديانهم واعرافهم وينشئوا اطفالهم في إطار تلك الثقافات والاعراف. (الماده 66)

Sudan, English

All ethnic and cultural groups shall have the right to enjoy their own culture and develop it freely. The members of such groups shall have the right to exercise their beliefs, use their languages, observe their religions or customs, and raise their children in the framework of such cultures and customs. (Art. 65)

Minorities

Cameroon, English


(2) The State shall ensure the protection of minorities and shall preserve the rights of indigenous populations in accordance with the law;
… (Preamble)

Cameroon, French

...
(2) L'Etat assure la protection des minorités et préserve les droits des populations autochtones conformément à la loi.
... (Préambule)