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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 157 results

Minorities

Singapore, English

(1) It shall be the general function of the Councilto consider and report on such matters affecting persons of any racial or religious community in Singapore as may be referred to the Council by Parliament or the Government.
(2) A reference to the Council by Parliament may be made by the Speaker, and a reference to the Council by the Government may be made by a Minister. (Art. 76)

Minorities

Singapore, English

(1) There shall be a Presidential Council for Minority Rights which shall consist of —
(a) Chairman appointed for a period of 3 years; and
(b) not more than 20 members.
… (Art. 69)

Minorities

Singapore, English

(6) No Bill to which this Article applies shall be presented to the President for assent unless it is accompanied by a certificate under the hand of the Speaker stating that —
(a) in the opinion of the Council3 no provision of the Bill would, if enacted, be a differentiating measure4 … (Art. 78)

Minorities

Singapore, English

(1) The Legislature may, in order to ensure the representation in Parliament of Members from the Malay, Indian and other minority communities, by law make provision for —
(a) any constituency to be declared by the President, having regard to the number of electors in that constituency, as a group representation constituency to enable any election in that constituency to be held on a basis of a group of not less than 3 but not more than 6 candidates; and
(b) the qualifications, in addition to those in Article 44, of persons who may be eligible for any election in group representation constituencies, including the requirements referred to in clause (2).

(3) No provision of any law made pursuant to this Article shall be invalid on the ground of inconsistency with Article 12 or be considered to be a differentiating measure under Article 78.
(4) In this Article —

“person belonging to the Malay community” means any person, whether of the Malay race or otherwise, who considers himself to be a member of the Malay community and who is generally accepted as a member of the Malay community by that community;
“person belonging to the Indian or other minority communities” means any person of Indian origin who considers himself to be a member of the Indian community and who is generally accepted as a member of the Indian community by that community, or any person who belongs to any minority community other than the Malay or Indian community. (Art. 39A)

Minorities

Singapore, English

(1) It shall be the responsibility of the Government constantly to care for the interests of the racial and religious minorities in Singapore.
(2) The Government shall exercise its functions in such manner as to recognise the special position of the Malays, who are the indigenous people of Singapore, and accordingly it shall be the responsibility of the Government to protect, safeguard, support, foster and promote their political, educational, religious, economic, social and cultural interests and the Malay language. (Art. 152)

Minorities

Singapore, English

Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, all persons of whatever race in the same grade of the service of the Government shall, subject to the terms and conditions of their employment, be treated impartially. (Art. 154)

Minorities

Singapore, English

The Legislature shall by law make provision for regulating Muslim religious affairs and for constituting a Council to advise the President in matters relating to the Muslim religion. (Art. 153)

Minorities

India, English

(1) Seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in every Municipality and the number of seats so reserved shall bear, as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the total number of seats to be filled by direct election in that Municipality as the population of the Scheduled Castes in the Municipal area or of the Scheduled Tribes in the Municipal area bears to the total population of that area and such seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in a Municipality.
… (Art. 243T)

India, Hindi

(1) |ÉiªÉäBÉE xÉMÉ®{ÉÉÉÊãÉBÉEÉ àÉå +ÉxÉÖºÉÚÉÊSÉiÉ VÉÉÉÊiɪÉÉå +ÉÉè® +ÉxÉÖºÉÚÉÊSÉiÉ VÉxÉVÉÉÉÊiɪÉÉå BÉEä ÉÊãÉA ºlÉÉxÉ +ÉÉ®ÉÊFÉiÉ ®cåMÉä +ÉÉè® <ºÉ |ÉBÉEÉ® +ÉÉ®ÉÊFÉiÉ ºlÉÉxÉÉå BÉEÉÒ ºÉÆJªÉÉ BÉEÉ +ÉxÉÖ{ÉÉiÉ, =ºÉ xÉMÉ®{ÉÉÉÊãÉBÉEÉ àÉå |ÉiªÉFÉ ÉÊxÉ´ÉÉÇSÉxÉ uÉ®É £É®ä VÉÉxÉä ´ÉÉãÉä ºlÉÉxÉÉå BÉEÉÒ BÉÖEãÉ ºÉÆJªÉÉ ºÉä ªÉlÉɶÉBÉDªÉ ´ÉcÉÒ cÉäMÉÉ VÉÉä =ºÉ xÉMÉ®{ÉÉÉÊãÉBÉEÉ FÉäjÉ àÉå +ÉxÉÖºÉÚÉÊSÉiÉ VÉÉÉÊiɪÉÉå BÉEÉÒ +ÉlÉ´ÉÉ =ºÉ xÉMÉ®{ÉÉÉÊãÉBÉEÉ FÉäjÉ àÉå +ÉxÉÖºÉÚÉÊSÉiÉ VÉxÉVÉÉÉÊiɪÉÉå BÉEÉÒ VÉxɺÉÆJªÉÉ BÉEÉ +ÉxÉÖ{ÉÉiÉ =ºÉ FÉäjÉ BÉEÉÒ BÉÖEãÉ VÉxɺÉÆJªÉÉ ºÉä cè +ÉÉè® AäºÉä ºlÉÉxÉ ÉÊBÉEºÉÉÒ xÉMÉ®{ÉÉÉÊãÉBÉEÉ BÉEä ÉÊ£ÉxxÉ-ÉÊ£ÉxxÉ ÉÊxÉ´ÉÉÇSÉxÉ-FÉäjÉÉå BÉEÉä SÉs|ÉxÉÖs|àÉ ºÉä +ÉɤÉÆÉÊ]iÉ ÉÊBÉEA VÉÉ ºÉBÉEåMÉä * ...(+ÉxÉÖSUän 243xÉ)

Minorities

India, English

It shall be the endeavour of every State and of every local authority within the State to provide adequate facilities for instruction in the mother-tongue at the primary stage of education to children belonging to linguistic minority groups; and the President may issue such directions to any State as he considers necessary or proper for securing the provision of such facilities. (Art. 350A)

India, Hindi

|ÉiªÉäBÉE ®ÉVªÉ +ÉÉè® ®ÉVªÉ BÉEä £ÉÉÒiÉ® |ÉiªÉäBÉE ºlÉÉxÉÉÒªÉ |ÉÉÉÊvÉBÉEÉ®ÉÒ £ÉÉiÉÉ<Ç +Éã{ɺÉÆJªÉBÉE-´ÉMÉÉç BÉEä ¤ÉÉãÉBÉEÉå BÉEÉä ÉʶÉFÉÉ BÉEä |ÉÉlÉÉÊàÉBÉE ºiÉ® {É® àÉÉiÉߣÉÉiÉÉ àÉå ÉʶÉFÉÉ BÉEÉÒ {ɪÉÉÇ{iÉ ºÉÖÉÊ´ÉvÉÉ+ÉÉäÆ BÉEÉÒ BªÉ´ÉºlÉÉ BÉE®xÉä BÉEÉ |ɪÉÉºÉ BÉE®äMÉÉ +ÉÉè® ®Éi]Å{ÉÉÊiÉ ÉÊBÉEºÉÉÒ ®ÉVªÉ BÉEÉä AäºÉä ÉÊxÉnä¶É nä ºÉBÉEäMÉÉ VÉÉä ´Éc AäºÉÉÒ ºÉÖÉÊ´ÉvÉÉ+ÉÉäÆ BÉEÉ ={ɤÉÆvÉ ºÉÖÉÊxÉÉζSÉiÉ BÉE®ÉxÉä BÉEä ÉÊãÉA +ÉɴɶªÉBÉE ªÉÉ =ÉÊSÉiÉ ºÉàÉZÉiÉÉ cè * (+ÉxÉÖSUän 350BÉE)

Minorities

India, English

(1) Seats shall be reserved in the House of the People for —
(a) the Scheduled Castes;
(b) the Scheduled Tribes except the Scheduled Tribes in the autonomous districts of Assam; and]
(c) the Scheduled Tribes in the autonomous districts of Assam.
… (Art. 330)

India, Hindi

(1) ãÉÉäBÉE ºÉ£ÉÉ àÉå --
(BÉE) +ÉxÉÖºÉÚÉÊSÉiÉ VÉÉÉÊiɪÉÉå BÉEä ÉÊãÉA,
(JÉ) +ɺÉàÉ BÉEä º´É¶ÉɺÉÉÒ ÉÊVÉãÉÉå BÉEÉÒ +ÉxÉÖºÉÚÉÊSÉiÉ VÉxÉVÉÉÉÊiɪÉÉå BÉEÉä UÉä½BÉE® +ÉxªÉ +ÉxÉÖºÉÚÉÊSÉiÉ VÉxÉVÉÉÉÊiɪÉÉå BÉEä ÉÊãÉA, +ÉÉè®
(MÉ) +ɺÉàÉ BÉEä º´É¶ÉɺÉÉÒ ÉÊVÉãÉÉå BÉEÉÒ +ÉxÉÖºÉÚÉÊSÉiÉ VÉxÉVÉÉÉÊiɪÉÉå BÉEä ÉÊãÉA ,
ºlÉÉxÉ +ÉÉ®ÉÊFÉiÉ ®cåMÉä *
...(+ÉxÉÖSUän 330)