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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 200 results

National Human Rights Bodies

Slovenia, English

In order to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms in relation to state authorities, local self-government authorities, and bearers of public authority, the office of the ombudsman for the rights of citizens shall be established by law.
Special ombudsmen for the rights of citizens may also be established by law for particular fields. (Art. 159)

Slovenia, Slovene

Za varovanje človekovih pravic in temeljnih svoboščin v razmerju do državnih organov, organov lokalne samouprave in nosilcev javnih pooblastil se z zakonom določi varuh pravic državljanov.
Z zakonom se lahko za posamezna področja določijo posebni varuhi pravic državljanov. (159. Člen)

National Human Rights Bodies

Spain, English

An organic act shall regulate the institution of the Defender of the People (Defensor del Pueblo) as high commissioner of the Cortes Generales, appointed by them to defend the rights contained in this Part; for this purpose he or she may supervise the activity of the Administration and report thereon to the Cortes Generales. (Sec. 54)

Spain, Spanish

Una ley orgánica regulará la institución del Defensor del Pueblo, como alto comisionado de las Cortes Generales, designado por éstas para la defensa de los derechos comprendidos en este Título, a cuyo efecto podrá supervisar la actividad de la Administración, dando cuenta a las Cortes Generales. (Art. 54)

National Human Rights Bodies

Romania, English

(1) The Advocate of the People shall exercise his powers ex officio or at the request of persons aggrieved in their rights and freedoms, within the limits established by law.
(2) It is binding upon the public authorities to give the Advocate of the People the necessary support in the exercise of his powers. (Art. 59)

Romania, Romanian

(1) Avocatul Poporului îşi exercită atribuţiile din oficiu sau la cererea persoanelor lezate în drepturile şi în libertăţile lor, în limitele stabilite de lege.
(2) Autorităţile publice sunt obligate să asigure Avocatului Poporului sprijinul necesar în exercitarea atribuţiilor sale. (Art. 59)

National Human Rights Bodies

Romania, English

(1) The Advocate of the People shall be appointed for a term of office of 5 years, in order to defend the natural persons' rights and freedoms. The Advocate of the People's deputies shall be specialized per fields of activity.
(2) The Advocate of the People and his/her deputies shall not perform any other public or private office, except for teaching positions in higher education.
(3) The organization and functioning of the Advocate of the People institution shall be regulated by an organic law. (Art. 58)

Romania, Romanian

(1) Avocatul Poporului este numit pe o durată de 5 ani pentru apărarea drepturilor şi libertăţilor persoanelor fizice. Adjuncţii Avocatului Poporului sunt specializaţi pe domenii de activitate.
(2) Avocatul Poporului şi adjuncţii săi nu pot îndeplini nici o altă funcţie publică sau privată, cu excepţia funcţiilor didactice din învăţământul superior.
(3) Organizarea şi funcţionarea instituţiei Avocatul Poporului se stabilesc prin lege organică. (Art. 58)

National Human Rights Bodies

Montenegro, English

The protector of human rights and liberties of Montenegro shall be independent and autonomous authority that takes measures to protect human rights and liberties.
The protector of human rights and liberties shall exercise duties on the basis of the Constitution, the law and the confirmed international agreements, observing also the principles of justice and fairness.
… (Art. 81)

Montenegro, Montenegrin

Zaštitnik ljudskih prava i sloboda Crne Gore je samostalan i nezavisan organ koji preduzima mjere za zaštitu ljudskih prava i sloboda.
Zaštitnik ljudskih prava i sloboda vrši funkciju na osnovu Ustava, zakona i potvrđenih međunarodnih ugovora, pridržavajući se i načela pravde i pravičnosti.
... (Član 81)

National Human Rights Bodies

Bangladesh, Bengali

(১) সংসদ আইনের দ্বারা ন্যায়পালের পদ-প্রতিষ্ঠার জন্য বিধান করিতে পারিবেন।
(২) সংসদ আইনের দ্বারা ন্যায়পালকে কোন মন্ত্রণালয়, সরকারী কর্মচারী বা সংবিধিবদ্ধ সরকারী কর্তৃপক্ষের যে কোন কার্য সম্পর্কে তদন্ত পরিচালনার ক্ষমতাসহ যেরূপ ক্ষমতা কিংবা যেরূপ দায়িত্ব প্রদান করিবেন, ন্যায়পাল সেইরূপ ক্ষমতা প্রয়োগ ও দায়িত্ব পালন করিবেন।
(৩) ন্যায়পাল তাঁহার দায়িত্বপালন সম্পর্কে বাৎসরিক রিপোর্ট প্রণয়ন করিবেন এবং অনুরূপ রিপোর্ট সংসদে উপস্থাপিত হইবে। (অনুচ্ছেদ ৭৭)

Bangladesh, English

(1) Parliament may, by law, provide for the establishment of the office of Ombudsman.
(2) The Ombudsman shall exercise such powers and perform such functions as Parliament may, by law, determine, including the power to investigate any action taken by a Ministry, a public officer or a statutory public authority.
(3) The Ombudsman shall prepare an annual report concerning the discharge of his functions, and such report shall be laid before Parliament. (Art. 77)

National Human Rights Bodies

Georgia, English

1. Supervision of the protection of human rights within the territory of Georgia shall be exercised by the Public Defender of Georgia, who shall be elected for a term of 6 years by a majority of at least three fifths of the total number of the Members of Parliament. The same person shall not be elected as a Public Defender consecutively.

4. The powers of the Public Defender shall be defined by the organic law. (Art. 35)

Georgia, Georgian

1. საქართველოს ტერიტორიაზე ადამიანის უფლებების დაცვას ზედამხედველობს საქართველოს სახალხო დამცველი, რომელსაც 6 წლის ვადით სრული შემადგენლობის არანაკლებ სამი მეხუთედის უმრავლესობით ირჩევს პარლამენტი. სახალხო დამცველად ერთი და იმავე პირის ზედიზედ ორჯერ არჩევა დაუშვებელია.

4. სახალხო დამცველის უფლებამოსილება განისაზღვრება ორგანული კანონით. (მუხლი 35)

National Human Rights Bodies

Maldives, Dhivehi

(ހ) ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގައި ހިއުމަން ރައިޓްސް ކޮމިޝަނެއް އޮންނާންވާނެއެވެ.
(ށ) ހިއުމަން ރައިޓްސް ކޮމިޝަނަކީ ވަކިފަރާތަކަށް ބުރަނުވާ، މުސްތަޤިއްލު މުއައްސަސާއެކެވެ. އަދި އެ ކޮމިޝަނުން އިންސާނީ ޙައްޤުތައް ކުރިއެރުވުމުގައި މަސައްކަތް ކުރާންވާނީ އެއްވެސް ފަރާތަކަށް ބުރަވުމެއްނެތި، ތަޢައްސުބުން އެއްކިބާވެ ތިބެގެންނެވެ.
(ނ) ހިއުމަން ރައިޓްސް ކޮމިޝަން ހިންގާނީ ހިއުމަން ރައިޓްސް ކޮމިޝަންގެ ޤާނޫނުގައި ބާޔާންގެންވާ ގޮތުގެމަތިންނެވެ. އެ ޤާނޫނުގައި، އެ ކޮމިޝަނުގެ މަސްއޫލިޔަތުތަކާއި، ބާރުތަކާއި، އެ ކޮމިޝަނުގެ މަސައްކަތުގެ ދާއިރާއާއި، އެކޮމިޝަނުގެ މެންބަރުންގެ ކިބައިގައި ހުންނަންވާނޭ ޝަރުތުތަކާއި، ސުލޫކީ މިންގަޑުތައް ކަނޑައަޅައިފައި އޮންނަންވާނެއެވެ. (ޤާނޫނުއަސާސީގެ 189 ވަނަ މާއްދާ)

Maldives, English

(a) There shall be a Human Rights Commission of the Maldives.
(b) The Human Rights Commission is an independent and impartial institution. It shall promote respect for human rights impartially without favour and prejudice.
(c) The Human Rights Commission shall function as provided by the statute governing the Human Rights Commission. Such statute shall specify the responsibilities, powers, mandate, qualifications, and ethical standards of members. (Art. 189)

National Human Rights Bodies

Maldives, Dhivehi

(ހ) ހިއުމަން ރައިޓްސް ކޮމިޝަނުގެ މަސްއޫލިއްޔަތުތަކާއި ބާރުތަކުގެ ތެރޭގައި އަންނަނިވި ކަންކަން ހިމެނެއެވެ.
 1. އިންސާނީ ޙައްޤުތަކަށް މީހުންގެ ހިތްތަކުގައި އިޙްތިރާމް އަށަގެންނެވުމަށް މަސައްކަތްކުރުން.
2. އިންސާނީ ޙައްޤުތައް ރައްކާރެއިކުރުމާއި، ކުރިއެރުވުމަށާއި، އެ ޙާއްޤުތައް ހޯދައިދިނުމަށް މަސައްކަތްކުރުން.
3. އިންސާނީ ޙައްޤުތަކަށް ޙުރުމަތްތެރިކޮށް ހިތާމިންވަރު ބަލައި ވަޒަންކުރުން.
(ށ) ހިއުމަން ރައިޓްސް ކޮމިޝަނުގެ މަސްއޫލިއްޔަތުތައް އަދާކުރުމަށްޓަކައި، ޤާނޫނެއް ކަނޑައަޅާ ބާރުތަކެއް އެ ކޮމިޝަނަށް ލިބިގެންވެއެވެ. އޭގެ ތެރޭގައި އަންނަނިވި ކަންތައްތައް ހިމެނެއެވެ.
1. އިންސާނީ ޙައްޤުތަކަށް ޙުރުމަތްރެއިކޮށް ހިތާމިންވަރު ތަޙުޤީޤުކޮށް އަންގާންޖެހޭ ފަރާތްތަކށް އެންގުން.
2. އިންސާނީ ޙައްގެއް ނިގުޅައިގެންފިނަމަ، ޤާނޫނުގައިވާ ގޮތުގެމަތީން އަޅަންޖެހޭ ފިޔަވަޅުތައް އެޅުން.
3.އިންސާނީ ޙައްޤުތަކާ ގުޅޭ އެކިއެކި ދިރާސާތައްކުރުމާއި އެޙައްގުތަކާ ބެހޭ ގޮތުން ޢާންމު ހޭލުންތެރިކަން އިތުރު ކުރުވުން.
4. ހިއުމަން ރައިޓްސް ކޮމިޝަނަށް ޤާނޫނުން ލިބިދޭ އިތުރު ބާރުތަކާއި ހަވާލުކުރެވޭ އިތުރު މަސްއޫލިއްޔަތުތައް. (ޤާނޫނުއަސާސީގެ 192 ވަނަ މާއްދާ)

Maldives, English

(a) The Human Rights Commission’s responsibilities and powers shall include the following:
1. to promote respect for human rights;
2. to promote the protection, development and attainment of human rights;
3. to monitor and assess the observance of human rights.
(b)The Human Rights Commission shall have the following functions and powers, as regulated by law:
1. to investigate and to report on the observance of human rights;
2. to take steps to secure appropriate redress where human rights have been violated;
3. to carry out research, and to educate the public;
4. to exercise such additional powers and functions prescribed by law. (Art. 192)

National Human Rights Bodies

Nepal, English

(1) There shall be a National Human Rights Commission of Nepal, consisting of a Chairperson and four other members.
(2) The President shall, on the recommendation of the Constitutional Council, appoint the Chairperson and members.
… (Art. 248)

Nepal, Nepali

(१) नेपालमा एक राष्ट्रिय मानव अधिकार आयोग रहनेछ जसमा अध्यक्ष र अन्य चार जना सदस्य रहनेछन् ।
(२) राष्ट्रपतिले संवैधानिक परिषदको सिफारिसमा राष्ट्रिय मानव अधिकार आयोगका अध्यक्ष र सदस्यको नियुक्ति गर्नेछ ।
… (धारा २४८)