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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 199 results

National Human Rights Bodies

Slovakia, English

(1) The Public Protector of Rights is an independent body of the Slovak Republic which, within the scope and as laid down by law, protects basic rights and freedoms of natural and legal persons in proceedings before public administration bodies and other bodies of public authority, if their conduct, decision-making, or inaction, is in conflict with the legal order. In cases laid down by law, the Public Protector of Rights may participate in holding the persons working in the public administration bodies accountable, if those persons violated a basic human right or freedom of natural or legal persons. All bodies of public authority shall give the Public Protector of Rights necessary assistance.
(2) The Public Protector of Rights may file a motion with the Constitutional Court of the Slovak Republic to initiate a proceeding pursuant to Article 125, if a generally binding regulation is violating a basic human right or freedom granted to a natural or legal person.
(3) The Public Protector of Rights is elected by the National Council of the Slovak Republic for a period of five years from candidates proposed by at least 15 Members of Parliament. Any citizen of the Slovak Republic who can be elected to the National Council of the Slovak Republic and reached 35 years of age on the election day may be elected the public protector of rights. The Public Protector of Rights may not be a member of any political party or political movement.
… (Art. 151a)

Slovakia, Slovak

(1) Verejný ochranca práv je nezávislý orgán Slovenskej republiky, ktorý v rozsahu a spôsobom ustanoveným zákonom chráni základné práva a slobody fyzických osôb a právnických osôb v konaní pred orgánmi verejnej správy a ďalšími orgánmi verejnej moci, ak je ich konanie, rozhodovanie alebo nečinnosť v rozpore s právnym poriadkom. V zákonom ustanovených prípadoch sa verejný ochranca práv môţe podieľať na uplatnení zodpovednosti osôb pôsobiacich v orgánoch verejnej moci, ak tieto osoby porušili základné právo alebo slobodu fyzických osôb a právnických osôb. Všetky orgány verejnej moci poskytnú verejnému ochrancovi práv potrebnú súčinnosť.
(2) Verejný ochranca práv môţe predloţiť Ústavnému súdu Slovenskej republiky návrh na začatie konania podľa čl. 125, ak všeobecne záväzný právny predpis porušuje základné právo alebo slobodu priznanú fyzickej osobe alebo právnickej osobe.
(3) Verejného ochrancu práv volí Národná rada Slovenskej republiky na obdobie piatich rokov z kandidátov, ktorých jej navrhne najmenej 15 poslancov Národnej rady Slovenskej republiky. Za verejného ochrancu práv možno zvoliť občana Slovenskej republiky, ktorý je voliteľný za poslanca Národnej rady Slovenskej republiky a v deň voľby dosiahol vek 35 rokov. Verejný ochranca práv nemôže byť členom politickej strany ani politického hnutia.
… (Čl. 151a)

National Human Rights Bodies

Solomon Islands, English

(1) The functions of the Ombudsman shall be to:-
(a) enquire into the conduct of any person to whom this section applies in the exercise of his office or authority, or abuse thereof;
(b) assist in the improvement of the practices and procedures of public bodies; and
(c) ensure the elimination of arbitrary and unfair decisions.
(2) Parliament may confer additional functions on the Ombudsman.
(3) This section applies to members of the public service, the Police Force, the Prisons Service, the government of Honiara city, provincial governments, and such other offices, commissions, corporate bodies or public agencies as may be prescribed by Parliament:
Provided that it shall not apply to the Governor-General or his personal staff or to the Director of Public Prosecutions or any person acting in accordance with his instructions.
(4) Nothing in this section or in any Act of Parliament enacted for the purposes of this Chapter shall confer on the Ombudsman any power to question or review any decision of any judge, magistrate or registrar in the exercise of his judicial functions. (Sec. 97)

National Human Rights Bodies

Solomon Islands, English

(1) There shall be an Ombudsman, whose office shall be a public office.
(2) The Ombudsman shall be appointed by the Governor-General, acting in accordance with the advice of a committee consisting of the Speaker, the Chairman of the Public Service Commission and the Chairman of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission.
… (Sec. 96)

National Human Rights Bodies

Vanuatu, English

1. The Ombudsman shall be appointed, for 5 years, by the President of the Republic after consultation with the Prime Minister, the Speaker of Parliament, the leaders of the political parties represented in Parliament, the President of the Malvatumauri Council of Chiefs, the Presidents of the Provincial Government Councils, and the chairmen of the Public Service Commission and the Judicial Service Commission.
2. A person shall be disqualified for appointment as Ombudsman if he is a member of Parliament, the Malvatumauri Council of Chiefs or a Provincial Government Council, if he holds any other public office, or if he exercises a position of responsibility within a political party.
... (Art. 61)

Vanuatu, French

1) Le Médiateur de Vanuatu est nommé, pour cinq ans, par le Président de la République, après consultation du Premier Ministre, du Président du Parlement, des présidents des groupes politiques constitués au sein du Parlement, du président du Conseil National des Chefs, des présidents des conseils provinciaux ainsi que des présidents des Commissions de la Fonction publique et de la Magistrature.
2) La fonction de Médiateur est incompatible avec l'appartenance au Parlement, au Conseil National des Chefs ou à un conseil provincial, et avec l'exercice de toute autre fonction publique ou d'une responsabilité au sein d'un parti politique.
... (Art. 61)

National Human Rights Bodies

Vanuatu, English

1. The Ombudsman may enquire into the conduct of any person or body to which this Article applies –
a. upon receiving a complaint from a member of the public (or, if for reasons of incapacity, from his representative or a member of his family) who claims to have been the victim of an injustice as a result of particular conduct;
b. at the request of a Minister, a member of Parliament, of the Malvatumauri Council of Chiefs or of a Local Government Council; or
c. of his own initiative.
2. This Article shall apply to all public servants, public authorities and ministerial departments, with the exception of the President of the Republic, the Judicial Service Commission, the Supreme Court and other judicial bodies.
3. The Ombudsman may request any Minister, public servant, administrator, authority concerned or any person likely to assist him, to furnish him with information and documents needed for his enquiry.
… (Art. 62)

Vanuatu, French

1) Le Médiateur peut enquêter sur les agissements de tout fonctionnaire ou autorité publique:
a) sur plainte d'un membre du public ou, en cas d'incapacité, de son représentant ou d'un membre de sa famille, qui prétend avoir été victime d'une injustice à l'occasion de l'agissement incriminé;
b) à la demande d'un ministre, d'un membre du Parlement, du Conseil des Chefs Malvatumauri ou d'un conseil provincial; ou
c) de sa propre initiative.
2) Le présent article s'applique à l'ensemble des fonctionnaires, des autorités publiques et des départements ministériels, à l'exception du Président de la République, de la Commission de la Magistrature, de la Cour Suprême et des autres juridictions.
3) Le Médiateur peut demander à tout ministre, fonctionnaire, membre d'une administration ou à toute autre autorité concernée, ainsi qu'à toute personne susceptible de l'éclairer, de lui fournir les informations et documents nécessaires à la poursuite de son enquête.
... (Art. 62)

National Human Rights Bodies

Montenegro, English

The protector of human rights and liberties of Montenegro shall be independent and autonomous authority that takes measures to protect human rights and liberties.
The protector of human rights and liberties shall exercise duties on the basis of the Constitution, the law and the confirmed international agreements, observing also the principles of justice and fairness.
… (Art. 81)

Montenegro, Montenegrin

Zaštitnik ljudskih prava i sloboda Crne Gore je samostalan i nezavisan organ koji preduzima mjere za zaštitu ljudskih prava i sloboda.
Zaštitnik ljudskih prava i sloboda vrši funkciju na osnovu Ustava, zakona i potvrđenih međunarodnih ugovora, pridržavajući se i načela pravde i pravičnosti.
... (Član 81)

National Human Rights Bodies

Ethiopia, Amharic

1. የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት በዚህ ሕገ መንግሥት መሰረት ለፌዴራሉ መንግሥት በተሰጠው የሥልጣን ክልል ሕጐችን ያወጣል፡፡

14. የሰብዓዊ መብቶች ኮሚሽን ያቋቁማል፤ ሥልጣንና ተግባሩን በሕግ ይወስናል፡፡
15. የሕዝብ እንባ ጠባቂ ተቋምን ያቋቁማል፤ ተቋሙን የሚመሩ አባላትን ይመርጣል፤ይሰይማል፡፡ ሥልጣንና ተግባሩን በሕግ ይወስናል፡፡
… (አንቀጽ 55)

Ethiopia, English

1. The House of Peoples' Representatives shall have the power of legislation in all matters assigned by this Constitution to Federal jurisdiction.

14. It shall establish a Human Rights Commission and determine by law its powers and functions.
15. It shall establish the institution of the Ombudsman, and select and appoint its members. It shall determine by law the powers and functions of the institution.
… (Art. 55)

National Human Rights Bodies

Uganda, English

1. There shall be a commission called the Uganda Human Rights Commission.
… (Art. 51)

National Human Rights Bodies

Uganda, English

1. The commission shall have the following functions-
a. to investigate, at its own initiative or on a complaint made by any person or group of persons against the violation of any human right;
b. to visit jails, prisons, and places of detention or related facilities with a view to assessing and inspecting conditions of the inmates and make recommendations;
c. to establish a continuing programme of research, education and information to enhance respect of human rights;
d. to recommend to Parliament effective measures to promote human rights, including provision of compensation to victims of violations of human rights or their families;
e. to create and sustain within society the awareness of the provisions of this Constitution as the fundamental law of the people of Uganda;
f. to educate and encourage the public to defend this Constitution at all times against all forms of abuse and violation;
g. to formulate, implement and oversee programmes intended to inculcate in the citizens of Uganda awareness of their civic responsibilities and an appreciation of their rights and obligations as free people;
h. to monitor the Government's compliance with international treaty and convention obligations on human rights; and
i. to perform such other functions as may be provided by law.
… (Art. 52)

National Human Rights Bodies

Egypt, Arabic

يحدّد القانون المجالس القومية المستقلة، ومنها المجلس القومى لحقوق الإنسان، والمجلس القومى للمرأة، والمجلس القومى للطفولة والأمومة، والمجلس القومى للأشخاص ذوى الإعاقة، ويبين القانون كيفية تشكيل كل منها، واختصاصاتها، وضمانات استقلال وحياد أعضائها، ولها الحق فى إبلاغ السلطات العامة عن أى انتهاك يتعلق بمجال عملها.
... (المادّة 214)

Egypt, English

The law shall specify the independent national councils, including the National Council for Human Rights, the National Council for Women, the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood, and the National Council for Disabled Persons. The law shall state the composition, mandates, and guarantees for the independence and neutrality of their respective members. Each council shall have the right to report to the competent authorities any violations pertaining to their fields of work.
... (Art. 214)