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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 154 results

National Human Rights Bodies

Slovakia, English

(1) The Public Defender of Rights is an independent body of the Slovak Republic which, in the scope and manner down by law, protects basic rights and freedoms of natural persons and legal entities in proceedings before public administration bodies and other bodies of public authority, if their conduct, decision-making or inaction is in conflict with the legal order. In cases specified by law, the Public Defender of Rights may be involved in holding accountable the persons working in the public administration bodies, if those persons violated a basic human right or freedom of natural persons or legal entities. All bodies of public authority shall give the Public Defender of Rights the required assistance.
(2) The Public Defender of Rights may file a motion with the Constitutional Court of the Slovak Republic to initiate proceedings pursuant to Article 125, if a generally - binding regulation violates a basic human right or freedom granted to natural persons or legal entities.
… (Art. 151a)

Slovakia, Slovak

(1) Verejný ochranca práv je nezávislý orgán Slovenskej republiky, ktorý v rozsahu a spôsobom ustanoveným zákonom chráni základné práva a slobody fyzických osôb a právnických osôb v konaní pred orgánmi verejnej správy a ďalšími orgánmi verejnej moci, ak je ich konanie, rozhodovanie alebo nečinnosť v rozpore s právnym poriadkom. V zákonom ustanovených prípadoch sa verejný ochranca práv môţe podieľať na uplatnení zodpovednosti osôb pôsobiacich v orgánoch verejnej moci, ak tieto osoby porušili základné právo alebo slobodu fyzických osôb a právnických osôb. Všetky orgány verejnej moci poskytnú verejnému ochrancovi práv potrebnú súčinnosť.
(2) Verejný ochranca práv môţe predloţiť Ústavnému súdu Slovenskej republiky návrh na začatie konania podľa čl. 125, ak všeobecne záväzný právny predpis porušuje základné právo alebo slobodu priznanú fyzickej osobe alebo právnickej osobe.
… (Čl. 151a)

National Human Rights Bodies

Finland, English

The Ombudsman shall ensure that the courts of law, the other authorities and civil servants, public employees and other persons, when the latter are performing a public task, obey the law and fulfil their obligations. In the performance of his or her duties, the Ombudsman monitors the implementation of basic rights and liberties and human rights. … (Sec. 109)

Finland, Finnish

Oikeusasiamiehen tulee valvoa, että tuomioistuimet ja muut viranomaiset sekä virkamiehet, julkisyhteisön työntekijät ja muutkin julkista tehtävää hoitaessaan noudattavat lakia ja täyttävät velvollisuutensa. Tehtäväänsä hoitaessaan oikeusasiamies valvoo perusoikeuksien ja ihmisoikeuksien toteutumista. ... (109 §)

Finland, Swedish

Justitieombudsmannen skall övervaka att domstolarna och andra myndigheter samt tjänstemännen, offentligt anställda arbetstagare och också andra, när de sköter offentliga uppdrag, följer lag och fullgör sina skyldigheter. Vid utövningen av sitt ämbete övervakar justitieombudsmannen att de grundläggande fri- och rättigheterna samt de mänskliga rättigheterna tillgodoses. ... (109 §)

National Human Rights Bodies

Finland, English

The Chancellor of Justice shall oversee the lawfulness of the official acts of the Government and the President of the Republic. The Chancellor of Justice shall also ensure that the courts of law, the other authorities and the civil servants, public employees and other persons, when the latter are performing a public task, obey the law and fulfil their obligations. In the performance of his or her duties, the Chancellor of Justice monitors the implementation of basic rights and liberties and human rights. … (Sec. 108)

Finland, Finnish

Oikeuskanslerin tehtävänä on valvoa valtioneuvoston ja tasavallan presidentin virkatointen lainmukaisuutta. Oikeuskanslerin tulee myös valvoa, että tuomioistuimet ja muut viranomaiset sekä virkamiehet, julkisyhteisön työntekijät ja muutkin julkista tehtävää hoitaessaan noudattavat lakia ja täyttävät velvollisuutensa. Tehtäväänsä hoitaessaan oikeuskansleri valvoo perusoikeuksien ja ihmisoikeuksien toteutumista. … (108 §)

Finland, Swedish

Justitiekanslern skall övervaka lagligheten av statsrådets och republikens presidents ämbetsåtgärder. Justitiekanslern skall också övervaka att domstolarna och andra myndigheter samt tjänstemännen, offentligt anställda arbetstagare och också andra, när de sköter offentliga uppdrag, följer lag och fullgör sina skyldigheter. Vid utövningen av sitt ämbete övervakar justitiekanslern att de grundläggande fri- och rättigheterna samt de mänskliga rättigheterna tillgodoses. … (108 §)

National Human Rights Bodies

Hungary, English

(1) The Commissioner for Fundamental Rights shall perform fundamental rights protection activities, his or her proceedings may be initiated by anyone.
(2) The Commissioner for Fundamental Rights shall inquire into any violations related to fundamental rights, that come to his or her knowledge, or have such violations inquired into, and shall initiate general or specific measures to remedy them.
… (The State, Art. 30)

Hungary, Hungarian

(1) Az alapvető jogok biztosa alapjogvédelmi tevékenységet lát el, eljárását bárki kezdeményezheti.
(2) Az alapvető jogok biztosa az alapvető jogokkal kapcsolatban tudomására jutott visszásságokat kivizsgálja vagy kivizsgáltatja, orvoslásuk érdekében általános vagy egyedi intézkedéseket kezdeményez.
... (Az Allam, 30. cikk)

National Human Rights Bodies

Bulgaria, Bulgarian

(1) Народното събрание избира омбудсман, който се застъпва за правата и свободите на гражданите.
(2) Правомощията и дейността на омбудсмана се уреждат със закон. (Чл. 91а)

Bulgaria, English

(1) The National Assembly shall elect an Ombudsman, who shall defend the rights and freedoms of the citizens.
(2) The powers and activities of the Ombudsman shall be regulated by a law. (Art. 91a)

National Human Rights Bodies

Albania, Albanian

1. Avokati i Popullit mbron të drejtat, liritë dhe interesat e ligjshëm të individit nga veprimet ose mosveprimet e paligjshme e të parregullta të organeve të administratës publike.
… (Neni 60)

Albania, English

1. The People's Advocate defends the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of individuals from unlawful or improper action or failure to act of the organs of public administration.
… (Art. 60)

National Human Rights Bodies

Argentina, English

The Ombudsman is an independent authority created within the sphere of the National Congress operating with full autonomy and without receiving instructions from any other authority. The mission of the Ombudsman is the defense and protection of human rights and other rights, guarantees and interests sheltered under this Constitution and the laws, in the face of deeds, acts or omissions of the Administration; as well as the control of public administrative functions. … (Sec. 86)

Argentina, Spanish

El Defensor del Pueblo es un órgano independiente instituido en el ámbito del Congreso de la Nación, que actuará con plena autonomía funcional, sin recibir instrucciones de ninguna autoridad. Su misión es la defensa y protección de los derechos humanos y demás derechos, garantías e intereses tutelados en esta Constitución y las leyes, ante hechos, actos u omisiones de la Administración; y el control del ejercicio de las funciones administrativas públicas. ... (Art. 86)

National Human Rights Bodies

El Salvador, English

The Procurator for the Defense of Human Rights and the Procurator General of the Republic, will have the following functions:
I. It corresponds to the Procurator for the Defense of Human Rights:
1) To see to the respect [for] and guarantee of [the] human rights;
2) To investigate, of office[,] or through a complaint [denuncia] received, the cases of violations of human rights;
3) To assist [the] alleged [presuntas] victims of violations to human rights;
4) To promote judicial or administrative recourses for the protection of [the] human rights;
5) To monitor [vigilar] the situation of the persons deprived of [their] freedom. He will be notified of all the arrests [made] and will see [cuidara] that the legal limits of [the] administrative detention are respected;
6) To carry out inspections, where he deems necessary, in order to assure the respect for the human rights;
7) To supervise the acts of the public administration[,] as opposed to [frente] persons;
8) To promote reforms before the Organs of the State for the progress of [the] human rights;
9) To issue opinions concerning [the] Bills of law that affect the exercise of the human rights;
10) To promote and propose the measures deemed necessary in order to prevent violations of the human rights;
11) To publicly or privately formulate conclusions and recommendations;
12) To prepare and publish reports;
13) To develop a permanent program of activities of promotion concerning the knowledge of[,] and respect for[,] [the] human rights;
14) The others that the Constitution or the law attribute to him.
The Procurator for the Defense of Human Rights may have departmental and local delegates of [a] permanent character.
II. It corresponds to the Procurator General of the Republic:
1) To see to the defense of the family and of the persons and interests of the minors and others [who are] incapable;
2) To provide legal assistance to the persons of limited economic resources, and to represent them judicially in the defense of their individual freedom and labor rights;
3) To appoint, remove, grant leaves of absence to, and accept the resignations of the Auxiliary Procurators of all the Tribunals of the Republic, of [the] Labor Procurators and of the other functionaries and employees of their dependency;
4) To exercise the other attributions that the law establishes. (Art. 194)

El Salvador, Spanish

El Procurador para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos y el procurador General de la Republica, tendran las siguientes funciones:
I.- corresponde al Procurador para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos:
1º- velar por el respeto y la garantia a los derechos humanos;
2º- investigar, de oficio o por denuncia que hubiere recibido, casos de violaciones a los derechos humanos;
3º- asistir a las presuntas victimas de violaciones a los derechos humanos;
4º- promover recursos judiciales o administrativos para la protección de los derechos humanos;
5º- vigilar la situacion de las personas privadas de su libertad. Sera notificado de todo arresto y cuidara que sean respetados los limites legales de la detencion administrativa;
6º- practicar inspecciones, donde lo estime necesario, en orden a asegurar el respeto a los derechos humanos;
7º- supervisar la actuacion de la administracion publica frente a las personas;
8º- promover reformas ante los Organos del Estado para el progreso de los derechos humanos;
9º- emitir opiniones sobre proyectos de leyes que afecten el ejercicio de los derechos humanos;
10º- promover y proponer las medidas que estime necesarias en orden a prevenir violaciones a los derechos humanos;
11º- formular conclusiones y recomendaciones publica o privadamente;
12º- elaborar y publicar informes;
13º- desarrollar un programa permanente de actividades de promocion sobre el conocimiento y respeto de los derechos humanos;
14º- las demás que le atribuyan la constitucion o la ley.
El Procurador para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos podra tener delegados departamentales y locales de caracter permanente.
II.- Corresponde al Procurador General de la Republica:
1º- velar por la defensa de la familia y de las personas e intereses de los menores y demás incapaces;
2º- dar asistencia legal a las personas de escasos recursos económicos, y representarlas judicialmente en la defensa de su libertad individual y de sus derechos laborales;
3º- nombrar, remover, conceder licencias y aceptar renuncias a los Procuradores Auxiliares de todos los Tribunales de la Republica,
A los procuradores de trabajo y a los demas funcionarios y empleados de su dependencia;
4º- ejercer las demas atribuciones que establezca la ley. (Art. 194)

National Human Rights Bodies

Peru, English

It is the duty of the Office of the Ombudsman to defend the constitutional and fundamental rights of the person and the community, and to ensure the enforcement of the state administration duties, as well as the provision of public services to citizens. The Ombudsman submits a report to Congress once a year and whenever the latter requests one. He may initiate legislation and recommend measures to facilitate the improved performance of his duties. … (Art. 162)

Peru, Spanish

Corresponde a la Defensoría del Pueblo defender los derechos constitucionales y fundamentales de la persona y de la comunidad; y supervisar el cumplimiento de los deberes de la administración estatal y la prestación de los servicios públicos a la ciudadanía. El Defensor del Pueblo presenta informe al Congreso una vez al año, y cada vez que éste lo solicita. Tiene iniciativa en la formación de las leyes. Puede proponer las medidas que faciliten el mejor cumplimiento de sus funciones. ... (Art. 162)

National Human Rights Bodies

Dominican Republic, English

The essential function of the Defender of the People is to contribute to the safeguarding of the fundamental rights of the persons and the collective and diffuse interests established in this Constitution and the laws, in case they are violated by functionaries or organs of the State, by providers of public services or individuals that affect collective and diffuse interests. The law will regulate what is relative to its organization and functioning. (Art. 191)

Dominican Republic, Spanish

Funciones esenciales. La función esencial del Defensor del Pueblo es contribuir a salvaguardar los derechos fundamentales de las personas y los intereses colectivos y difusos establecidos en esta Constitución y las leyes, en caso de que sean violados por funcionarios u órganos del Estado, por prestadores de servicios públicos o particulares que afecten intereses colectivos y difusos. La ley regulará lo relativo a su organización y funcionamiento. (Art. 191)