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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 31 results

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Each individual has the right to marry with the person of their choice, of the opposite sex, and to establish a family.
… (Art. 40)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Tout individu a le droit de se marier avec la personne de son choix, de sexe opposé, et de fonder une famille.
… (Art. 40)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

South Africa, English

...
(3) The state may not unfairly discriminate directly or indirectly against anyone on one or more grounds, including race, gender, sex, pregnancy, marital status, ethnic or social origin, colour, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion, conscience, belief, culture, language and birth.
(4) No person may unfairly discriminate directly or indirectly against anyone on one or more grounds in terms of subsection (3). National legislation must be enacted to prevent or prohibit unfair discrimination.
(5) Discrimination on one or more of the grounds listed in subsection (3) is unfair unless it is established that the discrimination is fair. (Sec. 9)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Burundi, English

The freedom to marry is guaranteed, as well as the right to choose his or her partner. The marriage may only be concluded with the free and full consent of the future spouses.
The marriage between two persons of the same sex is prohibited. (Art. 29)

Burundi, French

La liberté de se marier est garantie, de même que le droit de choisir son ou sa partenaire. Le mariage ne peut être conclu qu’avec le libre et plein consentement des futurs époux.
Le mariage entre deux personnes de même sexe est interdit. (Art. 29)

Burundi, Kirundi

Uburenganzira bwo kwabirana burubahirizwa, co kimwe no kwitorera uwo mwabirana. Ukwabirana gushoboka iyo abashaka kwabirana bavyiyemereye ata gahato.
Ukwabirana kw’abafise igitsina kimwe kurabujijwe. (Ingingo ya 29)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Nepal, English


(3) The State shall not discriminate citizens on grounds of origin, religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, economic condition, language, region, ideology or on similar other grounds. Provided that nothing shall be deemed to prevent the making of special provisions by law for the protection, empowerment or development of the citizens including the socially or culturally backward women, Dalit, indigenous people, indigenous nationalities, Madhesi, Tharu, Muslim, oppressed class, Pichhada class, minorities, the marginalized, farmers, labours, youths, children, senior citizens, gender and sexual minorities, persons with disabilities, persons in pregnancy, incapacitated or helpless, backward region and indigent Khas Arya.
… (Art. 18)

Nepal, Nepali


(३) राज्यले नागरिकहरूका बीच उत्पत्ति, धर्म, वर्ण, जात, जाति, लिंग, आर्थिक अवस्था, भाषा, क्षेत्र, वैचारिक आस्था वा यस्तै अन्य कुनै आधारमा भेदभाव गर्ने छैन ।
तर सामाजिक वा सांस्कृतिक दृष्टिले पिछडिएका महिला, दलित, आदिवासी, आदिवासी जनजाति, मधेशी, थारू, मुस्लिम, उत्पीडित वर्ग, पिछडा वर्ग, अल्पसंख्यक, सीमान्तीकृत, किसान, श्रमिक, युवा, बालबालिका, ज्येष्ठ नागरिक, लैंगिक तथा यौनिक अल्पसंख्यक, अपांगता भएका व्यक्ति, गर्भावस्थाका व्यक्ति, अशक्त वा असहाय, पिछडिएको क्षेत्र र आर्थिक रूपले विपन्न खस आर्य लगायत नागरिकको संरक्षण, सशक्तीकरण वा विकासकालागि कानून बमोजिम विशेष व्यवस्था गर्न रोक लगाएको मानिने छैन ।
... (धारा १८)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Nepal, English

(1) The economically, socially or educationally backward women, Dalit, indigenous nationalities, Madhesi, Tharu, Muslims, backward classes, minorities, marginalized communities, persons with disabilities, gender and sexual minorities, farmers, labourers, oppressed or citizens of backward regions and indigent Khas Arya shall have the right to participate in the State bodies on the basis of principle of proportional inclusion.
… (Art. 42)

Nepal, Nepali

(१) सामाजिक रूपले पछाडि परेका महिला, दलित, आदिवासी, आदिवासी जनजाति, मधेशी, थारू, अल्पसंख्यक, अपांगता भएका व्यक्ति, सीमान्तीकृत, मुस्लिम, पिछडा वर्ग, लैंगिक तथा यौनिक अल्पसंख्यक, युवा, किसान, श्रमिक, उत्पीडित वा पिछडिएको क्षेत्रका नागरिक तथा आर्थिकरूपले विपन्न खस आर्यलाई समावेशी सिद्धान्तका आधारमा राज्यको निकायमा सहभागिताको हक हुनेछ ।
... (धारा ४२)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Seychelles, English

(1) The State recognises that the family is the natural and fundamental element of society and the right of everyone to form a family and undertakes to promote the legal, economic and social protection of the family.
(2) The right contained in clause (1) may be subject to such restrictions as may be prescribed by law and necessary in a democratic society including the prevention of marriage between persons of the same sex or persons within certain family degrees. (Art. 32)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Zimbabwe, English


(3) Persons of the same sex are prohibited from marrying each other. (Sec. 78)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Honduras, English


Matrimony and the common law union between persons of the same sex is prohibited.
Matrimonies or common law unions between persons of the same sex celebrated or recognized under the laws of other countries will have no validity in Honduras. (Art. 112)

Honduras, Spanish


Se prohibe el matrimonio y la unión de hecho entre personas del mismo sexo.
Los matrimonios o uniones de hecho entre personas del mismo sexo celebrados o reconocidos bajo las leyes de otros países no tendrán validez en Honduras. (Art. 112)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Honduras, English

The right of adoption is recognized for the persons united by matrimony or common law union.
It is prohibited to give up for adoption boys or girls to matrimonies or common law unions composed of persons of the same sex. The law will regulate this institution. (Art. 116)

Honduras, Spanish

Se reconoce el derecho de adopción a las personas unidas por el matrimonio o la unión de hecho.
Se prohíbe dar en adopción niños o niñas a matrimonios o uniones de hecho conformados por personas del mismo sexo. La Ley regulará esta institución. (Art. 116)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

New Zealand, English

(1) Where an applicant for employment or an employee is qualified for work of any description, it shall be unlawful for an employer, or any person acting or purporting to act on behalf of an employer,—
(a) to refuse or omit to employ the applicant on work of that description which is available; or
(b) to offer or afford the applicant or the employee less favourable terms of employment, conditions of work, superannuation or other fringe benefits, and opportunities for training, promotion, and transfer than are made available to applicants or employees of the same or substantially similar capabilities employed in the same or substantially similar circumstances on work of that description; or
(c) to terminate the employment of the employee, or subject the employee to any detriment, in circumstances in which the employment of other employees employed on work of that description would not be terminated, or in which other employees employed on work of that description would not be subjected to such detriment; or (d) to retire the employee, or to require or cause the employee to retire or resign,— by reason of any of the prohibited grounds of discrimination.
(2) It shall be unlawful for any person concerned with procuring employment for other persons or procuring employees for any employer to treat any person seeking employment differently from other persons in the same or substantially similar circumstances by reason of any of the prohibited grounds of discrimination. (Human Rights Act 1993, Sec. 22)