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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 28 results

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Sweden, English

Public power shall be exercised with respect for the equal worth of all and the liberty and dignity of the individual.

The public institutions shall promote the opportunity for all to attain participation and equality in society and for the rights of the child to be safeguarded. The public institutions shall combat discrimination of persons on grounds of gender, colour, national or ethnic origin, linguistic or religious affiliation, functional disability, sexual orientation, age or other circumstance affecting the individual.
… (Instrument of Government, Chapter 1, Art. 2)

Sweden, Swedish

Den offentliga makten ska utövas med respekt för alla människors lika värde och för den enskilda människans frihet och värdighet.

Det allmänna ska verka för att alla människor ska kunna uppnå delaktighet och jämlikhet i samhället och för att barns rätt tas till vara. Det allmänna ska motverka diskriminering av människor på grund av kön, hudfärg, nationellt eller etniskt ursprung, språklig eller religiös tillhörighet, funktionshinder, sexuell läggning, ålder eller andra omständigheter som gäller den enskilde som person.
… (Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform, 1 kap, 2§)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Sweden, English

No act of law or other provision may imply the unfavourable treatment of anyone because they belong to a minority group by reason of ethnic origin, colour, or other similar circumstances or on account of their sexual orientation. (Instrument of Government, Chapter 2, Art. 12)

Sweden, Swedish

Lag eller annan föreskrift får inte innebära att någon missgynnas därför att han eller hon tillhör en minoritet med hänsyn till etniskt ursprung, hudfärg eller annat liknande förhållande eller med hänsyn till sexuell läggning. (Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform, 2 kap, 12§)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Uganda, English


2a. Marriage between persons of the same sex is prohibited.
… (Art. 31)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Zimbabwe, English


(3) Persons of the same sex are prohibited from marrying each other. (Sec. 78)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

South Africa, English

...
(3) The state may not unfairly discriminate directly or indirectly against anyone on one or more grounds, including race, gender, sex, pregnancy, marital status, ethnic or social origin, colour, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion, conscience, belief, culture, language and birth.
(4) No person may unfairly discriminate directly or indirectly against anyone on one or more grounds in terms of subsection (3). National legislation must be enacted to prevent or prohibit unfair discrimination.
(5) Discrimination on one or more of the grounds listed in subsection (3) is unfair unless it is established that the discrimination is fair. (Sec. 9)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, English

(1) A public authority shall in carrying out its functions relating to Northern Ireland have due regard to the need to promote equality of opportunity—
(a) between persons of different religious belief, political opinion, racial group, age, marital status or sexual orientation;
… (Northern Ireland Act 1998, Sec. 75)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Croatia, Croatian


Brak je životna zajednica žene i muškarca.
… (Članak 61)

Croatia, English


Marriage is a living union between a woman and a man.
… (Art. 61)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Portugal, English

1. Every citizen shall possess the same social dignity and are equal before the law.
2. No one may be privileged, favoured, prejudiced, deprived of any right or exempted from any duty for reasons of ancestry, sex, race, language, territory of origin, religion, political or ideological beliefs, education, economic situation, social circumstances or sexual orientation. (Art. 13)

Portugal, Portuguese

1. Todos os cidadãos têm a mesma dignidade social e são iguais perante a lei.
2. Ninguém pode ser privilegiado, beneficiado, prejudicado, privado de qualquer direito ou isento de qualquer dever em razão de ascendência, sexo, raça, língua, território de origem, religião, convicções políticas ou ideológicas, instrução, situação económica, condição social ou orientação sexual. (Art. 13)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Honduras, English


Matrimony and the common law union between persons of the same sex is prohibited.
Matrimonies or common law unions between persons of the same sex celebrated or recognized under the laws of other countries will have no validity in Honduras. (Art. 112)

Honduras, Spanish


Se prohibe el matrimonio y la unión de hecho entre personas del mismo sexo.
Los matrimonios o uniones de hecho entre personas del mismo sexo celebrados o reconocidos bajo las leyes de otros países no tendrán validez en Honduras. (Art. 112)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Honduras, English

The right of adoption is recognized for the persons united by matrimony or common law union.
It is prohibited to give up for adoption boys or girls to matrimonies or common law unions composed of persons of the same sex. The law will regulate this institution. (Art. 116)

Honduras, Spanish

Se reconoce el derecho de adopción a las personas unidas por el matrimonio o la unión de hecho.
Se prohíbe dar en adopción niños o niñas a matrimonios o uniones de hecho conformados por personas del mismo sexo. La Ley regulará esta institución. (Art. 116)