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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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Customary Law

Singapore, English

(1) In this Constitution, unless it is otherwise provided or the context otherwise requires —

“law” includes written law and any legislation of the United Kingdom or other enactment or instrument whatsoever which is in operation in Singapore and the common law in so far as it is in operation in Singapore and any custom or usage having the force of law in Singapore;
… (Art. 2)

Customary Law

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

Each rural, native, or indigenous autonomy shall draft its Statute according to its own norms and procedures, in conformity with the Constitution and the law. (Art. 292)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

Cada autonomía indígena originario campesina elaborará su Estatuto, de acuerdo a sus normas y procedimientos propios, según la Constitución y la Ley. (Art. 292)

Customary Law

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

I. The rural native indigenous autonomies shall exercise the following exclusive authorities:

8. Exercise of rural native indigenous jurisdiction for the application of justice and the resolution of conflict through their own norms and procedures in accordance with the Constitution and the law.
… (Art. 304)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

I. Las autonomías indígena originario campesinas podrán ejercer las siguientes competencias exclusivas:

8. Ejercicio de la jurisdicción indígena originaria campesina para la aplicación de justicia y resolución de conflictos a través de normas y procedimientos propios de acuerdo a la Constitución y la ley.
… (Art. 304)

Customary Law

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

II. The self-governance of the rural native indigenous autonomies is exercised according to their norms, institutions, authorities and procedures, in accordance with their authority and competences, and in harmony with the Constitution and the law. (Art. 290)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

II. El autogobierno de las autonomías indígenas originario campesinas se ejercerá de acuerdo a sus normas, instituciones, autoridades y procedimientos, conforme a sus atribuciones y competencias, en armonía con la Constitución y la ley. (Art. 290)

Customary Law

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

I. Each public authority or person shall obey the decisions of the rural native indigenous jurisdiction.
II. To secure compliance with the decisions of the rural native indigenous jurisdiction, its authorities may request the support of the competent bodies of the State.
III. The State shall promote and strengthen rural native indigenous justice. The law of Jurisdictional Demarcation shall determine the mechanisms of coordination and cooperation between rural native indigenous jurisdiction and ordinary jurisdiction and agro-environmental jurisdiction and all the recognized constitutional jurisdictions.
(Art. 192)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

I. Toda autoridad pública o persona acatará las decisiones de la jurisdicción indígena originaria campesina.
II. Para el cumplimiento de las decisiones de la jurisdicción indígena originario campesina, sus autoridades podrán solicitar el apoyo de los órganos competentes del Estado.
III. El Estado promoverá y fortalecerá la justicia indígena originaria campesina. La Ley de Deslinde Jurisdiccional, determinará los mecanismos de coordinación y cooperación entre la jurisdicción indígena originaria campesina con la jurisdicción ordinaria y la jurisdicción agroambiental y todas las jurisdicciones constitucionalmente reconocidas.
(Art. 192)

Customary Law

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

I. The rural native indigenous jurisdiction is based on the specific connection between the persons who are members of the respective nation or rural native indigenous people.
II. The rural native indigenous jurisdiction is exercised in the following areas of personal, material and territorial legal effect:
1. Members of the nation or rural native indigenous people are subject to this jurisdiction whether they act as plaintiffs or defendants, claimants or accusers, whether they are persons who are denounced or accused, or are appellants or respondents.
2. This jurisdiction hears rural native indigenous matters pursuant to that established in a law of Jurisdictional Demarcation.
3. This jurisdiction applies to the relations and juridical acts that are carried out, or the effects of which are produced, within the jurisdiction of a rural native indigenous people. (Art. 191)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

I. La jurisdicción indígena originario campesina se fundamenta en un vínculo particular de las personas que son miembros de la respectiva nación o pueblo indígena originario campesino.
II. La jurisdicción indígena originario campesina se ejerce en los siguientes ámbitos de vigencia personal, material y territorial:
1. Están sujetos a esta jurisdicción los miembros de la nación o pueblo indígena originario campesino, sea que actúen como actores o demandado, denunciantes o querellantes, denunciados o imputados, recurrentes o recurridos.
2. Esta jurisdicción conoce los asuntos indígena originario campesinos de conformidad a lo establecido en una Ley de Deslinde Jurisdiccional.
3. Esta jurisdicción se aplica a las relaciones y hechos jurídicos que se realizan o cuyos efectos se producen dentro de la jurisdicción de un pueblo indígena originario campesino. (Art. 191)

Customary Law

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

II. In the framework of the unity of the State, and in accordance with this Constitution, the nations and rural native indigenous peoples enjoy the following rights:

2. To their cultural identity, religious belief, spiritualities, practices and customs, and their own world view.

14. To the practice of their political, juridical and economic systems in accord with their world view. (Art. 30)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

II. En el marco de la unidad del Estado y de acuerdo con esta Constitución las naciones y pueblos indígena originario campesinos gozan de los siguientes derechos:

2. A su identidad cultural, creencia religiosa, espiritualidades, prácticas y costumbres, y a su propia cosmovisión.

14. Al ejercicio de sus sistemas políticos, jurídicos y económicos acorde a su cosmovisión. (Art. 30)

Customary Law

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

The government of the rural native indigenous autonomies is exercised through their own norms and forms of organization, with the name that corresponds to each town, nation or community, as established in their statutes and subject to the Constitution and the law. (Art. 296)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

El gobierno de las autonomías indígena originario campesinas se ejercerá a través de sus propias normas y formas de organización, con la denominación que corresponda a cada pueblo, nación o comunidad, establecidas en sus estatutos y en sujeción a la Constitución y a la Ley. (Art. 296)

Customary Law

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

I. The judicial function is singular. Ordinary jurisdiction is exercised by the Supreme Court of Justice, the departmental courts of justice, the sentencing courts and the judges; the agro-environmental jurisdiction is exercised by the Agro-Environmental Court and judges; and the rural native indigenous jurisdiction is exercised by their own authorities. There shall be specialized jurisdictions regulated by the law.
II. Ordinary jurisdiction and rural native indigenous jurisdiction enjoy equal status.
… (Art. 179)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

I. La función judicial es única. La jurisdicción ordinaria se ejerce por el Tribunal Supremo de Justicia, los tribunales departamentales de justicia, los tribunales de sentencia y los jueces; la jurisdicción agroambiental por el Tribunal y jueces agroambientales; la jurisdicción indígena originaria campesina se ejerce por sus propias autoridades; existirán jurisdicciones especializadas reguladas por la ley.
II. La jurisdicción ordinaria y la jurisdicción indígena originario campesina gozarán de igual jerarquía.
... (Art. 179)

Customary Law

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, English

I. The nations and native indigenous rural peoples shall exercise their jurisdictional functions and competency through their authorities, and shall apply their own principles, cultural values, norms and procedures.
II. The rural native indigenous jurisdiction respects the right to life, the right to defense and other rights and guarantees established in this Constitution. (Art. 190)

Bolivia, Plurinational State of, Spanish

I. Las naciones y pueblos indígena originario campesinos ejercerán sus funciones jurisdiccionales y de competencia a través de sus autoridades, y aplicarán sus principios, valores culturales, normas y procedimientos propios.
II. La jurisdicción indígena originaria campesina respeta el derecho a la vida, el derecho a la defensa y demás derechos y garantías establecidos en la presente Constitución. (Art. 190)