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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 298 results

Customary Law

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Constitution, the following matters are of the exclusive competence of the Provinces:

28. the execution of customary law;
… (Art. 204)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Sans préjudice des autres dispositions de la présente Constitution, les matières suivantes sont de la compétence exclusive des provinces :

28. l’exécution du droit coutumier;
… (Art. 204)

Customary Law

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

The customary authority is recognized.
It is devolved conforming to local custom, provided that it is not contrary to the Constitution, to the law, to public order and to good morals.
Each customary chief [who] desires to exercise a public elective mandate must submit himself to election, except in application of the provisions of Article 197, paragraph 3 of this Constitution.
The customary authority has the duty to promote national unity and cohesion.
A law establishes the status of the customary chiefs. (Art. 207)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

L’autorité coutumière est reconnue.
Elle est dévolue conformément à la coutume locale, pour autant que celle-ci ne soit pas contraire à la Constitution, à la loi, à l’ordre public et aux bonnes moeurs.
Tout Chef coutumier désireux d’exercer un mandat public électif doit se soumettre à l’élection, sauf application des dispositions de l’article 197 alinéa 3 de la présente Constitution.
L’autorité coutumière a le devoir de promouvoir l’unité et la cohésion nationales.
Une loi fixe le statut des chefs coutumiers. (Art. 207)

Customary Law

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English


The civil and military Courts and Tribunals apply the duly ratified international treaties, the laws, [and] the regulatory acts, provided that they are in conformity with the laws as well as customary [law] unless the latter is contrary to the public order or to morality.
… (Art. 153)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French


Les Cours et Tribunaux, civils et militaires, appliquent les traités internationaux dûment ratifiés, les lois, les actes réglementaires pour autant qu’ils soient conformes aux lois ainsi que la coutume pour autant que celle-ci ne soit pas contraire à l’ordre public ou aux bonnes mœurs.
… (Art. 153)

Customary Law

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English


The State guarantees the right to individual or collective property, acquired in conformity to the law or to custom.
… (Art. 34)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French


L’Etat garantit le droit à la propriété individuelle ou collective acquis conformément à la loi ou à la coutume.
… (Art. 34)

Customary Law

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Constitution, the following matters are of the concurrent competence of the Central Power and the Provinces:

2. the civil and customary rights;
… (Art. 203)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

Sans préjudice des autres dispositions de la présente Constitution, les matières suivantes sont de la compétence concurrente du Pouvoir central et des provinces:

2. les droits civils et coutumiers;
… (Art. 203)

Customary Law

South Africa, English

(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of conscience, religion, thought, belief and opinion.
(2) Religious observances may be conducted at state or state-aided institutions, provided that-
(a) those observances follow rules made by the appropriate public authorities;
(b) they are conducted on an equitable basis; and
(c) attendance at them is free and voluntary.
(3) (a) This section does not prevent legislation recognising-
(i) marriages concluded under any tradition, or a system of religious, personal or family law; or
(ii) systems of personal and family law under any tradition, or adhered to by persons professing a particular religion.
(b) Recognition in terms of paragraph (a) must be consistent with this section and the other provisions of the Constitution. (Sec. 15)

Customary Law

South Africa, English

...
(2) When interpreting any legislation, and when developing the common law or customary law, every court, tribunal or forum must promote the spirit, purport and objects of the Bill of Rights.
(3) The Bill of Rights does not deny the existence of any other rights or freedoms that are recognised or conferred by common law, customary law or legislation, to the extent that they are consistent with the Bill. (Sec. 39)

Customary Law

South Africa, English

(1) The institution, status and role of traditional leadership, according to customary law, are recognised, subject to the Constitution.
(2) A traditional authority that observes a system of customary law may function subject to any applicable legislation and customs, which includes amendments to, or repeal of, that legislation or those customs.
(3) The courts must apply customary law when that law is applicable, subject to the Constitution and any legislation that specifically deals with customary law. (Sec. 211)

Customary Law

South Africa, English

(1) National legislation may provide for a role for traditional leadership as an institution at local level on matters affecting local communities.
(2) To deal with matters relating to traditional leadership, the role of traditional leaders, customary law and the customs of communities observing a system of customary law
(a) national or provincial legislation may provide for the establishment of houses of traditional leaders; and
(b) national legislation may establish a council of traditional leaders. (Sec. 212)

Customary Law

South Africa, English

… Indigenous law and customary law, subject to Chapter 1210 of the Constitution … (Schedule 4, Functional Areas of Concurrent National and Provincial Legislative Competence, Part A)