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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 450 results

Limitations and/or Derogations

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English

In no case, even when the state of siege or the state of urgency has been proclaimed in accordance with Articles 85 and 86 of this Constitution, can there be derogation of the rights and fundamental principles enumerated as follows:
1. the right to life;
2. the prohibition of torture and of cruel, inhuman or degrading punishments or treatment;
3. the prohibition of slavery and of servitude;
4. the principle of the legality of infractions and of penalties;
5. the right to [a] defense and the right to recourse;
6. the prohibition of imprisonment for debts;
7. the freedom of thought, of conscience and of religion. (Art. 61)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French

En aucun cas, et même lorsque l’état de siège ou l’état d’urgence aura été proclamé conformément aux articles 85 et 86 de la présente Constitution, il ne peut être dérogé aux droits et principes fondamentaux énumérés ci-après:
1. le droit à la vie;
2. l’interdiction de la torture et des peines ou traitements cruels, inhumains ou dégradants;
3. l’interdiction de l’esclavage et de la servitude;
4. le principe de la légalité des infractions et des peines;
5. les droits de la défense et le droit de recours;
6. l’interdiction de l’emprisonnement pour dettes;
7. la liberté de pensée, de conscience et de religion. (Art. 61)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English


Any constitutional revision having for its object or for [its] effect the reduction of the rights and freedoms of the person or the reduction [of] the prerogatives of the Provinces and the decentralized territorial entities is formally prohibited. (Art. 220)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French


Est formellement interdite toute révision constitutionnelle ayant pour objet ou pour effet de réduire les droits et libertés de la personne, ou de réduire les prérogatives des provinces et des entités territoriales décentralisées. (Art. 220)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, English


The rights and duties of citizens, during war or in case of invasion or attack of the national territory by foreign forces, are made the subject of a law. (Art. 143)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the, French


Les droits et devoirs des citoyens, pendant la guerre ou en cas d’invasion ou d’attaque du territoire national par des forces de l’extérieur, font l’objet d’une loi. (Art. 143)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Eritrea, English


5. A declaration of a state of emergency or any measures undertaken or laws enacted pursuant to it shall not:
a. suspend Articles 14(1) and (2); 16; 17(2); and 19(1) of the Constitution;
b. grant pardon or amnesty to any person or persons who, acting under the authority of the State, have committed illegal acts; or
c. introduce martial law when there is no external invasion or civil disorder. (Art. 27)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Eritrea, English

1. The National Assembly or any subordinate legislative authority shall not make any law, and the Executive and the agencies of government shall not take any action that abolishes or abridges the fundamental rights and freedoms conferred by this Constitution, unless so authorised by this Constitution. Any law or action in violation thereof shall be null and void.
… (Art. 28)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Eritrea, English

The rights enumerated in this Chapter3 shall not preclude other rights which ensue from the spirit of this Constitution and the principles of a society based on social justice, democracy and the rule of law. (Art. 29)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Eritrea, English

1. The fundamental rights and freedoms guaranteed under this Constitution may be limited only in so far as is in the interests of national security, public safety or the economic well-being of the country, health or morals, for the prevention of public disorder or crime or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.
2. Any law providing for the limitation of the fundamental rights and freedoms guaranteed in this Constitution must:
a. be consistent with the principles of democracy and justice;
b. be of general application and not negate the essential content of the right or freedom in question;
c. specify the ascertainable extent of such limitations and identify the article or articles hereof on which authority to enact such limitation is claimed to rest.
3. The provisions of Sub-Article 1 of this Article shall not be used to limit the fundamental rights and freedoms guaranteed under Articles 14(1) and (2); 15;16; 17 (2), (5), (7) and (8); and 19 (1) of this Constitution. (Art. 26)

Limitations and/or Derogations

South Africa, English

...
(2) A provision of the Bill of Rights binds a natural or a juristic person if, and to the extent that, it is applicable, taking into account the nature of the right and the nature of any duty imposed by the right.
(3) When applying a provision of the Bill of Rights to a natural or juristic person in terms of subsection (2), a court-
(a) in order to give effect to a right in the Bill, must apply, or if necessary develop, the common law to the extent that legislation does not give effect to that right; and
(b) may develop rules of the common law to limit the right, provided that the limitation is in accordance with section 36 (1).
… (Sec. 8)

Limitations and/or Derogations

South Africa, English

(1) The rights in the Bill of Rights may be limited only in terms of law of general application to the extent that the limitation is reasonable and justifiable in an open and democratic society based on human dignity, equality and freedom, taking into account all relevant factors, including—
(a) the nature of the right;
(b) the importance of the purpose of the limitation;
(c) the nature and extent of the limitation;
(d) the relation between the limitation and its purpose; and
(e) less restrictive means to achieve the purpose.
(2) Except as provided in subsection (1) or in any other provision of the Constitution, no law may limit any right entrenched in the Bill of Rights. (Sec. 36)

Limitations and/or Derogations

South Africa, English

...
(4) Any legislation enacted in consequence of a declaration of a state of emergency may derogate from the Bill of Rights only to the extent that—
(a) the derogation is strictly required by the emergency; and
(b) the legislation—
(i) is consistent with the Republic’s obligations under international law applicable to states of emergency;
(ii) conforms to subsection (5); and
(iii) is published in the national Government Gazette as soon as reasonably possible after being enacted.
(5) No Act of Parliament that authorises a declaration of a state of emergency, and no legislation enacted or other action taken in consequence of a declaration, may permit or authorise—
(a) indemnifying the state, or any person, in respect of any unlawful act;
(b) any derogation from this section; or
(c) any derogation from a section mentioned in column 1 of the Table of Non-Derogable Rights,5 to the extent indicated opposite that section in column 3 of the Table.6
… (Sec. 37)