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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 450 results

Limitations and/or Derogations

Belgium, Dutch

De Grondwet kan noch geheel, noch ten dele worden geschorst. (Art. 187)

Belgium, English

The Constitution cannot be wholly or partially suspended. (Art. 187)

Belgium, French

La Constitution ne peut être suspendue en tout ni en partie. (Art. 187)

Belgium, German

Die Verfassung darf weder ganz noch teilweise ausgesetzt werden. (Art. 187)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Ukraine, English

Human and citizens’ rights and freedoms affirmed by this Constitution are not exhaustive.
Constitutional rights and freedoms are guaranteed and shall not be abolished.
The content and scope of existing rights and freedoms shall not be diminished by an adoption of new laws or by introducing amendments to the effective laws. (Art. 22)

Ukraine, Ukrainian

Права і свободи людини і громадянина, закріплені цією Конституцією, не є вичерпними.
Конституційні права і свободи гарантуються і не можуть бути скасовані.
При прийнятті нових законів або внесенні змін до чинних законів не допускається звуження змісту та обсягу існуючих прав і свобод. (Стаття 22)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Ukraine, English

Every person has the right to free development of his or her personality if the rights and freedoms of other persons are not violated thereby, and has duties before the society in which the free and comprehensive development of his or her personality is ensured. (Art. 23)

Ukraine, Ukrainian

Кожна людина має право на вільний розвиток своєї особистості, якщо при цьому не порушуються права і свободи інших людей, та має обов'язки перед суспільством, в якому забезпечується вільний і всебічний розвиток її особистості. (Стаття 23)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Ukraine, English

Constitutional human and citizens' rights and freedoms shall not be restricted, unless a restriction is stipulated by the Constitution of Ukraine.
Under conditions of martial law or a state of emergency, specific restrictions on rights and freedoms may be established with the indication of the period of effectiveness of these restrictions. The rights and freedoms stipulated in Articles 24, 25, 2 7, 28, 29, 40, 47, 51, 52, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62 and 63 of this Constitution shall not be restricted. (Art. 64)

Ukraine, Ukrainian

Конституційні права і свободи людини і громадянина не можуть бути обмежені, крім випадків, передбачених Конституцією України.
В умовах воєнного або надзвичайного стану можуть встановлюватися окремі обмеження прав і свобод із зазначенням строку дії цих обмежень. Не можуть бути обмежені права і свободи, передбачені статтями 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 40, 47, 51, 52, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63 цієї Конституції. (Стаття 64)

Limitations and/or Derogations

France, English

Liberty consists in being able to do anything that does not harm others: thus, the exercise of the natural rights of every man has no bounds other than those that ensure to the other members of society the enjoyment of these same rights. These bounds may be determined only by Law. (1789 Declaration, Art. 4)

France, French

La liberté consiste à pouvoir faire tout ce qui ne nuit pas à autrui: ainsi, l'exercice des droits naturels de chaque homme n'a de bornes que celles qui assurent aux autres Membres de la Société la jouissance de ces mêmes droits. Ces bornes ne peuvent être déterminées que par la Loi. (Déclaration 1789, Art. 4)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Serbia, English

Human and minority rights guaranteed by the Constitution may be restricted by the law if the Constitution permits such restriction and for the purpose allowed by the Constitution, to the extent necessary to meet the constitutional purpose of restriction in a democratic society and without encroaching upon the substance of the relevant guaranteed right.
Attained level of human and minority rights may not be lowered.
When restricting human and minority rights, all state bodies, particularly the courts, shall be obliged to consider the substance of the restricted right, pertinence of restriction, nature and extent of restriction, relation of restriction and its purpose and possibility to achieve the purpose of the restriction with less restrictive means. (Art. 20)

Serbia, Serbian Cyrillic

Људска и мањинска права зајемчена Уставом могу законом бити ограничена ако ограничење допушта Устав, у сврхе ради којих га Устав допушта, у обиму неопходном да се уставна сврха ограничења задовољи у демократском друштву и без задирања у суштину зајемченог права.
Достигнути ниво људских и мањинских права не може се смањивати.
При ограничавању људских и мањинских права, сви државни органи, а нарочито судови, дужни су да воде рачуна о суштини права које се ограничава, важности сврхе ограничења, природи и обиму ограничења, односу ограничења са сврхом ограничења и о томе да ли постоји начин да се сврха ограничења постигне мањим ограничењем права. (Члан 20)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Serbia, English

Human dignity is inviolable and everyone shall be obliged to respect and protect it.
Everyone shall have the right to free development of his personality if this does not violate the rights of others guaranteed by the Constitution. (Art. 23)

Serbia, Serbian Cyrillic

Људско достојанство је неприкосновено и сви су дужни да га поштују и штите.
Свако има право на слободан развој личности, ако тиме не крши права других зајемчена Уставом. (Члан 23)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Serbia, English

Upon proclamation of the state of emergency or war, derogations from human and minority rights guaranteed by the Constitution shall be permitted only to the extent deemed necessary.
Measures providing for derogation shall not bring about differences based on race, sex, language, religion, national affiliation or social origin.
Measures providing for derogation from human and minority rights shall cease to be effective upon ending of the state of emergency or war.
Measures providing for derogation shall by no means be permitted in terms of the rights guaranteed pursuant to Articles 23, 24, 25, 26, 28, 32, 34, 37, 38, 43, 45, 47, 49, 62, 63, 64 and 78 of the Constitution. (Art. 202)

Serbia, Serbian Cyrillic

По проглашењу ванредног или ратног стања, дозвољена су одступања од људских и мањинских права зајемчених Уставом, и то само у обиму у којем је то неопходно.
Мере одступања не смеју да доведу до разликовања на основу расе, пола, језика, вероисповести, националне припадности или друштвеног порекла.
Мере одступања од људских и мањинских права престају да важе престанком ванредног или ратног стања.
Мере одступања ни у ком случају нису дозвољене у погледу права зајемчених чл. 23, 24, 25, 26, 28, 32, 34, 37, 38, 43, 45, 47, 49, 62 , 63, 64. и 78. Устава. (Члан 202)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Portugal, English

1. The fundamental rights enshrined in the Constitution shall not exclude any others set out in applicable international laws and legal rules.
2. The constitutional precepts concerning fundamental rights must be interpreted and completed in harmony with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. (Art. 16)

Portugal, Portuguese

1. Os direitos fundamentais consagrados na Constituição não excluem quaisquer outros constantes das leis e das regras aplicáveis de direito internacional.
2. Os preceitos constitucionais e legais relativos aos direitos fundamentais devem ser interpretados e integrados de harmonia com a Declaração Universal dos Direitos do Homem. (Art. 16)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Portugal, English


2. The law may only restrict rights, freedoms and guarantees in cases expressly provided for in the Constitution, and such restrictions must be limited to those needed to safeguard other constitutionally protected rights and interests.
3. Laws that restrict rights, freedoms and guarantees must have a general and abstract nature and may not have a retroactive effect or reduce the extent or scope of the essential content of the constitutional precepts. (Art. 18)

Portugal, Portuguese


2. A lei só pode restringir os direitos, liberdades e garantias nos casos expressamente previstos na Constituição, devendo as restrições limitar-se ao necessário para salvaguardar outros direitos ou interesses constitucionalmente protegidos.
3. As leis restritivas de direitos, liberdades e garantias têm de revestir carácter geral e abstracto e não podem ter efeito retroactivo nem diminuir a extensão e o alcance do conteúdo essencial dos preceitos constitucionais. (Art. 18)