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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

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About 385 results

Education

Sweden, English

All children covered by compulsory schooling shall be entitled to a free basic education in the public education system. The public institutions shall be responsible also for the provision of higher education. … (Instrument of Government, Chapter 2, Art. 18)

Sweden, Swedish

Alla barn som omfattas av den allmänna skolplikten har rätt till kostnadsfri grundläggande utbildning i allmän skola. Det allmänna ska svara också för att högre utbildning finns. … (Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform, 2 kap, 18§)

Education

Slovakia, English

(1) Every person shall have the right to education. School attendance is compulsory. Length of attendance shall be fixed by law.
(2) Citizens shall have the right to free education in elementary and secondary schools, and, depending on the abilities of the individual and the potential of the society, also in institutions of higher education.
(3) The establishment of, and instruction in, schools other than state (public) schools shall be possible only under the terms provided by law; such schools may collect tuition fees.
(4) Eligibility for financial assistance for students from public funds shall be provided by law. (Art. 42)

Slovakia, Slovak

(1) Kaţdý má právo na vzdelanie. Školská dochádzka je povinná. Jej dĺţku po vekovú hranicu ustanoví zákon.
(2) Občania majú právo na bezplatné vzdelanie v základných školách a stredných školách, podľa schopností občana a moţnosti spoločnosti aj na vysokých školách.
(3) Zriaďovať iné školy ako štátne a vyučovať v nich moţno len za podmienok ustanovených zákonom; v takýchto školách sa môţe vzdelávanie poskytovať za úhradu.
(4) Zákon ustanoví, za akých podmienok majú občania pri štúdiu právo na pomoc štátu. (Čl. 42)

Education

Latvia, English

Everyone has the right to education. The State shall ensure that everyone may acquire primary and secondary education without charge. Primary education shall be compulsory. (Art. 112)

Latvia, Latvian

Ikvienam ir tiesības uz izglītību. Valsts nodrošina iespēju bez maksas iegūt pamatizglītību un vidējo izglītību. Pamatizglītība ir obligāta. (Art. 112)

Education

Finland, English

Everyone has the right to basic education free of charge. Provisions on the duty to receive education are laid down by an Act.
The public authorities shall, as provided in more detail by an Act, guarantee for everyone equal opportunity to receive other educational services in accordance with their ability and special needs, as well as the opportunity to develop themselves without being prevented by economic hardship. ... (Sec. 16)

Finland, Finnish

Jokaisella on oikeus maksuttomaan perusopetukseen. Oppivelvollisuudesta säädetään lailla.
Julkisen vallan on turvattava, sen mukaan kuin lailla tarkemmin säädetään, jokaiselle yhtäläinen mahdollisuus saada kykyjensä ja erityisten tarpeidensa mukaisesti myös muuta kuin perusopetusta sekä kehittää itseään varattomuuden sitä estämättä. ... (16 §)

Finland, Swedish

Alla har rätt till avgiftsfri grundläggande utbildning. Bestämmelser om läroplikten utfärdas genom lag.
Det allmänna skall, enligt vad som närmare bestäms genom lag, säkerställa lika möjligheter för var och en att oavsett medellöshet enligt sin förmåga och sina särskilda behov få även annan än grundläggande utbildning samt utveckla sig själv. ... (16 §)

Education

Hungary, English

(3) Parents shall be obliged to take care of their minor children. This obligation shall include the provision of schooling for their children.
… (Freedom and Responsibility, Art. XVI)

Hungary, Hungarian

(3) A szülõk kõtelesek kiskorú gyermekükrõl gondoskodni. E kõtelezettség magaban foglalja gyermekük taníttatásat.
… (Szabadsag és Felelosség, XVI. cikk)

Education

Hungary, English

(1) Every Hungarian citizen shall have the right to education.
(2) Hungary shall ensure this right by extending and generalising public education, by providing free and compulsory primary education, free and generally accessible secondary education, and higher education accessible to everyone according to his or her abilities, and by providing financial support as provided for by an Act to those receiving education.
… (Freedom and Responsibility, Art. XI)

Hungary, Hungarian

(1) Minden magyar állampolgárnak joga van a művelődéshez.
(2) Magyarország ezt a jogot a közművelődés kiterjesztésével és általánossá tételével, az ingyenes és kötelező alapfokú, az ingyenes és mindenki számára hozzáférhető középfokú, valamint a képességei alapján mindenki számára hozzáférhető felsőfokú oktatással, továbbá az oktatásban részesülők törvényben meghatározottak szerinti anyagi támogatásával biztosítja.
... (Szabadsag és Felelosség, XI. cikk)

Education

Italy, English

Schools are open to everyone.
Primary education, given for at least eight years, is compulsory and free of tuition.
Capable and deserving pupils, including those lacking financial resources, have the right to attain the highest levels of education.
The Republic renders this right effective through scholarships, allowances to families and other benefits, which shall be assigned through competitive examinations. (Art. 34)

Italy, Italian

La scuola è aperta a tutti.
L'istruzione inferiore, impartita per almeno otto anni, è obbligatoria e gratuita.
I capaci e meritevoli, anche se privi di mezzi, hanno diritto di raggiungere i gradi più alti degli studi.
La Repubblica rende effettivo questo diritto con borse di studio, assegni alle famiglie ed altre provvidenze, che devono essere attribuite per concorso. (Art. 34)

Education

Italy, English

The Republic guarantees the freedom of the arts and sciences, which may be freely taught.
The Republic lays down general rules for education and establishes state schools of all branches and grades.
… (Art. 33)

Italy, Italian

L'arte e la scienza sono libere e libero ne e' l'insegnamento.
La Repubblica detta le norme generali sull'istruzione ed istituisce scuole statali per tutti gli ordini e gradi.
... (Art. 33)

Education

Italy, English

… The State has exclusive legislative powers in the following matters:

n) general provisions on education;

Concurring legislation applies to the following subject matters: … education … (Art. 117)5

Italy, Italian

… Lo Stato ha legislazione esclusiva nelle seguenti materie:

n) norme generali sull’istruzione;

Sono materie di legislazione concorrente quelle relative a: … istruzione … (Art. 117)

Education

Ireland, English

1 The State acknowledges that the primary and natural educator of the child is the Family and guarantees to respect the inalienable right and duty of parents to provide, according to their means, for the religious and moral, intellectual, physical and social education of their children.
2 Parents shall be free to provide this education in their homes or in private schools or in schools recognised or established by the State.
3 1° The State shall not oblige parents in violation of their conscience and lawful preference to send their children to schools established by the State, or to any particular type of school designated by the State.
2° The State shall, however, as guardian of the common good, require in view of actual conditions that the children receive a certain minimum education, moral, intellectual and social.
4 The State shall provide for free primary education and shall endeavour to supplement and give reasonable aid to private and corporate educational initiative, and, when the public good requires it, provide other educational facilities or institutions with due regard, however, for the rights of parents, especially in the matter of religious and moral formation.
5 In exceptional cases, where the parents for physical or moral reasons fail in their duty towards their children, the State as guardian of the common good, by appropriate means shall endeavour to supply the place of the parents, but always with due regard for the natural and imprescriptible rights of the child. (Art. 42)

Ireland, Irish Gaelic

1 Admhaíonn an Stát gurb é an Teaghlach is múinteoir príomha dúchasach don leanbh, agus ráthaíonn gan cur isteach ar cheart doshannta ná ar dhualgas doshannta tuistí chun oideachas de réir a n-acmhainne a chur ar fáil dá gclainn i gcúrsaí creidimh, moráltachta, intleachta, coirp agus comhdhaonnachta
2 Tig le tuistí an t-oideachas sin a chur ar fáil dá gclainn ag baile nó i scoileanna príobháideacha nó i scoileanna a admhaítear nó a bhunaítear ag an Stát.
3 1° Ní cead don Stát a chur d’fhiacha ar thuistí, in aghaidh a gcoinsiasa nó a rogha dleathaí, a gclann a chur ar scoileanna a bhunaítear ag an Stát nó ar aon chineál áirithe scoile a ainmnítear ag an Stát.
2° Ach ós é an Stát caomhnóir leasa an phobail ní foláir dó, toisc cor an lae, é a dhéanamh éigeantach minimum áirithe oideachais a thabhairt do na leanaí i gcúrsaí moráltachta, intleachta agus comhdhaonnachta.
4 Ní foláir don Stát socrú a dhéanamh chun bunoideachas a bheith ar fáil in aisce, agus iarracht a dhéanamh chun cabhrú go réasúnta agus chun cur le tionscnamh oideachais idir phríobháideach agus chumannta agus, nuair is riachtanas chun leasa an phobail é, áiseanna nó fundúireachtaí eile oideachais a chur ar fáil, ag féachaint go cuí, áfach, do chearta tuistí, go mór mór maidir le múnlú na haigne i gcúrsaí creidimh is moráltachta.
5 I gcásanna neamhchoiteanna nuair a tharlaíonn, ar chúiseanna corpartha nó ar chúiseanna morálta, nach ndéanaid na tuistí a ndualgais dá gclainn, ní foláir don Stát, ós é an Stát caomhnóir leasa an phobail, iarracht a dhéanamh le beart oiriúnach chun ionad na dtuistí a ghlacadh, ag féachaint go cuí i gcónaí, áfach, do chearta nádúrtha dochloíte an linbh. (Airteagal 42)