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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

About 77 results

Limitations and/or Derogations

Cyprus, English

1. Subject to the provisions of this Constitution relating to a state of emergency, the fundamental rights and liberties guaranteed by this Part shall not be subjected to any other limitations or restrictions than those in this Part provided.
2. The provisions of this Part relating to such limitations or restrictions shall be interpreted strictly and shall not be applied for any purpose other than those for which they have been prescribed. (Art. 33)

Cyprus, Greek

1. Τηρουμένων των διατάξεως του Συντάγματος των σχετικών προς την κατάστασιν εκτάκτου ανάγκης, τα υπό του παρόντος μέρους ηγγυημένα θεμελιώδη δικαιώματα και ελευθερίαι δεν υπόκεινται εις οιονδήποτε έτερον όρον, δέσμευσιν ή περιορισμόν πλην των εν τω παρόντι μέρει οριζομένων.
2. Αι διατάξεις του παρόντος μέρους αι αναφερόμεναι εις τοιούτους όρους, δεσμεύσεις ή περιορισμούς δέον να ερμηνεύωνται στενώς και να μη εφαρμόζωνται δι’ οιονδήποτε σκοπόν διάφορον εκείνου δι’ ον εθεσπίσθησαν. (Αρθρον 33)

Cyprus, Turkish

1. Bu Kısımla sağlanan ana hak ve hürriyetler, Anayasanın olağanüstü hâl hakkındaki hükümleri dışında, bu Kısımda konulanların haricinde hiçbir kısıtlama veya sınırlamaya tabi tutulamaz.
2. Bu Kısmın kısıtlama veya sınırlamalara dair hükümleri dar bir çerçevede yorumlanır ve konma amaçlarının dışında herhangi bir maksatla uygulanamaz. (Madde 33)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Cyprus, English

Nothing in this Part may be interpreted as implying for any Community, group or person any right to engage in any activity or perform any act aimed at the undermining or destruction of the constitutional order established by this Constitution or at the destruction of any of the rights and liberties set forth in this Part7 or at their limitation to a greater extent than is provided for therein. (Art. 34)

Cyprus, Greek

Ουδέν εκ των εν τω παρόντι, μέρει διαλαμβανομένων δύναται να ερμηνευθή ως παρέχον οιονδήποτε δικαίωμα εις οιονδήποτε κοινότητα, ομάδα ή άτομον να επιδοθή εις οιανδήποτε δράσιν ή εκτέλεσιν οιασδήποτε πράξεως σκοπούσης την υπονόμευσιν ή την κατάργησιν της υπό του Συντάγματος καθιδρυομένης συνταγματικής τάξεως ή την κατάργησιν οιουδήποτε εκ των εν τω παρόντι μέρει καθοριζομένων δικαιωμάτων ή ελευθεριών ή τον περιορισμόν αυτών εις μεγαλύτερον του οριζομένου εν τω παρόντι μέρει βαθμόν. (Αρθρον 34)

Cyprus, Turkish

Bu Bölümdeki hiçbir şey, herhangi bir Topluluk, grup veya kişi için, bu Anayasa tarafından belirlenen anayasal düzenin baltalanılmasına veya yok edilmesine veya bu Bölümde belirtilen hak ve özgürlüklerin herhangi birinin yok edilmesine veya sınırlamalarına yönelik herhangi bir faaliyette bulunma veya herhangi bir eylemde bulunma hakkını ima etmek olarak yorumlanamaz. (Madde 34)

Limitations and/or Derogations

Cyprus, English

1. In case of war or other public danger threatening the life of the Republic or any part thereof, the Council of Ministers shall have power, by a decision taken in this respect, to issue a Proclamation of Emergency:
Provided that the President and the Vice-President of the Republic shall separately or conjointly, have a right of veto against any such decision which they shall exercise within forty-eight hours of the date when the decision has been transmitted to their respective offices.
2. Any such Proclamation shall specify the Articles of the Constitution which shall be suspended for the duration of such Emergency:
Provided that only the following Articles of the Constitution may be suspended by any such Proclamation that is to say: Article 7, only in so far as it relates to death inflicted by a permissible act of war; Article 10, paragraphs 2 and 3; Article 11; Article 13; Article 16; Article 17; Article 19; Article 21; Article 23, paragraph 8, sub-paragraph (d); Article 25 and Article 27. … (Art. 183)

Cyprus, Greek

1. Εν περιπτώσει πολέμου ή ετέρου δημοσίου κινδύνου απειλούντος την ύπαρξιν της Δημοκρατίας ή οιονδήποτε τμήμα αυτής το Υπουργικόν Συμβούλιον κέκτηται την εξουσίαν να προκηρύσση δι’ αποφάσεως αυτού την κήρυξιν καταστάσεως εκτάκτου ανάγκης’ ο Πρόεδρος και ο Αντιπρόεδρος της Δημοκρατίας, όμως, ιδία εκάτερος ή από κοινού έχουσι δικαίωμα αρνησικυρίας οιασδήποτε τοιαύτης αποφάσεως ασκούμενον εντός τεσσαράκοντα οκτώ ωρών από της ημέρας, καθ’ ην η απόφασις εκοινοποιήθη εις το γραφείον εκατέρου.
2. Πάσα τοιαύτη προκήρυξις καθορίζει τα άρθρα του Συντάγματος, άτινα αναστέλλονται, καθ’ όλην την διάρκειαν της καταστάσεως εκτάκτου ανάγκης’ μόνον όμως τα κάτωθι αναφερόμενα άρθρα του Συντάγματος δύνανται να ανασταλώσι δια της προκηρύξεως: το άρθρον 7, μόνον καθ’ όσον αφορά εις θάνατον προκληθέντα εκ θεμιτής πολεμικής ενεργείας, η δευτέρα και τρίτη παράγραφος του άρθρου 10, τα άρθρα 11, 13, 16, 17, 19, 21, το εδάφιον (δ) της ογδόης παραγράφου του άρθρου 23 και τα άρθρα 25 και 27.
… (Αρθρον 183)

Cyprus, Turkish

1. Cumhuriyetin veya herhangi bir kısmının hayatını tehdit eden savaş veya diğer kamusal bir tehlike hâlinde Bakanlar Kurulu, bu hususta alacağı bir kararla Olağanüstü Hâl İlanına yetkilidir:
Ancak Cumhurbaşkanı ve Cumhurbaşkanı Yardımcısı, böyle bir karara karşı, bu kararın dairelerine ulaştırıldığı tarihten itibaren kırk sekiz saat içinde, ayrı ayrı veya birlikte, veto hakkına sahiptir.
2. Bu gibi her İlanda, söz konusu Olağanüstü Hâlin devamı süresince yürürlüğü durdurulan Anayasa maddeleri açıkça gösterilir:
Ancak, bu gibi herhangi bir İlan ile Anayasanın yalnız aşağıdaki maddelerinin yürürlüğü durdurulabilir:-Yalnız müsaade edilmiş bir savaş fiili ile sebebiyet verilen ölüm bakımından 7. Madde; 10. Maddenin 2. ve 3. fıkraları; 11. Madde; 13. Madde; 16. Madde; 17. Madde; 19. Madde; 21. Madde; 23. Maddenin 8. fıkrasının (d) bendi; 25. Madde ve 27. Madde. ... (Madde 183)

Citizenship and Nationality

Cyprus, English

1. The following provisions shall have effect until a law of citizenship is made incorporating such provisions—
a. any matter relating to citizenship shall be governed by the provisions of Annex D to the Treaty of Establishment;
b. any person born in Cyprus, on or after the date of the coming into operation of this Constitution, shall become on the date of his birth a citizen of the Republic if on that date his father has become a citizen of the Republic or would but for his death have become such a citizen under the provisions of Annex D to the Treaty of Establishment.
2. For the purposes of this Article "Treaty of Establishment" means the Treaty concerning the Establishment of the Republic of Cyprus between the Republic, the Kingdom of Greece, the Republic of Turkey and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. (Art. 198)

Cyprus, Greek

1. Αι επόμεναι διατάξεις ισχύουσι, μέχρις ου ψηφισθή νόμος περί ιθαγενείας περιλαμβάνων τας διατάξεις ταύτας:
(α) παν θέμα αναφερόμενον εις την ιθαγένειαν διέπεται υπό των διατάξεων του παραρτήματος Δ της συνθήκης εγκαθιδρύσεως, και
(β) ο γεννώμενος εν Κύπρω κατά την ημερομηνίαν ενάρξεως της ισχύος του Συντάγματος ή μετ’ αυτήν αποκτά δια της γεννήσεως την ιθαγένειαν της Δημοκρατίας, εάν ο πατήρ αυτού είχεν αποκτήσει την ιθαγένειαν της Δημοκρατίας, κατά την ημερομηνίαν ταύτην ή θα απέκτα τοιαύτην ιθαγένειαν δυνάμει των διατάξεων του παραρτήματος Δ της συνθήκης εγκαθιδρύσεως, εάν δεν είχεν αποθάνει.
2. Εν τω παρόντι άρθρω «συνθήκη εγκαθιδρύσεως» σημαίνει την συνθήκην μεταξύ της Δημοκρατίας της Κύπρου, του Βασιλείου της Ελλάδος, της Δημοκρατίας της Τουρκίας και του Ηνωμένου Βασιλείου της Μεγάλης Βρεταννίας και Βορείου Ιρλανδίας, την αναφερομένην εις την εγκαθίδρυσιν της Δημοκρατίας της Κύπρου. (Αρθρον 198)

Cyprus, Turkish

1. Aşağıdaki hükümler, bu hükümleri içine alan bir vatandaşlık kanunu yapılıncaya kadar, yürürlükte olur:-
a. vatandaşlığa dair herhangi bir konu, Kuruluş Anlaşmasının ‘D’ Ekinin hükümlerine tabi olur;
b. bu Anayasanın yürürlüğe girdiği tarihte veya ondan sonra Kıbrıs’ta doğan herhangi bir şahıs, doğumu tarihinde babası Cumhuriyetin bir vatandaşı ise veya ölmemiş olsa idi Kuruluş Anlaşmasının ‘D’ Eki hükümleri gereğince Cumhuriyetin bir vatandaşı olacak idi ise, doğumu tarihinde Cumhuriyetin bir vatandaşı olur.
2. Bu Madde çerçevesinde "Kuruluş Anlaşması ", Cumhuriyet ile Yunanistan Krallığı, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ve Büyük Britanya ve Kuzey İrlanda Birleşik Krallığı arasındaki Kıbrıs Cumhuriyetinin Kuruluşuna dair Anlaşmayı ifade eder. (Madde 198)

Customary Law

Cyprus, English

1. A communal law made by the Communal Chamber concerned shall, subject to the provisions of this Constitution, provide for the establishment, composition and jurisdiction of courts to deal with civil disputes relating to personal status and to religious matters which are reserved for the competence of the Communal Chambers by the provisions of this Constitution.

3. Any such court as aforesaid in the exercise of its jurisdiction, shall apply the laws made by the Communal Chamber concerned: Provided that nothing in this paragraph contained shall preclude a court of the Republic from applying in a case, where an issue relating to personal status or to religious matters is raised incidentally, the relevant communal law. (Art. 160)

Cyprus, Greek

1. Tηρουμένων των διατάξεων του Συντάγματος, κοινοτικός νόμος, ψηφιζόμενος υπό Kοινοτικής Συνελεύσεως, θέλει προβλέψει περί της ιδρύσεως, της συνθέσεως και της δικαιοδοσίας δικαστηρίων, άτινα θα δικάζωσι τας αστικάς διαφοράς, τας αφορώσας εις τον προσωπικόν θεσμόν και εις θρησκευτικά ζητήματα, τα οποία υπάγονται κατά τας διατάξεις του Συντάγματος εις την αρμοδιότητα των Kοινοτικών Συνελεύσεων.

3. Eν τη ενασκήσει της δικαιοδοσίας αυτών τα ανωτέρω δικαστήρια εφαρμόζουσι τούς υπέρ της οικείας Kοινοτικής Συνελεύσεως ψηφιζομένους νόμους’ αι διατάξεις όμως της παραγράφου ταύτης δεν αποκλείουσι το δικαίωμα δικαστηρίου της Δημοκρατίας να εφαρμόση τον σχετικόν κοινοτικόν νόμον επί υποθέσεως, καθ’ ην παρεμπιπτόντως εγείρεται ζήτημα προσωπικού θεσμού ή θρησκευτικόν ζήτημα. (Αρθρον 160)

Cyprus, Turkish

1. Shall ilgili Ortak Ticaret Odası tarafından yapılan ortak bir kanunu, bu Anayasa hükümleri, kuruluş, kişisel durum ve Cemaat meclisleri yeterliliği için bu Anayasa hükümlerine göre ayrılmış olan dini konularla ilgili sivil anlaşmazlıklar ile başa çıkmak için mahkemelerin, kompozisyon ve yargı sağlar.

3. Bu paragrafta yer alan hiçbir şey, Cumhuriyet Mahkemesinin, kişisel statü veya dini konularla ilgili bir sorunun tesadüfen ortaya çıktığı bir davada başvurmasını engellememesi koşuluyla, ilgili Topluluk Yasası tarafından yapılan yasaları uygulayacaktır. (Madde 160)

Customary Law

Cyprus, English

1. The Communal Chambers shall, in relation to their respective Community, have competence to exercise within the limits of this Constitution and subject to paragraph 3 of this Article, legislative power solely with regard to the following matters:—

c. personal status;
d. The composition and instances (βαθμούς δικαιοδοσίας - dereceleri) of courts dealing with civil disputes relating to personal status and to religious matters;
… (Art. 87)

Cyprus, Greek

Εκατέρα Κοινοτική Συνέλευσις έχει αρμοδιότητα, εν σχέσει προς την αντίστοιχον κοινότητα, να ασκεί, ενός των ορίων του Συντάγματος και υπό τους περιορισμούς της τρίτης παραγράφου του παρόντος άρθρου, νομοθετικήν εξουσίαν αποκλειστικώς και μόνον επί των κατωτέρω θεμάτων:

(γ) επί του προσωπικού θεσμού,
(δ) επί της συνθέσεως και των βαθμών δικαιοδοσίας των δικαστηρίων, των εκδικαζόντων αστικάς διαφοράς, αναφερομένας εις τον προσωπικόν θεσμόν και εις θρησκευτικά ζητήματα,
… (Αρθρον 87)

Cyprus, Turkish

1. Topluluk odaları, kendi Topluluklarıyla ilgili olarak, bu Anayasanın sınırları dahilinde ve bu maddenin 3. paragrafına tabi olarak, yalnızca AŞAĞIDAKİLERLE ilgili yasama yetkisine sahip olacaktır matters:-
...
c. kişisel durum;
d. kişisel statü ve dini konularla ilgili medeni uyuşmazlıklarla ilgilenen mahkemelerin bileşimi ve örnekleri;
...(Madde 87)

Religious Law

Cyprus, English


3. Nothing in this Article contained shall, in any way, affect the rights, other than those on marriage, of the Greek-Orthodox Church or of any religious group to which the provisions of paragraph 3 of Article 2 shall apply with regard to their respective members as provided in this Constitution. (Art. 22)

Cyprus, Greek


3. Ουδέν των εν τω παρόντι άρθρω περιλαμβανομένων επηρεάζει καθ’ οιονδήποτε τρόπον τα δικαιώματα, πλην των εις τον γάμον αναφερομένων, της ελληνικής ορθοδόξου Εκκλησίας ως προς τους ανήκοντας εις αυτήν ή οιασδήποτε θρησκευτικής ομάδος, δι’ ην εφαρμόζονται αι διατάξεις της τρίτης παραγράφου του άρθρου 2, ως προς τα μέλη αυτής, ως εν τω Συντάγματι ορίζεται. (Αρθρον 22)

Cyprus, Turkish

...
3.Bu Maddede yer alan hiçbir şey, rum-ortodoks kilisesinin veya madde 2'nin 3. fıkrası hükümlerinin bu Anayasa'da belirtildiği şekilde ilgili üyelerine göre geçerli olduğu herhangi bir dini grubun evlilik dışındaki haklarını hiçbir şekilde etkilemeyecektir. (Madde 22)

Customary Law

Cyprus, English

Subject to paragraph 3 of Article 160 the courts of the Republic shall have power to apply also the relevant communal laws other than those relating to personal status and to religious matters. (Art. 161)

Cyprus, Greek

Tηρουμένων των διατάξεων της τρίτης παραγράφου του άρθρου 160 τα δικαστήρια της Δημοκρατίας έχουσιν εξουσίαν να εφαρμόζωσι και τους οικείους κοινοτικούς νόμους πλην των περί προσωπικού θεσμού και των θρησκευτικών θεμάτων νόμων. (Αρθρον 161)

Cyprus, Turkish

160. maddenin 3. fıkrasına tabi olarak, Cumhuriyet Mahkemeleri, kişisel statü ve dini konularla ilgili olanlar dışındaki ilgili toplumsal yasaları da uygulama yetkisine sahiptir. (Madde 161)

Religious Law

Cyprus, English


2. The institution of Vakf and the Principles and Laws of, and relating to, Vakfs are recognised by this Constitution.
All matters relating to or in any way affecting the institution or foundation of Vakf or the vakfs or any vakf properties, including properties belonging to Mosques and any other Moslem religious institution, shall be governed solely by and under the Laws and Principles of Vakfs and the laws and regulations enacted or made by the Turkish Communal Chamber, and no legislative, executive or other act whatsoever shall contravene or override or interfere with such Laws or Principles of Vakfs and with such laws and regulations of the Turkish Communal Chamber.
3. Any right with regard to religious matters possessed in accordance with the law of the Colony of Cyprus in force immediately before the date of the coming into operation of this Constitution by the Church of a religious group to which the provisions of paragraph 3 of Article 2 shall apply shall continue to be so possessed by such Church on and after the date of the coming into operation of this Constitution. (Art. 110)

Cyprus, Greek


Το ίδρυμα του βακουφίου και αι αρχαί και οι νόμοι περί των βακουφίων ως και οι αναφερόμενοι εις βακούφια αναγνωρίζονται υπό του Συντάγματος. Παν θέμα καθ’ οιονδήποτε τρόπον επηρεάζον ή σχέσιν έχον προς το ίδρυμα του βακουφίου ή των βακουφίων ή οιανδήποτε ιδιοκτησίαν των βακουφίων περιλαμβανομένης της ιδιοκτησίας των τεμενών και οιουδήποτε ετέρου μουσουλμανικού θρησκευτικού ιδρύματος διοικείται μόνον συμφώνως τοις νόμοις και αρχαίς των βακουφίων και τοις νόμοις και κανονισμοίς, ούς ψηφίζει η τουρκική Κοινοτική Συνέλευσις. Ουδεμία νομοθετική, εκτελεστική ή άλλη πράξις επιτρέπεται όπως παραβεί τους εν λόγω νόμους ή αρχάς των βακουφίων και τους σχετικούς νόμους και κανονισμούς της τουρκικής Κοινοτικής Συνελεύσεως ή δύναται να επικρατήσει τούτων ή να επέμβει εις τούτους.
Εκάστη εκκλησία θρησκευτικής ομάδος, δι’ ήν ισχύουσιν αι διατάξεις της τρίτης παραγράφου του άρθρου 2, θα συνεχίσει έχουσα από της ημερομηνίας της ενάρξεως της ισχύος του Συντάγματος παν δικαίωμα σχετικόν προς θρησκευτικά θέματα όπερ έχει συμφώνως τω ισχύοντι αμέσως προ της ειρημένης ημερομηνίας νόμω της αποικίας της Κύπρου. (Αρθρον 110)

Cyprus, Turkish


2. Vakıf müessesesi ve Ahkâmül Evkaf bu Anayasaca tanınır.
Vakıf müessese veya tesisini ya da vakıfları veya camilere ve herhangi diğer bir İslam dini müessesesine ait mallar da dâhil olmak üzere, herhangi vakıf malını ilgilendiren veya herhangi bir suretle bunlara etki eden bütün konular, münhasıran Ahkâmül Evkaf ve Türk Cemaat Meclisince çıkarılan veya yapılan kanun ve tüzüklere tabidir ve bunlara göre ve bunlar gereğince idare olunur ve hiçbir yasama işlemi, yürütme işlemi veya herhangi diğer bir işlem, söz konusu Ahkâmül Evkafı ve Türk Cemaat Meclisinin bahis konusu kanunlarını ve tüzüklerini ihlal edemez veya onlara üstün gelemez ya da müdahale edemez.
3. Kendisine 2. Maddenin 3. fıkrası hükümleri uygulanan bir dini grubun Kilisesi, bu Anayasanın yürürlüğe girdiği tarihten hemen önce yürürlükte olan Kıbrıs Kolonisi kanunlarına uygun olarak sahip olduğu dini konular ile ilgili herhangi bir hakkına, bu Anayasanın yürürlüğe girdiği tarihte ve ondan sonra da sahip olmaya devam eder. (Madde 110)

Religious Law

Cyprus, English

1. The Communal Chambers shall, in relation to their respective Community, have competence to exercise within the limits of this Constitution and subject to paragraph 3 of this Article, legislative power solely with regard to the following matters:—
(a) all religious matters;

(d) The composition and instances (βαθμούς δικαιοδοσίας - dereceleri) of courts dealing with civil disputes relating to personal status and to religious matters;
… (Art. 87)

Cyprus, Greek

Εκατέρα Κοινοτική Συνέλευσις έχει αρμοδιότητα, εν σχέσει προς την αντίστοιχον κοινότητα, να ασκεί, ενός των ορίων του Συντάγματος και υπό τους περιορισμούς της τρίτης παραγράφου του παρόντος άρθρου, νομοθετικήν εξουσίαν αποκλειστικώς και μόνον επί των κατωτέρω θεμάτων:
(α) επί πάντων των θρησκευτικών θεμάτων,

(δ) επί της συνθέσεως και των βαθμών δικαιοδοσίας των δικαστηρίων, των εκδικαζόντων αστικάς διαφοράς, αναφερομένας εις τον προσωπικόν θεσμόν και εις θρησκευτικά ζητήματα,
… (Αρθρον 87)

Cyprus, Turkish

1. Cemaat Meclisleri, kendi Cemaatleri bakımından, bu Anayasanın sınırları içinde ve bu maddenin 3. fıkrası hükümleri saklı kalmak şartıyla, yalnız aşağıdaki konularda yasama gücünü kullanma hakkına sahiptir:
(a) bütün dini konular;
...
(d) şahsi hâl ve dini konular ile ilgili hukuk davalarına bakacak mahkemelerin yapı ve dereceleri;
... (Madde 87)