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The Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database is a repository of gender equality related provisions in 194 constitutions from around the world. The Database was updated in partnership with the International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Government of Japan. Experience its wealth and depth of information by starting your search now.

About 60 results

Protection from Violence

China, Chinese


禁止破坏婚姻自由,禁止虐待老人、妇女和儿童。(第四十九条)

China, English


Maltreatment of old people, women and children is prohibited. (Art. 49)

Judicial Protection

China, Chinese


由于国家机关和国家工作人员侵犯公民权利而受到损失的人,有依照法律规定取得赔偿的权利。(第四十一条 )

China, English


Citizens who have suffered losses through infringement of their civil rights by any state organ or functionary have the right to compensation in accordance with the law. (Art. 41)

Obligations of Private Parties

China, Chinese

中华人民共和国公民在行使自由和权利的时候,不得损害国家的、社会的、集体的利益和其他公民的合法的自由和权利。(第五十一条)

China, English

The exercise by citizens of the People's Republic of China of their freedoms and rights may not infringe upon the interests of the state, of society and of the collective, or upon the lawful freedoms and rights of other citizens. (Art. 51)

Obligations of the State

China, Chinese


中华人民共和国公民在法律面前一切平等。
国家尊重和保障人权。
任何公民享有宪法和法律规定的权利,同时必须履行宪法和法律规定的义务。(第三十三条)

China, English


All citizens of the People's Republic of China are equal before the law.
The State respects and preserves human rights.
Every citizen enjoys the rights and at the same time must perform the duties prescribed by the Constitution and the law.(Art. 33)

Limitations and/or Derogations

China, Chinese

中华人民共和国公民在行使自由和权利的时候,不得损害国家的、社会的、集体的利益和其他公民的合法的自由和权利。(第五十一条)

China, English

The exercise by citizens of the People's Republic of China of their freedoms and rights may not infringe upon the interests of the state, of society and of the collective, or upon the lawful freedoms and rights of other citizens. (Art. 51)

Jurisdiction and Access

China, Chinese

全国人民代表大会行使下列职权:

(二)监督宪法的实施;
… (第六十二条)

China, English

The National People’s Congress exercises the following functions and powers:

(2) to supervise the enforcement of the Constitution;
… (Art. 62)

Jurisdiction and Access

China, Chinese

全国人民代表大会常务委员会行使下列职权:
(一)解释宪法,监督宪法的实施;

(七)撤销国务院制定的同宪法、法律相抵触的行政法规、决定和命令;
(八)撤销省、自治区、直辖市国家权力机关制定的同宪法、法律和行政法规相抵触的地方性法规和决议;
… (第六十七条)

China, English

The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress exercises the following functions and powers:
(1) to interpret the Constitution and supervise its enforcement;
...
(7) To annul those administrative rules and regulations, decisions or orders of the State Council that contravene the Constitution or the statutes;
(8) To annul those local regulations or decisions of the organs of state power of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government that contravene the Constitution, the statutes or the administrative rules and regulations;
… (Art. 67)

Public Institutions and Services

China, Chinese

国家依照法律规定实行企业事业组织的职工和国家机关工作人员的退休制度。退休人员的生活受到国家和社会的保障。(第四十四条)

China, English

The state prescribes by law the system of retirement for workers and staff in enterprises and undertakings and for functionaries of organs of state. The livelihood of retired personnel is ensured by the state and society. (Art. 44)

Public Institutions and Services

China, Chinese

中华人民共和国公民在年老、疾病或者丧失劳动能力的情况下,有从国家和社会获得物质帮助的权利。国家发展为公民享受这些权利所需要的社会保险、社会救济和医疗卫生事业。
国家和社会保障残废军人的生活,抚恤烈士家属,优待军人家属。
… (第四十五条)

China, English

Citizens of the People's Republic of China have the right to material assistance from the state and society when they are old, ill or disabled. The state develops the social insurance, social relief and medical and health services that are required to enable citizens to enjoy this right.
The state and society ensure the livelihood of disabled members of the armed forces, provide pensions to the families of martyrs and give preferential treatment to the families of military personnel.
… (Art. 45)

Public Institutions and Services

China, Chinese

婚姻、家庭、母亲和儿童受国家的保护。
… (第四十九条)

China, English

Marriage, the family and mother and child are protected by the State.
… (Art. 49)