1 - A state of siege or a state of emergency may be declared, in the whole or part of its national territory, only in cases of actual or imminent aggression by foreign forces, of political calamity or serious threat to, or disruption of, the constitutional democratic order.
2 - The declaration of a state of siege may in no case affect the rights to life, personal integrity and identity, civil capacity and citizenship, non-retroactivity of penal law, the right to defense of the accused, and freedom of conscience and of religion.
3 - The declaration of a state of emergency may only determine the partial suspension of rights, freedoms and guarantees. (Art. 31)